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新概念英语第二册第7课课文详解,答案及写作



课文解析
Africa 非洲→ African 非洲的
negro/black people 以前对黑人的称呼,是对黑人的种族歧视
The African Americans 美国黑人
Asia 亚洲 → Asian 亚洲的
America 美洲 → American 美洲的
Europe 欧洲 → European 欧洲的
Customs House 海关
custom 风俗,习惯
customs 风俗,习惯(pl.),海关
customs duties 海关关税
customer 顾客
take…off
1) 把…从…取下来
eg. You should take your toys off the table. 你应当把玩具从桌子上拿下来。
2) 起飞
eg. The plane took off very smoothly. 飞机顺利地起飞。
3) 从(价格)减去,减价
eg. They are taking 50% off all goods in that boutique. 那家时装精品店所有服装打五折。
4) 脱掉(衣,帽,鞋等),取下(眼镜,戒指等)
eg. Take your coat off. 脱下外套吧。
take after 长的像
take away 拿走;夺去;使离去
take back 拿回,收回
take…for 认为;以为;误以为
take it out of (口)使(某人)筋疲力尽
take与其它词的组合
take a rest 休息一下
take temperature 测体温,测温度
take a walk 去散步
take a look 看一眼
take pictures 拍照
take one's advice 遵循/按照某人意见
be on the take 索贿(口)
take it or leave it 不要就拉倒
take some medicine 服药
take a taxi 打车
to one's surprise 令某人吃惊的是
to one's joy 令某人高兴的是
or: to one's delight
to one's sorrow 令某人伤心的是
to one's disappointment 令某人失望的是
eg. This is my first date. But to my surprise, the girl didn't turn up.
这是我第一次约会,但令我吃惊的是,那女孩没来。
eg. To the boy's sorrow, the doggie died two days later.
令小男孩伤心的是,那只小狗两天后死了。
full adj. 满足,充满
eg. I'm full. 我吃饱了。
eg. The precious parcel was full of stones and sand. 珍贵的包裹里装满了石头和沙子。
be filled with (被)装满
eg. The precious parcel was filled with stones and sand. 珍贵的包裹里装满了石头和沙子。
fill…with
eg. The thieves filled the parcel with stones and sand. 贼在包裹里装满了石头和沙子。
Special Difficulties
eg. Come and look at my photograph album. 来看一下我的相册。
eg. I am looking for my pen. I lost it this morning.
eg. Will you look after the children for me, please?
及物动词与副词组成短语动词,若是名词作宾语,可在两词之间,也可在副词之后。
eg. He took off his coat.
eg. He took his coat off.
eg. He took it off.
当宾语是代词时,只能放在动词与副词之间
eg. He put out the fire.
eg. He put the fire out.
eg. He put it out.
eg. She put on her hat.
eg. She put her hat on.
eg. She put it on.
Exercises
1.He gave away all his books. 他把所有书都送人了。
He gave all his books away.
2.She woke up the children early this morning. 今天一大早,她就把孩

子叫醒了。
She woke the children up early this morning.
3. He is looking for his umbrella.
4. They cut off the king's head.
They cut the king's head off.
5. Put on your hat and coat.
Put your hat and coat on.
6. Give it back to your brother.
7. Help me to lift up this table. 帮我抬这张桌子。
Help me to lift this table up.
8. Take off your shoes and put on your slippers. 脱掉鞋子,穿上拖鞋。
Take your shoes off and put your slippers on.
9. He is looking at the picture.
10. Send her away or she will cause trouble. 把她送走,否则她会引起麻烦。
11. They have pulled down the old building. 他们拆毁了这座大楼。
They have pulled the old building down.
12.Make up your mind. 下定决心
Make your mind up.
13. He asked for permission to leave. 他请求允许离开。
14. She threw away all those old newspapers. 她把旧报纸都扔掉了。
摘要写作
Detectives were waiting at the airport all morning. They were expecting a valuable parel of diamonds from South Africa. Two men took the parcel into the Customs House after the arrival of the plane. Two detectives opened it. The parcel was full of stones and sand.
1.关键句型练习答案
A detectives were waiting(1.1); They were expecting(1.2);
detectives were waiting(1.5); others were waiting(1.6);two detectives were keeping guard(11.7-8)
B 1 When the plane arrived, some of the detectives were waiting inside the main building while others were waiting on the airfield.
2 When two of the detectives opened the parcel, two others were keeping guard at the door.
C (sample answers)
1 I was getting into my bath when you telephoned me.
2 I was reading Hamlet when you saw me in the library this morning.
3 I was saying that you must see the new film when you interruped me.
D 1 was leaving…arrived 2 worked/ was working…was sitting/ sat3 was walking…met
4 was reading…heard
5 was preparing…set/ was setting
6 dropped…spoke
2.难点练习答案
1 He gave all his books away.
2 She woke the children up early this morning.
4 They cut the king's head off.
5 Put your hat and coat on.
7 Help me to lift this table up.
8 Take your shoes off and put your slippers on.
11 They have pulled the old building down.12 Make your mind up.
14 She threw all those old newspapers away.
3.多项选择题答案
1 b 2 c 3 c 4 d 5 a 6 c
7 d 8 a 9 c 10 b 11a 12b