文档库

最新最全的文档下载
当前位置:文档库 > 大学英语(四)习题集2015秋(含答案)

大学英语(四)习题集2015秋(含答案)

大学英语(四)习题集(2015秋)

I. Vocabulary and Structure

Directions:In each of the following sentences, there are 4 choices marked A), B), C), and D).

Choose the ONE answer that best completes each sentence.

1.At the border(边界) you will be asked about your _________ and how long you plan to stay.

A. automobile

B. event

C. host

D. destination

2. Every effort was made to settle the _________, but without success.

A. dispute

B. factor

C. civilization

D. evolution

3. The purpose of his speech was to ________ the problem of environmental protection.

A. draw attention to

B. put down

C. depend on

D. have an effect on

4. It suddenly ________ me that I had caught a wrong train.

A. called on

B. call off

C. turned to

D. dawned on

5. Money was _________ and he needed a job badly.

A. swift

B. tight

C. intense

D. fatal

6. I a letter when she _______.

A. write, calls

B. wrote, called

C. was writing, calls

D. was writing, called

7. -Have you ________ been to our town before?

- No, it’s the f irst time I ________ here.

A. even, come

B. even, have come

C. ever, come

D. ever, have come

8. I ________to go out of the classroom by my math teacher.

A. make

B. made

C. was made

D.am making

9. If he ________ advice, he wo uldn’t have lost his job.

A. followed

B. should follow

C. had followed

D. would follow

10. My suggestion is that you ________ much meat.

A. wouldn’t

B. shall not take

C. not have

D. won’t have

11. Turning down the invitation ______ the only possible choice we had at the moment.

A. is

B. was

C. are

D. were

12. Amy’s words hurt Sally. Perhaps she ______ so open.

A. would not have been

B. should not have been

C. would not be

D. should not be

13. I was driving down a two-lane highway _____ car approached from the opposite direction.

A. when

B. as

C. so

D. that

14. On learning English, _______ you must realize is that there is no shortcut but hard work.

A. one

B. that

C. what

D. anything

15. ________ is getting harder for a graduate to find a job with a good salary.

A. That

B. What

C. This

D. It

16. Jon was ________ to present his ID, otherwise he was not permitted to enter.

A. asking

B. force

C. asked

D. forced

17. He was ________ by the police, because he was charged with murder.

A. arrested

B. answered

C. treat

D. talked

18. Please don’t sit in front of desk for a long time. You need to stand up and ________ your body.

A. twist

B. torture

C. stretch

D. bent

19. My _______ include answering the phone and dealing with customer enquiries.

A. requires

B. responsibilities

C. reasons

D. recalls

20. I’m trying to ________my work so that I can have a couple of days off next week. .

A. arrange

B. find

C. look for

D. care

21. Americans eat ________ vegetables per person today as they did in 1910.

A. more than twice

B. as twice as many

C. twice as many as

D. more than twice as many

22. _________ usually go to church every Saturday.

A. The Brown

B. A Brown

C. Browns

D. The Browns

23. I don’t know why she’s looking at me _____ she knew me. I’ve never seen her before in my life.

A. as if

B. although

C. even if

D. as

24. He________ a lot in his childhood.

A. suffers

B. suffered

C. is suffering

D. was suffering

25. - Do you know our town at all?

- No, this is the first time I ________ here.

A. was

B. have been

C. came

D. am coming

26. It ________ for two hours now.

A. rains

B. is raining

C. was raining

D. has been raining

27. Since the matter was extremely ______, we dealt with it immediately.

A. negative

B. urgent

C. efficient

D. instant

28. They are trying various means to ______ their new product.

A. decorate

B. possess

C. define

D. promote

29. If you do well in the final exams, I will ____ you with a trip to Hong Kong.

A. value

B. praise

C. reward

D. cherish

30 The hopes, goals, fears and desires _____ widely between men and women, between the rich

and the poor.

A. vary

B. range

C. extend

D. contain

31.The boy doesn’t know what to _____ in college; he has not yet made up his mind about his

future.

A. make out

B. take up

C. keep up

D. work out

32. I couldn’t help _______ concerned about the disappointment in Becky’s eyes.

A. be

B. is

C. am

D. being

33. We were glad that she ________ a gold medal.

A. awarded

B. was awarded

C. has been awarded

D. had been awarded

34. I’d like this room ________.

A. is decorated

B. was decorated

C. has been decorated

D. to be decorated

35. Thank you for reminding me of the time, or I ________ late yesterday.

A. should be

B. would be

C. will have been

D. would have been

36. What should I do? I tried to ask her, but she ________ me.

A. ignored

B. missed

C. argued

D. shocked

37. Two men glanced at me and pushed their chairs _______ a little.

A. apart

B. afar

C. part

D. far

38. Can you ________ on that shelf for more books?

A. make bed

B. make space

C. make room

D. make house

39. They send the girl _______ because she had stolen something from the office.

A. away

B. off

C. around

D. in

40. John, together with his parents,____ flying to London.

A. is

B. are

C. was

D. were

41. Mike’s uncle insists ________ in this hotel.

A. staying

B. not to stay

C. that he would not stay

D. that he not stay

42. It is hard to avoid mistakes. ________ you correct them conscientiously, it will be all right.

A. In the case

B. As long as

C. Although

D. Despite

43. The man I met yesterday _______ to be one of my sister’s old friends.

A.turns off

B. turns out

C. turn on

D. turn over

44. The sun ________ in the east.

A. rise

B. rises

C. rose

D. is rising

45.—I’ve got two tickets for the match. Shall we go and watch it together?

—_______

A. The tickets must be expensive

B. The match must be exciting

C. Why not? Let’s go

D. The place is too far way

46. When and where shall we ________?

A. meet

B. met

C. to meet

D. meeting

47. As she ________ the newspaper, Granny ________ asleep.

A. read, was falling

B. was reading, fell

C. was reading, was falling D read, feel

48. His dream was ________ to a good university.

A. to admit

B. to be admitted

C. admitted

D. admitting

49. Mary ________ a dress when she cut her finger.

A. made

B. is making

C. was making

D. makes

50. I don’t know why she’s looking at me _____ she knew me. I’ve never seen her before in my

life.

A. as if

B. although

C. even if

D. as

51.The boy doesn’t know what to _____ in college; he has not yet made up his mind about his

future.

A. make out

B. take up

C. keep up

D. work out

52. The _______ of prices is still upwards.

A. trend

B. emergency

C. attention

D. situation

53. We shouldn’t _________ those who are not good at English.

A. smile at

B. shout at

C. laugh at

D. look at

54. It’s a great ______ for us to have Dr. Johnson here today.

A. pity

B. honor

C. happiness

D. sadness

55. A good marriage should be based on __________ love and respect.

A. each other

B. mutual

C. single

D. one anther

56. I couldn’t help _______ concerned about the disappointment in Becky’s eyes.

A. be

B. is

C. am

D. being

57. Two men glanced at me and pushed their chairs _______ a little.

A. apart

B. afar

C. part

D. far

58. Can you ________ on that shelf for more books?

A. make bed

B. make space

C. make room

D. make house

59. The doctor told me that your chances for getting well real soon were ten _______ one.

A. with

B. to

C. between

D. against

60. The poor old man had been always________ paint a masterpiece, but had never yet begun it.

A. supposed to

B. likely to

C. ready to

D. about to II. Reading Comprehension

Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by 5 questions. For each question there are 4 choices marked A), B), C), and D). Choose the ONE answer that

best completes each sentence.

Passage 1

We were standing at the top of a church tower. My father had brought me to this spot in a small town not far from our home in Rome. I wondered why.

“Look down, Elsa,” father said. I gathered all my courage and looked down. I saw the square

in the center of the village. And I saw the crisscross (十字形) of twisting, turning streets leading to the square. “ See, my dear,” father said gently. “ There is more than one way to the square. Life is like that. If you can’t get to the place where you want to go by one road, try another.”

Now I understood why I was there. Earlier that day I had begged my mother to do something about the awful lunches that were served at school. But she refused because she could not believe

the lunches were as bad as I said.

When I turned to father for help, he didn’t say anything. Instead, he brought me to this high tower to give me a lesson. By the time we reached home, I had a plan.

At school the next day, I secretly poured my luncheon(午餐)soup into a bottle and brought it home. Then I asked our cook to serve it to mother at dinner. The plan worked perfectly. She swallowed one spoonful and sputtered(喷溅出)“ The co ok must have gone mad!” Quickly I told her what I had done, and Mother stated firmly that she would take up the matter of lunches at school the next day!

In the years that followed I often remembered the lesson father taught me. I began to work as a fashio n designer two years ago. I wouldn’t stop working until I tried every possible means to my goal. Father’s wise words always remind me that there is more than one way to the square.

61.The author’s father took her to the top of a church tower to _____ .

A. enjoy the beautiful scenery of the whole town

B. find out how many ways lead to the square

C. inspire her to find out another way to solve her problem

D. help her forget some unpleasant things earlier that day

62. What did the author want her mother to do earlier that day?

A. Do something delicious for lunch.

B. Taste her awful lunch.

C. Dismiss the mad cook.

D. Speak to the school about lunch.

63.The underlined sentence in the fifth paragraph suggests that______.

A. the cook agreed to se rve the soup to the writer’s mother.

B. the author’s mother was angry with the cook.

C. her father persuaded her mother successfully.

D. the method the author thought of was effective.

64. What did the author’s mother think of her luncheon soup after she tasted it?

A. It was delicious.

B. It wasn’t so bad as the author said.

C. It is terrible.

D. It was as good as her cook did.

65. By sharing her own experiences, the author tries to tell us ____________.

A. when one road is blocked, try another

B. how bad the lunch of her school is

C. how wise her father is

D. about the church tower near her home

Passage 2

We use emotive language to express our own attitudes and feelings. We also direct emotive language at other people to persuade them to believe as we do or to do, as we want them to do; and, of course, other people direct emotive language at us to get us to believe or to do what they want.

We are subjected to a constant stream of persuasion, day in, and day out, at home and in school, on the radio and on television. It comes from parents and teachers, from preachers and politicians, form editors and commentators, but most of all, of course, from advertisers. Most of this persuasion is expressed in emotive language and is intended to appeal to our feelings rather than to be weighted up by our powers of reasoning.

We should look at the motives behind all this persuasion. Why do they want to persuade us? What do they want us to do? We are not thinking very clearly unless we try to see through the veil of words and realize something of the speakers’ purpose.

An appeal to motion is in itself neither good nor bad. Our emotions exist and they are part of our personality. On some occasions people appeal to our emotions on the highest levels and from the best of motives. A case in point is Churchill’s wartime speeches: whatever people thought of Churchill as a politician, they were united behind him when he spoke as a national leader in those dark days their feelings responded to his call for resolution and unity.

It is a characteristic of social groups that the members have a feeling of personal attachment to the group--- to the family in earliest childhood and extending later to the school, the team, the church, the nation, in patterns that vary from time to time. Hence a speaker from our group will find in us feelings to which he can readily and genuinely appeal, whether our reaction is favorable or not. We are at least open to the appeal and we appreciate the content in which it is made.

66. The passage discusses the emotive language, whose major functions are to ______.

A.show one’s feelings and appeal to these of others

B.make others trust us and respond to our feeling

C.extend our powers of reasoning and carry out a purpose

D.advertise and produce the wanted social effects

67. The source from which emotive language flows upon us in its greatest amount is _____.

A.the religious circles

B.the academic lecture

C.the mass media

D.the advertising business

68. The third paragraph of this passage suggests that we __________.

A.have to carefully use our emotive language

B.need to judge whether a persuasion is made for good or bad

C.should keep a cool head when subjected to different kinds of persuasions

D.should avoid being easily seen through by and appeal form others

69. Churchill is mentioned in the passage as _______.

A.a good example of the way of weighting up persuasion by reasoning

B.a famous leader who brought out people’s best feelings

C.a positive example of appealing to people’s emotion

D.a known politician who was good at lecturing

70. From the passage we can get that a persuasive speaker must ________.

A.find out what group his audience is attached to

B.differentiate his speech patterns from time to time

C.be aware of the way of adapting his speaking way to the needs of the audience

D.know whether the listeners are favorable to his opinion or not

Passage 3

The first day of university our professor introduced a new student who appears to be very different from the rest of us. That is Rose, an eighty-seven-year-old lady who always wore a big smile on her face.

“Why are you in college at this age?” I asked. I was curious what may have motivated her to be taking on this challenge at her age. “I always dr eamed of having a college education and now I’m getting one!” she told me.

Over the year, Rose became a campus icon and she easily made friends wherever she went. She loved to dress up and she enjoyed being the center of attention from the other students. She was living it up!

At the end of the semester, we invited Rose to speak at our football banquet. She was introduced and stepped up to the stage.

As she began to deliver her prepared speech, she dropped her speech cards on the floor. Frustrated and a little embarrassed she leaned into the speaker and simply said, “I’m sorry I’m a bit nervous. I gave up beer for Lent and this whiskey is killing me!”

As we laughed Rose cleared her throat and began, “We do not stop laughing because we are old; we grow old because we stop playing. There are only four secrets to staying young, being happy, and achieving success. You have to laugh and find humor every day. You’ve got to have a dream. When you lose your dreams, you die. We have so many people walking around who are dead and don’t even know it!

Have no regrets. The elderly usually don’t have regrets for what we did, but rather for things we didn’t do. The only people who fear death are those with regrets.

Finally, there is a huge difference between growing old and growing up. If you are nineteen years old and lie in bed for one full year and don’t do one productive thing, you will turn twenty. This is growing old, by doing nothing to your life. The idea of growing up is to always find opportunity to change.”

At the year’s end Rose finished the college degree she had begun all those years ago. One week after graduation Rose died peacefully in her sleep. Over two thousand college students attended her funeral. When you finish reading this, please send this peaceful advice to your friends and family:

Remember, we cannot avoid growing old, but we can choose our own ways to grow up.

37

A. Because she always wanted to have a college degree.

B. Because she thought college was fun and she could make many friends.

C. Because she has never gone to a college.

D. Because she enjoyed being the center of attention from the other students.

72. According to para. 3, how did Rose live her college life?

A. She always dressed up and never attend any class.

B. She was quiet and didn’t want to make any friends.

C. She was easygoing and made lots of friends.

D. She wasn’t making the best out of her college life.

73. How did she react when she dropped her speech note at the football banquet?

A. She got very nervous and stopped speaking.

B. She was drunk with too much whiskey.

C. She had to give up beer for this mistake.

D. She continued her speech with a joke.

74. What does Rose mean by “so many people walking around who are dead and don’t even

know it”?

A. They are killed by them walking around.

B. They are “dead” because they don’t have any dreams.

C. They are “dead” because are they are not satisfied with their life.

D. They are “dead” because they don’t know anything.

75. According to Rose, which one of the following is correct about the difference between

“growing old” and “growing up”?

A. Both mean the aging process where a child becomes a grown-up.

B. Both mean lots of changes.

C. “Growing old” is sad, but “growing up” is happy.

D. “Growing old” is natural, but “growing up” is something we can control.

Passage 4

Lovebirds. That’s what all our friends called us when we first married.

I guess Don and I deserved it. Money was tight. Sometimes we’d have to save up days just for an ice cream cone. Still, our tiny apartment seemed like paradise. Love does that, you know.

The more we heard the term “lovebirds”, the more we thought about birds. One day we started saving up for a couple of lovebirds of our own. We knew we couldn’t afford to buy both birds and a nice cage, so in his spare moments, Don made the cage himself.

We put our cage in front of a shaded window. Then we waited until our little saving was full of bills and spare change. With that money we “adopted” a pair of canaries from our loc al pet store, a male and a female, and named them Sunshine and Snowball.

Time passed, and when our young lovebirds finally seemed mature enough to start a family of their own, we went ahead and prepared a nest area and lots of nesting material for them. Snowball was a very exacting wife in designing and decorating their nest just so, while Sunshine, filled with

love, bent over backward to put everything just where she ordered.

Then one day an egg appeared. How they sang! And a few weeks later when a tiny chick hatched, their happiness seemed to know no bounds. I don’t know how it happened, but that baby bird was bright orange. So right off we named him Punkinhead.

The sunny days passed. How proud all of us were when our baby bird ran out of the nest onto a real grown-up perch!

Then one day, Punkinhead suddenly fell head down to the bottom of the cage. The tiny orange bird just lay there, both parents and I rushed to his rescue.

But he was dead. Just like that. Whether he’d had a heart attack before he fel l or broke his neck in the fall, I’ll never know. But Punkinhead was gone.

The mother bird refused to let either Sunshine or me get near that little body. Instead of the joyful melodies i usually heard from Snowball, now she gave only the most heartbreaking cries and moans. Her heart, joy and will seemed completely melted by her sorrow.

Poor Sunshine didn’t know what to do. He kept trying to push Snowball away from her sad situation, but she refused to move. Instead, over and over she kept trying to wake up her beloved child.

Finally Sunshine seemed to work out a plan. He convinced her to fly up and eat some seeds every so often, while he stood duty in her place. Then each time she left, he’d quietly place one piece of straw over Punkinhead’s body. Just o ne. But in a few days, piece by piece, it was completely covered over.

At first Snowball seemed panic when she looked around, but she didn’t try to uncover the chick. Instead, she flew up to her normal place and stayed there. Then i was able to quietly reach in and remove the little body.

After that, Sunshine spent all his time comforting Snowball. Eventually she started making normal sounds, and then one day, her sorrow finally melted and she sang again. I don’t know if Snowball ever realized the quiet labor of love and healing Sunshine had done for her. But they remained devoted for as long as they both lived. Love does that, you know.

76.The title of the passage is “When Snowball Melted”. What does the title mean?

A. the increasing temperature made the snowball melt.

B. the bird called Snowball was too sad for her kid’s death so she became weaker and weaker.

C. the grief born by the bird called Snowball for the death of her kid was dissolved by her

husband’s love.

D. the bird called Snowball was loved by her husband so it seemed like a snowball was melted.

77. Why did “our tiny apartment seemed like paradise” even though we were poor?

A. Because we love our tiny apartment.

B. Because the tiny apartment housed a couple in love.

C. Because we kept two birds in love in the tiny apartment.

D. Because our tiny apartment was clean and cozy.

78. In paragraph 4, why does the author use “‘adopted’ a pair of canaries from our local pet store”

instead of the word “buy”?

A. “Adopted” is used he re to show that the birds are deserted by the store so the couple

adopted them.

B. “Adopted” is used here to show the couple’s love for the birds, while the word “buy”

seemed to be cold and emotionless.

C. “Adopted” is used here to show that nobody wante d the birds so the couple were the only

one who bought them.

D. there is no special reason why “adopted” is used here.

79. What is the cause of Punkinhead’s death?

A. He’d had a heart attack before he fell.

B. He broke his neck in the fall.

C. He was attacked by a cat.

D. the cause of Punkinhead’s death is unknown.

80. Which of the following things were NOT what Sunshine did to comfort Snowball after the

death of their kid?

A. He kept trying to push Snowball away from her sad situation.

B. He flew up to her normal place and stayed there.

C. He convinced her to fly up and eat some seeds every so often, while he stood duty in her

place.

D. each time she left, he’d quietly place one piece of straw over Punkinhead’s body.

Passage 5

A number of authers and artists have agreed that their successful works were inspired by dreams.One of the Beatles’ most popular songs came in this way.

The entire tune of the song “Yesterday” came to the Beatle member, Paul McCartney, in 1965 when he was asleep. After awake, he immediately played the melody on a keyboard and recorded it. At first he was concerned that he had simply recalled something he’s already heard, but when he asked around nobody recognized it.

Then, lyrics were needed. Initially, the only words that cross McCartney’s mind for this dreamt melody were “Sceambled eggs, oh my baby how I love your legs”. Somehow that didn’t seem right. McCarrney went on holiday to Portugal and came back with a new set of words that were to become world famous.

This was 1965, Paul McCartney was 22 and the Beatles had already become an incredible phenomenon, though their fame would increase. Crowded fans, screaming girls and huge record sales were parts of these men’s daily life. But their fame was not recogni zed by everyone in the country, particularly with the upper class. In 1963 when the Beatles first met Marlene Dietrich, the famous German-born American actress who performed in films like The Blue Angel and Shanghai Expres s, Dietrich simply said,“What are those? They look like monkeys with all that hair. How

terrible!” It was explained to Dietrich that the Beatles were a new hit and adored by the youth audience. It was also suggested to her that it would creat a stir if she were to be photographed with them. Dietrich was reluctant, but allowed a message to be sent to the Fab Four that she would like meet them.

The resulting photo was published all over the world: the Legend and the soon-to-become-legends. And the telecast of the show was seen by an estimated 26,000,000 viewers, which helped caused a change in Marlene Dietrich’s attitude. She announced to her daughter and anyone else who would listen: “I asked them for autographs for my grandchildren—and they said all they wanted was a picture taken with me! So of course I said yes. They were geniuses!”

81. What is the dilemma that _____.

A. people talk aloud about them while traveling on trains

B. people don’t know what is private and what is public

C. people talk aloud about them while walking through parks

D. people chat on their cell phones in public places

82 How many people have used their cell phones for an emergency situation, according to the

survey?

A. 74%

B. 41%

C. 84%

D. 22%

83. How do people react to ruder cell phone users?

A. They are irritated.

B. They stare and make criticism

C. They feel annoyed.

D. All the above.

84. Who are more likely to be dishonest about where they are when suing a cell phone?

A. Older users.

B. Younger users

C. Male users.

D. Female users.

85. Besides being a tool of communication, the cell phone is becoming _____

A. a radio to listen to

B. a mobile toy

C. a wall paper

D. an expression of fashion

Passage 6

Since the beginning of the Internet era, it has been widely accepted that when you join an online company, whatever data you put into it belongs to you.

That means you can sign up for one kind of email, import your contacts into that system, and if you later decide to switch to some other email service, you can export all your contacts from the first service into the new one. You can use Microsoft’s Hotmail, then move to Yahoo Mai, then t o Google’s Gmail. Or you can have accounts on three services and keep all your contacts in each one.

That’s the way things were — until Facebook appeared. Facebook took a different approach Until recently, everything you put into Facebook could not be exported anywhere. In effect, you

didn’t own your data. Facebook did.

Of course this is rubbish. The reality is that Facebook wants to make it difficult, if not impossible, for you to leave.

Now that policy has sparked a fight between Google and Facebook. Google is angry because its users can, and often do, export their Gmail contact information into Facebook. But those people can’t bring Facebook information back into Gmail.

Earlier this month Google declared it would block exports of its data to Facebook. In a shameless move, Facebook broke through Google’s roadblock so its users could keep pulling data from Google.

Google said it was “disappointed” with Facebook’s behavior. It also created a warning screen to tell Gmail users that if t hey export their information to Facebook they won’t get it back.

Basically, Facebook’s position with major IT companies is this: if you want access to all the information we’ve collected, strike a deal with us. Microsoft and Yahoo have done that, and now, like magic, they can export Facebook contact information into their systems, while Google still can’t.

Remember the early days of the Net, when everything was going to be open and flee? That was great until people realized that their user data could be turned into gold. Now there are billions involved, and nobody is playing nice anymore.

86. Before Facebook appeared, people_______.

A. had a limited number of accounts

B. enjoyed a completely free service

C. had limited access to their contacts

D. enjoyed full ownership of their data

87. It seems that Facebook’s approach makes the writer rather_______.

A. annoyed

B. assured

C. puzzled

D. pleased

88. Google is angry with Facebook due to the latter’s refusal to_______.

A. let its users use Gmail

B. offer technical support

C. share user information

D. protect user information

89. The passage indicates that Microsoft and Yahoo have______.

A. agreed to side with Google

B. accepted Facebook’s terms

C. taken their own approaches

D. struck a deal with each other

90. According to the writer, the current state of the Net is_______.

A. misleading

B.frustrating

C. promising

D. Satisfying

Passage 7

Men usually want to have their own way. They want to think and act they like. No one, however, can have his own way all the time. A man cannot live in society without considering the interests of others as well as his own interests. “Society” means a group of people with the same way of life. People in society may make their own decisions, but these decisions ought not to be unjust(不公平的) or harmful to others. One man’s decisions may so easily harm another person. For example, a motorist may be in a hurry to get to a friend’s house. He sets out, driving at full speed like a competitor in a motor race. There are other vehicles and also pedestrians on the road. Suddenly there is a crash. There are screams and confusion. One careless motorist has struck another car. The collision(碰撞) has injured two of the passengers and killed the third. Too many road accidents happen through the thoughtlessness of selfish drivers.

We have governments, the police and the law courts to prevent or to punish such criminal acts. But in addition, all men ought to observe certain rules of conduct. Every man ought to behave with consideration for other men. He ought not to steal, cheat, or destroy the property of others. There is no place of this sort of behavior in a civilized society.

92. A man cannot have his own way all the time because ________.

A. he may have no interest in other people

B. he has to share the same interests with others

C. his decisions are always unjust

D. he seldom makes correct decisions.

93. It is implied that there will be fewer road accidents if ________.

A. the motorists are not always in a hurry

B. the passengers are not confused by the accidents

C. there are fewer cars or walkers in the street

D. the drivers are more considerate of other people

94. According to the passage, people in a civilized society should usually _________.

A. be honest to each other

B. punish criminal acts

C. be cautious in doing everything

D. behave in a responsible way

95. We can draw the conclusion that ________.

A. man should not give up his own interests

B. man should be stricter with himself

C. the criminals should be more severely punished

D. the government should contribute more efforts

96 The purpose of this passage is to ________.

A. tell people how to behave in society

B. illustrate the importance of laws

C. teach people how to prevent criminal acts

D. persuade people not to make their own decisions

Passage 8

Most of the people who appear most often and most gloriously in the history books are great conquerors and generals and soldiers, whereas the people who really helped civilization forward are often never mentioned at all. We do not know who first set a broken leg, or launched a seaworthy boat, or calculated the length of the year, or manured a field; but we know all about the killers and destroyers. People think a great deal of them, so much so that on all the highest pillars in the great cities of the world you will find the figure of a conqueror or a general or a soldier. And I think most people believe that the greatest countries are those that have beaten in battle the greatest number of other countries and ruled over them as conquerors. It is just possible they are, but they are not the most civilized.

Animals fight; so do savages; hence to be good at fighting is to be good in the way in which an animal or a savage is good, but it is not to be civilized. Even being good at getting other people to fight for you and telling them how to do it most efficiently — this, after all, is what conquerors and generals have done — is not being civilized. People fight to settle quarrels. Fighting means killing, and civilized peoples ought to be able to find some way of settling their disputes other than by seeing which side can kill off greater number of the other side, and then saying that that side which has killed most has won. And it not only has won, but, because it has won, has been in the right. For that is what going to war means; it means saying that might is right.

This is what the story of mankind has on the whole been like. Even our own age has fought the two greatest wars in history, in which millions of people were killed or mutilated (disabled). And while today it is true that people do not fight and kill each other in the streets — while, that is to say, we have got to the stage of keeping the rules and behaving properly to each other in daily life — nations and countries have not learnt to do this yet, and still behave like savages.

96. In the opening sentence, the author indicates that ____.

A. most history books were comprised by conquerors, generals and soldiers.

B. hardly anyone who gave impetus to civilization is mentioned in history books.

C. history writings are more about conquerors than actual creators of civilization.

D. conquerors, generals and soldiers should be least mentioned in history books.

97 In the author’s opinion, the countries that conquered a large number of other countries are

.

A. certainly both the most powerful and most civilized.

B. neither the greatest nor the most civilized in any way.

C. possibly either the most civilized or the mightiest in a way.

D. likely the mightiest in some sense but not the most civilized.

.

大学英语(四)习题集2015秋(含答案)

B. only those who are mighty have the right to go to war.

C. those who are right should fight against those who are wrong.

D. only powerful nations might win the right to rule weak ones.

99 “Even our own age has fought the two greatest wars in history.” The author says this in order

to show that our own age is .

A. different from those of the past.

B. not much better than the past ones.

C. more civilized than the past times.

D. staying as civilized as those of the past.

100. The author’s attitude to war may be best expressed as.

A. a great disappointment.

B. a cold reproach.

C. a stern condemnation.

D. a sharp criticism

.Passage 9

They say there are three apples that changed the world.

The first apple belongs to Adam, from the Garden of Eden. Yes, according to Christians, it was Adam’s apple that first changed humankind —the act of man disobeying to higher power that sets us apart by God. Adam’s story teaches us the importance of submission.

We are becoming more self-sustained and forget the cores of life —love, joy and peace. Families, friends and our beloved ones are often neglected when we become self-centered in our jobs and responsibilities. We need to be reminded to love and be loved, stand firm in love and cherish the goodness of other people in our lives.

The second most influential apple didn’t come until the 15th Century. A man sat under the famous apple tree and the universe-consigned apple fell right on his head, leading him to the famous law of universial gravitation.

Sir Isaac Newton’s apple changed the world of scince as well as mathmatics by stating that “every object in the universe attracts every other object with a force directed along the line of centers for the two objects...” and so on.

The point here is, Newton’s apple has not only inspired him to come uo with the law of gravitation, but also encouraged human to dream big and to explore the world with imaginations. Many other great people arose from Newton’s great works and findings.

Last but bot least, it is of course Steve Jobs’ Apple that has put the world on a different pace, in terms of his innovations in consumer electronics, computer software and personal computers.

Jobs’ sucess stories took up each corner of Google’s page after he passed away. The highlight is none other than his return to Apple after being kicked out of his own company in 1997. When he tried to lure John Sculley as Apple’s CEO, he asked,”Do you want to spend the rest of your life selling sugared water or do you want to change the world?”

That obviously worked out pretty well. Yet, it was the passion towards innovation that Jobs has injected into his career that put him onto the top of the world. His life has definitely inspired

many to contribute to the society through creativity.

So here are three apples that changed our lives —threre men at three totally different time of the history. How’s your apple coming along?

101. What are NOT the cores of life according to the text?

A. faith

B. joy

C. peace

D. love

102. Who are the ones we often neglected when we become self-centered in our jobs and responsibilities?

A. Families.

B.Friends.

C. Oue beloved ones.

D. A, B and C 103. Which of the following statement are NOT one of the influences brought by Newton’s apple?

A. Newton’s apple inspired Newton to come up with the law of gravitation.

B. Newton’s apple reminded human to love and be loved, stand firm in love and cherish the

goodness of other people in our lives.

C. Newton’s apple encouaged human to dream big.

D. Newton’s apple encouaged human to explore the world with imagination.

104. Steve Jobs’ innovations are in the following fields but

A. Consumer electronics.

B. Computer software.

C. Personal computer.

D. Telecommunication.

105. According to the author, what put Steve Jobs onto the top of the world?

A. His great success in the Apple products.

B. He returned to Apple after being kicked out of his own company in 1997.

C. His passion towards innovation in his career.

D. He changed the world.

Passage 10

Valentine’s Day had arrived and like every other day of the year, I was very busy.

My romantic husband, Roy, planned a date like we had never had before. A reservation at an expensive restaurant was made. A beautifully wrapped present had been sitting on my dresser for a few days prior to the holiday.

After a hard day at work, I hurried home. When my sweetheart arrived, I was dressed in my finest outfit and ready to go. He hugged me, just as the baby-sitter arrived. We were both excited.

Unfortunately, the littlest member in our household wasn’t so happy.

“Daddy, you were going to take me to buy Mamma a present,”Becky, my eight-year-old daughter said sadly.

Roy looked at his watch and realized we had to leave right away. He didn’t even have a few minutes to take her to the corner shop, to buy a heart-shaped box of chocolates.

“I’m sorry, I was late getting home, honey,” he said.

“That’s OK,” Becky replied. “I understand.”

The entire evening was bittersweet. I couldn’t help being concerned about the disappointment

in Becky’s eyes. I remembered how the joyful Valentine’s Day glow had left her face, just before the door closed behind us. She wanted me to know how much she loved me.

Today, I can’t remember what was wrapped in that beautiful box, which I had been given earlier, but I’ll never forget the special gift, which I received when we arrived back home.

Becky was asleep on the couch, holding a box. When I kissed her cheek, she awoke, “I’ve got something for you, Mamma,” she said, as a giant smile covered her tiny face.

The little box was wrapped in newspaper, as I tore the paper off and opened the box, I found the sweetest Valentine gift that I have ever received.

After Roy and I left for our date, Becky got busy. She searched my fabric and sewing box, stitched the words “ I Love Ya” on a piece of red fabric, cut the fabric in the shape of a heart, stitched the two pieces together, decorated it with lace and stuffed it with cotton. It was a heart-shaped pillow, filled with love, which I’ll cherish forever.

My wonderful Valentine gift has a special place in my bedroom today, some thirteen years later. It has helped me through several sleepless nights since she left home for college. I not only cherish the gift, but the memory, as well.

I know that I am a very lucky mother, indeed, to have such a wonderful little girl. As long as I live, there will never be another Valentine’s Day which will be any more special to me.

106. How did the author plan to spend V alentine’s Day?.

A. To stay at work for she was always busy.

B. To have a big family dinner.

C. To dine in an expensive restaurant with her husband.

D. To celebrate the day alone.

107 How did Becky feel when she knew her father had no time to take her to buy her mother a gift?

A. She was sad and cried.

B. She was disappointed but understanding.

C. She was happy to be together with the babysitter.

D. She was lonely and frightened.

108.What gift did the author get when she got home that night?

A. a beautifully wrapped box.

B. a self-made box wrapped in newspaper.

C. a self-made heart-shaped pillow.

D. a red heart-shaped pillow bought in the store.

109. What did the author think of the gift given by her daughter?

A. It was the most memorable gift that she’d ever got on Valentine’s Day.

B. It was no better than the gift from her husband.

C. It was as good as the gift given by her husband.

D. It was no different from any other gifts.

110. What can be inferred from the passage?

A. Valentine’s Day is a time for lovers only.

B. This Valentine’s Day deepened the love between husband and wife.

C. The author felt proud and grateful to have a romantic husband.

D. The author felt the happiest that night to have such a loving daughter.

III Direction: Translate the following sentences into Chinese or Chinese.

1. 我还记得第一次见到他的那一刻。(the moment when)

I remember the moment when I first met him.

2. 她将所有剩下的精力都用到这项任务上。(whatever)

She applied whatever strength she had left to the task.

3. 她容忍着他那暴躁的脾气。(put up with)

She put up with his violent temper.

4. 他很喜欢学校生活,信不信由你。(believe it or not)

Believe it or not, he enjoys school life very much.

5. 他们因为坐不起出租车而步行。(afford to)

They walked because they couldn’t afford to take a taxi.

6. 报纸的大标题引起他的注意。(catch one's attention)

A newspaper headline caught his attention.

7. 她不把每天得走两英里去上班当回事。(think nothing of)

She thinks nothing of walking two miles to work every day.

9. Government should take the basic life needs of laid-off workers into consideration. 政府应该把下岗工人的基本生活需要纳入考虑范围。

10. Her picture appeared on the front page of a local newspaper.

她的照片出现在一家当地报纸的头版。

11. Several major hospitals are cutting back on staff at the moment.

一些主要的医院目前正在裁员。

12. I bent over backward to make it easier for her and she didn't even notice.

我弯身尽量使得她方便些,但是她没有注意到。

13. What are we to make of her behavior ?

我们应该如何看待她的行为?

14. Considering the price we paid, it was a very disappointing meal.

考虑到我们所付出的价钱,这顿饭非常令人失望。

15. It was several months before the truth finally dawned on me.

几个月之后,我才终于明白真相。

IV. Writing

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the given topic.

You should write at least 80 words and base your composition on the Chinese outline

below.

(1)

选择一个你想旅游的地点,并安排旅行计划.你应包括下列内容:

1.说明你想旅游的地点,

2.说明你为什么选择这个地点,

3.描述你的旅行计划。

A trip to Beijing

I have been always waiting for a holiday to go to another city. And finally I have enough time and money. So , I choose Beijing.

Why do I choose Beijing? Because Beijing is the capital of our nation. BJ is also a international and historical city.

(2)

你应邀到一位好友家吃晚饭,事后给朋友写信表示谢意,你的信应包括下列内容:

1.表达谢意;

2.表达想回请的意愿;

3.期待朋友的光临。

Dear XXX,

I write this letter for giving my great thanks for you. I enjoyed the dinner you prepared for us.

We are going to have dinner this weekend. I would like to invite you to come. You can also take your family member together.

It will be very nice and my honor to see you then. Waiting for your coming! Yours, XXX

(3)

1.列举人们在公共场所的不良现象;

2.对其中某一种现象陈述你的看法,并简单说明理由。

参考答案:

1-5 D ADDC 6-10 DDCCC 11-15 BBACD 16-20CACBA

21-15 CDABB 26-30 DBDCA 31-35 BDDDD 36-40 AACAA

41-45 CABCC 46-50 ABCCA 51-55 BACBB 56-60DACBD

61-65 CDCDA 66-70 ADCCA 71-75 ACDBD 76-80 CBBDB

81-85 BADCC 86-90 DACBB 91-95 BDDBA 96-100 BDADC

101-105 ADBDB 106-110 CBCAD