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高二下册英语暑假作业答案

高二下册英语暑假作业答案

Once Harry's father was sent to London on business. He would stay there for half a year. Leaving, he told his wife

to take good care of their son. The woman had to get up

earlier and did all what her husband did before. And two months later she was so tired that she was ill in bed. Now

the young man got into trouble. He couldn't do any housework. He had to do as his mother told him. Even he didn't know where to get on the bus!

Yesterday Harry's mother found his shoes were worn out and told him to buy a new pair in the shop. But he didn't know how to choose. The woman had a sigh and gave him a shoe pattern(鞋样) and told him to buy a pair of shoes himself.

It's Saturday today and Harry doesn't go to school. With a policeman's help, he found a shop. The shopkeeper was

friendly to him. The man brought a lot of shoes and asked him to choose. When he was trying on a pair, suddenly he remembered something and took them off. The man was surprised and asked, "What's the matter, young man?"

"I'm sorry, I've left the shoe pattern at home!"

1. _______ always does some housework in the morning.

A. Harry's father

B. Harry's mother

C. Harry

D. Nobody

2. Harry's parents do all instead of him because _______.

A. he's too young

B. he has poor health

C. he's busy with his studies

D. they hope he spends all time on studies

4. In fact, _______.

A. Harry wanted his mother to buy shoes for him

B. Harry didn't believe himself

C. Harry wouldn't listen to his mother

D. Harry was strong enough to buy shoes for himself

【答案】

本文讲一个只会死读书的书呆子自理能力很差,连买鞋子这么简单的事都做不了。

1. A。细节题。依据 The woman had to get up earlier and did all what her husband did before 可以推断以前是她的丈夫做这些事的,因此应该选择 A。

2. D。细节题。依据 So they often tell him to study hard and they do all for him可知答案为D。

3. A。推断题。依据第2段第1句话 Once Harry's father was sent to London on business. He would stay there for half a year 可知答案为 A。

4. B。细节题。依据第2段最后一句 Even he didn't know where go get on the bus 可知答案为 B。

5. C。细节题。依据 And two months later she was so tired that she was ill in bed可知答案为 C。

6. B。推断题。Harry 亲自去买鞋子,却不知道自己试一试,他不相信自己的足却只相信鞋样,因此应该选择 B。

【篇二】

1. ________ not to miss the flight at 15∶20,the manager

set out for the airport in a hurry.

A.Reminding

B.Reminded

C.To remind

D.Having reminded

解析:选B。句意:有人提醒经理不要错过15∶20的航班,他匆忙动身去了机场。本题考查非谓语动词作状语。主句主语the manager 与remind之间的关系为逻辑上的动宾关系,故排除A、C、D三项,因

为这三项表主动,而只有B项表被动。

2.(2010年高考湖南卷)Dina,________ for months to find a job as a waitress,finally took a position at a local advertising agency.

A.struggling

B.struggled

C.having struggled

D.to struggle

解析:选C。此处分词短语作时间状语,其逻辑主语Dina与struggle为主动关系,故排除B项。由句中的finally可知非谓语动

词表示的动作发生在句中谓语took a position之前,故用现在分词

的完成主动式。

3.(2009年高考江西卷)________ the right kind of training,these teenage soccer players may one day grow into

international stars.

A.Giving

B.Having given

C.To give

D.Given

解析:选D。考查非谓语动词。假如把句子补充完整应该是:If they are given the right kind of training,可知主语they即

these teenage soccer players与give之间是被动关系,所以用过去分词。而A、B、C三项都不表示被动含义。

4.(2009年高考四川卷)________ many times,he finally understood it.

A.Told

B.Telling

C.Having told

D.Having been told

解析:选D。考查非谓语动词。tell与主语之间的关系是被动关系,故排除表示主动意义的B项和C项。由状语many times可知tell 这一动作在谓语动词understand之前发生过多次,所以用having

been done来表示被动和完成。

5.(2009年高考天津卷)________ by the advances in technology,many farmers have set up wind farms on their land.

A.Being encouraged

B.Encouraging

C.Encouraged

D.Having encouraged

解析:选C。考查非谓语动词。因为主语many farmers和作状语的encourage之间是被动关系,排除表示主动意义的B项和D项。而being encouraged除表示被动外,还表示进行。农民们显然不是正在

受到科技进步的鼓舞,故排除A项。

6.(2011年汕头高二检测)________ in 1636,Harvard is one

of the most famous universities in the United States.

A.Being founded

B.It was founded

C.Founded

D.Founding

解析:选C。分析句子结构可知应选考查非谓语动词形式作状语的,排除B项,另外found与Harvard之间为被动关系,应用过去分词形

式作状语,故选C。

7.(2011年晋中高二检测)________ as the “First Lady of Speech”,Dr Lillian Glass is recognized as one of the world’s leading experts on communication skills.

A.Knowing

B.Having known

C.Known

D.To be known

解析:选C。 be known as被称为……。Dr Lillian Glass与know之间为被动关系,应用过去分词形式作状语。A、B表主动,应排除;D项表将来,也可排除。

8.________ more attention,the trees could have grown better.

A.Given

B.To give

C.Giving

D.Having given

解析:选A。考查分词作状语。句子主语the trees与give之间是被动关系,而四个选项中只有A项表示被动意义,故答案选A。Given more attention相当于一个条件状语从句If the trees were given more attention。

9.________ in thought,he almost ran into the car in front of him.

A.Losing

B.Having lost

C.Lost

D.To lose

解析:选C。考查分词作状语。句意:因为陷入沉思,他差一点撞到前面的车上。be lost in thought为固定搭配,意为“陷入沉思”。过去分词短语lost in thought在句中作原因状语。

10.The research is so designed that once ________ nothing can be done to change it.

A.begins

B.having begun

C.beginning

D.begunw

解析:选D。考查分词作状语。句意:这项调查研究事先计划的如此完好,以至于一旦开始,什么也无法改变它。begin与research 之间是被动关系,排除表示主动意义的A、B、C三项。once begun在句中作条件状语,它是状语从句once it is begun的省略形式。

11.Generally speaking,________ according to the directions,the drug has no side effect.

A.when taking

B.when taken

C.when to take

D.when to be taken

解析:选B。考查分词作状语。完整的说法应是when the drug is taken according to the directions...。因为主句的主语和从句的主语相同,因此可以省略从句的主语the drug和谓语的一部分is,故答案为B。

12.________ into use in April,2000,the hotline was meant for residents reporting water and heating supply breakdowns.

A.Put

B.Putting

C.Having put

D.Being put

解析:选A。考查过去分词作状语。句子的主语是the hotline 与put into use“投入使用”存有被动关系,排除表示主动的B项和C项。D项表示正在投入使用,不符合语境。

13.In order not to be found,I spent the whole night

________ in my room.

A.locking

B.locked

C.to lock

D.lock

解析:选B。考查过去分词作状语。句意:为了不被寻到,我整晚上都把自己锁在自己的房间里。lock的逻辑主语I和lock之间存有被动关系,故用过去分词作伴随状语。本题易受“spend... doing sth.句型的影响,易误选A。其实我并不是把整晚上的时间都用在了“锁”这一动作上,故排除A。

14.________,liquids can be changed into gases.

A.Heating

B.To be heated

C.Heated

D.Heat

解析:选C。考查过去分词作状语。句意:被加热时,液体可以变成气体。因为对于液体来说是加热的承受者,是被动的,因而选C。A项表示主动,B项表示目的,D项是谓语动词的形式。

15.Unless ________ to speak,you should remain silent at the conference.

A.invited

B.inviting

C.being invited

D.having invited

解析:选A。考查过去分词作状语。句意:除非受到邀请讲话,否则在大会上你应该保持沉默。invite与you之间是被动关系,排除B、D。being invited表示正在受到邀请,不符合语境。

Ⅱ.句型转换(把下列句子转变成过去分词作状语的结构)

1.If I am offered great help,I can get rid of all the difficulties.

________ ________ ________,I can get rid of all the difficulties.

答案:Offered great help

2.Because she was frightened,she asked me to go with her.

________,she asked me to go with her.

答案:Frightened

3.If he is given time,he’ll make a first?class tennis player.________________,he’ll make a first?class tennis player.

答案:Given time

4.He stood there silently,and he was moved to tears.

He stood there silently,________________________.

答案:moved to tears

5.When they were first introduced to the market,these products enjoyed great success.

When first ________________________________,these products enjoyed great success.

答案:introduced to the market