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英语泛读教程2答案

Unit 9 First Aid

Section A

Word Pretest

1.B.

2.A.

3.C

4.B.

5.B.

6.B.

7.B.

8.A.

9.C. 10.B

Reading comprehension

1.B.

2. C.

3. D.

4. B/D/A/C.

5.C.

6.C.

7.A.

8.C/A/B/D Vocabulary Building

Word Search

1.ambulance

2.urgent

3.emergency

4.massage

5.yell

6.vein

7.artery

8.fracture

9.blister 10.tetanus

Use of English

1.The government has come in for a lot of criticism.

2. It’s hard to come to terms with the government’s defense policy.

3. After retiring in 1980 he has decided to make a comeback to the political scene.

4. The situation has come to the boil now that the government has to face a vote of confidence.

5. The tax cuts announced in the Budget do not come into effect until next year.

6. The miners came out on strike against the government’s

privatization plans.

Stems

1. solo: a composition or passage for an individual voice or

instrument, with or without accompaniment

2. series: a number of objects or events arranged or coming

one after the other in succession

3. isolate: to set apart or cut off from others

4. desert: to withdraw from, especially in spite of a

responsibility or duty; to forsake

5. peninsula: a piece of land that projects into a body of

water and is connected with the mainland by an isthmus

6. exert: to put to use or effect; to put forth

7. insulate: to prevent the passage of heat, electricity or

sound into or out of somewhere, especially by surrounding with a non-conducting materials

8. insert: to put or set into, between or among

Synonyms

9. give 2. stop 3. antiseptic 4. block 5. penetrate

Cloze

Pedestrians adults declining avoid signals case impaired fatalities

Section B

1.C

2.B

3.B

4.D

5.A

6.C

7.B

8.A 9.T 10.F 11.F 12.F 13.T 14.T

Section C

1.F

2.T

3.F

4.T

5.F

6.F

7.F

8.F

9.F 10.T

Keys to Reading Course 2

Unit 10 Marriage

Section A

Word Pretest

1.C

2.C

3.C

4.C

5.A

6.A

7.A

8.C

Reading Comprehension

1.A

2.B

3.C

4.C

5. B

6.C

7.A

8.A

Vocabulary Building

Word match

quotation a sentence or passage taken from a book

artificial not natural

anguish very great pain or suffering, esp. of the mind anniversary a day which is an exact year or number of years after something has happened

superstition a belief based on association of ideas instead of reason or fact

bouquet a bunch of flowers

heed to give attention to

escort to accompany

confetti small pieces of colored paper thrown on weddings conceal to hide

consent agreement

asunder apart

vow a solemn promise or declaration of intention

rites forms of behavior with a fixed pattern for a religious purpose

sermon to talk usually based on a sentence from the Bible and given as part of a church service

Use of English

10. Will you please keep me company for a while?

11. I couldn’t keep a straight face when he told me of his

plan.

12. The staff are going to be kept in the dark about the firm’s

plans for the future.

13. I’ll keep an open mind until we’ve dis cussed it.

14. I’ll keep away from her until she’s feeling more

optimistic.

15. Try to keep your head even if you don’t know what’s

going to happen.

Stems

16. briefly: for a short time; in as few words as possible

17. astronaut: a person trained to pilot, navigate, or

otherwise participate in the flight of a

spacecraft

18. abridge: to reduce the length of (a written text); to

condense

19. fuse: to blend thoroughly by or as if by melting together

20. astronomy: the scientific study of matter in outer space,

especially the positions, dimensions, distribution, motion, composition, energy and evolution of celestial bodes and phenomena

21. confusing: unclear or difficult to understand

22. abbreviate: to reduce (a word or phrase) to a shorter

form intended to represent the full form

Synonyms

1. naughty

2. divine

3.break

4.give

5.seize

Cloze

wrong dislike midnight standard homelife convinced meantime capital

Section B

1.T

2.F

3.T

4.F

5.B

6.C

7.C

8.D

9.C 10.D

11.F 12.T 13.F 14.A 15.C 16. B

Section C

1.T

2.F

3.T

4.T

5.F

6.F

7.T

8.F

9.F 10.T

Unit 11 Creativity

Section A Word Pretest

1-5: B, A, A, B, A 6-8: B, A, A

Reading Comprehension1-6: A, C, A, A, C,C

Vocabulary Building ---Word Match

glow to give out heat or light

instinctive (of ideas, behaviors) natural, not based on learning or thinking

exemplify to serve as example

funnel a wide-mouthed tube used for pouring liquids into a narrow-necked container

prelude a short piece of music that introduces a large musical work

applaud to praise by clapping one’s hands

flash to shine suddenly and brightly

attend to to direct one’s interest and effort to

potential the ability to develop, achieve or succeed

impulse a sudden wish to do something

doze to sleep lightly

evaluate to judge the value or degree of

a return to power, life and activity

resurgenc

e

stuck unable to go

sketch to describe roughly

Use of English

23. The Austrians made peace with Napoleon.

24. They couldn’t make out what the enemy were trying to

say.

25. Seeing the enemy’s guns facing him made hi hair stand

on end.

26. The onset of winter made things worse for the troops.

27. While they were on leave the sailors made the most of

their freedom.

28. I make no secret of my loathing for war.

Stems

29. accordance: agreement; conformity

30. disclose: to make known (something heretofore kept

secret); to reveal

31. inclusive: including the specified extremes or limits as

well as the area between them

32. core: the hard or fibrous central part of certain fruits,

such as the apple or the pear, containing the seeds

33. enclose: to surround on all sides; to close in

34. conclude: to bring about a final agreement or settlement

35. encouragement: the act or words of encouraging

36. close: a cabinet or enclosed recess for storing linens,

household supplies, or clothing

Antonyms1. lose 2. horizontal 3. sterile 4. old 5. identical Cloze

name managed worked after feel parents computers playing to spend trade Section B1-5: C, C, C, C, C 6-10: C, C, C, F, F 11-13: T, C, B Section C1-5: F, F, T, T, F 6: T

Unit 12 Travel

Section A

Word Pretest

1.A

2.A

3.C

4.B

5.B

6.B

7.A

8.A

Reading Comprehension

1.B

2.B

3.A

4.C

5.A

6.A

7.C

8.B

Vocabulary Building

Word Search

1.halve

2.purchase

3.consulate

4.fare

5.discount

6.resort

7.monopoly

8.principal

9.carnival 10.boredom

Use of English

37. They are putting on a version of “Cinderella” on ice.

38. The opening of his one-man show has been put off until

he recovers from his illness.

39. I can’t put my finger on what it was that I disliked about

the performance.

40. Put your previous failures behind you and think of what

your next venture might be.

41. A plan has been put forward to prevent valuable

paintings being sold to collectors and galleries abroad.

42. They tried to put pressure on the Arts Council to

supports the newly-formed orchestra

Stems

1.dictation: the act of saying or reading aloud to be recorded or written by another

2.fraction: a small part; a bit

3.indication: serving as a sign, symptom, or token of;

something that is signified

4.predict: to state, tell about, or make known in advance, especially on the basis of special knowledge

5.contradiction: being contrary to; being inconsistent with

6.fragments: small parts broken off or detached

Synonyms

1. chief

2. examine

3. fame

4. local

5. sole

Cloze

found trade famous spread discovery

idea support offered valued salt

Section B

1.B

2.C

3.C

4.C

5.B

6.C

7.B

8.T

9.T 10.T

11.C 12.C 13.B

Section C

1.F

2.T

3.F

4.F

5.T

6.T

7.F

8.T

9.F 10.F

Unit 13 Examinations

Section A

Word Protest

1. A

2. C

3. A

4. B

5. C

6. A

7. B

8. B

Reading Comprehension

1. B

2. C

3. C

4. A

5. C

6. B

Vocabulary Building

Word Search

1. assimilate

2. presentation

3. deduct

4. reinforce

5. statistics

6. offender

7. thwart 8. impunity 9. plagiarize 10. reprimand 11. crib 12. divisive

Semantic Variations

1. B

2. B

3. A

4. C

5. C

6. B

Stems

43. occupation: an activity that serves as one’s regular

source of livelihood; a vocation

44. broadcast: to transmit (a radio or television program) for

public or general use

45. captive: taken and held prisoner, as in war

46. capture: to hold; to occupy

47. abroad: out of one’s own country

48. perceive: to become aware of directly through any of the

sense, especially sight or hearing

49. conceive: to form or hold an idea

50. broaden: to make or become broader

Synonyms

1. thwart

2. huge

3. break

4. obvious

5. accomplish

Cloze

advantage meaningful disadvantages subject expressing reading unsatisfactory giving arise picture

Section B

1. C

2. D

3. B

4. B

5.C

6.T

7.T

8. F 9.F 10. T 11. T 12.B 13. A 14. B

Section C

1. F

2. F

3. T

4. T

5. T

6. T

7.T

8. T

9. T 10. T

Unit 14 Intellectual Property

Section A

Word Pretest

1. B

2. A

3. B

4. A

5. A

6. B

7. C

8. B

Reading Comprehension

1. B

2. C

3. C

4. B

5. C

6. B

7. A

Vocabulary Building

Word Search

1. procedure

2. variety

3. multiple

4. application

5. promote

6. diligent

7. novelty

8. judicial

9. disclosure 10. stimulus

Use of English

51. This cloudy weather is getting me down.

52. I would like to get this meeting over with as quickly as

possible.

53. You won’t be able to get through to her what she has to

do.

54. His refusal to commit himself gets on my nerves.

55. Thomas and David get along very well.

56. One of these days I must get round to replying to all this

correspondence.

Stems

1. densely: the quality of being packed or crowded together

2. defense: the act of defending against attack, danger, or injury

3. credit: an arrangement for deferred payment of a loan or purchase

4. condense: to make (a liquid) thicker by removing some of the water

5. incredible: too strange to be believed; unbelievable

6. dense: difficult to see through

Synonyms

1. rival

2. final

3. variety

4. personal

5. bar

Cloze

basis revised minimum addition works participated adopted concepts

Section B

1. T

2. F

3. F

4. A

5. A

6. C

7. F

8. T

9. F 10. F

11. T 12. T 13. C 14. B 15. C

Section C

1. B

2. A

3. B

4. A

5. B

6. D

7. A

8. A

Unit 15 Law

Section A

Word pretest

1. C

2. A

3. B

4. B

5. C

6. B

7.C

8.C

Reading Comprehension

1.T

2. T

3. F

4. T

5. F

6. F

7. F

8. T

9. T 10. T

Vocabulary Building

Word Search

57. espionage 2. anonymity 3. extortion 4. prosecutor 5. sue

6. accuse

7. indict

8. plead

9. testimony 10. verdict 11. probation 12 reverse

Semantic Variations1. C 2. C 3. B 4. A 5. C 6. B

Stems

58. corruption: the act of being venal; dishonesty

59. pendulum: a body suspended from a fixed support so

that it swings freely back and forth under the influence of

gravity, commonly used to regulate various devices, especially clocks

60. erupt: to become violently active

61. bankruptcy: the state of being unable to pay one’s debts

62. dependable: reliable, trustworthy

63. interrupt: to break the continuity or uniformity of

64. independence: the state or quality of being independent

65. suspend: to cause to stop for a period: to interrupt Antonyms

1. frequently

2. prohibition

3. agreement

4. disapprove

5. fairness

Cloze

admitted survey caught relatives vehicles admission threatened increase professional unskilled

Section B

1. D

2. A

3. C

4. A

5. B

6. C

7. B

8. T

9. T 10. T

11. T 12. T 13. F

Section C

1. D

2. C

3. C

4. B

5. B

6. D

7. B

8. D

Unit 16 World War II

Section A

Word Pretest

66. A

67. A

68. A

69. B

70. B

71. C

72. C

73. A

Reading Comprehension

74. C

75. C

76. C

77. A

78. A

79. A

Vocabulary Building Word Search

80. raid

81. ordeal

82. wail

83. commute

r

84. smash

85. neutral

86. devastat

e

87. armistice

88. disarm

89. grievanc

e

90. puppet

91. appease

ment

Semantic Variations

92. B

93. A

94. B

95. A

96. C

97. B

Stems

98. spectator: an observer of an event

99. inspect: to examine carefully and critically,

especially for flaws

100. inspire: to affect, guide, or arouse by divine

influence

each separately in the order mentioned 101. respectivel

y:

102. suspicious: arousing or apt to arouse suspicon;

questionable

103. expire: to come to an end; to terminate

104. prospect: something expected; a possiblity

a mental view or outlook

105. perspective

:

106. spectacle: something that can be seen or viewed,

especially something of a remarkable or

impressive nature

107. circumspec t: looking round on all sides watchfully; prudent

Synonyms

108. hu

ge

109. ult

imate

110. co

nquer

111. de

adly

112. di

sturba

nce

Close

base undetected took bombed fleet