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小学英语一般将来时练习题及答案

小学英语一般将来时练习题及答案

be going to =will 翻译为“将;将要”

一、概念:表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态

句中一般有以下时间状语:tonight,in the future,tomorrow, next day,soon, the day after tomorrow,this morning,this afternoon 二、基本结构:①主语+be going to + do;②主语+will+ do. 三、否定句:在①be动词后加not.

I’m going to have a picnic this afternoon. → I’m not going to have a picnic this afternoon.

四、对划线部分提问。一般情况,一般将来时的对划线部分有三种情况。1. 问人 Who

m going to go to New York soon. →Who is going to go to New York soon?. 问干什么 What ? do.

→What is your father going to do with you this afternoon?3. 问什么时候 When.

→When is she going to go to bed? 五、同义句:be going to = will

一、完成句子。

1. 我打算明天和朋友去野炊。

I_____ _______ _________ have a picnic with my friends. =I ________ have a picnic with my friends. .

下个星期一你打算去干嘛? 我想去打篮球。

What ________ ________ _________ _________ _________ next Monday?

I _______ ______ _____ play basketball.

=What _________ you do next Monday? I ________ play basketball. 二、选择答案。

1. -I am going ____ my grandmother and grandfather. A. visit B. to visit C. visiting

.What ____ you want to be?A. are B. doesC. do . --- ________________----I’m going to the science museum. A. What are you going to do this afternoon?B. What are you doing? 4. ----________________ ------On foot.

A.Do you go to school by bike everyday?

B.How do you go to school every day, Helen?

5.-----__________.----- I usually read books.

A. What are you doing?

B. What do you do in the evening? 三、选择填空。

whenwhatwherehowwhat timewhichwho -___________ are you going? - I am going to the Great Wall.

-___________are they going to school? -They’re going to go to school by bus. -___________ are you going

to the museum? –Tomorrow afternoon. -___________ are you going to buy? –We are going to buy some fruit. -___________ is she going with? –She is going to Beijing with her mum. 四、连词成句。

1. you, are, do, to, this, evening, going, what

2. my, clean, going, room, am, to ,I

3. by, am, I going, train

4. visit, are, going, we, aunt, my, to

5. this, theme, park, I’m, to, going, afternoon ,the

_____________________________ 五、用提示词回答问题,答句要写完整。

1.Where are you going this evening?

___________________ .When are you going to take a trip?

_____________________ .How are you going to the US?

________________________ 七、改句子。

1、 Nancy is going to go camping、Nancy ________ going to go camping、、 I am going to go and join them、

I _____________________ go ______ join them、

3、I’m going to get up at:30 tomorrow、________

_______ ________ to get up at:30 tomorrow? 、 We will meet at the bus stop at 10:30、_______ ________ meet at the bus stop at 10:30、

________ _______ she ________ ________ _________ after school?

_________ _________ going to see a play the day after tomorrow、

一般将来时

一般将来时

一般将来时主要有以下几种表现形式:

由助动词shall或will加动词原形构成,shall 用于第一人称,will用于第二、三人称。除英国外的说英语的国家,在陈述句中,即使在第一人称一般也用will,在英国也有这种趋势。在口语中,常用shall, will的缩写形式为’ll, 如:I’ll, you’ll等。Shall not的缩写式为:shan’t, will not 的缩写式为:won’t.

肯定句:I/We shall/will go.

You/He/She/They Will go.

否定句:I/We shall/will not go.

You/He/She/They Will not go.

疑问句:Shall I/we go?

Will you/he/she/they go?

什么叫做一般将来时

一般将来时表示将要发生的动作或情况。

例如:I will arrive tomorrow.我明天到。

Will you be free tonight? 你今晚有空吗?

We won’t be busy this evening. 我们今晚不忙。

在一般将来时的句子中,有时有表示将来时间的状语,有时没有时间状语,这时要从意思上判断是否指未来的动作或情况。例如:

Will she come? 她来吗?

We’ll only stay for two weeks. 我们只待两星期。 The meeting won’t last long. 会开不了多久。

在以第一人称I或we作主语的问句中,一般使用助动词shall,这时或是征求对方的意见,或是询问一个情况:

a. Where shall we meet? 我们在哪儿碰头?

b. Shall we have any classes tomorrow?明天我们有课吗?

在这类问句中,近年来也有不少人用will,特别是在美国。例如:

How will I get there? 我怎么去?

be going to+动词原形

a.表示打算、准备做的事。例如:

We are going to put up a building here.我们打算

在这里盖一座楼。

How are you going to spend your holidays?假期你准备怎样过?

b.表示即将发生或肯定要发生的事。例如:

I think it is going to snow. 我看要下雪了。

There’s going to be a lot of trouble about this. 这事肯定会有很多麻烦。

c.“will”句型与“be going to”句型,前者表示纯粹将来,后者表示打算、计划、准备做的事情,更强调主语的主观意愿。例如:

Tomorrow will be Saturday. 明天是周六了。

We are going to visit Paris this summer.今年夏天我们打算游览巴黎。

一、单项选择。

1. There __________ a meeting tomorrow afternoon.

A. will be going to

B. will going to be

C. is going to be

D. will go to be

. Charlie ________ here next month.

A. isn’t working

B. doesn’t working

C. isn’t going to working

D. won’t work

. He ________ very busy this week, he ________

free next week.

A. will be; is

B. is; is

C. will be; will be

D. is; will be

. There ________ a dolphin show in the zoo tomorrow evening.

A. was

B. is going to have

C. will have

D. is going to be

. –________ you ________ free tomorrow?

– No. I ________ free the day after tomorrow.

A. Are; going to; will

B. Are; going to be; will

C. Are; going to; will be

D. Are; going to be; will be

. Mother ________ me a nice present on my next birthday.

A. will gives

B. will give

C. gives

D. give

. – Shall I buy a cup of tea for you?

–________.

A. No, you won’t.

B. No, you aren’t.

C. No, please don’t.

D. No, please.

. – Where is the morning paper?

– I ________ if for you at once.

A. get

B. am getting

C. to get

D. will get

二、动词填空。

1. I ______in a minute. I ______all my work before

I ______ .

2. —How long _____ you _____in our country?

—I _____to be here for about one more year.

—I _____to visit the other parts of your country.

—What ______ you ______after you ______here?

—I ______home and ______a job.

3. I ______tired. I ______to bed early tonight.

4. Mary’s birthday is next Monday, her mother _____her a present.

三、句型转换。

1. People in the north often go skating in winter.

2. There are two cinemas in that town.

3. He comes back late.

4. She is a conductor of a train.

作业

一、单项选择。

1. The day after tomorrow they ________ a volleyball match.

A. will watching

B. watches

C. is watching

D. is going to watch

. There ________ a birthday party this Sunday.

A. shall be

B. will be

C. shall going to be

D. will going to be

. They ________ an English evening next Sunday.

A. are having

B. are going to have

C. will having

D. is going to have

. ________ you ________ free next Sunday?

A. Will; are

B. Will; be

C. Do; be

D. Are; be

. He ________ there at ten tomorrow morning.

A. will

B. is

C. will be

D. be

. ________ your brother ________ a magazine from the library?

A. Are; going to borrow

B. Is; going to borrow

C. Will; borrows

D. Are; going to borrows

二、动词填空。

1. I am afraid there ______a meeting this afternoon. I can’t join you.

2. Mike ______this until he ______it with his own

eyes.

3. Most of us don’t think their team ______.

三、句型转换。

1. China is a modern and strong country.

小学英语一般将来时讲解及练习

一、一般将来时的定义:一般将来时表示在将来时间将要发生的动作或存在的状态,与表示将来的时间连用。tomorrow, next day,soon, the day after tomorrow等。如:She will visit Shanghai tomorrow.

二、一般将来时的构成

1.一般将来时有两种构成形式:

主语+shall/will+do

主语+ be going to + do 在表示“打算到某地去时”由于谓语动词go与going重复,一般可以只说be going to

a place。

三、一般将来时的用法

1.主语+shall/will+do 这种结构不是表示自己的打算、意图或计划,而是表示未来的事实或对将来的预测等如: No one will do heavy work.

Roberts will do everything for us.

主语+ be going to + do这种结构常用来表达自己打算做某事、计划做某事或者有意做某事。注意:be 动词要

与主语的人称和数一致,如: I am going to do some reading tomorrow.

He is going to have a piano lesson next week. We are going to have a party this Friday.

2.通常情况下will 和 be going to能互换,但是be going to 与will

用法的也是有点区别的

只用will不用be going to的情况:

①表示对未来时间与年龄的推测时,如:

Tomorrow will be Monday.

She will be thirteen next year.

②表示必然发生时,如:

Fish will die without water.

People will die if all green plants die.

只用be going to而不用will的情况:

如果表示已有迹象表明在不久的将来要发生的事情时,如:

Look at those black clouds, It’s going to rain. 3.某些动词如:go/come/leave/start/begin/arrive 等,它们的现在进行时可以表示将来时,如:

They are leaving for Shanghaitomorrow.

My brother is coming here soon.

四、一般将来时的句式变换

肯定句:主语+shall/will+do

主语+ be going to + do

否定句:主语+shall/will+not+do主语+ be+ not+ going to +do

一般疑问句:shall/will+主语+ do

be+主语+going to+do

特殊疑问句:疑问词+ shall/will+主语+do

疑问词+be+主语+going to+do

一般将来时练习题:

一、用单词的适当形式填空。

1. I _______ ________ _______ _______ a film tomorrow.

2. A: What _______ you _______ ______ _______ next Saturday?B: I _______ __________ _______ ________ with my parents.

3. There ______ _______ a party in our school.

4. Mike _______ ________ his grandparents next week.

5. He ______ ______ _______ _______a bike the day after tomorrow.

6. ________ a kite with my father next week.

7. He will not _________ school tomorrow. 二、选择题

1. There __________ a meeting tomorrow afternoon.

A. will be going to

B. will going to be

C. is going to be

D. will go to be

. Charlie ________ here next month.

A. isn’t working

B. doesn’t working

C. isn’t going to working

D. won’t work

. He ________ very busy this week, he ________ free next week.

A. will be; is

B. is; is

C. will be; will be

D. is; will be

. There ________ a dolphin show in the zoo tomorrow evening.

A. was

B. is going to have

C. will have

D. is going to be

. –________ you ________ free tomorrow?

–No. I ________ free the day after tomorrow.

A. Are; going to; will

B. Are; going to be; will

C. Are; going to; will be

D. Are; going to be; will be

. Mother ________ me a nice present on my next birthday.

A. will gives

B. will give

C. gives

D. give

. – Shall I buy a cup of tea for you?

–________.

A. No, you won’t.

B. No, you aren’t.

C. No, please don’t.

D. No, please.

. – Where is the morning paper?

–I ________ if for you at once.

A. get

B. am getting

C. to get

D. will get

. ________ a concert next Saturday?

A. There will be

B. Will there be

C. There can be

D. There are

10. If they come, we ________ a meeting.

A. have

B. will have

C. had

D. would have

11. He ________ her a beautiful hat on her next birthday.

A. gives

B. gave

C. will giving

D. is going to giving

12. He ________ to us as soon as he gets there.

A. writes

B. has written

C. will write

D. wrote

13. He ________ in three days.

A. coming back

B. came back

C. will come back

D. is going to coming back

14. If it ________ tomorrow, we’ll go roller-skating.

A. isn’t rain

B. won’t rain

C. doesn’t rain

D. doesn’t fine

15. –Will his parents go to see the Terra Cotta Warriors tomorrow?

– No, ________ .

A. they willn’t.

B. they won’t.