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专题三 形容词与副词

专题三形容词与副词

1. Having failed in many attempts, the bird __________ managed to escape from the cage.

A suddenly B. naturally C immediately D. eventually

2. I think the Red Team will win the final game;it’s_________ that they will.

A. almost surely

B. rather possibly

C. quite certainly

D. very likely

3. As he has been well trained, this young man is__________ to be a teacher.

A. delighted

B. possible

C. qualified

D. unable

4. The police always take advantage of dog’s____________ sense of smell to search for something.

A. sharp

B. sensitive

C. sensible

D. smart

5. The increase of the number of the students makes the limited computers not_______ to each student.

A. available B affordable C. helpful D. acceptable

6. He enjoys a cup of coffee sometimes, but__________ he drinks tea.

A. mostly

B. almost

C. most

D. nearly

7. Jiuzhai Valley is far from big cities.__________ , it attracts people from all over the country for its beautiful scenery.

A. Still

B. Besides

C. Instead

D. Therefore

8. Hoping to be stronger to compete with the world’s best, Murray has put on about 4kg by eating twice as much as his__________ amount.

A. common

B. ordinary

C. formal

D. usual

9. They offered______ prices for her paintings, which made her parents and teachers surprised but happy.

A. unbelievable

B. acceptable

C. agreeable

D. sociable

10. —Canada is__________ colder than China. —Are you joking? It’s___________ colder.

A. a little; more

B. little; more

C. a little; much

D. little; much

11. If you sleep short of 7 hours, you are three times___________ to catch a cold.

A. possible

B. certainly

C. probable

D. likely

12. He speaks English well indeed, but of course not__________ a native speaker.

A. as fluent as

B. more fluent than

C. so fluently as

D. much fluently than

13.___________ speaking, I would say that about five hundred people attended the opening ceremony.

A. Roughly

B. Generally

C. Honestly

D. Constantly

14. You can’t go out since you haven’t finished your homework;___________, it is a stormy night.

A. anyhow

B. meanwhile

C. therefore

D. besides

15. —I guess you are fond of driving.

—Not really. I do it____________ because I have to get to work each day.

A. generally

B. exactly

C. normally

D. simply

16.—Have their living conditions improved? —No,___________ than before, I’m afraid.

A. no better

B. a little better

C. not worse

D. no worse

17. The coach should make his players__________ of what is happening in the team.

A. sensitive

B. conscious

C. awake

D. aware

18. Running a company is not____________ a matter of hiring people-they also need to be trained.

A. simply

B. partly

C. seriously

D. equally

19. —Will you be___________ this afternoon,Samuel? —It depends. I’m afraid I’ll watch NBA.

A. suitable

B. convenient

C. accurate

D. available

20. Rome was not built in one day. You should set___________ goals and work hard to achieve them.

A. alternative

B. considerable

C. subjective

D. realistic

21. Would it be___________ for you to pick me up at four o’clock and take me to the airport?

A. free

B. vacant

C. handy

D. convenient

22. The boat is__________ small, we can’t put food in it.

A. much too; so many

B. much too; too much

C. too much; much too

D. too much; so much

23. She devoted herself___________ to her research and it earned her a good reputation in her field.

A. strongly

B. extremely

C. entirely

D. freely

24. Americans eat____________ vegetables per person today as they did in 1910.

A. more than twice

B. as twice as many

C. twice as many as

D. more than twice as many

25. The boy is__________ to take care of himself.

A. enough old

B. enough young

C. older enough

D. old enough

专题三形容词与副词

1. Having failed in many attempts, the bird __________ managed to escape from the cage.

A suddenly B. naturally C immediately D. eventually

解析:选D。考查副词词义辨析。句意为:经过多次尝试后,小鸟最后从笼子里逃走了。eventually表示“最后,终于”。

2. I think the Red Team will win the final game;it’s_________ that they will.

A. almost surely

B. rather possibly

C. quite certainly

D. very likely

解析:选D。考查词性和词义。此处需要形容词作表语,故A、B和C项(副词)错误,选D,构成“It is likely that ...”句型。

3. As he has been well trained, this young man is__________ to be a teacher.

A. delighted

B. possible

C. qualified

D. unable

解析:选C。考查形容词词义辨析。句意为:因为受过良好的培训,所以那个年轻人有资格成为一名老师。qualified“有资格的,具备资格的”。

4. The police always take advantage of dog’s____________ sense of smell to search for something.

A. sharp

B. sensitive

C. sensible

D. smart

解析:选A。考查形容词词义辨析。句意为:警察利用狗的敏锐的嗅觉来寻找某物,故选A。

5. The increase of the number of the students makes the limited computers not_______ to each student.

A. available B affordable C. helpful D. acceptable

解析:选A。考查形容词词义辨析。句意为:学生增多,而电脑有限,所以,不是每个学生都能用电脑。故选available,表示“可利用的,可得到的”。

6. He enjoys a cup of coffee sometimes, but__________ he drinks tea.

A. mostly

B. almost

C. most

D. nearly

解析:选A。考查副词词义辨析。因为喝咖啡只是偶然的事情,故大多数时候喝茶,故选A。almost意为“几乎”;mostly主要地;通常。

7. Jiuzhai Valley is far from big cities.__________ , it attracts people from all over the country for its beautiful scenery.

A. Still

B. Besides

C. Instead

D. Therefore

解析:选A。考查副词词义辨析。still表示“仍然,还有”;besides表示“而且”,常构成递进关系;instead “相反,取而代之”;therefore“因此”,表示因果关系,故选A。

8. Hoping to be stronger to compete with the world’s best, Murray has put on about 4kg by eating twice as much as his__________ amount.

A. common

B. ordinary

C. formal

D. usual

解析:选D。考查形容词词义辨析。common指“司空见惯的常常”;ordinary指“不特殊的一般”;formal 指“符合标准的;正式的”;usual指“经常的,常见的习惯,行为”。

9. They offered______ prices for her paintings, which made her parents and teachers surprised but happy.

A. unbelievable

B. acceptable

C. agreeable

D. sociable

解析:选A。考查形容词词义辨析。根据后句的surprised和but happy 可知,应选unbelievable“难以置信的”。

10. —Canada is__________ colder than China. —Are you joking? It’s___________ colder.

A. a little; more

B. little; more

C. a little; much

D. little; much

解析:选C。考查形容词的比较级。因为后面有joking,所以前后两句应有较大的语意差异,故选C。

11. If you sleep short of 7 hours, you are three times___________ to catch a cold.

A. possible

B. certainly

C. probable

D. likely

解析:选D。考查形容词词义辨析。只有likely可构成sb. is likely to do 结构。

12. He speaks English well indeed, but of course not__________ a native speaker.

A. as fluent as

B. more fluent than

C. so fluently as

D. much fluently than 解析:选C。考查副词的比较级。因为是修饰speaks所以用fluently, not so fluently as修饰speaks English。

13.___________ speaking, I would say that about five hundred people attended the opening ceremony.

A. Roughly

B. Generally

C. Honestly

D. Constantly

解析:选A。考查副词词义辨析。roughly speaking 意为“简单地说,粗略地说”,故选A。

14. You can’t go out since you haven’t finished your homework;___________, it is a stormy night.

A. anyhow

B. meanwhile

C. therefore

D. besides

解析:选D。考查副词词义辨析。鉴于两个不能出去的并列原因同时存在,故选D,besides表示“而且”。

15. —I guess you are fond of driving.

—Not really. I do it____________ because I have to get to work each day.

A. generally

B. exactly

C. normally

D. simply

解析:选A。考查副词词义辨析。鉴于前面的否定回答,原因的解释主要是因为“我”通常是必须开车上班,故选generally。

16.—Have their living conditions improved? —No,___________ than before, I’m afraid.

A. no better

B. a little better

C. not worse

D. no worse

解析:选A。考查比较级的用法。no better than表示“前者和后者都不好”。

17. The coach should make his players__________ of what is happening in the team.

A. sensitive

B. conscious

C. awake

D. aware

解析:选D。考查形容词词义辨析。be aware of 意识到,知道。

18. Running a company is not____________ a matter of hiring people-they also need to be trained.

A. simply

B. partly

C. seriously

D. equally

解析:选A。考查副词词义辨析。not simply 并非仅仅。partly 部分地;seriously 严肃地;认真地;equally 等同于。

19. —Will you be___________ this afternoon,Samuel? —It depends. I’m afraid I’ll watch NBA.

A. suitable

B. convenient

C. accurate

D. available

解析:选D。考查形容词词义辨析。suitable合适的;convenient方便的;accurate精确的;available可得到的。

20. Rome was not built in one day. You should set___________ goals and work hard to achieve them.

A. alternative

B. considerable

C. subjective

D. realistic

解析:选D。考查形容词词义辨析. alternative可选择的;considerable 大量的;subjective 主观的;realistic 现实的,实际的。

21. Would it be___________ for you to pick me up at four o’clock and take me to the airport?

A. free

B. vacant

C. handy

D. convenient

解析:选D。考查形容词词义辨析。句意为:你方便在四点的时候来接我并送我到机场吗?free自由的,免费的;vacant空白的;handy手边的;convenient方便的。

22. The boat is__________ small, we can’t put food in it.

A. much too; so many

B. much too; too much

C. too much; much too

D. too much; so much 解析:选B。too much太多的……,too是用来加强much的,后加不可数名词;much too非常,太,much 是用来加强too的,后接形容词或副词。

23. She devoted herself___________ to her research and it earned her a good reputation in her field.

A. strongly

B. extremely

C. entirely

D. freely

解析:选C。考查副词词义辨析。句意为:她把自己完全投入到研究中去,这为她在这一领域赢得了良好声誉。strongly坚强地;extremely极其,非常;entirely完全地;freely自由地;免费地。

24. Americans eat____________ vegetables per person today as they did in 1910.

A. more than twice

B. as twice as many

C. twice as many as

D. more than twice as many 解析:选D。考查比较级和倍数的表达法。more than表示比较,“比……多;多于……”;“倍数+as+形容词/副词的原级+as ...”是一种固定的倍数表达方式。

25. The boy is__________ to take care of himself.

A. enough old

B. enough young

C. older enough

D. old enough

解析:选D。enough修饰形容词时,应位于形容词之后,且形容词必须用原形。