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初中英语定语从句练习题71094

初中英语定语从句练习题(一)

一、选择填空

1. Don’t talk about such things of _______ you are not sure.

A. which

B. What

C. as

D. those

2. Is this the factory __________ you visited the other day?

A. that

B. Where

C. in which

D. the one

3. Is this factory __________ some foreign friends visited last Friday?

A. that

B. where

C. which

D. the one

4. Is this the factory __________ he worked ten years ago?

A. that

B. where

C. which

D. the one

5. The wolves hid themselves in the places __________ couldn’t be found.

A. that

B. Where

C. in which

D. in that

6. The freezing point is the temperature __________ water changes into ice.

A. at which

B. on that

C. in which

D. of what

7. This book will show you __________ can be used in other contexts..

A. how you have observed

B. what you have observed

C. that you have observed

D. how that you have observed

8. The reason is __________ he is unable to operate the machine.

A. because

B. why

C. that

D. whether

9. I’ll tell you __________ he told me last week.

A. all which

B. That

C. all that

D. which

10. That tree, __________ branches are almost bare, is very old.

A. whose

B. of which

C. in which

D. on which

11. I have bought the same dress __________ she is wearing.

A. as

B. That

C. which

D. what

12. He failed in the examination, __________ made his father very angry.

A. which

B. it

C. that

D. what

13. We’re talking about the piano and the pianist _______ were in the concert we attended last night.

A. Which

B. whom

C. who

D. that

14. The girl ________ an English song in the next room is Tom’s sister.

A. who is singing

B. is singing

C. sang

D. was singing

15. Those ___ not only from books but also through practice will succeed.

A. learn

B. Who

C. that learns

D. who learn

16. Anyone ________ this opinion may speak out.

A. that against

B. that against

C. who is against

D. who are

against

17. Didn’t you see the man ________?

A. I nodded just now

B. whom I nodded just now

C. I nodded to him just now

D. I nodded to just now

18. Can you lend me the novel ______ the other day?

A. that you talked

B. you talked about it

C. which you talked with

D. you talked about

19. Is there anything _______ to you?

A. that is belonged

B. that belongs

C. that belong

D. which belongs

20. ---- “How do you like the book?”

---- “It’s quite different from _______ I read last month.”

A. that

B. which

C. the one

D. the one what

21. Mr. Zhang gave the textbook to all the pupils except _____ who had lready taken them.

A. the ones

B. ones

C. Some

D. the others

22. The train _______ she was travelling was late.

A. which

B. Where

C. on which

D. in that

23. He has lost the key to the drawer _______ the papers are kept.

A. where

B. in which

C. under which

D. which

24. Antarctic _______ we know very little is covered with thick ice all the year round.

A. Which

B. Where

C. That

D. about which

25. It’s the third time _______ late this month.

A. that you arrived

B. when you arrived

C. that you’ve arrived

D. when you’ve arrived

26. It was in 1969 _______the American astronaut succeeded in landing on the moon.

A. that

B. which

C. when

D. in which

27. May the fourth is the day ______ we Chinese people will never forget.

A. which

B. When

C. on which

D. about which

28. We are going to spend the Spring Festival in Guangzhou, _______ live my grandparents and some relatives.

A. Which

B. That

C. Who

D. where

29. The hotel _______ during our holidays stands by the seaside.

A. we stayed at

B. where we stayed at

C. we stayed

D. in that we stayed

30. Is it in that factory _______ “Red Flag” cars are produced?

A. in which

B. Where

C. Which

D. that

31. It is the Suez Canal _______ separates Asia ______ Africa.

A. which, to

B. where, from

C. that, from

D. that, with

32. Under the bridge, however, almost directly below, _______ was a small canoe, with a boy in it.

A. There

B. Where

C. it

D. which

33. He is not ______ a fool _______.

A. such, as he is looked

B. such, as he looks

C. as, as he is looked

D. so, as he looks

34. Is that the reason _______ you are in favour of the proposal?

A. Which

B. what

C. Why

D. for that

35. He must be from Africa, _______ can be seen from his skin.

A. that

B. as

C. Who

D. what

36. He has two sons, _______ work as chemists.

A. two of whom

B. both of whom

C. both of which

D. all of whom

37. I, _______ your good friend, will try my best to help you out.

A. who is

B. who am

C. that is

D. what is

38. He is a man of great experience, _______ much can be learned.

A. who

B. that

C. from which

D. from whom

39. ---- Do you know the town at all?

--- No, this is the first time I ________ here.

A. was

B. have been

C. Came

D. am coming

40. I don’t like _______ you speak to her.

A. the way

B. the way in that

C. the way which

D. the way of which

41. The two things _______ they felt very proud are Jim’s gold watch and Della’s hair.

A. about which

B. of which

C. in which

D. for which

42. The dinner was the most expensive meal we ______.

A. would have

B. have had

C. had never had

D. had ever had

43. Do you know which hotel _______?

A. she is staying

B. she is staying in

C. is she staying

D. is she staying in

44. There is only one thing _______ I can do.

A. what

B. that C . all D. which

45. Who can think of a situation ________ this idiom can be used?

A. Which

B. that

C. Where

D. in that

46. I have many books, some of _______ are on chemistry.

A. them

B. that

C. Which

D. those

47. They were interested _______ you told them.

A. in which

B. in that

C. all that

D. in everything

48. The astronaut did many experiments in the spaceship, ________ much help for knowing space.

A. which we think it is

B. which we think are of

C. of which we think is

D. I think which is of

49. The great day we looked forward to _______ at last.

A. come

B. came

C. coming

D. comes

50. I like the second football match _______ was held last week.

A. which

B. who

C. that

D. /

初中英语定语从句练习题(二)

1. A football fan(球迷) is _____ has a strong interest in football.

A. a thing that

B. something that

C. a person who

D. what

2. The house, _____ was destroyed in the terrible fire, has been repaired.

A. the roof of which

B. which roof

C. its roof

D. the roof

3. Can you lend me the novel _____ the other day?

A. that you talked

B. you talked about it

C. which you talked with

D. you talked about

4. The matter _____ you were arguing about last night has been settled.

A. That

B. What

C. why

D. for which

5. They talked for about an hour of things and persons _____ they remembered in the school.

A. which

B. that

C. who

D. whom

6. Who _____ has common sense(常识) will do such a thing?

A. which

B. who

C. whom

D. that

7. All the apples _____ fell down were eaten by the pigs.

A. that

B. those

C. Which

D. what

8. They asked him to tell them everything _____ he saw at the front.

A. what

B. that

C. which

D. where

9. I’ll tell you _____ he told me last night.

A. all which

B. all what

C. that all

D. all

10. A child _____ parents are dead is called an orphan.

A. who

B. who’s

C. whose

D. which

11. Is this the museum _____ you visited the other day?

A. that

B. Where

C. in which

D. the one

12. Is this museum _____ some German friends visited last Wednesday?

A. that

B. Where

C. in which

D. the one

13. -How do you like the book?

-It’s quite different from _____ I read last month.

A. that

B. which

C. the one

D. the one what

14. Which sentence is wrong?

A. The finger I dipped into the cup was not the one I put it into my mouth.

B. Do you know the boy who jumped onto the platform?

C. Science and new technology have made it possible for farmers to produce more food on the same amount of land.

D. People in ancient times took it for granted that the sun moved round the earth.

15. The train _____ she was traveling was late.

A. Which

B. where

C. on which

D. in that

16. He has lost the key to the drawer _____ the papers are kept.

A. Where

B. on which

C. under which

D. which

17. Antarctic _____ we know very little is covered with thick ice all the year round.

A. which

B. where

C. that

D. about which

18. It’s the third time _____ late this month.

A. that you arrived

B. when you arrived

C. that you’ve arrived

D.when you’ve arrived

19. He often helps the students _____ he thinks are not quick at their studies.

A. Whom

B. Who

C. when

D. because

20. The Second World War _____ millions of people were killed ended in 1945.

A. When

B. during that

C. in which

D. which

21. He was born in the year _____ the Anti-Japanese War broke out.

A. Which

B. When

C. on which

D. during which

22. Mr. Crossett will never forget the day _____ he spent with his various students.

A. when

B. which

C. during which

D. on which

23. This is just the place _____ I am longing to visit these years.

A. that

B. where

C. in which

D. to where

24. We are going to spend the Spring festival in Guangzhou, _____ live my grandparents and some relatives.

A. Which

B. that

C. Who

D. where

25. The hotel _____ during our holidays stands by the seaside.

A. we stayed at

B. where we stayed at

C. we stayed

D. in that we stayed

26. I have bought the same dress _____ she is wearing.

A. as

B. that

C. which

D. than

27. He is not _____ a fool _____.

A. such/as he is looked

B. such/as he looks

C. as/as he is looked

D. so/as he looks

28. Is that the reason _____ you are in favor of the proposal?

A. which

B. what

C. Why

D. for that

29. Some of the roads were flooded, _____ made our journey more difficult.

A. which

B. it

C. what

D. that

30. He must be from Africa, _____ can be seen from his skin.

A. That

B. as

C. who

D. what

31. He has two sons, _____ work as chemists.

A. two of whom

B. both of whom

C. both of which

D. all of whom

32. The buses, _____ were already full, were surrounded by an angry crowd.

A. most of that

B. which most

C. most of which

D. that most

33. My glasses, _____ I was like a blind man, fell to the ground and broke.

A. which

B. with which

C. without which

D. that

34. Mr. Wu, _____ everybody likes, is going to give us a talk on chemistry.

A. whom

B. That

C. which

D. /

35. This is Mr. Smith, _____ I think has something interesting to tell us.

A. Who

B. Whom

C. that

D. /

36. _____, the compass was first made in China.

A. It is know to all

B. It is known that

C. We all know

D. As is known to all

37. I, _____ your good friend, will try my best to help you out.

A. who is

B. who am

C. that is

D. what is

38. He is a man of great experience, _____ much can be learned.

A. who

B. that

C. from which

D. from whom

39. It was such a serious mistake, _____ caused by carelessness.

A. which I think was

B. which I think it was

C. I think which was

D. I think which it was

40. He lived in London for 3 months, during _____ he picked up some English.

A. This

B. Which

C. that

D. when

41. The general at last got a chance to visit the village _____ he used to fight, _____ he had been dreaming of for years.

A. that/which

B. where/that

C. in which/what

D.

where/which

42. I will hire the man _____ they say is a good English speaker.

A. Who

B. That

C. which

D. whom

43. He has to work on Sundays, _____ he does not like.

A. and which

B. which

C. and when

D. when

44. I gave him a warning, _____ he turned a deaf ear.

A. of which

B. for which

C. to that

D. to which

45. My father has made me _____ I am.

A. who

B. which

C. what

D. that

46. She is one of the few girls who _____ passed the examination.

A. Was

B. were

C. has

D. have

47. He is my son, _____ a better son does not exist.

A. but

B. than who

C. against whom

D. than whom

48. As many members _____ were present agreed to the plan.

A. Who

B. that

C. which

D. as

49. You may call on me from one to five o’clock, during _____ I am always at home.

A. the time

B. what time

C. that time

D. which time

50. China is the birthplace of kites, _____ kiteflying(放风筝) spread to Japan, Korea, Thailand and India.

A. from there

B. Where

C. from where

D. there

Keys

[参考答案]

一、1—5 AADBA 6—10 ABCCA 11—15 AADAD 16—20 CDDBC 21—25 ACBDC 26—30 AADAD

31—35 CABCB 36—40 BBDBA 41—45 BDBBC 46—50 CDBBC

二、1-5 CADAB 6-10 DABDC 11-15 ADCAC 16-20 ADCBC

21-25 BBADA 26-30 ABCAB 31-35 BCCAA 36-40 DBDAB

41-45 DABDC 46-50 DCDDC

一、定语从句的概念

在复合句中,修饰某一名词或代词的从句叫定语从句。被修饰的名词或代词叫先行词,定语从句一般放在先行词的后面。

二、定语从句的关系词

引导定语从句的关系词有关系代词和关系副词,常见的关系代词包括

that,which,who(宾格whom,所有格whose)等,关系副词包括

where,when,why等。关系代词和关系副词放在先行词及定语从句之间起连接作用,同时又作定语从句的重要成分。

三、定语从句的分类

根据定语从句与先行词的关系,定语从句可分为限制性定语从句及非限制性定语从句。限制性定语从句紧跟先行词,主句与从句不用逗号分开,从句不可省去,非限制性定语从句主句与从句之间有逗号分开,起补充说明作用,如省去,意思仍完整。

四、关系代词的用法

1. that 既可以用于指人,也可以用于指物。在从句中作主语或宾语,作主语时不可省略,作宾语可省略。例如:

Mary likes music that is quiet and gentle.玛丽喜欢轻柔的音乐。(that 作主语)

The coat (that)I put on the desk is blue.我放在桌子上的那件外套是蓝色的。(that作宾语)

2.which用于指物,在句中作主语或宾语,作主语不可省略,作宾语可省略。例如:

The building which stands near the train station is a supermarket.位于火车站附近的那座大楼是一家超市。(作主语)

The film (which)we saw last night was wonderful. 我们昨天晚上看的那部电影很好看。(作宾语)

3.who,whom用于指人,who 用作主语,whom用作宾语。在口语中,有时可用who代替whom,也可省略。例如:

The girl who often helps me with my English is from England.经常在英语方面帮助我的那个女孩是英国人。(作主语)

Who is the teacher (whom)Li Ming is talking to?正在与李明谈话的老师是谁?(作宾语)

注意:(1)当定语从句中含有介词,介词放在句末时,who,that,which

可省略,但介词在关系代词前时,只能用“介词+which/whom”结构。例如:This is the house in which we lived last year.这是我们去年居住的房子。

Please tell me from whom you borrowed the English novel.请告诉我你从谁那借的这本英文小说。

(2)含有介词的固定动词词组中,介词不可前置,只能放在原来的位置上。例如:

This is the person whom you are looking for. 这就是你要找的那个人。

(3)that 作介词的宾语时,介词不能放它的前面,只能放在从句中动词的后面。例如:

The city that she lives in is very far away.她居住的城市非常远。

(4)关系词只能用that的情况:

a. 先行词被序数词或形容词最高级所修饰,或本身是序数词、基数词、形容词最高级时,只能用that,而不用which.例如:

He was the first person that passed the exam. 他是第一个通过考试的人。

b.被修饰的先行词为

all,any,much,many,everything,anything,none,the one等不定代词时,只能用that,而不用which.例如:

Is there anything that you want to buy in the shop?你在商店里有什么东西要买吗?

c.先行词被the only,the very,the same,the last,little,few 等词修饰时,只能用that,而不用which.例如:

This is the same bike that I lost.这就是我丢的那辆自行车。

d. 先行词里同时含有人或物时,只能用that,而不用which.例如:

I can remember well the persons and some pictures that I saw in the room.我能清楚记得我在那个房间所见到的人和一些照片。

e.以who或which引导的特殊疑问句,为避免重复,只能用that.例如:

Who is the girl that is crying?正在哭泣的那个女孩是谁?

f.主句是there be 结构,修饰主语的定语从句用that,而不用which.例如:

There is a book on the desk that belongs to Tom. 桌子上那本书是汤姆的。

(5)关系词只能用which,而不用that 的情况:

a.先行词为that,those时,用which,而不用that.例如:

What’s that which is under the desk?在桌子底下的那些东西是什么?

b.关系代词前有介词时,一般用which,而不用that.例如:

This is the room in which he lives. 这是他居住的房间。

c.引导非限制性定语从句,用which,而不用that.例如:

Tom came back,which made us happy. 汤姆回来了,这使我们很高兴。

五、关系副词的用法

(1)when指时间,其先行词表示时间,在句中作时间状语。例如:

This was the time when he arrived.这是他到达的时间。

(2)where指地点,其先行词表示地点,在句中作地点状语。例如:This is place where he works.这是他工作的地点。

(3)why 指原因,其先行词是原因,起原因状语作用。例如:

Nobody knows the reason why he is often late for school.

自我测试/ Test Yourself

1. -Do you know the man ______is talking with your father?

-Yes,he’s our headmaster.

A. he

B. who

C. which

D. whom

2. Is this the river _____I can swim?

A. which

B. in which

C. that

D. the one

3. This is the best hotel in the city _____I know.

A. where

B. which

C. that

D. it

4. Can you lend me the dictionary ______the other day?

A. that you bought

B. you bought it

C. that you bought it

D. which you bought it

5. Anyone ______with what I said may put up you hands.

A. which agrees

B. who agree

C. who agrees

D. which agree

6. My watch is not the only thing ______ is missing.

A. that

B. it

C. which who

7. The man ______coat is black is waiting at the gate

A. who’s

B. whose

C. that of which.

8. The girl ______ is reading under the tree _____my sister.

A. which;is

B. whom;was

C. who;is

D. who;was

9. I love places ______the people are really friendly.

A. that

B. which

C. where

D. who

10. The world ______ is made up of matter.

A. in that we live

B. on which we live

C. where we live in

D. we live in

Ⅱ. 用适当的关系代词that,which,who,whom填空。

1. The first thing ______you must do is to have a meal.

2. April 1st is the day _____is called April Fool’s Day in the west.

3. The family _____had lost everything in a big fire got much help from their friends.

4. The house _____we live in is very old.

5. Didn’t you see the man ______I talked with just now?

参考答案:

I. 1-5BBCAC 6-10 ABCCD

Ⅱ. 1. that 2. which / that 3. who / that 4. that / which 5. who/ whom/