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2015年中考英语专题复习导学案:数词专题

2015年中考英语专题复习导学案:数词专题

考点一:基数词、序数词的变化形式

1、请观察下例表格,并在空白处填上相应的序数: one- eleven- eleventh/11th thirty - 归纳:记忆技巧 基变序,有规律,

词尾加上______;(fourth ,sixth ) 一、二、三,特殊记,结尾字母

st ,nd ,rd ;(first ,second ,

third )

八____,九去___,(eighth ,ninth )

ve 要用____替;(fifth ,twelfth ) ty 将y 改成____,再加th, 若是碰到几十几,只要变个位就可以。

two- twelve- forty - three-

thirteen -

fifty-

four- fourth /4th fourteen-fourteenth/14th sixty-sixtieth/ 60th

five- fifteen -

seventy-eventieth/70th six-

sixteen- sixteenth/16th

eighty - eightieth/80th seven-seventh/7th seventeen-

seventeenth/17th

ninety-ninetieth/ 90th

eight- eighteen- eighteenth/18th hundred- nine-

nineteen- nineteenth19th

twenty-one –

ten- tenth / 10th twenty- twentieth/20th thirty-three-

2、再次观察表格归纳:1)基数词13-19,由后缀________构成,注意:thirteen, ___________, _________有变化;2)基数词20-90等整十位数,由后缀________构成,注意:thirty, __________, ________,__________有变化。21世纪教育网版权所有 【中考真题再现】

( )1. There are ______ days in a week. (海淀区)A. the seven B. seventh C. the seventh D. seven 21教育网

( )2. December is the ______ month in a year. (吉林)A. twenty B. twelve C. twelfth D. twentieth \2-1-c-n-j-y

考点二:基数词的读法

(1)百位数以上的基数词的写法是:在个位数和十位数之间加连字符号“-“,在百位数和十位数之间一般要用连词“and”,千、百之间不加任何东西。21·cn·jy·com

Eg: 5,991,892,725 five billion, nine hundred and ninety-one million, eight hundred and ninety-two thousand, seven hundred and twenty-five. 4,759 _______________________________21*cnjy*com

(2) 英语中没有“万”的单词,要用thousand来表示,eg: 10万_______________

(3) hundred _________,thousand 千,million _________, billion __________的用法:1)前面有具体的数字时,这几个单词一律用_______ 形式,eg: 500 five __________ 2) 当表示一个不确定的数字时,要在这几个单词后加_____, 并且要和介词______连用,构成词组,表示一个概数。Eg: 数以百万计的_____________________

【中考真题再现】

( )1.---Can you write the number eighty-five thousand, six hundred and twenty-six?

--- Yes, it is. ___________.(江西)A. 85662 B. 85626 C. 58662 D. 58626【出处:21教育名师】

( )2. It is reported that ______ people in the world are suffering from the H1N1flu.(泰安市)

A. ten thousands

B. thousands

C. thousands of

考点三:编号的表示法

名词+ 基数词(此时名词和数词的第一个字母要大写)= the + 序数词+名词

Eg: 1)Lesson One = ________ 第一课2)the second page = ___________第二页

【注意】如果数字较大时,特别是房间、页码、公交车号、电话号码等,多用“名词+基数词”形式。

【中考真题再现】

( )1. – There is a wrong word in Line _____. – Where? – In the _______ line. (孝感市)

A. Two; two

B. Second; two

C. Two; second

D. Second; second ( )2. – Today we are going to learn _______. –That’s nice, Mr. Wang.

A. Lesson Second

B. the Lesson Two

C. Lesson Two

D. second lesson http://www.wendangku.net/doc/357d6cb50342a8956bec0975f46527d3240ca6cc.html

考点四:时间的表达方式

1、“整点”时,可用“基数词+o’clock”,o’clock也可省略eg:9:00 (o’clock )。

2、“非整点法” →1)顺读法:即“先时后分”,直接用基数词读出。eg:4:10 four ten 9:50 _________

2)逆读法:即“先分后时” →①分钟小于或等于30时,用“分钟数+past+钟点数”形式。eg:7:20 → twenty past seven 8:05 → ________________

当分钟数=30时,可用half代替thirty. eg:10:30 thirty / half past ten 8:30_________________

当分钟数=15时,可用fifteen表达,也可用a quarter表达。

eg:6:15 → a quarter past six = __________________

②分钟大于30分钟时,用“(60-分钟数)+ to + (钟点数+1)”形式。

eg:7:50 → ten to eight 10:45 _______________ = ____________________

【中考真题再现】

( ) –It’s 11:45. –Yes, it’s ______. (漳州市)

A. fifteen past twelve

B. fifteen from twelve

C. a quarter past twelve

D. a

quarter to twelve

考点五:分数的表达方式

1) 分子用________,分母用_______(子基母序),分子大于1,分母用________数。Eg: 1/3 one third 6/9 _________________

【注】1\2 用a / one half ( = one second ) ,1\4用a quarter (= one fourth )

eg: 3/4 _______________ = _________________

2) 分数作主语时,谓语动词跟of后的名词单复数一致。

Eg: 1) Two thirds of the students ______ (be) boys in Class 2·1·c·n·j·y

2) One half of her money _____ ( be ) spent on clothes last month.

【中考真题再现】

( ) _____ of the land in that district ______ covered with trees and grass. (常州)

A. Two fifths; is

B. Two fifth; are

C. Two fifth; is

D. Two fifths; are

考点六:年、月、日的表达&世纪年代的表示方法

(1)英语中年、月、日的排列顺序为:月-日-年(常用)或日-月-年,日期和年之间,一般用逗号隔开。21·世纪*教育网

Eg: 2008年5月1日:May 1, 2008 / May 1st , 2008 ;1 May, 2008/ 1st May, 2008. 2013年4月8日_______________/__________________= ______________ / _______________

(2)世纪年代的表示方法

1) (在)20世纪( in ) the 20th century (在)21世纪_______________________

2) (在)1997年(in )1997 ( nineteen ninety –seven ) (在)2013年_______________________

3) (在)80年代( in ) the eighties (在)90年代_______________________

4) 在20世纪90年代in the 1990s / 1990’s 在20世纪70年代_______________________

【中考真题再现】

( )1. The year “1999” should be read “ The year _________”.

A. nineteen and ninety-nine

B. nineteen hundred and ninety-nine

C. one thousand nine hundred and ninety-nine

D. nineteen ninety-nine ( ) 2. They move d to Beijing _____. A. in 1980s B. in the 1980’ C. in the 1980s D. on the 1980’s

考点六:其它重要表达方式的考法

1) one and a half hours = one hour and a half 一个半小时eg: 3个半月______________________________

2) in one’s thirties 在某人30多岁时(区别:in the thirties 在30年代) eg: 在我40多岁时____________________

3) a two –year- old boy 一个2岁的男孩eg: 一张8米长的桌子__________________________

4) a ten-minute walk = ten minutes’ walk 步行10分钟的路程

5)two more hours = another two hours 再2个小时eg: 再3天__________________________

6) 时间、距离、金钱数字名词做主语时谓语动词用单数eg: Ten days is enough for the job.

【中考真题再现】

( )1. I don’t believe that this __ boy can paint such a nice picture. (德阳)