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冠词3

【本讲教育信息】

一. 教学内容:

语法:冠词

二. 教学过程:

I .不定冠词(a/an)

1、基本用法:表泛指

2、请注意以下一些特殊用法:

(1) 用于不可数的抽象名词前;

(2) 用于某些物质名词前; a coffee 一杯咖啡; a tea 一杯茶;a heavy rain 一场大雨;a strong belief 一种强烈的信念

(3) 用于专有名词前:a Mr. Green ; a Mary:a Shakespeare of China

(4) 用于某些固定结构中:once upon a time , have a rest , take a bath , in a hurry ,

all of a sudden , as a matter of fact , It’s a pity that… . so / as / that / too / how + adj. + a / an + n.

如:George tries to be as ____ ____ ______(一位好老师) as possible.

(5) 用于表最高级含义的句型: 否定意义的词+ … + a /an +比较级;

试翻译:没有人比我的童年过得更幸福。

_______________________________

II. 定冠词(the)

A) 基本用法:用于各类名词前,表特指。

1、Where are the other students? Can you swim in the river?

2、the sun, the moon, the earth, the world, the sky…

3、I have bought a book and a pen. The book is for my sister.

4、the second sentence, in the east ; A bird is flying through the air.

5、the people, the Americans, the policeman, the public, …

6、The rain is falling. The wind is blowing.

7、Shanghai is the London of China, the Venice of the East .

请通过下列句式结构体会the的特指用法:

We are living a happy life. The life we are living is happy.

They made rapid progress last term. The progress they made last term was rapid.

B)定冠词在一些特殊结构中的用法:

1、in + the + 数词的复数形式:in the early 1920s

2、the + 比较级+ …, the + 比较级+ …:; 越……; 就越……

3、the +姓氏复数:如the Greens, 格林一家

4、the + adj.; the + 分词; the rich 富人; the living 生者;

5、by the + 单位名词:如by the hour

6、v. + sb. + prep. + the +人体各部位:caught me by the arm抓住了我的手臂;

7、play + the + 乐器名称,如:play the piano弹钢琴

8、用在惯用语中。例如:

in the day, in the morning (afternoon,evening),the day after tomorrow

the day before yesterday,the next morning, in the sky (water,field,country)

in the dark,in the rain,in the distance,in the middle (of),in the end,

on the whole,by the way,go to the theatre

III、零冠词:

1、零冠词的基本用法:一般性的泛指,甚至表抽象意义。

2、复数可数名词、不可数名词前不用冠词,表示泛指;

如:Horses are useful animals.

3、称呼语或表示头衔的名词前不用冠词;

We made him president of USA. Who’s this, Mother?

4、球类运动、棋类运动和“三餐”前不用冠词;

如:Have you had supper?

5、表示季节、月份,星期或含day表节日的名词前不用冠词;

如:March, Christmas, Women’s Day … (例外:the Spring Festival ……)

6、前面已经有人称代词、指示代词或不定代词作定语的名词前不用冠词;

如:his book; that cat; any people…

7、by car, by bus, by bike, by train, on foot…

思考:take a taxi, tak e a bus, in the car…

8、某些习语,固定短语或固定结构中不用冠词。

husband and wife, knife and fork, face to face, side by side ……

at home, at night, at school, go to school, in hospital, at table ……

注意:go to the school, in the hospital, at the table…

Child as he is, he knows a lot of English.

At last, she turned doctor.

【典型例题】

1. The two were like _____ teacher and _____ student though they were the same age.

A. /; the

B. /; /

C. the; the

D. a; a

2. Many people agree that _____ knowledge of English is a must in _____ international trade.

A. a; /

B. the; a

C. the; the

D. /; the

3. ——Have you seen _____ pen? I left it here this morning.

——Is it _____ black one? I think I saw it somewhere.

A. a; the

B. the; the

C. the; a

D. a; a

4. Paper money was in ______ use in China when Marco Polo visited the country in _ thirteen century.

A. the; /

B. the; the

C. /; the

D. /; /

5. Most animals have little connection with _____ animals of ______ different kind unless they kill them for food.

A. the; a

B. /; a

C. the; the

D. /; the

6. Jumping put of ___ airplane at ten thousand feet is quite ____ exciting experience.

A. /; the

B. /; an

C. an; an

D. the; the

7. The sigh reads “In case of ___ fire, break the glass and push ___ red button.”

A. /; a

B. /; the

C. the; the

D. a; a

8. When you come here for your holiday next time, don’t go to _____ hotel; I can find you _____ bed in my flat.

A. the; a

B. the; /

C. a; the

D. a; /

9. Alexander Graham Bell invented _____ telephone in 1876.

A. /

B. a

C. the

D. one

10. Wouldn’t it be ___ wonderful world if all nations lived in _____ peace with one another?

A. a, /

B. the, /

C. a, the

D. the, the

11. She is ____ new comer to _____ chemistry but she has already made some important discoveries.

A. the, the

B. the, /

C. a, /

D. a, the

12. Many people are still in ___ habit of writing silly thing in ______ public places.

A. the, the

B. /, /

C. the, /

D. /, the

13. It is not rare in _____ that people in _____ fifties are going to university for further education.

A. 90s, their

B. the 90s, theirs

C. 90’s, their

D. the 90s, their

14. Four of Robert’s children were at the party, including _____, Luke.

A. the oldest

B. an oldest one

C. the old

D. an old one

15. From ___ serious look on his face, I knew that he brought ______ news of great importance

A the, a

B / , /

C the, the

D the, /

【模拟试题】

1. Tom owns ___ larger collection of ___ books than any other student in our class.

A. the; 不填

B. a; 不填

C. a; the

D. 不填; the

2. If you buy more than ten, they knock 20 pence off ____.

A. a price

B. price

C. the price

D. prices

3. When we got into ____ trouble, ___ number of people came to help me.

A. the; the

B. a; a

C. /; a

D. /; the

4. For a long time they walked without saying ____ word. Jim was the first to break ___ silence.

A. the; a

B. a; the

C. a; /

D. the; /

5. Father often says to me “Be ____ honest boy today and ___ useful man tomorrow.”

A. a; a

B. an; an

C. a; an

D. an; a

6. What ___ honest boy your son is and what ___ fun he is.

A. a; a

B. a; /

C. an; a

D. an; /

7. When he left ___ college, he got a job as ___ reporter in a newspaper office.

A. 不填; a

B. 不填; the

C. a; the

D. the; the

8. ___ rich used to look down upon _____ poor.

A. The; 不填

B. The; the

C. A; a

D. A; the

9. —I’d like ___ information about the management of your hotel, please.

—Well, you could have ___ word with the manager. He might be helpful.

A. some; a

B. an; some

C. some; some

D. an; a

10. They had to work from ___ morning till ____ night in order to pay off ___ debts.

A. the; the; the

B. the; the; /

C. /; /; the

D. /; /; /

11. He was ___ medical student before he turned ___ engineer.

A. a; an

B. the; the

C. a; /

D. /; an

12. Wouldn’t it be ___ wonderful world if all nations lived in ___ peace with one another?

A. a; /

B. the; /

C. a; the

D. the; the

13. ——Have you seen ___ Audi car I parked here?

——Is it ___ black one? A young man has driven a black away.

A. an, a

B. the, the

C. the, a

D. an, the

14. ___ Shanghai you see today is quite ___ different city from what it used to be.

A. The, /

B. /, the

C. The, a

D. A, a

【试题答案】

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