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2018年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试英语试题(天津卷,含答案)

2018年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试英语试题(天津卷)本试卷分为第I卷(选择题)和第II卷(非选择题)两部分,共130分,考试用时100分钟。第I卷1至10页,第II卷11至12页。

答卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考号填写在答题卡上,并在规定位置粘贴考试用条形码。答卷时,考生务必将答案涂写在答题卡上,答在试卷上的无效。考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。

祝各位考生考试顺利!

第I卷

注意事项:

1. 每小题选出答案后,用铅笔将答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再

选涂其他答案标号。

2. 本卷共55小题,共95分。

第一部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节:单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

例:Stand over there___________ you’ll be able to see it better.

A. or

B. and

C. but

D. while

答案是B。

第二节:完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从16~35各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。1.—Wasn't Joan supposed to be here by now?

一She will be here in about twenty minutes.

A. All right

B. Don't worry

C. No wonder

D. Enjoy yourself

2.Kae, _________sister I shared a room with when we were at college, has gone to work in Australia.

A. whom

B. that

C. whose

D. her

3.At first Robert wouldn't let his daughter go diving, but eventually he___________ as she was so confidence about her skills.

A. gave in

B. dressed up

C. broke in

D. turned up

4.Let's not pick these peaches until this weekend ___________they get sweet enough to be eaten.

A. ever since

B.as if

C. even though

D.so that

5.—I'm moving in a few days and I wonder if you could help.

—___________. Just let me know when, and I'll be there.

A. You bet

B. It depends

C. Forget it

D. No kidding

6.The__________ that there is life on other planets in the universe has always inspired scientists to explore the outer sp ace.

A. advice

B. order

C. possibility

D. invitation

7.Ineed anew passport so I will have to have my photographs___________.

A. taking

B. taken

C. being taken

D. take

8.It took him a long time to___________ the skills he needed to become a good dancer.

A. display

B. acquire C teach D. test

9.The gold medal will be awarded ___________to wins the first place in the bicycler.

A. whomever

B. wherever

C. whoever

D. whatever

10.I can't find my purse. I___________ it in the supermarket yesterday, but I'm not sure.

A. should leave

B. must have left

C. might leave

D. could have left

11.Bob thought he couldn't go to the party because he had to write a report, but he went ___________.

A.at first

B. after all

C. above all

D.at random

12.I didn't mean ___________anything but the ice cream looked so good that I couldn’t help_______ it.

A.to eat;to try

B. eating;trying

C. eating;to try

D.to eat; trying

13.My washing machine ___________this week, so I have to wash my clothes by hand.

A. was repaired

B.is repaired

C.is being repaired

D. has been repaired

14.It was only when the car pulled up in front of our house ___________we saw Lily in the passenger seat.

A. which

B. that

C. when

D. where

15.If we ___________the flight yesterday, we would be enjoying our holiday on the beach

A. had caught

B. caught

C. have caught

D. would catch

第二节完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从16~35各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

No one is born a winner. People make themselves into winners by their own 16 .

I learned this lesson from a(n) 17 many years ago. I took the head 18 job at a school in Baxley, Georgia. It was a small school with a weak football program.

It was a tradition for the school's old team to play against the 19 team at the end of spring practice. The old team had no coach, and they didn't even practice to 20 the game. Being the coach of the new team, I was excited because I knew we were going to win, but to my disappointment we were defeated. I couldn't 21 I had got into such a situation. Thinking hard about i t, I came to 22 that my team might not be the number one team in Georgia, but they were 23 me. I had to change my 24 about their ability and potential.

I started doing anything I could to help them build a little 25 .Most important, I began to treat them like 26 .That summer, When the other teams enjoyed their 27 ,we met every day and 28 passing and kicking the football.

Six months after suffering our 29 on the spring practice field, we won our first game and our second, and continued to 30 .Finally, we faced the number one team in the state. I felt that it would be a 31 for us even if we lost the game. But that wasn't what happened. My boys beat the best team in Georgia, giving me one of the greatest 32of my life!

From the experience I learnt a lot about how the attitude of the leader can 33 the members of a team. Instead of seeing my boys as losers, I pushed and 34 them. I helped them to see themselves 35 ,and they built themselves into winners.

Winners are made, but born.

16.A.luck B. tests C. efforts D. nature

17.A.experiment B. experience C. visit D. show

18. A. operating B. editing C. consulting D. coaching

19. A. successful B. excellent C. strong D. new

20. A. cheer for B. prepare for C. help with D. finish with

21. A. believe B. agree C. describe D. regret

22. A. realize B. claim C. permit D. demand

23. A. reacting to B. looking for C. depending on D. caring about

24. A. decision B. attitude C. conclusion D. intention

25. A. pride B. culture C. fortune D. relationship

26. A. leaders B. partners C. winners D. leaners

27. A. rewards B. vacations C. health D. honor

28. A. risked B. missed C. considered D. practiced

29. A. defeat B. decline C. accident D. mistake

30. A. relax B. improve C. expand D. defend

31. A. shame B. burden C. victory D. favor

32. A. chances B. thrills C. concerns D. offers

33. A. surprise B. serve C. interest D. affect

34. A. encouraged B. observed C. protected D. impressed

35. A. honestly B. individually C. calmly D. differently

第二部分:阅读理解(共20小题;每小题2. 5分,满分50分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

A

Fire Prevention Information

The University of Adelaide employs a full-time staff of fire prevention professionals. They inspect all campus buildings and test and maintain all sprinkler(喷水灭火装置)systems fire alarms. and fire extinguishers (灭火器). They also provide educational programs or fire safety in the residence hall. Whenever you move to a new area, you should locate the fire alarm pull stations and the two exits nearest your room.

Fire Alarms

The floors of all campus buildings are equipped with manual(手动的)fire alarm systems which i nclude fire alarm pull stations and pipes. Most are also equipped with automatic fire alarm systems consisting of heat detectors, smoke detectors and sprinklers. For your safety, never tamper with(胡乱摆弄)these systems. False fire alarms are illegal and may lead to imprisonment.

Fire Drills

A fire drill will be conducted in your residence hall every semester. During a fire drill, please

do the following:

·Take your room key and ID, close and lock the door to your room.

·Exit immediately from the nearest emergency exit do not use a lift.

·Meet outside of your residence hall and wait for further instructions.

Fire Extinguishers

Fire extinguishers are located on each floor and in each apartment. Use a fire extinguisher only if you have been trained to do so. Irresponsible use of a fire extinguisher can create a dangerous situation for other residents and could result in damage to personal property.

Misuse of a fire extinguisher will result in fines.

Smoke Detector

A smoke detector is on the ceiling in your room. Some buildings also have heat detectors on the ceilings. Do the following to ensure the safe operation of your smoke detector:

·If your smoke detector is working properly, the red light should be on. If the red light is not blinking(闪动),contact residence hall staff immediately.

·Do not cover or block your smoke detector in any way.

·If a smoke detector sets off an alarm and there is no fire or smoke, inform your hall staff.

36.What is the main duty of the fire prevention professionals?

A. To provide part-time jobs for students.

B. To lead the students to the nearest exits.

C. To check and maintain fire prevention equipment.

D. To train teachers to be fire prevention professionals.

37.What do the automatic fire alarm systems include?1

A. Pipes and smoke detectors.

B. Smoke detectors and sprinklers.

C. Fire alarm pull stations and pipes.

D. Sprinklers and fire alarm pull stations

38.In a fire drill, the students shoulg2

A. rush quickly to a lift

B. gather at the nearest2