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国开(中央电大)专科《理工英语1》网上形考试题及答案

国开(中央电大)专科《理工英语1》网上形考试题及答案

单元自测1 形考任务试题及答案

题目为随机,用查找功能(Ctrl+F)搜索题目

题目: --- Haven't seen you for ages, Mike. ________________

--- Pretty good. Everything goes well.

How's it going?

题目: ---Hello, I'm Harry Potter.

---Glad to meet you. I'm Miller. But __________.

call me Paul.

题目: Let's meet at 7:30 outside the gate of ________.

the People's Park

题目:--- Could you please tell me something about the two_______?

--- ___________. They arc exchange students of No. 1 Middle School.

Germans; All right

题目:--- Goodbye, everyone._______________

--- Bye, Sally! Don't forget to write.

Stay in touch

题目:---Are you good at Building Materials, Rose?

---_______. But I will try to study it well this term.

Not very good

题目:---Can I help you, sir?

---I'd like to have 100 _____. I want my students to draw pictures.

pieces of paper

题目:---How are you?

---________

Fine, thanks.

题目:Each apartment only__________15 to 30 square meters for one unit.

takes

题目:I hope you'll ________working with us in the future.

enjoy

题目:Now this tiny housing solution is ______________ in urban areas in the U.S., and Canada. gain ground

题目:The __________ are eating _________ at the foot of the mountain.

sheep, grass

题目:The technological advances made it possible for the middle classes to enjoy what had once been ________ only to the very rich.

affordable

题目:To solve this problem, New York city planners are challenging tradition and starting to _________more micro units.

design

题目:Tony has many Chinese ______.

stamps

二、翻译:从以下A、B、C三个选项中选出与英文最适合的中文翻译。

1. That's why tiny little apartments with a bedroom, a kitchen and a bathroom come into being.【C】

A. 这就是为什么小公寓的卧室,一个厨房和一个浴室。

B. 这就是为什么小的小公寓有一个卧室,一个厨房和一个浴室。

C. 这就是只有一卧一厨一卫的微型公寓形成的原因。

2. A beautiful little room with love and happiness is a great place to live.【B】

A. 一个美丽的小房间,爱和幸福是一个居住的好地方。

B. 一间充盈爱和幸福的小美屋就是宜居的好地方。

C. 一个美丽的小房间,爱和幸福是一个伟大的地方住。

3. It can also meet the need of people who are short on cash but determined to live in their own places.【A】

A. 它也能满足一些人的需要,他们缺钱,但又决心拥有一个自己的家。

B. 它也可以满足人的需要,缺钱但决定住在自己的地方。

C. 它也能满足需要的人谁是短期的现金,但决心生活在自己的地方。

4. Ted and William have lived under the same roof for five years.【A】

A. 泰德和威廉已经在同一屋檐下生活了五年了.

B. 泰德和威廉在同一个屋檐下生活了五年。

C. 泰德和威廉一起生活了五年。

5. If you travel alone and want to know better family life in Britain, you'd better stay in

B & Bs.【C】

A.如果你独自旅行, 想知道更好的家庭生活在英国, 你最好呆在B & Bs。

B.如果你独自旅行,想了解英国的家庭生活,你最好呆在家里。

C.如果你独自旅行并且想更好地了解英国的居民生活,你可以住在B & Bs。

二、阅读理解:阅读下面的短文,根据文章内容从A、B、C三个选项中选出一个最佳选项。

Housing is the living places for human beings. As the population keeps climbing, People in the city have to face the reality that housing is in short supply. To solve this problem, New York city planners are challenging tradition and starting to design more micro units. Micros, also known as hostel-style apartments, usually offer less than 200 square feet (18.5 square meters) in area. Could you imagine living in 150 square feet (14 square meters)? These units usually have only room for a bed, a table mini-fridge and the basic living essentials. Why is the micro apartment so appealing? The reasons are rather straightforward. It is perfect for single people who don't have a lot of things. It can also meet the need of people who are short on cash but determined to live in their own places.

Micro apartments are very common in cities like Tokyo and Hong Kong, where there are so many people living. Now this tiny housing solution is gaining ground in urban areas in the U.S., and Canada.

The micro apartment is an experiment in simplicity in American culture. So small-scale home life is part of a hot trend in U.S. real estate. Some people are proud of it. Some of them can find the humor and fun in their small places. But not everyone is in favor of the trend.

1.According to the passage, the next big trend in U.S. real estate is 【B】.

A. big house

B. micro apartment

C. traditional house

2.As the population keeps climbing, people in the city have to face the reality that 【A】.

A. housing is in short supply

B. housing is very sufficient

C. housing is a luxury goods

3.Why is the micro apartment so appealing? 【A】

A. It meets the need of someone.

B. It's very strange.

C. It's excellent.

4.Micro apartments are very common in some cities like 【C】.

A. Beijing

B. London

C. Tokyo

5.How do people think of the micro apartment? 【C】

A. Everyone likes it very much.

B. Some people think it's humorous and fun.

C. Not everyone is in favor of the trend.

二、阅读理解:阅读下面的短文,根据文章内容从A、B、C三个选项中选出一个最佳选项。

Building a house costs quite a lot of money.Suppose you plan to build a house.Your first step will be to find a right piece of land.Your choice will depend on many different things.You will probably try to find a sunny place, with pleasant surroundings(环境) near shops and bus stops, not too far from your friends and the place where you work.

Next you will find a good builder, and together with the builder you will work out a plan.The builder will draw the plan.It will show the number of rooms, their position and size, and other parts, which must be noticed, such as windows, doors, and electric outlets.The builder will work out how much money is needed to build your house.He will work out the cost of the wood, bricks, the glass, and everything else that must be used in building the house.Later on, when he starts to build, this estimate(预算)must be corrected and revised(修订).His estimate is based on existing prices, but prices of such things may change, and many other things may happen between the time when he makes the estimate and the time when he builds the house.

When the builder gives his estimate, you may wish to change your plan.(You may also wish to change your builder, if his estimate is too high!)You may find that the house you wanted at first costs too much, or that you can spend a little more and add something to your plan.The builder's estimate depends on the plan, but the final plan depends on the builder's estimate.1.The best title of this passage would be 【C】

A.Building a House Costs Much Money

B.Estimate Is Important

C.Planning a House

2.The first thing for a person to build a house is 【B】

A.to get as much money as possible

B.to find a suitable piece of land

C.to work out a plan

3. The phrase draw a plan in this passage means 【A】

A.making a picture of a building or a room

B.making a plan

C.working out a plan

4.When the builder starts to build a house, his estimate will have to be corrected and revised because 【C】

A.it is wrongly worked out by a workman

B.the future owner of the house thinks the estimate is so high that he cannot afford the building.C.The prices of building materials and the expenses(费用)of labor may be different from the original prices and expenses

5.What is the relationship(关系)between the estimate and the plan?【C】

A.The plan depends on the estimate.

B.The plan has nothing to do with the estimate.

C.The estimate and the plan depend on each other.

二、阅读理解:阅读下面的对话,选择合适的内容将对话补充完整。

SUN LI: Nice to meet you. I'm Sun Li.

HENRY:_____Are you a student of this university, too?【C】

SUN LI: Yeah, this is my second year. I study Architecture. And what’s your major? HENRY:_____ So, what subjects do you study this term?【D】

SUN LI: _____【A】

HENRY: Oh, I see. I have English classes too. I have Air Pollution Control, Pollution Analysis, and Climate Change Control Technology.

SUN LI: Oh, really?! What do you think of your major?

HENRY: It's wonderful. _____but Pollution Analysis isn't my best subject. 【B】I like Climate Change Control Technology better. _____【E】

SUN LI: I like Building Materials best.

A.This semester we study English, Engineering Drawing, Construction Technology, and Building Materials.

B.I think the classes are really interesting,

C.Nice to meet you too.

D.Oh, My major is Energy and Environment.

E.How about you?

单元自测2 形考任务试题及答案

题目为随机,用查找功能(Ctrl+F)搜索题目

题目: Tom is________ than any other players in the school team.

taller

题目:— Sonia, do you think you are different from Linda?

— Yes. I'm ______ at drawing than her.

better

题目:— Which city has _________population, Beijing, Guiyang or Nanchang?

— Beijing, of course.

the largest

题目:—— What's your present job?

—— _______________________

I'm a film-maker.

题目:—— Excuse me. You must be Mr. Liu Hua from China?

—— ___________________

Yes, nice to meet you.

题目:—— Have you had a nice journey?

—— ________________________

Sure

题目:—— I’m so excited to meet you. May I introduce myself to you?

—— ___________________________

Sure.

题目:—— Thanks for all the information, Peter. It sounds like you have an interesting job. —— ______________________________

Yes, it's very interesting, but stressful, too!

题目:Architect Mayur Kanaiya spoke__________ of the Langkawi Sky Bridge

highly

题目:But the Bridge was first _____ to the public, almost one year later, after a series of tests and evaluations.

open

题目:I really like that car you ________ and I am thinking of buying it.

recommended

题目:One day they crossed the ____bridge behind the palace.

old chinese stone

题目:The walls function like a dam to keep the water _____ and the structure lies naturally within its surroundings, remaining invisible from a distance.

out

题目:Tony is going camping with ___ boys.

two litter other

题目:You know, this bridge ______ Hong Kong, Zhuhai and Macau.

connects

二、翻译:从以下A、B、C三个选项中选出与英文最适合的中文翻译。

1. It has a total length of 49.968 km, of which 35.578 km will be built over the sea.【B】

A. 它总长度49.968公里,其中35.578公里在海上。

B. 它总长度49.968公里,其中有35.578公里是横跨在海面上的。

C. 它总长度49.968公里,其中35.578公里在海底。

2.I’d like you to meet the famous bridge designer, Mr. Liu Hua.【B】

A.我喜欢你去见见著名的桥梁设计师刘华先生。

B. 我想给您介绍下著名的桥梁设计师刘华先生。

C. 我们最好去见见著名的桥梁设计师刘华先生。

3. It’s a great example of treading lightly on the land.【A】

A.在桥上缓步行走是非常好的体验。

B.在陆地上交易是很好的体验

C.在陆地上轻微的交易是很好的体验。

4.While most bridges cross above water, the sunken bridge at Fort de Roovere in the Netherlands sinks just below it.【B】

A.然而大部分的桥都横跨水面,荷兰Fort de Roovere的这座下沉的桥则建在水面以下

B.大多数桥都建在水面上,荷兰Fort de Roovere的这座下沉的桥则建在水面以下。

C. 大多数桥都穿越水面,荷兰Fort de Roovere的这座下沉的桥则建在水面以下

5.Visitors can enjoy a very close experience with the forest and wildlife on the curving bridge.【B】

A.游客们能够与野生动物和森林有着更近的体验。

B.蜿蜒的桥面让游客能够近距离地体验森林与野生动物。

C. 游客们可以尽情享受丛林中的野生动物。

二、阅读理解:阅读下面的短文,根据文章内容从A、B、C三个选项中选出一个最佳选项。

London's River Thames has twenty-seven bridges. But Tower Bridge, the first bridge over the Thames as you travel to London from the sea, is the most famous of them all. What makes Tower Bridge so exciting? Why do visitors come from all over the world to see it?

The thing that is surprising about Tower Bridge is that it is open in the middle. It does this to let the big ships through to the Pool of London. If you are lucky enough to see the bridge with its two opening arms high in the air, you will never forget it.

On its north side stands the Tower of London itself. Although they look the same age, the Tower is almost a thousand years old, and Tower Bridge is only about one hundred, it was built in the 1890s. By1850, everyone agreed that a bridge across the Thames near the Tower was most necessary. But the designers argued about the new bridge for another thirtyyears. This took so long because they had two big problems.

l. Tower Bridge is 【C】.

A. about one thousand years old

B. the oldest and the most famous bridge in London

C. the first one you can see when you go from the sea to London

2. The Tower of London is 【B】.

A. across from the Thames

B. on the north of Tower Bridge

C. in the middle of Tower Bridge

3. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?【A】

A. You can see the bridge with its two opening arms high in the air at anytime.

B. By 1850 everybody thought it most necessary to have a bridge built across the Thames near the Tower.

C. It took the designers thirty years to argue about the bridge before it was built.

4. Why is the bridge open in the middle?【C】

A. To make it special.

B. To attract (吸引) more people from the world to see it.

C. To let the big ship through to the Pool of London.

5. How long was the Tower Bridge built?【B】

A. A thousand years.

B. A hundred years.

C. Five thousand years.

二、阅读理解:阅读下面的短文,根据文章内容进行判断,正确为T,错误为F。

One of the masterpieces of modern architecture, the fantastic Hangzhou Bay Bridge has been opened to the public since May 2008.

The Bridge is an S-shaped stayed-cable bridge with six lanes in both directions and is linking Ningbo's Cixi county in the south to Jiaxing in the north. It shortens the highway travel distance between Ningbo and Shanghai by 120 kilometers, and reduces the driving time from 4 to 2.5 hours.

It is the longest sea-crossing bridge in the world - 36 kilometers (22 miles) long. This fantastic bridge crossing the Hangzhou Bay is expected to have a 100-year lifespan, and has a price tag of 11.8 billion yuan (US$1.70 billion).

The toll fee is 80 yuan per vehicle. As the bridge has six lanes in both directions, you can be quite sure that you will have a smooth ride.

The speed limit is 100 kilometers / 62 miles.

The first preparations for planning the bridge started a decade ago; close to 600 experts spent nine years on designing the Hangzhou Bay Bridge. Chief Commander of the Bridge Project is Mr Wang Yong. The bridge was linked in 2007 and an opening ceremony was held on 26th June. But the Bridge was first open to the public, almost one year later, after a series of tests and evaluations.

1.The fantastic Hangzhou Bay Bridge has been opened to the public since May 2010.【F】

2.It is the longest sea-crossing bridge in the world - 36 kilometers (22 miles) long.【T】

3.The toll fee is 100 yuan per vehicle.【T】

4.The speed limit is 100 kilometers / 62 miles【T】

5.Chief Commander of the Bridge Project is Mr Yang Yong.【T】

二、阅读理解:阅读下面的对话,选择合适的内容将对话补充完整。

Mary Johnson: Good morning, Mr. Liu! How good to see you! Have you had a nice journey?

Liu Hua: _____【D】

Mary: May I introduce an old friend of mine to you? Tony Smith is an architect and has a special interest in bridge design.

TonySmith: _____【A】

Liu Hua: How do you do? Mr. Smith. Nice to meet you.

Tony: Nice to see you, too. I know, you are the design leader of the Island & Tunnel Project of the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge. It’s my honor to meet you here.

Liu Hua: _____【E】

Tony: It is said that the bridge is the longest cross-sea bridge in the world. How long is it?

LiuHua: Sure. You know, this bridge connects Hong Kong, Zhuhai and Macau. It has a total length of 49.968 km, of which 35.578 km will be built over the sea.

Tony: _____【B】

Mary: It sounds fantastic. I also want to see it when it’s fin ished.

LiuHua: No problem, you are welcome!

Mary: Now we’ll send you to the hotel and you can take a rest there. We’ll have a meeting on bridge design tomorrow morning.

Liu Hua: _____【C】

Tony: You’re welcome.

A. How do you do? Mr. Liu.

B. That’s great! I h ope someday I can witness such a miracle!

C. Thank you very much for your help.

D. Glad to see you, too, Mary. Indeed, it’s been a very nice journey.

E. Thank you very much.

COMPLETE THE CARD WITH THE WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS GIVEN IN THE BOX.

_You need to include the following information. _

SENDER OF THE CARD: John Black

RECEIVER OF THE CARD: Mr.Ervin

congratulations greater success so happy

best wishes very much impressed

Dear Mr Ervin:

_____ 【Congratulations】on your being named this year’s outstanding manager. I once visited one of your branches and was _____.【very much impressed】

I am sure you deserve this honor. And I feel _____【so happy】for you. _____【Greater success】for even _____【best wishes】to you and your company in the coming year!

Sincerely,

John Black

单元自测3 形考任务试题及答案

题目为随机,用查找功能(Ctrl+F)搜索题目

题目:I’d love to ______with you my new kitchenware.

share

题目: It is called solar cooker, a newly designed cooking device and there are many kinds of solar cookers _______.

available

题目:It was _______ to see the students’ excitement when they discovered that simple materials could be used to cook food under the sun and the solar cooking really attracts those creative kids.

amazing

题目:--- Don’t fo rget to come to our party this weekend!

--- _____________________________

Sure. See you.

题目:--- We’d be pleased if you could join us for dinner.

--- ____________________________________

Yes, I’d be pleased to accept.

题目:--- We’ve booked a table. We hop e you can join us?

--- _________________________________

How can I resist such a gracious invitation!

题目:--- why not dine out together and go to the movies?

--- ________________________________________

Sounds like a good idea.

题目:--- Would you care to join for the picnic tomorrow

--- _________________________________________

So sorry. Next time we'll go, thanks anyway.

题目:--- Do you like reading books?

--- Yes. Each of us ______________ to do more reading in and after class.

is encouraged

题目:Li Lei is___ student in our class.

the tallest

题目:Nick _______ a job in a bank, but to our surprise, he didn’t take it.

was offered

题目:People who do not have wood must spend large amounts of money ________cooking fuel. on

题目:Solar cooking is a _______cooking method.

convenient

题目:The bridge ______ two years ago.

was built

题目:This box is___ that one.

as heavy as

二、翻译:从以下A、B、C三个选项中选出与英文最适合的中文翻译。

1. It is getting more popular due to its high efficiency and its environmental friendliness.【A】

A.由于高效及环保的特点,太阳能锅越来越受到大众的欢迎。

B. 由于高效友好的特点,太阳能锅越来越受到大众欢迎。

C.由于经济环保的特点,太阳能锅越来越受到大众欢迎。

2. I’d love to share with you my new kitchenware.【B】

A.我很喜爱与你分享我的新厨具。

B. 我很乐意和你分享我的新厨具。

C.我很乐意平均分配我的新厨具。

3. I am eager to see this new device.【A】

A.我急切地想看到这个新设备。

B.我很激动看到这个新设备

C.我很乐意看到这个新设备。

4. People who do not have wood must spend large amounts of money on cooking fuel.【C】A.那些没有足够木材的人们得花费大量的钱来烧饭。

B.那些没有足够多木材的人们得依靠大量的钱来购买烹饪燃料。

C.那些没有足够木材的人们得花费大量的金钱购买烹饪燃料。

5. Solar ovens consist of a system of reflectors and a cooking pot.【A】

A.太阳能灶是由反射镜及烹饪锅系统组成的。

B.太阳能灶是一个反射系统和一个锅

C.太阳能灶利用了反射系统和烹饪锅。

二、阅读理解:阅读下面的短文,根据文章内容从A、B、C三个选项中选出一个最佳选项。

When Dr. Robert Metcalf first used a solar cooker, the future changed for millions of Africans. He knew that billions of poor people around the world depend on the use of wood for cooking. As they take more and more firewood from wild areas. They are destroying habitats around the world. Wood collection is one reason why many animals have become endangered.

But sunshine can be an alternative to fire. Dr. Metcalf says. Since his first solar cooked meal, he has helped people around the world to use simple new technologies to cook their food. Each morning in villages across East Africa, small children and their mothers wake up and walk several miles to collect firewood to cook their food. It takes much of the day, and the heavy firewood they carry home on their heads lasts only a few days.

This is why Dr. Metcalf spends each summer in Africa. He teaches women and children in villages how to cook with the sun. So far, more than thirty thousand African families now have solar cookers, and new programs will introduce solar cookers to millions of families.

To find water, women and children may have to walk long distance to dig holes in dry riverbeds or to gather water from streams and shallow wells.

They fill their buckets(桶)and carry them home on their heads. The buckets often weigh as much as forty pounds. Not only is finding water hard work, but the water is often polluted with

germs(细菌)that make people sick.

Dr. Metcalf and others developed a simple,reusable tool that people can use to make sure their water is safe to drink.The tool is calked a WAPI,which stands for Water Pasteurization Indicator. The pasteurization process is named after Louis Pasteur,who developed it in the 1800s. 1.Why did Metcalf help Africans use solar cookers?【C】

A.He wanted to help them to fight poverty.

B.He found it a dangerous job to collect firewood.

C.He realized using firewood is not good for the environment.

2.The underlined word it in the third paragraph probably refers to【A】.

A.collecting firewood

B.cooking food

C.cooking with the sun

3.Each summer Metcalf stays in Africa to 【C】.

A. do research on water

B. take care of sick people

C. spread the technique of using solar cookers

4.Water Pasteurization Indicator was developed to 【A】.

A. kill the bacteria in water

B. honor Louis Pasteur

C. make waste water reusable

5.It can be inferred from tile passage that【B】.

A.Africans find it hard to learn to use solar cookers

B.women and children in Africa usually lead a hard life

C.the water Africans drink is not clean though it is easy to get

二、阅读理解:阅读下面的短文,根据文章内容进行判断,正确为T,错误为F。

Millions of people around the world cook their food over a smoky fire every day. It is often difficult to find wood for the fire. People who do not have wood must spend large amounts of

money on cooking fuel. However, there is a much easier way to cook food using energy from the sun. Solar cookers, or ovens, have been used for centuries.

Solar ovens consist of a system of reflectors and a cooking pot. The rest is up to your imagination! Once you have collected or bought your solar oven, you can use it to prepare hot meals in the backyard, at a campground or wherever your heart desires.

Of all the inventions that could benefit humankind, a reliable solar cooker remains one of the most necessary. Countless people across the developing world still cook their food by burning wood or even cow dung, causing breathing problems and severe pollution in some regions. The searching for a practical solar cooker has gone on for decades and produced dozens of models. But none of them have caught on importantly for use in the developing world because they can’t store heat. Without the ability to store heat, a cooker cannot be used, for example, on cloudy days.

But now a group based at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) is reporting a discovery in solar cookers. They say it will lead to the production of practical solar cookers within a year and a half and it can store enough heat during a sunny day to work for an entire additional day, even if it is cloudy.

* People who do not have wood must spend small amounts of money on cooking fuel.【F】

* There is a much easier way to cook food using energy from the sun.【T】

* Solar cookers, or ovens, have not been used for centuries.【F】

* Solar ovens consist of a system of reflectors and a cooking pot.【T】

* Without the ability to store heat, a cooker can be used, for example, on cloudy days.【T】二、阅读理解:阅读下面的对话,选择合适的内容将对话补充完整。

HENRY: Hey, what are you doing this weekend?

MANDY: _____【D】

HENRY: Would you like to go for a picnic? The weather forecast says it will be sunny this Sunday. MANDY: _____【A】

HENRY: Yes of course, and I will make some hamburgers.

MANDY: OK. Then I’ll bring some drinks, green tea, black tea, juice or cola?

HENRY: _____ By the way I will bring my new kitchenware for our picnic【E】

MANDY: New kitchenware? A cooker?

HENRY: Yeah! I jus t bought a solar cooker last month. It’s a new device that uses solar energy and it is getting popular due to its high efficiency and its environmental friendliness. People can cook easily with this new device. I’ll bring some fruit and some other food. We will make a wonderful picnic!

MANDY: _____【B】

HENRY: OK, I am looking forward to our picnic! Then See you on this Sunday!

MANDY: _____【C】

A. That’s a good idea. Shall I bring anything?

B. Wow! How amazing, I can’t wait for it!

C. See you!

D. I haven’t decided yet. What about you?

E. How about green tea?

单元自测4 形考任务试题及答案

题目为随机,用查找功能(Ctrl+F)搜索题目

题目:---- ________________________ We are leaving on Sunday.

---- Yes, that’s a good idea.

Why don’t you join us?

题目:---- ______________________________

---- Yeah. It is the only professional museum about the railway system in China.

Do you know the China Railway Museum?

题目:---- Excuse me. Can you tell me how to get to the Linden Street?

---- _____________________________

Sorry, I’m new here.

题目:---- I’m going to Hainan for my holiday.

---- ________________________

Have a nice trip

题目:---- Welcome back, Mr. Smith! How about your business trip in Japan?

---- ___________________________

Oh, fantastic! Mr. Mark is so satisfied with our project.

题目:He’s wearing a red shirt and _______ jeans.

faded

题目:I’d like to ha ve some big apples instead of small _____.

ones

题目:It was ___ who wrote those words on the blackboard.

he

题目:Oh, that museum was the old Beijing Railway Station. It______ the history of China’s railway development.

shows

题目:The book ________ on this subject was written by an old female writer.

referred to

题目:The train______ just three weeks ____ complete a journey that _____ six weeks by sea. took…to;takes up to

题目:This article deals with the natural phenomenon which _______ most interesting to everyone. is

题目:Travelers _______ the efficient network, and find that their hometowns are not that far away.

benefit from

题目:We _______ two railway tickets online this Monday.

booked

题目:With comfortable seats and quiet cabins, this high-speed line______ a pleasant journey for thousands of travelers.

offers

二、翻译:从以下A、B、C三个选项中选出与英文最适合的中文翻译。

1.John and his brother differ in personality even if their differences in age are not significant.【B】

A. 尽管约翰和他哥哥在年纪上相差很大,但他们的个性却不相同。

B. 尽管约翰和他哥哥在年纪上相差不大,但他们的个性却不相同。

C.尽管约翰和他哥哥在年纪上相差不大,但他们的个性相同。

2. Some of her pictures were shown in an art exhibition (展览会) in Shanghai when she was 4 years old.【C】

A. 她的一些画就在上海的一个艺术展览会上展出。

B. 她在一个艺术展览会上展出她的画。

C. 四岁的时候她的一些画就在上海的一个艺术展览会上展出。

3.Since the earth looks like a ball, the sun can shine on only half of it at a time.【B】

A.太阳一次只能照到它的一半,地球看上去像一个球。

B. 由于地球看上去像一个球,太阳一次只能照到它的一半。

C.地球看上去像一个球,太阳一次只能照到它的一半。

4. From the East Coast to the West Coast it is about 3, 000 miles wide.【A】

A. 美国领土的东西宽度约为3000英里。

B. 美国领土为3000英里。

C. 美国领土的东西宽度为2000英里。

5. It’s very impo rtant to maintain your current weight through exercise and healthy eating.【C】

A. 非常重要的通过锻炼和健康饮食来保持你目前的体重。

B. 锻炼和健康饮食来保持你目前的体重是非常重要。

C. 通过锻炼和健康饮食来保持你目前的体重是非常重要的。

二、阅读理解:阅读下面的短文,根据文章内容从A、B、C三个选项中选出一个最佳选项。

High-speed rail is a type of rail transport that operates significantly faster than traditional rail traffic, using an integrated system of specialized rolling stock and dedicated tracks. While there is no single standard that applies worldwide, new lines in excess of 250 km/hr and existing lines in excess of 200 km/hr are widely considered to be high-speed, with some extending the definition to include much lower speeds (e.g. 160 km/hr) in areas for which these speeds still represent significant improvements. The first such system began operations in Japan in 1964 and was widely known as the bullet train. High-speed trains normally operate on standard gauge tracks of continuously welded rail on grade-separated right-of-way that incorporates a large turning radius in its design.

Many countries have developed high-speed rail to connect major cities, including Austria , Belgium, China, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Poland, Portugal, Russia, South Korea, Sweden, Taiwan, turkey, United Kingdom, United States and Uzbekistan. Only in Europe does HSR cross internatio nal borders. China has 16,000 km of HSR, accounting for 60 percent of the world’s total. While high-speed rail is usually designed for passenger travel, some high-speed systems also offer freight service.

1. High-speed rail is a type of rail transport that operates significantly than traditional rail traffic.【A】

A. faster

B. slower

C. as fast as

2. According to the passage, which of the following is true?【A】

A. there is no single standard that applies worldwide.

B. there is a standard that applies worldwide

C. there are two standards that apply worldwide

3.When did the first such system widely known as the bullet train begin operations in Japan ?【C】

A. in 1964

B. in 1966

C. in 1946

4. The underlined word freight at the end of the paragraph means 【B】 .

A. military

B. cargo

C. health

5. The best title of this passage would be 【B】.

A. Traditional Rail Traffic

B. the Bullet Train

C. High-speed Rail

二、阅读理解:阅读下面的短文,根据文章内容进行判断,正确为T,错误为F。

The world’s longest high-speed railway route, running from Beijing to Guangzhou, has been in operation for a few years. It cuts travel time between the two cities from 22 hours to only 8 hours. With comfortable seats and quiet cabins, this high-speed line offers a pleasant journey for thousands of travelers.

The high speed railway connects Beijing with five provincial capitals. Part of the line, from Zhengzhou to Guangzhou, was in operation before the whole line was connected. The opening of the Beijing to Zhengzhou section has connected the entire line. It covers a total length of 2,298 kilometers.

The Beijing-Guangzhou line connects o ne third of China’s population and more than 40 percent of its economic power. Travelers benefit from the efficient network, and find that their hometowns are not that far away.

As the American publication _Newsweek_ puts it: China is now engaged in a railway revolution. These 350 kilometer per hour high-speed railway trains have made the country’s vast territory substantially smaller, and changed the country economically.

1.The world’s longest high-speed railway route, running from Beijing to Guangzhou, has been in operation for a few years.【T】

2.It cuts travel time between the two cities from 22 hours to only 6 hours.【F】

3. The opening of the Beijing to Zhengzhou section has linked with the total route.【T】

4.The Beijing-Guangzhou line connects one third of China’s population and more than 40 percent of its economic power.【T】

5.These 350 kilometer per hour high-speed railway trains have made the country’s vast territory considerably smaller, and changed the country economically.【T】

二、阅读理解:阅读下面的对话,选择合适的内容将对话补充完整。

_LI QIANG AND HIS BROTHER WILL GO TO BEIJING. HE IS TALKING TO WANG NING ABOUT THE PLAN._ WANG NING:So, you’re going to Beijing on Sunday, Li Qiang?

LI QIANG:_____ We booked two railway tickets online this Monday.【C】

WANG:That’s really cool! I’m alwa ys dreaming of going to Beijing, seeing famous places with unique buildings, such as the Forbidden City, Summer Palace, etc.

LI: _____ .【A】

WANG: Oh, that museum was the old Beijing Railway Station. It shows the history of China’s railway development. _____.【D】

LI:Why don’t you join us? We are leaving on Sunday. _____.【B】

WANG:Ok, then count me in. Are you taking a high-speed railway?

LI:_____. Besides, it’s comfortable.【E】

A. And the China Railway Museum is a must.

B. You still have two days to get yourself prepared.

C. Yes, my brother and I are going together.

D. It’s worth visiting. I’ve been planning to go for a visit for a long time.

E. Yeah, the high speed railway is very quick and convenient.

单元自测5 形考任务试题及答案

题目为随机,用查找功能(Ctrl+F)搜索题目

题目: --- A: Could we make a tentative appointment for, say, this Saturday?

---B: ________

That’s fine for me.

题目:--- ________ you ________ free tomorrow?

--- No. I ________ free the day after tomorrow.

Are; going to be; will be

题目:--- A: Hello, Bill Burton speaking.

--- B: Hello, Mr. Burton, this is Jenny Jenkins of Bradford and Sons returning your call. What can I do for you?

题目:--- A: I can put you down for eleven o’clock. Is that OK?

--- B:

Oh, I’ll be having an interview that time. How about 3 o’clock in the afternoon?

题目:--- A: I have an appointment with Mr. Xie at about 10 o’clock tomorrow morning, but would you please postpone it to sometime next week?

---B: ________

All right.

题目:--- A: I have many questions about studying abroad.

--- B: Would you like to make an appointment?

Let's say Wednesday afternoon at two?

题目:How often________to the dentist?

do you go

题目:I have an appointment with Mr. Xie at about 10 o’clock tomorrow morning, but would you please________it to sometime next week?

postpone

题目:In learning a foreign language, one should first pay attention________speaking.

to

题目:Jamie wants to speak to me________private.

in

题目:My agenda is quite full for the whole week, so I can't________an appointment with you. make

题目:Seldom ________ his wife punishes her children for speaking out their own ideas freely. have I seen

题目:Support facilities for electric cars, such as charging stations, have been built or are the process of being built in many cities across the country.

in

题目:There ________ a dolphin show in the zoo tomorrow evening.

is going to be

题目:We are all for your suggestion that the trip ________ .

be put off

二、阅读理解:阅读下面的短文,根据文章内容从A、B、C三个选项中选出一个最佳选项。

Cars are an important part of life in the United States. Without a car most people feel that they are poor. And even if a person is poor he doesn't feel really poor when he had a car. Henry Ford was the man who first started making cars in large numbers. He probably didn't know how much the car was going to affect American culture. The car made the United Stated a nation

on wheels. And it helped make the United States what it is today.

There are three main reasons why the car becomes so popular in the United States. First of all, the country is a huge one and Americans like to move around in it. The car provides the most comfortable and cheapest form of transportation. With a car people can go anyplace without spending a lot of money.

The second reason cars are popular is the fact that the United States never really developed

an efficient and inexpensive form of public transportation. Long-distance trains have never been as common in the country as they are in other parts of the world. Nowadays there is a

good system of air-service provided by planes. But it is too expensive to be used frequently. The third reason is the most important one, though. The American spirit of independence is what really made cars popular. Americans don't like to wait for a bus, or a train or even a plane. They don' t like to have to follow an exact schedule. A car gives them the freedom to schedule their own time. And this is the freedom that Americans want most to have.

The gas shortage has caused a big problem for Americans. But the answer will not be a bigger system of public transportation. The real solution will have to be a new kind of car, one that does not use so much gas.

1. We can learn from this passage that Americans【B】

A.spend a lot of money traveling by car

B.travel a lot in their cars

C.seldom travel by plane

2. Which of the following statements is TRUE?【C】

A.In the United States even the poor own cars.

B.In the United States all the poor have no cars.

C.An American will feel poor unless he has a car.

3. In the writer's opinion, cars are popular in the United States mainly because【A】A.Americans like to plan their own time

B.The United States does not have enough public transportation

C.Americans will not feel poor when they travel in their cars

4. A nation on wheels in the second paragraph means that【B】

回答不正确

A.everyone in the United States owns a car

B.the United States produces most of the cars in the world

C.cars play an important part in American'life

5. The real solution to the gas shortage problem is【C】

A. to make less cars

B. to develop a public transportation system

C. to make gas-saving cars

二、阅读理解:阅读下面的短文,根据文章内容从A、B、C三个选项中选出一个最佳选项。

Car crashes are the top killer of American teenagers. Most of the crashes result from distracted driving—not paying attention to the road.

Ryan Didone was a fifteen-year-old passenger in a car that hit a tree. He was one of the nation's more than thirty thousand victims of traffic crashes in 2008. Nearly four thousand deaths, about twelve percent involved drivers age fifteen to twenty.

Ryan's father, Thomas Didone, is a police captain in Marylan. It was an inexperienced, immature driver driving at night with a carload of kids. He was distracted, he was going too fast, and it ended up causing one death and some seriously injured. He shares the story of his son's death to help educate teens and their families about distracted driving.

Jim Jennings from the Allstate Insurance Company says the number one cause of distracted-driving accidents is the mobile phone. He says talking on the phone or reaching for it is like drinking four beers and driving. If you're texting while driving, you are twenty-three times more likely to get into an accident than somebody who isn't.

Government and private groups are using public service announcements and events to bring more attention to the problem. For example, the insurance industry recently held a safety event for teen drivers. At first, nineteen-year-old Kevin Schumann easily avoided large, inflatable dolls thrown in front of the car to represent children. He also avoided orange cones representing the edge of the road. Then, as part of the test, he started texting. He hit several cones and

at least one doll. That's what really opened up the experience for me to prove how bad it is to really text and drive.

Debbie Pickford of Allstate Insurance says teens are especially at risk from distracted driving —and not just because they lack experience on the roads. According to the research, teens don't really have fully developed brains until they’re twenty-five years old. You put those two things together and you get a much,much higher risk. A new law proposes a graduated driver licensing system. Graduated means teenagers start with restrictions like on night driving and numbers of passengers. They could not get a full driver's license until age eighteen.

1.According to the passage, 【A】 is the most likely to lead to a traffic accident while you are driving.

A.texting on the mobile phone

B.reaching for a cell phone.

C.talking on the mobile phone

2. We can learn from the second paragraph that【B】.

A. drivers who resulted in nearly 4,000 deaths are teenagers

B. over 30,000 victims have died from traffic crashes so far

C. it was at night that Ryan Didone died from a car accident

3. A safety event held by insurance industry was meant to 【B】.

A.attract more teenagers to take part in it

B.draw enough attention to teenagers' distracted driving

C.make more teenagers practice avoiding large barriers

4. The passage is probably followed by a concluding paragraph about 【C】.

A.much higher risk

B.teen brain development

C.measures to be taken

5. Of all the following, which is the best title for the passage?【B】

A.Car Crashes —the Top Killer.

B.Distracted Driving —Let's Avoid!

C.Drunken Driving — Dangerous Enough!

二、阅读理解:阅读下面的短文,根据文章内容进行判断,正确为T,错误为F。

In recent years, the Chinese auto industry has seen rapid growth, with the demand on private cars rising sharply in Chinese cities since 2002.

By 2009, China has replaced the U.S. to become the world’s largest auto market. As an important part of the world car industry, the global auto industry will shift further to China. This brings historical opportunity to China’s auto market.

Currently, both the development of China’s auto market and the changes in consumer demand for vehicles are ever-increasing. China’s auto industr y will continue to grow in the next decade. It means there is still huge room for its development. China has an urban population of more than 600 million. It also has a huge agricultural vehicle market in the rural areas. Hence, there is no doubt for China’s development of auto industry. That is also the reason why the world’s auto producers are paying more attention to the Chinese market.

1. The demand on private cars increased greatly in Chinese cities since 200

2.【T】

2. China has become the world’s larges t auto market.【T】

3. China’s auto industry tends to decrease in the next decade.【F】

4. China has an urban population of less than 600 million.【F】

5. The reason why the world’s auto producers are paying more attention to the Chinese market is that China’s a uto industry developed very quickly.【T】

二、阅读理解:阅读下面短文,选择合适的内容将短文补充完整。

A WELCOME SPEECH

A. set new goals

B. keep growing

C. take this opportunity to

D. made the right decision

E. my great honor

I am Peter, Sales manager of the company.

First of all, I would like to _____ welcome you to our company.【C】

Our company is one of the leading companies in the electric car industry. I am sure you will be proud of being a member of our company. It is always _____ 【E】to keep the business going.We need to _____ 【A】for ourselves all the time. As you are fresh, energetic and equipped with new knowledge and new ideas, soon you will realize that you’ve _____ 【D】to join us. Work hard, not only for our company but also for yourself. That’s the only way for you and our company to _____.【B】

Again I would like to welcome you and from today on, let’s work together and succeed together.

单元自测6 形考任务试题及答案

题目为随机,用查找功能(Ctrl+F)搜索题目

题目:—________

— Oh, no, Frankly speaking, I seldom do online shopping.

Got any good deals?

题目: I’m ________a business trip for APEC summit, sir.

on

题目:________ is known to the world, Mark Twain is a great American writer.

As

题目:—________

— I mean the best way is using your own mobile phone or computer to operate it.

What do you mean?

题目:— A: ________are the most popular things people buy online?

— B: Definitely, clothes.

What do you think

题目:— We have to stay at home for a whole day. Why not go out and have a walk?

—________

It sounds like a good idea.

题目:— Susan ,what do you think of my plan?

— _______________

It’s reasonable .

题目:Cleaner heating system will________in Beijing to control air pollution.

be established

题目:For days, smog persisted in many areas. China is________to control air pollution. taking measures

题目:Have you filled in the application form ________ your passport yet?

for

题目:I suppose you know everything about that event, ________ ?

don't you

题目:If he persists________

in asking

题目:Listen to the two girls by the window. What language________?

are they speaking

题目:Miss Liu doesn't mind _______ your homework as long as it is done by yourself.

your delaying handing in

题目:There is no doubt __________Herbert is the most industrious student in our class. that

二、阅读理解:阅读下面的短文,根据文章内容和所给信息将短文补充完整

A THANK-YOU LETTER

Dear Professor Smith,

Many thanks for your _____【friendliness and hospitality】(友好和热情)during _____ 【our delegation】(我方代表团) recent visit to your university.

It was nice of you to introduce us to some famous professors and celebrated scholars at your university. We had a safe and sound trip home.

Now we _____ 【have resumed】(重返工作岗位) our work.

Again, _____ 【on behalf of】(代表) the group, I would like to _____【express our thanks to you and your team】(对你和你的团队表示感谢). Meanwhile, I hope you will someday pay a visit to our university and give us more talks on Modern Western Economics.

Sincerely yours,

Tony Wang

二、阅读理解:阅读下面的短文,根据文章内容从A、B、C三个选项中选出一个最佳选项。

Air pollution

People and air pollution are often in the same places. This means that cities with large populations have the biggest problem of dirty air. Air pollution is caused by many different things. A major kind of air pollution is the gas from cars. Statistics (统计资料) show that 93 percent of all auto trips are within cities.

Another major kind of dirty air is the burning of coal and oil for energy. This energy is needed to make electricity. Of course, much more electricity is used in the city than in the country. On the average, we throw away more rubbish than the year before. The burning of rubbish makes air pollution even worse. Many major industries are also responsible for the dirty air in the around cities. The fumes (烟) from iron, steel, chemical, and petrol production add particles (微粒) to the air.

The effects of air pollution range from mild headaches to death. The levels of pollution found in heavy traffic may cause headaches for loss of clear vision. Wherever coal and oil are used for fuel, fumes may kill trees and plants and cause metal to corrode (腐蚀). In some of the larger cities, these fumes endanger the lives of human beings by contributing to lung diseases and causing early death.

1. The key point of the passage is that 【B】.

A.the cause of air pollution is people

B.the causes and the effects of air pollution are both found in cities

C.the effects of air pollution range from headaches to death

2. What is the purpose of this passage? 【A】

A.to persuade people to stop polluting the air

B.to tell the causes of air pollution

C.to tell why cities are bad places to live

3. Why is air pollution more grave in the city than in the country? 【C】

A.Because there are larger populations in cities.

B.Because the air in the city is dirty.

C.Because there are much more gas fumes from cars and burning of coal and oil for energy in the city than in the country.

4. The fumes from coal and oil may cause metal 【A】.

A.to corrode

B.to twist

C.to turn black

5. In larger cities, the fumes from coal and oil may contribute to 【C】.

A.heart disease

B.loss of clear vision

C.lung diseases

二、阅读理解:阅读下面短文,选择合适的内容将短文补充完整。

A. to cook or heat your home

B. checked regularly

C. to reduce air pollution

D. Use less electricity

E. Raising any sort of livestock

Man-made air pollution mainly comes from two sources: mobile ones and stationary ones. Mobile sources are cars, planes, boats, etc. Stationary sources include large factories, power plants and every household, which burns natural gas or wood. The most important ways _____【C】 are to drive less, use less electricity and natural gas, and eat vegetarian.

_THESE IDEAS ARE EASY TO FOLLOW:_

1. Get your car _____ 【B】to make sure everything works properly. Whenever possible, walk, cycle, carpool, or use public transportation. Buy fuel-efficient vehicles. Drive at 60 mph or less to improve gas mileage.

2. Burn less natural gas _____ .【A】 Instead, use a solar cooker or heater and wear extra layers.

3. Become a vegetarian or a vegan. _____【E】 requires more land and emits more carbon dioxide than simply growing crops directly for human food.

4. _____. 【D】Coal power plants produce most of the world’s electricity, and they also produce more carbon dioxide than any other source. Coal plants also release many other pollutants. Unplug televisions, cell phone chargers, and other appliances while not in use. Most devices continue to use small amounts of power even when they’re turned off. Avoid us ing air conditioning, and don’t leave the fridge open any longer than necessary. Only run the clothes washer or dish washer when full. Rather than using a dryer, hang clothes on a line to dry in the sun.

单元自测7 形考任务试题及答案

题目为随机,用查找功能(Ctrl+F)搜索题目

题目: ___________ you busy with the Singles Day?

Are

题目:—________

— Oh, no, Frankly speaking, I seldom do online shopping.

Got any good deals?

题目:—________

— I mean the best way is using your own mobile phone or computer to operate it.

What do you mean?

题目:— A: ________are the most popular things people buy online?

— B: Definitely, clothes.

What do you think

题目:— We have to stay at home for a whole day. Why not go out and have a walk?