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高中英语 book 1Unit 2 复习资料

必修1 Unit 2 English around the world 一、单词

__________ n. 电梯

__________ n. 汽油

__________ n. 汽油,气体,煤气,毒气__________ adj. 官方的,正式的,公务的__________ n. 航行,航海

__________adj. 本国的,本地的

n.本国人;本地人

__________n. 公寓住宅,单元住宅

__________adv. 实际上,事实上

__________n. 基部,基地,基础

vt.. 以…为根据

__________adj. /adv.逐渐的,逐步的

__________ n. 词汇,词汇量

__________n. 拼写,拼法

__________adj. 较后的,(两者中)后者的__________n. 本身,本体,身份

__________adj./adv. 流利的,流畅的

__________adj./adv.频繁的,常见的__________n.使用,用法

__________n. /vt命令,指令,掌握

__________n. /vt 请求,要求

__________n. 词语,表示,表达

__________adj. 中西部的

_________adj.非洲的,非洲人的,非洲语言的__________ adj.西班牙的,西班牙人(语)的__________ adj.东方的,东部的

__________ adj. 东南方的

__________ adj.西北方的

__________n. 辨认出,承认,公认

__________n. 卡车

__________n. 口音,腔调,重音

__________n. 闪电

__________ adj. /adv. 直接,挺直,笔直

__________n. 街区,块,石头

__________n. 出租车

二、短语

____________________因为,由于

____________________走进,上来,提出

____________________以…为根据

____________________目前,现在

____________________在席;出席

____________________缺席

____________________利用,使用

____________________例如…,像这样的

____________________扮演一个角色,参与____________________多于,比…多

____________________在一些重要方面

____________________去看电影

____________________把英语当做是一门官

方语言

____________________在…结尾,末端

____________________到…..结束为止

____________________最后,最终

后无of 结构

____________________航海,航行

____________________比以往任何时候都…____________________即使

____________________随着时间的推移____________________交流,交际

____________________与…不同

____________________有意义,说得通____________________不假思索

____________________在电话上

____________________别挂断,请稍等____________________信不信由你

____________________在早期

____________________从一处到另一处____________________随身携带

____________________与…相同的

____________________应某人的要求____________________掌握

____________________命令

____________________请求

____________________朝一个方向

____________________朝各个方向

三、重点句子

1. 后来在17世纪,英国人开始航海征服了世纪其他地区,于是,许多别的国家开始说英语了。____________________________________________________________

2. 如今说英语的人比以往任何时候都多,他们有的是作为第一语言来说,有的是作为第二语言或外语。

____________________________________________________________ 3. 以英语作为母语的人,即使他们所讲的语言不尽相同,也可以互相交流。

_________________________________________________________

4. 为什么英语会随着时间的推移而改变?

____________________________________________________________

5. 起初,在公元450年和1150年之间所说的英语和如今所说的英语大有不同。

_______________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________

6. 当时的英语更多地以德语为基础,而现代英语不是

_______________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________

7. 所以到17世纪的时候,莎士比亚所用的词汇量比以往任何时候都大。

_______________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________

8. 后者体现了美国英语的拼写的不同特色

____________________________________________________________

9. 在那期间,英语成了官方语言和教育用语。

_______________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________

10. 只有时间会证明。

_________________________________________________________

11. 对于一个中国人来说把英语说得跟以英语为母语的人一样好是不容易的。_______________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________

12. 信不信由你,没有所谓的标准英语。

____________________________________________________________ 13. 这是因为在早期的广播中,人们认为那些报导新闻的人说的是极好的英语。

____________________________________________________________ 14. 但是在电视上或者广播上你还是会听到人们说话方式的不同之处。

_______________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________

15. 就算在美国的一些地区,来自于两个临近城镇的人说话也会有所不同。

____________________________________________________________ 16. 地理原因也会导致方言

_______________________________________________________________ 17. 美国是个大国,说着不同的方言。

____________________________________________________________ 四、运用本单元所学词汇补全短文

Different Countries Have. Different kinds of English

__________ of people from England _________ _________ important ___________ __________ spreading the English language. _________ __________, English is _________ spoken as an _________ or common(~ language in many countries, ________ _________America, Singapore, Malaysia and some _________ countries. All __________ on British English, the English spoken in these countries can be well understood by _________ English speakers. But __________, these Englishes have been __________ changing in _________, __________, __________ and the __________ of _________. __________ __________ this fact, you can __________ _________ __________the differences to tell which country the foreigners of your _________ are from. For example, if a boss __________ __________ his driver, “_________ __________ __________to my _________by lift and take some _________ for my trucks and __________”, instead of _________ “Please come to my fiat by __________ and take some __________for my __________ and taxis”, you can __________ his American __________, while the ___________ suggests that he is British.

不同的国家有不同的英语

英国人的航海在英语的传播中扮演了重要的角色。目前,英语在许多国家被作为官方语言或通用语言频繁使用,例如美国、新加坡、马来两亚和一些非洲国家。这些国家的英语都以英式英语为基础,能很好地为以英语为本族语的人所理解。但是实际上,这些英语在口音、拼写、表达和词汇的使用方面都在逐渐变化。因为这一情况的存在,你就可以利用这些英语之间的区别说出你们街区的外国人是哪个国家来的了。例如,如果有个老板流利地命令他的司~L: “Come up straight to my apartment by lift and take some gas for my trucks and cabs(直接搭电梯到我公寓上来拿卡车和出租车的汽油)“,而不是要求说,“Please come to my flat by elevator and take some petrol for my lorries and taxis(请直接搭电梯到我公寓上来拿卡车和出租车的汽油)”,你就可以轻易地辨认出他的美国人身份,而后者却暗示着那是一位英国人。

五、单项选择

1. Hong Kong was once ________ by the British before she returned to China in 1997.

A. commended

B. ruled

C. managed

D. controlled

2. I request that you __________ the task on time.

A. finished

B. should finish

C. could finish

D. would finish

3. _________ which direction should we go, west or east?

A. On

B. To

C. In

D. With

4. Mike is always gentle and __________. He is a man of culture.

A. pleased

B. amazing

C. happy

D. polite

5. The problem ________ at the meeting yesterday.

A. came to

B. came across

C. came up

D. came up with

6. We should ________ to study.

A. make time good used

B. make good uses of time

C. use of time

D. make good use of time.

7. Every minute must be made full use of________spoken English.

A.to practise B.practising C.practise D.practised

8. She understood what I was talking about,________it was the first time we had spoken together.

A.whether B.even though C.as though D.since

9.My uncle knows several foreign languages,________English,French and Japanese.

A.for example B.for instance C.such as D.that is

10.As the project________at the meeting,it drew our attention.

A.comes up B.was coming up C.came up D.had come up

11.—Do you need any help,Lucy?

—Y es.The job is________I could do myself.

A.more than B.less than C.no more than D.not more than

12.—What do you think________an important part in their lives?

—Friends.

A.plays B.takes C.makes D.acts

13.Tonny’s parents thought he was at school,but________he was in a net bar.

A.actually B.especially C.hopefully D.exactly

14.There’s a big difference between saying you’ll do something and________ doing it.

A.frequently B.gradually C.certainly D.actually

15.This tree,among the tallest in the world,is________ to a small area in southeastern Africa.

A.present B.native C.official D.latter

16.The teacher asked Tom________ the matter.

A.he played in what part B.he played what part in

C.what part he played in D.in what part he played

17. The number of people invited ___fifty, but a number of them______ absent for different reasons.

A. were ;was

B. was, was

C. was; were

D. were; were

18.----Oh, it’s you! I ___you.

----I’ve just had my hair cut, and I’m wearing new glasses.

A. didn’t recognize

B. hadn’t recognized

C. haven’t recognized

D. don’t recognize

19.Do you find the composition easy or hard ____?

A. to write

B. to be written

C. being written

D. Writing

20.The train was late and many people were kept ____ at the railway station.

A. to wait

B. to be waiting

C. Waiting

D. Waited

21. He realize she was crying _____ what he had said.

A. because

B. because of

C. as

D. since

22. He commanded the students _____leave the room before he returned.

A. didn’t

B. couldn’t

C. not

D. needn’t

23. I was surprised by her words, which made me recognize ____ silly mistakes I had made.

A. what

B. that

C. how

D. Which

24.This habit is hard to form____,but in the long run,it will do you good.

A. in future

B.at present

C. In present

D.in the future

25.Some languages,________ Russian and German,are not easy to learn.

A. for example B.such as C.namely D.that is

26.I have bought the same dress __________ she is wearing.

A. as

B. that

C. which

D. What

27. Y ou can’t imagine ______ when they received these nice Christmas presents.

A. how they were excited

B. how excited they were

C. how excited were they

D. they were how excited

28. Is this the museum ____ the exhibition was held?

A. where

B. that

C. on which

D. the one

29. Mr Brown is_____ a teacher to us, we look on him as our friend.

A. more than

B. more or less

C. less than

D. more and more

30. At the meeting, the old man _______ some good advice and all the people there agreed with him.

A. came about

B. came along

C. came up with

D. came out

31. He walked slowly__________ his bad leg.

A. because

B. because of

C. so

D. as if

32. The old man came _______ to me and told me quietly that the women in white was a thief.

A. up

B. in

C. up with

D. along

33. Most fathers wish to be _________ at the birth of their child.

A. abroad

B. present

C. busy

D. lost

34. The film _______ on the book by Jack London is well worth_______.

A. basing, seeing

B. based, being seen

C. to be based, to see

D. based, seeing

35. At the buyer’s ____________, the flowers will be shipped by air.

A. request

B. question

C. call

D. problem

36. All the people _________at the party were his supporters.

A. present

B. thankful

C. interesting

D. important

37. I am sure David will be able to find the library; he has a pretty good _______ of direction.

A. idea

B. feeling

C. experience

D. sense

38.----Oh, it’s you, Steve! I ________ you.-----No surprising. I’ve just had my hair cut.

A. don’t recognize

B. haven’t recognized

C. didn’t recognize

D. hadn’t recognize d

39. Oh , Look! Here’s a photo taken in my classroom at primary school. Can you__________ me in it?

A. recognize

B. realize

C. know

D. speak out

40. It was ___________ he was already in his forties that he went to Y an’an.

A. in 1940’s

B. in the 1940’s

C. on 1940’s

D. on the 1940’s

41. I asked my boss for a month’s holiday and , _________, she agreed.

A. in other words

B. believe it or not

C. in the way

D. that is to say

42. When the police arrived, the robbers ran away ___________all directions.

A. on

B. for

C. under

D. in

43. I didn’t go out to play ,___________ , I did some washing at home.

A. instead

B. instead of

C. take the place of

D. take place

44. ---- When will the manager take his holiday?

----He _________leave until June 5.

A. is expected to

B. expects to

C. isn’t expected to

D. doesn’t expect

45. ------ That’s a nice watch.. ----- It’s the same___________ .

A. as John

B. like John

C. like John’s

D. as John’s

46. Our monitor does very well in sports and games, swimming, _________.

A. as

B. like

C. such

D. for example

47. I like drinks, __________ tea and coffee.

A. namely

B. that is

C. such as

D. for example

48. The number of people invited ______ fifty, but a number of them ______absent for different reasons.

A. were, was

B. was, was

C. was, were

D. were , were

49. The policeman ____ to the lonely house, whose door was open, stood there for a while, and then

entered it.

A. came up

B. came across

C. coming to

D. coming up

50. ------- Guess what ! I ________ an old friend at the party last night.

--------How nice! I’m sure you had a wonderful time.

A. came about

B. came out

C. came across

D. come on

51. I requested _____________ talking. Which of the following is wrong?

A. that he stop

B. him to stop

C. that he stops

D. that he should stop

Unit 1

一、单词

二、短语

Bacause of因为,由于

Come up走进,上来,提出

be based on以…为根据

at present目前,现在

be present at在席;出席

be absent from缺席

make use of利用,使用

such as例如…,像这样的

play a part /role in扮演一个角色,参与

more than多于,比…多

in some important ways在一些重要方面

go to the pictures/ go to the movies去看电影

use English as an official language把英语当做是一门官方语言

at the end of在…结尾,末端

by the end of到…..结束为止

in the end最后,最终后无of 结构

Make voyages航海,航行

Than ever before比以往任何时候都…即使

Over time随着时间的推移

Communicate with交流,交际

Be different from与…不同

Make sense有意义,说得通

Without a second thought不假思索

On the phone在电话上

Hold on for a minute别挂断,请稍等

Believe it or not信不信由你

In the early days在早期

From one place to another从一处到另一处

Take sth with them随身携带

The same as与…相同的

at sb’s request =at the request of sb.应某人的要求

have a co mmand of=have a good master of掌握

give co mmands命令

make a request请求request that …(should)+v

in o ne direction朝一个方向

in all directio ns朝各个方向

三、重点句子

http://www.wendangku.net/doc/36aca18fbceb19e8b8f6ba81.htmlter in the next century, people from England made voyages to conquer other parts of the world

and because of that, English began to be spoken in many other countries.

2.Today, more people speak English as their firstm second or a foreign language than ever before.

3.Native English speakers can understand each other even if they don’t speak the same kind of

English.

4.So why has English changed over time?

5.At first the English spoken in England between about AD450 and 1150 was very different from the

English spoken today.

6.It was based more on German than the English we speak at present.

7.So by the 1600’s Shakespeare was able to make use of a wider vocabulary than ever before.

8.The latter gave a separate identity to American English spelling.

9.During that time English became the language for government and education.

10.Only time will tell.

11.It is not easy for a Chinese person to speak English as fluenly as a native English speaker.

12.Believe it or not, there is no such thing as standard English.

13.This is because in the early days of radio, those who reported the news were expected to speak

excellent English.

14.However, on TV and the radio you will hear differences in the way people speak.

15.Even in some parts of the usa, teo people from neighbouring towns speak a little differently.

16.Geography also plays a part in making dialects.

17.The USA is a large country in which many different dialects are spoken.

四、运用本单元所学词汇补全短文

Different Countries Have. Different kinds of English

Voyages of people from England play an important part in spreading the English language. At present, English is frequently spoken as an official or common(~ language in many countries, such as America, Singapore, Malaysia and some African countries. All based on British English, the English spoken in these countries can be well understood by native English speakers. But actually, these Englishes have been gradually changing in accents, spellings, expressions and the usage of vocabulary. Because of this fact, you can make use of the differences to tell which country the foreigners of your block are from. For example, if a boss fluently commands his driver, “Come up straight to my apartment by lift and take some gas for my trucks and cabs”, instead of requesti ng, “Please come to my fiat by elevator and take some petrol for my lorries and taxis”, you can recognize his American identity, while the latter suggests that he is British.

五、单项选择

1-5 CABBC 6-10 DACDB

ADACA BCCAA ACDBC

CAACB CAABD CBABA

ACBAB BCBDA ACDCA

DAABC DBDDD AABAD

DDCBC ADACC AB