文档库

最新最全的文档下载
当前位置:文档库 > 高一预科

高一预科

高一预科

专讲一:初高中英语衔接知识初高中过渡

(一)熟悉初、高中英语的区别

即将开始的高中学习生活,特殊是英语的学习是与初中阶段有着很大不同的:

1. 课本编排上的区别:初中的每一个单元是分为4课的,每篇中有的是对话,有的是阅读文,也配有一些练习,而高中的每个单元并不分课,而是基本上按版块划分,大体为“Warming up”(热身),即是针对本单元的话题提出的一些问题,以练习口语的形式做引子,便于进入本单元的主题,然后为“listening”(听力)和“speaking”(说),这两部分都是旨在进一步提高我们的听、说能力,难度较初中有较大的提高,请同学们做好预备。下个部分就是“Reading”了,高中的阅读文分为阅读前和阅读后的讨论、思考问题并加入了有关的语言知识的学习及练习,可以说在内容上是极大地丰富了。除此之外还会有稍短的阅读,写作等方面的练习,即“Integrating skills”(综合练习)当然书后的workbook也与初中不同,内容更为丰富,练习也更多。

2. 在词汇上的区别:我们初中的教材已是新版本了,每个单元的单词可能大家觉得已经不少了,但高中教材中的词汇更是成倍甚至是成三倍地增加了,这也是新编教材的一个特点,加入了许多当前常用的,新出现的流行的词汇,也是与我们学的新编初中课本相承接的,所以,为了能尽快适应高中词汇的学习,我们应该及早着手把初中阶段的词汇再熟悉一遍。

另外,对于高中英语词汇的学习,大家还要知道其要求是远远高于初中的,在学习单词时,我们既要了解它在文中的意思,还要把握它在练习中,考试中可能出现的所有意思,用法及搭配等。

3. 在所学语法上的区别:在初中阶段我们把基础的语法内容已经学习过了,而在高中我们要学习的是更深更高层次的语法。如定语从句,非谓语动词、名词性从句,倒装结构、虚拟语气等等,其中的部分内容我们并不生疏,但是初中我们所接触的还只是皮毛,高中阶段的学习会比之前的所学内容复杂得多,所以我们要充分利用暑假把之前的漏洞弥补好,在后面的学习中,我们也会一起与大家重温这些知识并将之与高中内容做一对比,为大家步入高中学习打好基础。

4. 在课堂要求上的区别:大部分的初中对学生的要求还是比较严格的,而这种严格与小学又是不同的,所以有一部分自觉性差的学生就被分化出来,在稍微宽松的环境中,对自己要求降低导致了滑坡的出现,而升入高中后又会有新的变化,对于自律要求就更加明显了。假如你是按照老师要求做的学生,那么在高中除了把基本要求做好之外,自己一定不可放松,适当增加课外阅读及一些课外习题是有必要的;假如你是不太自觉的学生,那么你要努力改掉自己的毛病,除了完成要求交给老师的作业,那些如读、背等要求也要认真完成才能使自己的高中英语学习逐步走上轨道。不管你属于哪一种,都要持之以恒,千万不可因为任何原因而放松对自己的要求,即便是你已取得了一定成绩,也没有理由沾沾自喜。

5. 在考试评估制度上的区别:这一区别可能是影响最大的一点,我们许多同学初中英语一直较差的原因在很大程度上是由于初中这种不正常的考试制度,很多人认为英语不用下功夫学,反正最后背背答案就可过关,这样成绩不错,学得也很轻松。一旦抱有这种想法,初中这个重要的打基础的阶段就被荒废过去了,这对我们升入高中后的英语学习是极为不利的,这就好比是建造没有基础的空中楼阁,肯定会感到很难,很吃力。进入高中之后我们的考试是没有范围的,不能靠背答案过关,而且所学所考的内容应该都是向高考看齐的,

难度肯定不小,但同学们也不要害怕,只要认真努力,坚持不懈,做好充分迎接失败的心理预备,然后在每次经历中吸取经验,一点点地弥补自己的不足,肯定会取得很好

2015中考英语精选单选题100题

1 What do you think ______solve the problem ?

A you can do

B can you do

C you can do to

D can you do to

2 In the past he often made his sister____, but now he is often made ___by his sister.

A to cry; to cry

B cry; cry

C to cry; cry

D cry; to cry

3 The teacher told us that the sun ____in the east.

A rises

B rose

C raises

D raised

4 He lives in a village _____there are a lot of trees.

A there

B where

C that

D which

5 He _________ Alice for ten years.

A married to

B has married to

C has married

D has been married to

6 We need fifteen more people _____our team to do the job.

A but

B except

C as well

D besides

7 They won`t allow us ________ at this beach.

A swimming

B to swim

C swam

D swim

8 Is this factory ______you visited last week?

A that

B where

C the one

D in which

9 The reason ____he was absent from the meeting was ____his car broke down on the way.

A that; because

B why; that

C that; that

D for; that

10 Is the river_____ through that town very large?

A which flows

B flows

C that flowing

D whose flows

11 The teacher told me that the students I wanted to see were seen___ football on the playground just now.

A playing

B to be playing

C play

D to play

12 The red rose is the only one _____I real like.

A which

B who

C that

D whom

13 All the apples _____ fell down were eaten by the pigs.

A those

B which

C what

D that

14 Don`t forget the day ______you were received into the Youth League.

A when

B that

C at which

D where

15 I prefer________ at home to ______outside.

A staying, playing

B to stay, play

C staying, play

D to stay, playing

16 The box is _____what I saw in the shop.

A same as

B the same like

C the same that

D the same as

17 The pen _______she writes letters is broken.

A which

B that

C with which

D by which

18 Would you like to ______us in our discussion.

A take part in

B join

C taking part in

D joining

19 I`m sure the red team will ______the game .

A win

B beat

C defeat

D succeed

20 Ahead of me I saw a woman ____I thought was my aunt.

A who

B whom

C of whom

D whose

21 _____your help, everything in the room is in good order now.

A Since

B Because

C thanks for

D Thanks to

22 He is known to the world and has a lot of friends_______

A in and out of abroad

B at home and abroad

C at home and at abroad

D in home and out of abroad

23 ---Are you going there with them ?

----If you go,__________.

A I also go

B so do I

C so I will

D so will I

24 -----The flower is beautiful.

---____________

A So is it

B So it is

C It is so

D So it is

25 The number of people invited ____fifty, but a number of them _____absent for different reasons.

A were; was

B was ; was

C was; were

D were; were

26 We haven’t had any success _______

A before long

B so long

C by far

D so far

27 Travellers ____our country enjoy the beautiful sights in Beijing, Hangzhou and many other places of interest.

A for

B to

C till

D by

28 If a man ______succeed, he must work as hard as he can.

A will

B should

C is going to

D is to

29 ----I am sorry I didn`t do a good job.

-----Never mind. ______ you have tried your best.

A Above all

B In all

C At all

D After all

30 The best way to make sure that you can keep fit is to ____healthy eating habits.

A find

B create

C develop

D prepare

31 We have spent _____money on English books .

A a great deal of

B a good many

C a plenty of

D a number of

32 _______met, it won`t be easily forgotten.

A If only

B When if

C Once

D Once you were

33 The differences_____ these two pictures _____ colour are easy to see.

A in, of

B from, of

C between ,in

D of ,in

34 You should put_____ “s” at the end of this word.

A a

B /

C an

D the

35----What`s ______population of China ?

----China has_____ population of 1.2 billion.

A a; the

B the; a

C /;/

D the; the

36 It`s _______here. We can`t work long hours here.

A very much cold

B much cold

C much too cold

D too much cold

37 _______terrible weather we`ve been having these days!

A How a

B What a

C How

D What

38 ----Have you decided when_____?

-----Yes, tomorrow morning.

A will you leave

B to be leaving

C are you leaving

D to leave

39 The song ____My heart will go on is liked by the young people.

A call

B calling

C called

D to call

40 Train services are now back to ______after three days of typhoon.

A usual

B common

C ordinary

D normal

41 He is the best ____English in our class.

A at

B in

C for

D to

42 The policeman caught hold of the thief and hit him ____the head.

A in the

B on his

C on the

D in his

43 Did John hit Bob _____eye ?

A in the

B on the

C in his

D on his

44There is ____ interesting ____ today`s newspaper.

A anything …in

B nothing. .in

C something. .on

D nothing.. on

45 Has your teacher given you any advice______ your study?

A in

B to

C on

D with

46 It`s bad manners to laugh _____ others when they are _____ trouble.

A at ,in

B over ,at

C with ,on

D to, with

47 Betty doesn`t have enough money to buy that coat. It`s very ___.

The price is too_____.

A high, high

B expensive, expensive

C expensive, high

D high, expensive

48 This kind of glasses manufactured by experienced craftsmen ______comfortably.

A wearing

B wear

C wears

D is worn

49 The diamond is _________.

A very valuable

B of great value

C great value

D A or B

50 Behind the dancer there was a woman _______a large diamond ring.

A carrying

B dressing

C wearing

D having

51 The young teacher who has a ____face can make his classes ____and interesting.

A lovely, lively

B lovely, lovely

C likely, friendly

D uglily, lively

52 They were still _____their friends after their child`s long illness.

A in debt to

B in the debt to

C in debt with

D in the debt with

53 _______, my brother passed the exam.

A To my great joy

B To my great surprised

C With my joy

D With my surprise

54 I am all tears, ____,I am listening to you with all attention.

A in another words

B in the other words

C with other words

D in other words

55 He started early _______he could get there before nine.

A in order that

B because

C so as to

D in order to

56 As you know, whether the person will be elected president is matter of ___interest.

A general

B common

C ordinary

D mostly

57 I _______ by his story that he made up.

A was taken on

B was taken out

C was taken in

D am taken in

58 He didn`t go into detail on the subject ,he spoke ______.

A in general

B in particular

C in common

D in short5

59 We designed the machine _____the purpose _______production.

A for, of increasing

B with, of increasing

C for, to increase

D A or B

60 Hospital doctors don`t go out very often as their work ____all their time.

A takes away

B takes in

C takes over

D takes up

61 We offered him our congratulation ____his passing the entrance exam.

A on

B for

C with

D at

62 My mother _____classical music while I am ____rock music.

A is fond of, in

B likes, like

C is interested in; into

D interests; enjoy

63 We each _____ strong points and each of us on the other hand _____weak points.

A have, have

B has, have

C has, has

D have, has

64 He is one of the students who, I am sure, always do ____ best.

A his

B one`s

C my

D their

65 The police ____determined to bring back the missing boy when his family____almost given hope.

A is, has

B are, have

C are, has

D is, have

66 More than one girl ____ late for class this morning.

A are

B is

C was

D were

67 Many a student _____ in the exam.

A have failed

B had been failed

C has failed

D will be failed

68 What he says and what he does _______.

A is not agree

B are not agree

C does not agree

D do not agree

69 Not only politics but also English is important. In other words , ___is important.

A English, as well as politics

B English as well as politics

C both politics and English

D politics, as well as English

70 It was at the very beginning____ Mr.Smith made a decision ___we should send for a doctor.

A what, that

B that, which

C which, that

D that, that

71 On the way back home from the ball, she suddenly found her necklace____.

A missed

B losing

C gone

D be stolen

72 He didn`t go to the party not ______the time but _____he was ill.

A because of, because

B because, because

C because, because of

D because of, because of

73 The teacher gave me a piece of paper________.

A to write on

B to be written on

C to write in

D to be written

74 I can`t believe he could jump _____high.

A very much

B such

C that

D this

75 -----The boys are not doing a good job at all, are they?

------_____________.

A I guess not so

B I don`t guess so

C I don`t guess

D I guess not

76 The magazine is ______reading, so he advised me ____it.

A well worth; to buy

B very worth; buying

C worthing , buying

D worthy, to buy

77 She is on a special _____to lose _____weight.

A food; her

B food;/ D diet; her D diet;/

78 Jenny_____ a rich man. She has____ him for 5 years.

A married with; married with

B married; married

C married to; been married

D married; been married to

79 I am _____hungry. Give me _______of milk.

A a bit; a little

B not a little; a bit

C little; a lit

D not a little; a little

80 A good friend is someone _____makes you ______.

A which; happy

B who; happily

C who; happy

D whose; happily

81 He was about ____when suddenly the telephone rang.

A to leave

B to starting

C leaving

D setting off

82 This task is _____difficult for us. We need ______people.

A much too; another three

B too much; other three

C much too; more three

D too much; three more

83 He seems to ______to Jane. He knows her well.

A have been introduced

B be introduced

C have introduced

D introduced

84 This is a film ______Spielberg used real actors instead of stunt men.

A which

B whose

C in which

D of which

85 He ____- much of his success and happiness _____his wife and children.

A thanks; to

B owes; to

C owns; to

D thinks; highly of

86 He will never forget the days ______he spent with you in Japan.

A when

B that

C on which

D in which

87 Which sentence is incorrect ?

A I feel interested in classical music

B I take interest in classical music

C I am not into classical music

D I don`t fond of classical music

88 No one likes _______in _____public.

A to be laughed at; the

B laughing at; the

C being laughed at; /

D to be laughing at; /

89 We are considering _______a sports meet next month.

A to hold

B holding

C to be held

D as holding

90 Which sentence is incorrect?

A He devoted himself to the work of children`s health care.

B He is devoted to his work.

C He devoted all his life to work hard in people`s interests.

D He is determined to make more money for his family.

91 He doesn`t like classical music and_______ I .

A so do

B nor do

C or do

D nor am

92 Friends should ______happiness and sorrow _____each other.

A share, with

B solve, with

C share, from

D share, to

93 ---I missed the first part of the film .It was really a pity.

----You ________home half an hour earlier.

A should have left

B must have left

C should leave

D must leave

94 The storm died away at last with the golden waves ____the shore in peace.

A beaten

B beat

C to beat

D beating

95 The whites are ___holiday ,but I don`t know where they have gone __their holidays.

A in ,for

B on ,for

C for, in

D at, on

96 The river ____are covered with trees is very long.

A which banks

B of which banks

C whose the banks

D the banks of which

97 She likes to use words ______clear to her.

A of which the meaning

B of which meaning

C whose of meaning

D meaning of which

98 The price of this washing machine has been increased ____15%.

A up

B to

C by

D from

99 _____someone`s health, you raise your glass.

A Drink to

B To drink to

C If you drink

D If drink to 100 Please ______me about the interview____ I forget.

A remind; in case

B remember; in case

C remember, in case of

D remind of; in case of

高一英语必修单词词汇讲解

必修一. M1 Unit 1

1. add vt.增加;添加;补充说 vi加;加起来;增添

2. upset vt.&vi.使不安;使心烦 adj.心烦意乱的;不适的;不舒服的

3. ignore vt.不理睬;忽视

4. calm adj.平静的;镇静的;沉着的 vt.&vi.(使)平静;(使)镇静

5. concern vt.关系到;涉及 n. 关心;关注;(利害)关系

6. cheat n.欺骗;骗子 vt.&vi.欺骗;骗取;欺诈;作弊

7. list vt.列出

8. share vt.分享;均分;分担 n.一份;份额

9. series n.连续;系列

10. crazy adj.疯狂的;狂热的

11. purpose n.目的;意图

12. dare vt.&v.aux. 敢;胆敢

13. thunder n.雷;雷声 vi打雷;雷鸣

14. entirely adv.完全地;全然地;整个地

15. power n.能力;力量;权力

16. according adv.依照

17. trust vt.&vi.信任;信赖

18. suffer vt.&vi遭受;忍受;经历.

19. questionnaire n.调查表;问卷

20. quiz n.测验;提问 vt. 对…进行测验

21. situation n.情形;境遇;(建筑物等的)位置

22. communicate vt.交际;沟通;传达(感情、信息等)

23. habit n.习惯;习性

重点短语

1. Calm down 平静下来;镇定下来

2. Be concerned about 关心;挂念

3. Make a list of 列出…

4. Be crazy about 对…着迷

5. According to 根据…所说;按照

6. Get along with 与…相处;进展

7. Fall in love 相爱;爱上

8. Try out 试验;试用

9. add up 合计

10. set down 放下;记下;登记

11. get sth. done 做…;使…被做;

12. share sth. with sb. 和某人分享某物

13. go through 经历;经受;

14. a series of 一连串的;一系列;一套

15. on purpose 故意

16. in order to 为了…

17. join in 参加;加入

18. communicate with 和…交流

19. face to face 面对面地

20. suffer from 遭受。。。