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Unit 4 I used to be afraid of the dark. 重点知识

Unit 4 I used to be afraid of the dark. 重点知识

I.重点词组

1. used to 过去常常,曾经

2. be afraid of the dark 惧怕黑暗

3. from time to time 时常

4. get good scores 取得好的分数

5. deal with 对付,应对

6.get tons of attention 得到大量的关注

7.read books on European history 阅读有关欧洲历史的书 8. African culture 非洲文化

9. be alone 独处 10. give a speech in public 作一个公开演讲 11. paint pictures 画画12.be nervous about tests 对考试感到紧张 13. influence his way of thinking 影响他的思维方式

14.be proud of ./take pride in 为…感到骄傲 15. be absent from classes 逃课

16.fail the examinations 考试不及格 17. to one’ surprise 使某人惊讶的是

18.talk with sb in person 亲自找某人谈话 19. make a decision 下决心

20.feel good about oneself 对自己充满信心 21. in the last few year在最近几年

22.a general self-introduction 一个简要的自我介绍 23.take up doing sth. 开始做某事

24.dare to do sth. 敢于做某事 25.not... any more / no longer 不再...... 26.all the time 一直,始终

27.hang out 闲逛 28.be prepared to do sth. 准备好做某事 29.give up doing sth.放弃做某事

30.the road to success 成功之路 31.in person 亲自,亲身 32.wear glasses 戴眼镜

31.fight on 继续奋战 32.scary movies 恐怖片 33.be on the soccer team 在足球队

34.feel good about oneself 自我感觉良好 35.make a decision to do sth. 决定做某事

36.a boarding school 寄宿学校 37.break the rules 违反规定,犯规

38.even though 即使 39.take care of =look after 照顾 40.miss classes 逃课

41. remain/ keep silent 保持沉默 42. have a great influence on sb对某人有很大的影响

II.解析◆used to的用法

used to十动词原形,“过去常常干……”eg:He used to be a doctor. 他过去是一位医生。

used to+动词原形:否定句为didn’t use to+动词原形

be /get used to+名词、代词或动名词,表示“习惯(做)某事”。

◆see sb. doing sth.看见某人正在干……

eg:He saw the old man playing tennis at that time.他看见那老人在打网球。

类似结构的动词还有:hear, watch,find等。

hear /watch /see sb. do sth.听见/看见某人干……/干过……

eg:I often hear him sing.我经常听见他唱歌。

◆[辨析]so和such,"那么”

(1)so+adj. /adv.; so many/much /few /little+n.

(2)such+a /an+(adj.)+ n.(单);such+ad j.+n.

(复);such+adj.+n.(不可数)

eg:The boy is so tall.=He is such a tall boy.那个男孩那么高。

(3)so... that如此……以致; such ... that如此……以致(引导结果状语从句)

①He runs so fast that I can’t catch up with him.=He runs too fast for me to catch up with.

②She is such a clever student that she gets good grades.她那么聪明总是取得好成绩。

◆其他重点短语:(1)on the…team加入……队;(2) from time to time有时,时常

◆deal with处理,对待(人或事),同义短语为do with, 但是deal with常与how连用,do with多与what连用。

◆careful adj.认真的,仔细的be careful to do sth.认真干……be careful about小心……

◆not…anymore不再=no more /not... any more表示动作不再重复,与表示瞬间意义的动词连用。

g:He will no more sing songs.他不再唱歌了

【拓展] no longer /not...any longer表示动作不再延续,与延续性动词连用。

eg:I won,t stay here any longer.我不再呆在这。

注意:no more /no longer在句中的位置是情态动词/ be/助动词之后,实义动词之前。

◆give up sth. /doing sth.放弃(干……)

eg:He won’t give up working hard.他不会放弃努力工作的。

◆be prepared to do sth.准备(心里愿意)干......

◆make it取得成功 eg:He wants to be a scientist,I think he will make it.

他想成为一位科学家,我想他会成功的。

◆a small number of少量的,a number of许多)+ n.(复) +v.(复)

eg:A small number of students don’t like learning.少数学生不喜欢学习。

【拓展】the number of+n.(复)表“……的数量”,作主语时,谓语动词用单数第三人称形式。

◆hate是动词,意为“憎恶,憎恨;厌恶,不喜欢”,其常见

hate sth.,hate doing /to do sth.。

walk to school意为“步行上学”,相当于go to school on foot。

【拓展】ride ( a bike) to school=go to school by bike;drive(a car)to work =go to work by car;fly to Beijing =go to Beijing by plane

◆worry about意思为“担心”,“为……担心、发愁”。相当于be worried about,后常跟名词、代词或动名词;也可跟从句,接从句时要省略介词about。

◆be proud of=take pride in对......感到骄傲/自豪

proud adj.骄傲的,自豪的 pride”.骄傲,自豪

eg:I’m proud of our rapid development.我为我国的快速发展感到骄傲。

◆ seldom adv.不常,很少。 hardly,few,little,nothing,nobody,none,never,neither等本身含有否定意义的词出现在反意疑问句中时,注意后半部疑问形式用肯定形式。

eg:He seldom sees his mother, does he?他很少见到他母亲,是吗?

◆break rules违规=disobey the rules follow /obey the rules遵守规定

◆in person亲自。=by oneself 。 personal adj.个人的,私人的

◆to one’s surprise 使某人惊讶的是 surprise n.惊讶,吃惊;v.使(某人)吃惊

surprised adj.感到惊讶;surprising adj.令人吃惊的

eg:To my surprise,he isn’t surprised at the bad news. 使我吃惊的是,他对那坏消息并不感到吃惊。

◆even though相当于even if /though /although 都不能在同一个句子中与but连用。

III.其他短语:(1)make a decision作决定;(2) pay more attention to更加关注;(3) feel good about oneself自信◆general: “全面的,普通的”“大众” in general大体上

◆introduction名词,意为“介绍”,“序言,引言” eg:a letter of introduction 介绍信

其动词为introduce意为“介绍”,introduce oneself: 作自我介绍

introduce sb. to…把某人介绍给……

◆My life has changed a lot in the last few years.在最近的几年里我的生活发生了巨大变化。

in the last /past…years意为“在最近的几年里”常与现在完成时态搭配。

◆return home回家=go home=be back , return还有“归还”之意,可接双宾语,相当于give sth. back to sb. eg:They returned the books to their owner.他们把书归还原主了。

◆remain silent=be /keep silent保持沉默 remain /be /keep都是系动词

◆be absent from classes=miss classes缺课

◆be required to do sth.被要求去做某事

◆fail the examinations考试不及格 (1)fail the examinations测试不及格,pass the test测试过关 (2)fail (in)

还可表示“在某方面不成功”。

eg:He failed(in)his driving test three times. 他三次参加驾驶考试都没有通过。

(3) fail还可以与不定式连用:fail to do sth. “不能做某事,没有做某事”。

eg:He often fails to keep his words.他经常不守约。

fail反义词succeed(v.)成功succeed后面跟in doing sth. 意为“做某事很成功”,success(n.),successful(adj.),suecessfully(adv.)

IV.单元语法精讲——used to do sth.用法小结

http://www.wendangku.net/doc/41be62a25727a5e9846a618a.htmled to do sth.表示“过去常常做某事”,只表示过去和现在对比,暗示现在不做了。to为动词不定式符号,后接动词原形。

eg:He used to go to school at six o’clock.他过去常常六点去学校。

2. used to do sth.的否定形式:主语+ used not to do sth. 或didn’t use to do sth.

eg; He used to watch TV all day.他过去常常整天看电视。

→He usedn’t to watch TV all day.=He didn’t used to watch TV all day.他过去不常常整天地看电视。

3. used to do的疑问形式及其答语:

(1)Used+主语+to do...?回答:Yes,sb. used to./No,sb. usedn’t to.

eg:Tom used to read books.一Used Tom to read books?

Yes,he used to./No,he usedn’t to.

(2) Did十主语+use to do...? 回答:Yes,sb. did./No,sb. didn’t

eg:I used to do homework after school.

→Did you use to do homework after school? Yes,I did. /No,I didn’t.

http://www.wendangku.net/doc/41be62a25727a5e9846a618a.htmled to do的反意疑问句形式也有两种,类似于否定句形式。

eg:-They used to go to the concert on Sunday,usedn’t/didn’t they?

一Yes,they used to./No,they usedn’t to.

(一Yes,they did./No,they didn’t.)

http://www.wendangku.net/doc/41be62a25727a5e9846a618a.htmled to也可用于there be结构,表示“过去常有”

eg:There used to be a meeting every Monday morning last month.上个月每星期一上午总要开会。

6.拓展:

sb. get/be used to ( doing) sth.某人习惯于(干)某事;

use sth. to do sth.用某物做某事;

sth.be used to do sth.某物被用于做某事;

be used for(doing) sth.用于做某事;

be used by sb.被某人所用。