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建平世纪中学2014届高三周练3英语试题

第I卷(103分)

I. Listening Comprehension (30)

Section A (16)

Directions: Read the following two passages. Fill in each blank with one proper word or the proper form of the given word to make the passage coherent. Make sure that your answers are grammatically correct.

(A)

Directions: Read the following two passages. Fill in each blank with one proper word or the proper form of the given word to make the passage coherent. Make sure that your answers are grammatically correct.

(A)

A mining engineer enjoyed flying very much. One day, he (25)______ (fly) his own plane over a lonely island when a heavy storm came. So he was obliged to make a forced landing. The plane was in good condition, but his legs and shoulder got seriously hurt. After getting out of the plane with great difficulty, he found nothing but high green hills (26)______ (surround) the place. He lay there, expecting to die.

Soon, however, some men appeared from out of the forest, wearing animal skins. Though curious, they were not afraid of him. He was then gently carried to their village, (27)______ he was well treated. His health improved little by little and he became (28)____ friend of the people there. The place was quiet and pleasant and he was in no hurry to leave. They lived mainly on corns which they grew in the field and kept a few goats to get milk. One morning when he was out walking, he discovered (29)_____ he thought were some signs of rich mineral deposits. He decided to return to his country and set up a firm to mine the land. It was not long (30)_____ the peaceful land was taken over by strange men and machines. When there was nothing (31)______ to mine, the firm left. They had made a great deal of money for (32)______ , but the villagers’land was destroyed.

(B)

Advertising cannot be neglected in the present-day market. Indeed, packaging is also an important form of advertising. A package (33)_____ sometimes motivate someone to buy a product. For example, a small child might ask (34)_____ a breakfast food that comes in a box with a picture of a TV character. The child is more interested in the picture than in breakfast food. Pictures for children to color or cut out, games printed on the package, or small gifts inside a box also make many children buy products or ask their parents for them.

Some packages suggests that a buyer will get something for (35)_____. Food products sold in reusable containers are examples of this. Although a similar product in a simple container might cost less, people often prefer to buy the product in a reusable glass or dish, (36)______ they believe the container is free. However, the cost of the container(37) ______ (add) to the cost of the product.

The size of a package also motivates a buyer. Maybe the package has “Economy Size”or “Family size” (38)______ (print) on it. This suggests that the large size has the most product for the (39)_____ (little) money. But that is not always true. (40)______ (find) out, a buyer has to know the price of the basic unit and how the product is sold.

Section B

Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need.

weekly test3

experience electric shocks in their home. A smaller number are electrocuted after __41__ with power lines outside the home. Electric shocks can cause a person’s heart or breathing to stop, can also cause burns and are __42__fatal. It is essential for people to learn basic first aid techniques to deal with such __43__.

If you are the first person to reach someone who has had an electric shock, don’t touch them! If they are still holding the appliance that has given them the shock (eg a hair dryer), unplug it or turn off the power at its source. Under no circumstances, try to move the appliance with your hand!

If you can’t turn off the power, use a p iece of wood, like a broom handle or a chair, to __44__ the victim from the appliance or the power source. You may even be able to do this with a folded newspaper.

The victim must remain lying down. If they are __45__, victims should be placed on their side. But they should not be moved if there is a possibility of neck or spine injuries unless it is __46__ necessary.

It is essential to __47__ the victim’s body heat, so make sure you __48_____ him or her with a blanket before you do anything else. If the victim is not breathing, _49___ mouth-to-mouth resuscitation(复生). Keep the victim’s head low until professional help arrives.

If the electric shock has been caused by an external power line, the __50__ to the victim and to anybody providing first aid are much greater.

III. Reading Comprehension

Section A

Directions:For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A,B,C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context.

What is time? Is it a thing to be saved or spent or wasted, like money? Or is it something we have no __51__ over, like the weather? Is time the same all over the world? That's an easy question, you say. Wherever you go, a minute is 60 seconds, an hour is 60 minutes, a day is 24 hours, and so forth. Well, maybe. But in America, time is more than that. Americans see time as a __52__ resource. Maybe that's why they are fond of the expression, "Time is money."

Because Americans believe time is a limited resource, they try to conserve and manage it. People in the U.S. often attend lectures or read books on time __53__. It seems they all want to __54__ their time better. Professionals carry around pocket planners -- some in electronic form -- to keep __55__ of appointments and deadlines. People do all they can to __56__ more life out of

their time. The early American hero Benjamin Franklin expressed this view best: "Do you love life? Then do not waste time, for that is the stuff life is made of."

To Americans, punctuality is a way of showing __57__ for other people's time. Being more than 10 minutes late to an appointment usually calls for an apology, and maybe an explanation. People who are running late often call ahead to let others know of the __58__. Of course, the less formal the situation, the less important it is to be __59__ on time.

American lifestyles show how much people respect the time of others. When people plan an event, they often set the time days or weeks __60__.If people want to come to your house for a friendly visit, they will usually call first to make sure it is __61__.Also, people __62__to call others late at night for fear they might be in bed. The time may __63__, but most folks think twice about calling after 10:00 p.m.

Even Americans would admit that no one can master time. Time -- like money -- __64__ all too easily through our fingers. And time -- like the weather -- is very hard to __65__. Nevertheless, time is one of life's most precious gifts. And unwrapping it is half the fun.

51. A. effect B. sense C. control D. notice

52. A. natural B. valuable C. financial D. forceful

53. A. management B. establishment C. experiment D. movement

54. A. spare B. pass C. organize D. kill

55. A. track B. account C. secret D. diary

56. A. drive B. push C. release D. squeeze

57. A. respect B. gratitude C. sympathy D. concern

58. A. excuse B. accident C. delay D. schedule

59. A. extremely B. thoroughly C. automatically D. exactly

60. A. on average B. in advance C. for sure D. on purpose

61. A. convenient B. accessible C. casual D. flexible

62. A. fail B. tend C. hesitate D. hate

63. A. change B. vary C. extend D. range

64. A. spends B. disappears C. shrinks D. slips

65. A. capture B. predict C. announce D. classify

Section B

Directions:Read the following four passages.Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B,C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read.

(A)

Six years ago, “Blue”, a South African vervet monkey, was smuggled (走私,偷带)into Singapore by a sailor and sold to a local family who kept him as an illegal pet. As “Blue” grew up, he started to bite. This made the family decide to give him away. They approached the

International Primate Protection League (IPPL) for help but they were not able to find him a new home.

“Blue” eventually ended up in the Singapore Zoo while the locally-based Animal Concerns Research and Education Society (Acres) continued to search for a home for him. The Zoo was unable to keep him permanently because it did not have this species of monkey in its collection and had no plans to exhibit it. Then good news came in February 2009. A sanctuary in Africa offered 'Blue' a permanent home.

When the Singapore Zoo officials took over “Blue”, he was underweig ht. Vervet monkeys eat grass, fruit, nuts and invertebrates, but “Blue'” was fed only rice. The family that kept “Blue”illegally was fined for keeping a vervet monkey because it is a protected species. “Blue” spent about a year in the Singapore Zoo before heading home for Africa.

Apart from vervet monkeys, other endangered animals were not spared. A man tried to smuggle 41 parrot eggs from Singapore to Australia. Fortunately, he was caught by the Australian Customs in Sydney. Had the smuggler been successful in hatching the eggs, he would have made about $319,000 from the sale of these endangered birds.

Of the 41 eggs seized by the Australian customs, five were kept in Australia as evidence to charge the smuggler. The embryos(胚胎)in two of the eggs died, and the other 34 eggs were flown back to Singapore the next day. The Australian authorities decided to donate the eggs to Jurong BirdPark because it had world-class quarantine and excellent conservation facilities. About a month later, the Jurong BirdPark managed to hatch 20 of the eggs. The embryos in the remaining 14 eggs did not develop.

These birds could have been someone's illegal pets or worse, they could have died on their way to Australia. Now they are all happy residents of the Jurong BirdPark.

66.This passage is mainly about _____.

A. smuggling methods

B. parrot eggs

C. vervet monkeys

D. protected animals

67. “Blue” was underweight because_____.

A. the Singapore Zoo was unable to feed it

B. it was only given what it wanted to eat

C. it was not well taken care of by its former owner

D. it ate grass, fruit, nuts and invertebrates

68. Why were five eggs left in Australia?

A. To serve as an evidence to award the Australian Customs.

B. To prove the man smuggled endangered animals.

C. To warn the other smugglers to stop the wildlife trade.

D. To develop the techniques in hatching bird eggs.

69. Which of the following statements is TRUE?

A. The smuggler made a lot of money from the sale of the parrot eggs.

B. More than half of the donated eggs were hatched by the Jurong BirdPark.

C. It’s legal in Singapore to keep a protected animal and take good care of it.

D. “Blue” found its permanent home in a zoo in Australia with excellent facilities.

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70. Which number would you call if you wish to go for the free fitness assessment?

A. 6332 5335.

B. 6332 5333.

C. 6340 9575.

D. 6348

4222.

71. The main aim of the advertisement is to _____.

A. offer special discounts for the NTUC Insurance Scheme

B. give free fitness

assessment on Sundays

C. reward people for staying fit and healthy

D. encourage the whole family to enjoy a

healthier lifestyle

72. George and his two classmates want to take part in the NAPFA Challenge on 19 October. All

the three boys are in Primary 5 and they are taking part for the first time. Which one of the following statements applies to the boys?

A. The three boys are eligible for the lucky draw.

B. The three boys need to pre-register before taking part.

C. The three boys assemble at the stadium at 8.00am.

D. The three boys are too young to take part in the NAPFA Challenge.

73. Which of the following is not correct?

A. It’s a good way to spend quality time with the whole family.

B. As a reward for your achievement, NTUC Income is giving special discounts for the NTUC Insurance Scheme to every award winner.

C. All the participants must gather at any of the stadiums by 7: 45 p.m.

D. The first activity will start at 8:00 a.m.

(C)

Canadians who work night and rotating shifts(轮流换班)are almost twice as likely to be injured on the job than those working regular day shifts, according to a study by researchers at the University of British Columbia. The study, published in the current issue of the Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, examined data on more than 30,000 Canadians collected as part of Statistics Canada's Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics and compared results between workers involved in different types of shift work from 1996-2006. It shows that while the overall rate of work injuries in Canada decreased during this time, the rate of injuries did not decline for night shift workers.

The study also found that the risk of work injury associated with shift work was more pronounced for women, especially if they work rotating shifts.

"The disruption of normal sleep patterns due to shift work can cause drowsiness or exhaustion, which can lead to workplace injuries," says Imelda Wong, a PhD Candidate at UBC's School of Environmental Health and the study's lead author. "Our research shows that people working rotating and night shifts are more likely to experience an injury than those who work regular day hours."

The researchers suggest that because women are more likely to be responsible for childcare and household work, they may have more difficulties adjusting to shift work and maintaining regular sleep schedules.

The number of Canadians working non-standard hours has increased dramatically in recent decades. The number of women in rotating and night shift work increased by 95 per cent during the study period, primarily in the health care sector. For men, the increase was 50 per cent, mostly in manufacturing and trades.

In 2006, 307,000 work-related injury claims associated with shift work represented more than $50.5 million in costs to Canada's workers' compensation system.

"As more and more workers become involved in non-daytime shift work, we may see an increase in injuries, especially among women," says co-author Chris McLeod, a research associate at UBC's Centre for Health Services and Policy Research. "Regulatory agencies and employers need to consider policies and programs to help reduce the risk of injuries among shift workers."

74. According to the passage, the night and rotating shifts will _____.

A. lead to workplace injuries

B. upset normal sleep patterns

C. interfere with childcare and housework

D. cause damage to health

75. The underlined word “pronounced” means _____.

A. considerate

B. acceptable

C. noticeable

D. reduced

76. What can be inferred from the passage?

A. Women will be less involved in non-daytime shift work.

B. Healthcare sector should take in more men workers.

C. Shift workers injured on the job can get more compensation.

D. The rate of work injuries declined for regular day shift workers.

77. The author tries to convince the readers by _____.

A. giving examples

B. quoting authors of the study

C. presenting his own opinions

D. sharing personal experience

Section C

Directions: Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words.

In 2009 alcohol was a factor in 32% of road deaths. Just over 1 in 3 fatal crashes in Western Australia involved at least 1 driver who was over the legal 0.05 limit and 52% of these crashes involved drivers who were 3 times over the legal limit.

It doesn't take much to put drivers over the legal alcohol limit of 0.05 and it is well known that drinking before driving increases your chances of crashing. Studies have shown that drivers are twice as likely to crash with a blood alcohol content (BAC) of 0.05, 7 times as likely with a BAC of 0.08 and 25 times more likely to crash with a BAC of 0.15.

Intoxicated (醉酒的) drivers involved in fatal crashes are 3 times more likely to have been speeding or not wearing a seat belt than sober drivers. Alcohol affects decision-making, reaction times, speed and distance judgments, concentration and perception, balance and alertness. It can also give a driver a false sense of confidence which may encourage him or her to take more risks.

Each year in Western Australia, more than 19,000 people were booked for drink driving. Despite the scientific evidence, many people mistakenly think that after a few drinks they are fit to handle a vehicle or motorcycle. However, most people find it hard to gauge their own blood alcohol level and because everyone is different, a number of things need to be considered before getting behind the wheel. They include the amount of liquor drunk, the period over which it was consumed, your body mass, whether or not you have eaten, your fitness levels and health of your liver.

Alcohol-related fatal crashes cost the Western Australian community in excess of $200 million each year. The hospital and rehabilitation costs of alcohol-related crashes where people are seriously injured are even higher.

(Note: Answer the questions or complete the statements in NO MORE THAN FIFTEEN WORDS)

78. The figures in paragraph 1 indicate that ________________________________________.

79. When your BAC is three times the legal limit, you’re ________________________________.

80. Why are drunken drivers more likely to take risks?_________________________________

81.Two men of the same weight drank the same amount of wine at the same time, and neither of

them ate anything, so their BAC results should be the same. Is it right? Why?

___________________________________________________________________________ _.

第Ⅱ卷(共47分)

Ⅰ.Translation(22分)

Directions: Translate the following sentences into English. You are required to use the word given in the bracket for each respective sentence.

1. 阅读电子书籍渐渐成为年轻人的新时尚。(trend)

2. 沪杭高铁线使旅途时间缩短到一个小时。(cut)

3. 经过一个月的重新装饰,中国馆(pavilion)再次向公众开放。(reopen)

4. 令同学们高兴的是他们在假期中也能使用学校图书馆。(access n.)

5. 网络在我们日常生活中起了举足轻重的作用,以至于当不能上网时人们感到无所适从。

(loss)