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(精品)2018年中考英语真题分类汇编题型3阅读理解专项训练四哲理故事含解析.doc

专项训练四哲理故事

时间:8~10分钟/篇分值:2分/小题

Passage 1(2018福州)

Once upon a time, a hippo(河马) lived in a river next to a big tree.

One day, a bird came and nested(筑巢) in the tree. The songs of the bird filled the hippo with so much envy(羡慕) that he couldn't think of anything else. Every day he would think why he wasn't born to be a bird even though the bird told him many times he was so lucky to be so big and such a good swimmer.

Finally, the hippo made up his mind that he would come out of the river, climb the tree, and start singing. However, when he tried to climb the tree, it was very clear that the hippo didn't have wings, nor claws to climb with.

Realizing that he would never climb up the tree, he angrily hit the tree until it came crashing to the ground. Then he stepped onto the leaves of the fallen tree, and began singing.

Unfortunately, hippos can't sing, either. All that came from his mouth were terrible noises, and when the other animals heard this, they all came around to make fun of the hippo.

He was so ashamed by this. He also felt bad about having knocked the tree over. He used all his strength to raise the tree back up again, and look after it until it completely recovered(康复).

( )1. The hippo envied the bird because ________.

A. he could fly high

B. he could build a nest

C. he could sing well

D. he could live in the tree

( )2. After reading this passage, we know ________.

A. the writer is telling us a true story

B. the story happened on an autumn day

C. the bird thought he was luckier than the hippo

D. the hippo tried to do something against his nature

( )3. The hippo in this story ________.

A. was happy all the time

B. did not respect his friends

C. liked to talk a lot but did nothing

D. corrected his mistake when he realized it

( )4. From the passage, we can infer(推断) that the hippo would ________ after such an experience.

A. be a good singer

B. be good at climbing trees

C. stop envying the bird

D. not make friends with other animals

( )5. The best title of this passage may be “________”.

A. The hippo that wished to sing

B. The tree that was knocked over

C. The bird that wished to swim

D. The animals that were in high spirits

Passage 2(2018泉州)

(精品)2018年中考英语真题分类汇编题型3阅读理解专项训练四哲理故事含解析.doc

There were three big fish in the lake. One of them, Demo, was wise;

another one, Jimmy, was half-wise; Martin, the third one, was stupid.

Some fishermen came to the bank of the lake with their nets. The three fish saw them.

Demo decided at once to leave, to make the long and difficult trip to the ocean. He thought, “I won't discuss with these two about this. They love this place so much that they call it home and will stay on. How silly they are! They still haven't realized we are in great danger now. Their ignorance will cost them their lives.”

Seeing the wise fish had left, Jimmy thought,“My guide has gone and now I've lost my chance to escape.” He felt sorry for it and then thought, “What can I do to save myself from these men and their nets? Perhaps I should pretend(假装) to be already dead, giving myself totally to the water.” So he did that. He went up and down with the water, helpless, within arm's reach of the fishermen.

“Look at this! The best and biggest fish is dead.” One of the men lifted him by the tail, and threw him up on the ground. He rolled(滚动) over and over and moved secretly toward the water, and then, back in.

The third fish was aimlessly jumping about, trying to escape with his speed and cleverness. The net, of course, finally closed around him, and as he lay in the hot frying-pan bed, he thought, “If I get out of this, I'll never live again in the limits of the lake. Next time, the ocean! I'll make it my home.”

( )1. The passage is a ________.

A. diary

B. story

C. notice

( )2. The underlined word “ignorance” in the passage means “________” in Chinese.

A. 冲动

B. 勇气

C. 愚昧

( )3. Jimmy thought that he could escape from the fishermen by ________.

A. traveling to the ocean

B. pretending to be dead

C. jumping here and there

( )4. Who was caught by the fishermen at last?

A. Demo.

B. Jimmy.

C. Martin.

( )5. What can we learn from the passage?

A. It is important to make proper changes in time.

B. Good chances are always given to the honest.

C. The stupid can also succeed with great efforts.

Passage 3(2018西宁)

Sometimes people come into your life and you know at once that they were sure to be there. They serve some certain purpose, teach you a lesson or help find out who you are or who you want to become. You never know who these people may be: your classmate, neighbor, teacher, long-lost friend or even a real stranger. But you know that every moment they will influence your life in some serious way.

Sometimes things happen to you. At the time they may seem terrible, painful and unfair. But later you realize that without overcoming those difficulties, you would have never realized your further ability and advantages. Everything happens for a reason and nothing happens by chance or with good or bad luck.

The people you meet influence your life, and the success and failure you experience create who you are. Even the bad experience can be learned