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语法术语英汉对照

A

Active sentence主动句

Active voice 主动态

Ability能力

Absolute construction独立结构Abstract noun 抽象名词

Adjective形容词

Adjunct修饰性状语

Adverb副词

Adverb of degree程度副词

Adverb of frequency频度副词Adverb of manner 方式副词

Adverb of place地点副词

Adverb of time

Adverbial状语

Adverbial clause of cause原因状语分句

Adverbial clause of concession让步Adverbial clause of condition条件Adverbial clause of manner方式Adverbial clause of place

Adverbial clause of time

Adverbial clause of purpose Adverbial clause of result

Adverb phrase副词短语

Affix词缀

Allomorph词素变体

Alternative form替换形式Alternative question选择性疑问句Attachment rule 依照法则

Analytic form分析形式

Anaphoric reference 后照应Anaphoric specific reference后照应特指

Antecedent先行项

Anticipatory it 先行it

Antonym反义词

Appositive同位语

Appropriacy适合性

Aspect体

Assertive word肯定词

Attribute 定语

Attribute clause定语从句

Auxiliary助动词B

Bare infinitive 不带to不定式

Base form 原形

Basic clause type 分句基本类型

Basic form 基本形式

Be-passive be-型被动态

Be-subjunctive be-型虚拟式

Bound morpheme 粘附词素

C

Cardinal numeral基数词

Case格

Cataphoric reference 前兆应Cataphoric special reference前照应特指Central adjective中心形容词

Central determiner中位限定词Clausal substitution 分词性替代Clause分句

Clause element分句成分

Cleft sentence分裂句

Climax层进法

Closed class封闭词类

Cohesion粘着性

Coherence连贯性

Collection noun集体名词

Combining form 组合形式Command / imperative sentence 祈使句Common case 通格

Common noun 普通名词Communicative function交际功能Comparative clause比较分句Comparative degree比较级Comparative reference比较照应Complementation 补足成分

Complex clause复杂句

Complex preposition复杂介词Complex subordinator复杂从属连词Complex transitive verb复杂宾语及物动词

Compound- Complex sentence并列复杂句

Compound conjunction复合连词Compound noun

Compound predicate并列谓语Compound verb复合动词

Concord一致

Conditional条件句

Conjunction连词

Conjunction adverb连接副词Conjunct 连接性状语

Content word实意词

Contracted form缩写形式Coordinate element并列成分Coordinated subject并列结构做主语Coordinator并列连词

Coreference pro-form指代词Correlative Coordinator关联并列连词Correlative subordinator关联从属连词D

Dangling participle悬垂分词

Definite article定冠词

Definite quantity确定数量

Definite specific reference确定特指Demonstrative determiner指示限定词Demonstrative pronoun指示代词Dependent clause从属分句Derivational affix派生词缀Derivative派生词

Determinative genitive限定词性属格Determiner限定词

Direct speech直接引语Discontinuous modification分隔修饰Disjunct评注性状语

Ditransitive verb双宾语及物动词v Double genitive双重属格

Double negative双重否定

Double relative clause双重关系分句Dynamic adjective动态形容词

E

Earlier time先时性

Ellipsis省略

Embedded relative clause嵌入式关系分句

Emphasizer强调词

Emphatic use强调性用法

End focus句尾焦点

End weight句尾重心Exclamation、exclamatory sentence感叹句Existential sentence存在句Explanatory adverb解说副词

F

Feminine gender阴性

Finite clause限定分句

Finite form限定形式

Focal element中心成分

Four-word preposition四词介词Fraction numeral分数词

Free morpheme自由词素Fronting前置

Full sentence完全句

Function word功能此

C

Gender性

General question一般疑问句Genitive case属格

Generic reference类指

Gerund动名词

Get-passive

Gradable可等级的

Grammatical concord语法一致Grammatical connector语法纽带Grammatical form语法形式

H

Head、headword中心词

Historic present历史性现在时Hypothetical meaning假设意义

I

Imperative mood祈使句

Implied conditional含蓄条件句Indefinite article不定冠词Indefinite determiner不定限定词Independent clause独立分句Independent genitive独立属格Indicative mood陈述式

Indirect speech间接引语Individual noun个体名词Infinitive不定式

Inflectional affix屈折词缀Irregular plural不规则复数Interjection感叹词

Interrogative determiner疑问限定词Intransitive verb不及物动词

Inversion 倒装

Inverted order倒装次序

L

Later time后时性

Lexical connector词汇纽带

Linking verb联系动词

Locative adverbial地点状语

Logical connector逻辑纽带

M

Marginal subordinator边际从属连词Masculine gender阳性

Material noun物质名词

Minor sentence不完全句

Modal auxiliary情态助动词

Modal idiom情态成语

Modification修饰

Mood式

Morpheme词素

Multiplicative numeral倍数词

Multi-sentence-group text多语段语篇N

Near-synonym近义词

Neuter gender中性

Nominal clause名词性分句

Nominal genitive pronoun名词性属格代词

Nominal substitution名词性替代Nominative absolute construction独立主格结构

Non-finite form非限定

Non-assertive word非肯定词

Non-gradable adjective非等级形容词Non-restrictive relative clause非限制性分句

Notional concord意义一致

Notional subject实义主语

Nucleus 调核

O

Object 宾语

Object complement 宾语补语

Object case宾格

Obligation 义务

Ordinal numeral序数词

P Parallel平行、

Partial negation局部否定

Partitive 、unit noun单位词

Passive sentence 被动句

Past participle过去分词

Past perfective progressive过去完成进行体

Past tense form过去式

Plural number复数

Positive、absolute degree原级Possessive case所有格

Possessive determiner物主限定词Postdeterminer后位限定词Postponement后置

Predeterminer前卫限定词

Predicate谓语

Preposition介词

Primary auxiliary基本助动词Principle of proximity就近原则Proper noun专业名词

Q

Quantifier 量词

Question、interrogative sentence疑问句Question tag 附加问句

R

Real conditional真实条件句Reciprocal pronoun相互代词Reference照应

Referential meaning所致意义Reflexive form反身形式

Rhetorical question修辞疑问句

Root词根

S

Statement、declarative sentence陈述句Stative adjective静态形容词Subjective mood虚拟式

Substitution替代

Superlative degree最高级Supporting sentence辅助句Synonym同义词

Synthetic form综合形式

T

Temporal adverbial时间状语

Trailing sentence拖沓句

Transitional word、phrase过度词语Transitive verb及物动词

V

Variant form变体形式

Zero article零冠词