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Unit4 语法-形容词的比较级和最高级 学案(无答案)

八年级上-Unit4- Grammar 形容词的比较级和最高级

Students’ paper

A. 大多数形容词有三个级。

(1)原级: 常用结构as ...as... 像..……一样

Zhang Hong is as tall as Tom. 2·1·c·n·j·y

张红和汤姆一样高。

(2)比较级(用于两者之间的比较)

常用结构:形容词比较级+than ...

He is taller than I. 【来源:21·世纪·教育·网】

他比我高。

(3)最高级(用于三者或三者以上的比较),常用结构: the + 形容词的最高级+of / in ...

He is the tallest of the three. 21·世纪*教育网

他是这三个人中最高的。

He is the funniest in his class. www-2-1-cnjy-com

他是他们班最有趣的。

B. 形容词、副词比较级和最高级有规则变化和不规则变化。

(a)规则变化

1)一般情况下,单音节或双音节的形容词(或副词)比较级+er ,最高级+est

如:clever-cleverer-cleverest few-fewer-fewest small-smaller-smallest等。

2)以e结尾的词,比较级+r,最高级+st 即可

如:nice-nicer-nicest cute-cuter-cutest large-larger-largest

3)以辅音字母+y结尾的变y为i+er或est

如:easy-easier-easiest happy-happier-happiest

再如:early , busy , heavy , dirty , lazy . 也如此。2-1-c-n-j-y

4)双写最后一个辅音字母+er 或est的词同学要用心去记。

1. fat-fatter-fattest

2. thin-thinner-thinnest

3. hot-hotter-hottest

4. red-redder-reddest

5. wet-wetter-wettest

6. big-bigger-biggest 21*cnjy*com

5)多音节和部分双音节的词需要在形容词原级前+more构成比较级,+the most构成最高级。如:

beautiful -more beautiful -the most beautiful

又如: delicious, popular, important, interesting, expensive, creative等也是如此。

双音节的词如:

careful-more careful -the most careful

useful -more useful -the most useful. 【来源:21cnj*y.co*m】

少数单音节词也是这样如:

pleased-more pleased -the most pleased 【出处:21教育名师】

tired-more tried -the most tired

(b)不规则变化:

good—better—best well—better--best

bad-worse worst many, much—more—most

far-farther—farthest (距离远) far—further—furthest (程度深)

old—elder —eldest (长幼) old—older—oldest (年龄)【版权所有:21教育】

C.应注意的几个问题:

(1)表示“越来越……”用“比较级+and+比较级”,如:It is getting colder and colder.

天气变得越来越冷。

(2)比较级常用的修饰词有:a little, a bit, much, even, a lot 等。如:The boy is much taller than that one. 这男孩比那男孩高得多。21教育名师原创作品

(3)表示“……中最……的一个”用“one of the +最高级+复数名词”。如:The river is one of the longest rivers in our coutry. 这条河是我国最长河流之一。

(4)“The +比较级……the+比较级……”表示“越……越……”。如:The more, the better. 越多越好。21*cnjy*com

(5)“the+序数词+最高级”表示“第几个最……”。如:The Yellow River is the second river in China.

黄河是我国第二长河。

(6)表示某事物之间在某一方面一样或不一样时,可以用as…as或not so (as)…as 结构。如:

He is as busy as before.

他还是象以前那样忙。

My handwriting is not so good as yours.

我的书法不如你的好。

Exercise:

一、写出下列形容词的比较级和最高级.

1. good ___ ___ 10. friendly ____ ______

2. bad ___ ___ 11. comfortable ___ ____

3. big ___ ___ 12. athletic ___ ____

4. late ___ ___ 13. important____ ____

5 heavy ___ ____ 14. outstanding ___ ____

6. fun ___ ___ 15. cheap____ ____

7. thin ___ ___ 16. talented ___ ____

8. new ___ ___ 17. serious ___ ___

9. popular ___ ____ 18.interesting ___ ____

二、用所给词的正确形式填空

1.I like to listen to the Music Radio, because it has ____________(popular) music and songs. 2.Some of friends don’t like to watch TV about news , because they think it is _____(boring) in all programs.21世纪教育网版权所有

3. Most students like eating in KFC, because they think it has ___________(friendly) service.

4. Jim wants to eat in the small snack bar today, because it is ______________(cheap). He has little money.21教育网

5. Mrs Smith likes shopping in supermarket. She thinks it is _________(comfortable) place to http://www.wendangku.net/doc/4382224959fb770bf78a6529647d27284a73376b.html

6.Mr Li thinks CCTV-1 has __________(good) quality.21·cn·jy·com

7. In my report ,there are __________(many) students who like pop music than those who like blue http://www.wendangku.net/doc/4382224959fb770bf78a6529647d27284a73376b.html

8. I think Music Radio is ____________(popular) than The Great Wall Radio station.