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语法填空纯空格技巧

英语语法填空纯空格解题技巧

—细读上下文,理清句子结构和逻辑关系。

语法填空共10个挖空地方,满分15分。其中有3个纯空格,即没有给出提示词,要求考生直接在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)。这类空格一般填写冠词、代词、介词或连词这四类词。考生需要通过理解文章结构和逻辑关系来进行判断到底填入哪种类型的具体哪一个词。

(一)填限定词

在名词前面,一般需要限定词(冠词、形容词性物主代词、不定代词)。

语法填空纯空格技巧

解题技巧:

第一步:分析句子结构。若空格后的名词或者"形容词+名词"前没有形容词性物主代词、不定代词、冠词等限定词时,很可能是填限定词。

第二步:理解句子意思。根据所需意义选择恰当的限定语,如需"一(个、座、次……)"填不定冠词,需"某人的"填物主代词,需"其它的"填other。Exercise:

(1)My name is Jack, ______ middle school s tudent.

(2) English is spoken all over _______ world.

(3) Mary sent _______ expensive gift to me yesterday.

(二) 填代词

(1) 人称代词主格:______________________________________________

(2) 人称代词宾格:______________________________________________

注意:通常来说,填在谓语前面,需要从____________里挑选;填在谓语动词或介词后面,需要从___________里挑选。务必要认真理解句子的前后逻辑意义。

解题技巧:

第一步:分析句子结构。若句子缺主语,则要填代词主格、指示代词、不定代词或it;若动词或介词后面缺宾语,则要填代词的宾格、指示代词、不定代词或it。如果该宾格与主语是同一人,应用反身代词。

第二步:理解句子意思。根据各个代词的意义和用法,以及句子所需的意义,填入合适的代词。

Exercise:

(1) The student asked his teacher, “Sir, the water is terrible. Why did you pretend to like_____?

(2) In old times, a man was anxious to help his rice crop grow quickly. He was thinking about _____ day and night.

(3)Behind him were other people to whom he was trying to talk, but after some minutes ________ walked away and sat near me, looking annoyed.

(三)填介词

若纯空格后面是名词、代词或动名词,且它们不是在句子中作主语时,那么这个空格很可能是填介词。因为名词和代词最典型的用法是作主语或宾语,既然不作主语和动词的宾语,就应是作介词的宾语了,所以要填介词。

解题技巧:

第一步:若空格后是名词、代词、动名词或what从句,且他们不是作主语或作动词的宾语时,很可能就是填介词。

第二步:根据具体的语境或空格所在的句子意思来确定填哪个介词。Exercise:

固定搭配举例: (1) look forward ________ sth / doing sth

( 盼望某事/ 做一件事….)

(2) come ________ China (来自中国)

(3) buy sth. ________ sb. (给某人买某物)

(4) rely _______sb./sth. (依赖某人或某事物)

Examples:

(1) So his father decided to have a talk _________ him.

(2) Luckily, the dolphin didn’t die. ________ a long time, it became well again.

(3) People can’t live ___________ water and food.

(四)填连接词

若并列的两个或几个单词或短语之间没有连词,填表示联合、选择、转折等意义的连词(and/but/so/or);若是两个独立句子(两个独立主谓关系),则可能是填并列连词;若是主从复合句,则可能填从属连词。

(1) 连词:_____________________________________________

(2) 从属连词:(用于引导状语从句、定语从句和名词性从句)

a. 状语从句引导词:_____________________________________________

b. 定语从句引导词:

关系代词:物:__________________

人:__________________

所有格:__________

关系副词:________________________________________

c. 名词性从句引导词: ___________________________________________

解题技巧:

第一步:分析结构,若两个句子(有两个主谓结构)之间,没有句号或分号,也没有连接词,空格必填连接词(此处的连接词包括并列连词,如:and, but, or, while, so, for等;引导状语从句的从属连词;引导定语从句的关系代词和关系副词;引导名词性从句的连接代词、连接副词和连词that, if, whether)。

第二步:根据两句之间的意义和逻辑关系,或根据句式结构来确定是并列结构还是某种主从复合句。

第三步:若是主从复合句,要根据从句的特点,结合连词的意义和作用,确定填具体的某个连接词。

Exercise:

(1) I like all kinds of fruits, such as apples, pears _________ oranges.

(2) The Great Wall is one of the greatest wonders in the world, ___________ is visited by many tourists every year.

(3) All the other students wondered _________the boy would do.

(4) Jack’s parents began to worry ___________ they did not know what was wrong with him.

(5) One day, I got a phone call from a friend ________ asked me for help.

(6) Can you tell me ______I can keep healthy?

(9) I will never forget the day _______ we met each other for t he first time.

(10) We want to know ________ the school sports meeting will be held next week. (四)填情态动词和助动词

语法填空纯空格技巧

解题技巧:

若句子结构较完整,空格后的谓语动词是原形,特别是与上下文时态不一致或主谓不一致时,很可能是填情态动词,或强调谓语的do, does, did, 或构成部分倒装的助动词do,does,did等;

【典型例析】

1. Listen to these words from Darwin P.Kingsley: "You have powers you never dreamed of. You can do things you never thought you ________do. There are no limitations in what you can do except the limitations of your own mind."

2. I explained that while I didn’t carry any cash, I________happen to have a new blanket, and asked him if he could use it. He was thrilled.

Consolidation:

(1) Mike has the bad habit of smoking, which drives ________ family crazy.

(2) I sat next to the man and introduced myself. We had_________ amazing

conversation.

(3) But she quickly realized that it wasn’t her, it was probably the fact that she sat in ________ last row.

(4) After the student left, the teacher let _______ student taste the water.

(5)The head of the village was tying up his horse to my car to pull it to ________small town some 20 kilometers away where there was a garage.

(1)I rose from my seat I sat next to the man and introduced myself. We had an amazing conversation. He got off the bus before me and I felt very happy the rest of the way home. I’m glad I made a choice. It made ______ of us feel good.

(2)"Do you need those glasses for medical reasons?"...Then he took________ off, gave a big smile and said,

"That is cool."

(3)The girl bought a shirt for her father and was sure that it would please________.

(4) The three boys failed in the exam and ________ were afraid to be scolded by their parents.

(1) When we have grown up, we should not depend ________ our parents.

(2) Susa n, can you help me send this letter ______ Mary?

(3) To my surprise, Mike’s basket was full _____ fishes.

(4)The new boy looked at the teacher _______ a few seconds and all the other students wondered what the boy would do.

(5)The only reason a man would sell sale________ a lower price would be because he

wait desperate for money.

(1) Behind him were other people to ________ he was trying to talk,...

(2) _______ he thought he could escape attention by sitting at the back, he was

wrong.

(3) The new boy looked at the teacher for a few seconds and all the other students wondered _________ the boy would do.

(4) Suddenly, I understood _________he had said.

(5) John missed the first bus, _______ he was late for school.

(6) _______ it rains tomorrow, we will put off the football game.

(7) As a teacher, I don’t know the reason _______ many students like playing computer games so much.