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新视野大学英语第二册UNIT1试题与答案

新视野大学英语第二册UNIT1试题与答案

Part 1 Fill in the Blanks (with the Initial Letters Provided)

1.In the school lunchroom, both boys and girls one another out of the way.

2.She smiled graciously and confidently as she her way through the crowd.

3.This new discovery of oil is of great to the country's economy.

4.Jenny hoped that she would avoid by wearing dark glasses and a hat.

5.Pride is a state in which people seek attention and for what they think they are and what they

think they have done.

6.The of language habits is in itself not enough for the true mastering of a language.

7.now permits short hair for women, but it used to be thought strange.

8. A nurse has many duties to in caring for the sick.

9.If those conditions were , the boss would agree to pay.

10.He made a promise that he would certainly not rest until he had his responsibility.

11.The house isn't big enough for us, and, , it's too far from the town center.

12.He is very proud of whatever he does; he likes to feel wanted and .

13.Your knowledge of the issues and your diligence in pursuing them to ensure protection of the

natural environments is greatly admired and by us all.

14.She invented a that automatically closes windows when it rains.

15.If we carefully, we'll be able to afford a new house.

16.It cost such a great amount of money, which was about three times my .

17.He is the best one so far; there is no one to him.

18.The more the illness, the easier for a doctor to diagnose it.

19.Similarly, family structures, relationships, and between members are widely variable between

different religious groups in Britain.

20.The chief engineer demanded that each of these areas should be controlled and separately.

21.She looked at 100 village plans and them one by one according to the requirements.

22.What he gave is his opinion, when he is asked who he will vote for he gives a fact.

23.She is extremely , as well as very good at getting on with people, which is of course critical to

jobs like that.

24.The purpose of an interview is to identify honest and applicants.

25.London is one of the most exciting and cities in the world.

26.The book is endlessly and richly rewarding; I highly recommend it to you.

27.The of reality and imagination is always disturbing.

28.Try to keep the children while you're cooking by giving them one of the books of fairy tales.

29.This group of people are bitterly to the huge powers and privileges of the church in southern

Italy.

30.I am sorry that I have very sad and news to give you.

31.Please don't tell her anything about that for she would feel embarrassed and .

32.It was of you to leave the door unlocked when you went home.

33.It is not to assist a friend by putting coins into the pockets that he has holes in.

34.To my great his false hair fell off when he laughed.

35.One must not forget that is brought about not by the doctor, but by the sick man himself.

36.To do this job well, it is that you know something about medicine.

37.It's hard for some people to get used to the cold of modern city life.

38.It is so and saves vast amounts of time and money.

http://www.wendangku.net/doc/4e0c3bf64693daef5ef73da9.htmlernment rules now require car companies to design and produce cars with increasingly

engines.

40.The gardener was eager to different flowers and mix them in order to make the garden more

beautiful.

41.He realized how to best the data that is essential to his research project.

Part 2 Vocabulary and Structure

1.I'd like to take __________ of this opportunity to thank all of you for your efforts.

A. profit

B. benefit

C. occasion

D. advantage

2.In copying this paper, be careful not to leave __________ any words.

A. out

B. alone

C. off

D. behind

3.When doing the wash, it is important to _______ white and colored clothing.

A. compare

B. separate

C. establish

D. contrast

4.We finally __________ an agreement after a lot of hard argument.

A. reached

B. did

C. arrived

D. drove

5.It is desirable that the airplane ___________ as light as possible.

A. is

B. were

C. be

D. had been

6.We came finally __________ the conclusion that she had been telling lies all the time.

A. of

B. into

C. to

D. at

7.I am not used to speaking _________ public.

A. in

B. at

C. on

D. to

8.He didn't live up to __________ had been expected of him.

A. what

B. which

C. that

D. all

9.She did not feel ____________ going out, as she had a slight headache.

A. about

B. like

C. after

D. for

10.The price of gold rose again, partly __________ news about the war.

A. result in

B. go with

C. because

D. due to

11.Responsibilities ____________ becoming a father.

A. charge for

B. go with

C. save for

D. go through

12.If you __________ in your payment for the house again, you may get thrown out.

A. fall behind

B. account for

C. charged for

D. come to

13.The country has ____________ too many wars in the past few decades; its people are longing for peace so much.

A. prevented from

B. resulted in

C. gone through

D. gone with

14.She wouldn't even take a short rest there, ____________ stay for the night.

A. much more

B. much few

C. much lesser

D. much less

15.The president has ____________ his political advisors over the slow pace of economic change.

A. prevented from

B. charged for

C. accounted for

D. clashed with

16.Unless we get more money, we'll be ____________ finishing this project.

A. separated from

B. recovered from

C. prevented from

D. charged from

17.The painter lived more than a decade in Europe, __________ he could be in close contact with other cubists (立体派艺术家).

A. where

B. in which

C. that

D. in that

18._______ Tom is supposed to make an appointment with the dentist, he says he is too busy.

A. However

B. Whoever

C. Whenever

D. Whatever

19.I won't make a _______ mistake next time.

A. like

B. same

C. near

D. similar

20.Life insurance (保险), _______ available only to young, healthy persons, can now be obtained for old people.

A. before

B. after

C. former

D. previously

21.He _______ lives in the house where he was born.

A. already

B. yet

C. still

D. ever

22."Are you going to the football game?"

"No. The tickets are _______ expensive for me."

A. very much

B. so much

C. far too

D. highly

23."For tonight's homework, do pages forty and forty-one in the workbook."

"Professor Hones, I think that is _______ work."

A. far too much

B. much the more

C. too hard

D. the hardest

24.The officials in the _______ at the London Heathrow Airport were very polite.

A. Custom

B. Customs

C. custom

D. customs

25.There _______ a lot of _______ on the roads yesterday.

A. was... traffic

B. were... traffics

C. was... traffics

D. were... traffic

26.England is an island country. _______ consists of three big islands, and _______ climate is generally wet and windy.

A. It... its

B. She... her

C. He (i)

D. She... its

27.That man looks familiar to me. He reminds me _______ Dr. Richards.

A. to

B. on

C. for

D. of

28.It seems very difficult _______.

A. to stop the child to cry

B. protecting the child from crying

C. to keep the child from crying

D. holding the child's crying

29.He thought he could talk Mr. Robinson _______ buying some expensive equipment.

A. to

B. about

C. into

D. on

30.When Laura finally arrived she apologized _______ so late.

A. for to come

B. that she was coming

C. for coming

D. to come

Part 3 Cloze (with Options)

Questions 1 to 20 are based on the following passage.

I understand culture shock, I've been 1. it myself. However, some foreigners living in China are just too

2. about the cultural differences, and it is causing them to lose a

3. opportunity to learn the Chinese culture. Most of them seem to be simply

4. their time for the terms of their employment,

5. they don't care to enjoy what is special about their new surroundings.

Communicating successfully with people from other cultures can be a real 6.. We 7. the responsibility for learning their culture. Adjusting to another culture requires a great deal of personal awareness and 8.. I know several foreigners living with a fork in their pocket. I could understand if they said they were unwilling to 9. their time to learning the language—Chinese is very difficult. If you are working full-time, you may not have enough time to make much 10. in Chinese, but what about chopsticks? 11.! Learning how to use chopsticks is the easiest part of the 12.. Learning how to conduct yourself in a 13. way during social interactions is what should have been done. Only by that time will you be able to 14. the cultural differences and not to 15. our Chinese friends.

Having said all that, I would gladly 16. my argument for chopsticks, if they would just stop 17. so much. They are wasting a good opportunity to have a truly unique experience and 18., they are making a bad name for the rest of us, 19. driving me crazy. Each time they look at their fork, they should see that it 20.

all of the time they've wasted here.

Questions 21 to 40 are based on the following passage.

How does one "save face" or "lose face"? This concept is in fact for different peoples throughout the world and is not 21. Chinese. It could also be considered a Western 22.. However, it carries much weight for Asian people and its 23. in Asian countries is greater.

Some Asian people believe that the 24. of "face" and other rituals and 25. like honoring your parents do not 26. in the West, but it would be too 27. to put it in this way. When we 28. the values held by families in the West, we find that many have similar beliefs to 29. that guide Asian culture, and they 30. them in their daily lives. So, some ideas are becoming 31. similar between the east and west. For example, American students are having a stronger 32. of studying hard for the honor of their families than before. And American people are more concerned about the disadvantages of "happy education" for primary education than they 33..

One major 34. is how each weighs an 35. rights against the rights of the community. There are people, 36., and even leaders in the West who believe that the freedom of an individual carries much more 37. than needs for the order in the community. 38. Americans hold the right to own a gun so dear that they have consequently been willing to 39. a blind eye to the harm that people 40. guns has caused.

A proper balance between Western and Eastern ideas can be a very good idea.

Part 4 Reading Comprehension (Multiple Choice)

Questions 1 to 5 are based on the same passage or dialog.

Charlie Chaplin has broken all records in making people laugh. No one has so set a whole world laughing as the little man with the walking stick and the oversized shoes.

Much has been written about Chaplin's art and his career, and opinions have ranged widely. But perhaps those who called him "the truest human being of our time" came closest to the truth. Those who have called him a genius stress the timeless and common qualities in his work. It is an art filled with sad elements and deep human feeling, with which an audience cannot help but become involved. It is for these reasons, I believe, that the figure of Charlie has attracted generation after generation.

All the writers who give accounts of Chaplin's life agree that Charlie's unhappy early years in the area in London where houses were dirty and worn had a great influence on his development and on the type of films he made. Chaplin himself emphasizes it in his memoirs (回忆录). The more one reads about his earliest period, the more one tends to agree. Indeed, his suffering youth had a lasting influence on him.

Chaplin was never afraid to deal with subjects causing much disagreement in his films. He gave a humorous performance on war only a few weeks before the American soldiers came home from World War I in 1918. This was regarded as madness, but the performance was well received. So perfectly did it hit the nail on the head that even the returning soldiers found it impossible to hate it and deeply appreciated this short and humorous performance on what for them had been an unpleasant reality. Chaplin gave numerous performances attacking capital governments, satirizing (讽刺) the cruelty of the machine age, and even making fun of Hitler.

Years after his death, the funny films of motion picture actor and director Charlie Chaplin continue to be well loved. He is particularly well known for his success as a creator of humorous presentations that make fun of people, the establishment, or networks.

1.All of the following about Charlie Chaplin are true except _______________.

A. he was born in the USA

B. he was a great film actor

C. he had an unhappy early life

D. he made fun of Hitler in one of his films

2.According to the author, Charlie Chaplin has been well loved by generation after generation because ______________.

A. he set the whole world laughing

B. his performances get people involved

C. his works appeal to people in different periods

D. both B and C

3.According to the writers of Charlie Chaplin's life history, ____________ had a strong influence on the type of films he made.

A. the society in which he lived

B. the audience who praised and admired him

C. his unhappy early years in the poor area in London

D. those who called him a genius

4.According to the passage, which of the following is true?

A. There are timeless qualities in Chaplin's work because he didn't involve himself in political affairs.

B. Chaplin became well loved years after his death.

C. Chaplin's performance is funny without any sad elements.

D. Chaplin's films are the combinations of funny and sad elements.

5.This passage was ____________.

A. written by Charlie Chaplin

B. written about Charlie Chaplin

C. advertising one of Charlie Chaplin's films

D. written for students to learn film-making

Questions 6 to 10 are based on the same passage or dialog.

Although Beethoven could sit down and compose easily, his really great compositions did not come easily at all. They cost him a great deal of hard work and he always found it hard to satisfy himself.

When he was 28, he began to notice a strange noise in his ears. As it grew worse, he went to see doctors, and was told that he was going deaf. This was too much for any composer to bear. Beethoven was without hope; he was sure that he was going to die. He went to the countryside where he wrote a long good-bye letter to his brothers, describing how sad and lonely his deafness made him. He longed to

die, and said to death, "Come when you will; I shall meet you bravely."

In fact, Beethoven did something braver than dying. He gathered his courage and went on writing music, though he could hear what he wrote more and more faintly. He wrote the music for which we remember him best after he became deaf. This music was very different from any that had been composed before. Instead of the artistic and beautiful music that earlier composers had written for their rich listeners, Beethoven wrote stormy, exciting music which reminds us of his troubled and courageous (勇敢的) life. His Heroic (英雄的) Symphony (交响乐) and Fifth Symphony both show his courage in struggling with his fate.

In time he went completely deaf, but he wrote more creatively than ever, for he could "hear" his music in his mind. He was lonely and often unhappy but in spite of this, he often wrote joyful music, such as his last symphony, the Ninth. Because of his courage and strong will to triumph, his music has given joy and encouragement to millions of people.

6.How did Beethoven's deafness affect him?

A. It killed him.

B. It stopped his writing music.

C. It drove him mad.

D. It helped him create great music.

7.Which of the following music works written by Beethoven was joyful?

A. No. 9 Symphony.

B. No. 7 Symphony.

C. No. 5 Symphony.

D. No. 3 Symphony.

8.Beethoven longed to die because _______________.

A. he had told death he would meet it bravely

B. he felt his deafness was too much for him to bear as a composer

C. he wouldn't be able to write music for rich listeners after becoming deaf

D. he wouldn't be able to support his family

9.Which of the following is the best title for this passage?

A. Music and Symphony

B. Hard to Satisfy

C. The Music of Fate

D. Deafness in Music.

10.According to the passage, which of the following is true?

A. When he was partly deaf, Beethoven's music became more and more gentle.

B. His music became more and more artistic although he was deaf.

C. He wrote fainter and fainter music after he went deaf.

D. He composed exciting and encouraging music that reflected his struggle with his fate.

Questions 11 to 15 are based on the same passage or dialog.

Polygamy is a funny thing―funny ha ha, as well as peculiar. One thinks of the 19th-century Mormon leader, Brigham Young, with his 55 wives (in those days, they said, women married Young). Devout (虔敬的) Mormons hold that a message from God told Young to go ahead and start collecting wives. Skeptics (怀疑者), of course, say that there was something else to this. In any case, it proved to be an efficient means of enabling Mormons to outnumber skeptics. And in fairness, some of his wives were elderly women whom he married out of kindness and not because he was attracted to them.

I find it very curious that Western countries, despite how much they pride themselves for their liberalism (人文自由主义) about what willing adults do with one another, have been slow to permit willing adults to marry each other at a rate more than one at a time.

What business is it of the states how many people I marry? And by the way, if one can enter into a common law marriage by living with someone for seven years, can one enter into a common law polygamy by living with two? I'd love to see that test case.

But what would it really be like to have multiple spouses? Most men I've asked answer immediately with a knowing smile. And those are the intelligent ones. Their minds immediately create an image something like a sexual (性的) version (看法) of a Hong Kong Sunday lunch, with many dishes to taste.

In truth, the idea scares me. I spend half my waking hours trying to deal with my childish consciousness to the civilized state known as marriage. It's only by total luck I can hold on to any of my natural

state-of-nature qualities—watching violent movies, eating bad food, and acting poorly, the way that men can act poorly when free from the control of women. What if I were outnumbered?

Then there's the spectre (幻影,魔鬼) of a double settlement (解决) if the woman leaves. Modern marriage might be a raw deal for women, but it can be hell (地狱) on men when women leave. Little wonder that men, who write the laws, discourage polygamy. But then again, Mark Twain might have been right; maybe it was just the mother-in-law jokes.

11.What does the word "polygamy" most probably mean in the first sentence?

A. Funny stories.

B. Interesting events.

C. Having more than one wife at the same time.

D. Organizing a social act.

12.According to the passage, which one of the following statements is true?

A. In the 19th century, polygamy was considered a regular practice.

B. Young's wives were all very beautiful and attractive.

C. Polygamy began in the 1800s.

D. Some people think that polygamy is a good idea.

13.The author thinks that the government ______________.

A. should stop polygamy and promote monogamy (一夫一妻制)

B. should not stop polygamy while promoting monogamy

C. should establish laws against polygamy

D. should stop both monogamy and polygamy

14.Which one of the following statements is true according to the passage?

A. Most men welcome the idea of polygamy out of curiosity.

B. Most men like to have more than one wife for sexual purposes.

C. Most women do not like the idea of polygamy.

D. The author thinks that polygamy is needed for the modern world.

15.What does the phrase "a raw deal" mean in the last paragraph?

A. A new experience.

B. An unfair treatment.

C. An activity which is not agreed on.

D. A heavy blow.

Questions 16 to 20 are based on the same passage or dialog.

Culture shock might be called an expected disease of people who have suddenly moved to some foreign countries. Like most diseases, it has its own symptoms and cure.

Culture shock is started by the anxiety that results from losing all our familiar signs and sights of social activities. Those signs or cues (提示) include the thousand and one ways in which we find our place in the situation of daily life: when to shake hands and what to say when we meet people, when and how to give tips, how to make purchases, when to accept and when to refuse invitations, when to take statements seriously and when not. These cues, which may be words, gestures, expressions with the face, customs, or norms, are acquired by all of us in the course of growing up and are as much a part of our culture as the language we speak or the beliefs we accept. All of us depend for our peace of mind and our efficiency on hundreds of these cues, most of which we do not carry on the level of conscious awareness.

Now when an individual enters a strange culture, all or most of these familiar cues are removed. He or she is like a fish out of water. No matter how broad-minded or full of goodwill you may be, a number of supports have been knocked out from under you followed by a feeling of frustration and anxiety. People respond to the frustration in much the same way. First they reject the environment which causes the discomfort. "The ways of the host country are bad because they make me feel bad." When foreigners in a strange land get together to complain about the host country and its people, you can be sure they are suffering from culture shock. Another stage of culture shock is regression. The home country suddenly assumes a great importance. To the foreigner everything becomes much greater than it really is. All the difficulties and problems are forgotten and only the good things back home are remembered. It usually takes a trip home to bring one back to reality.

16.According to the passage, culture shock is _________________.

A. an expected disease of foreign people

B. may lead to very serious symptoms

C. actually not a disease

D. something that can't be changed

17.According to the passage, culture shock results from ________________.

A. the sudden loss of our own signs and sights of social activities

B. the sudden change of our daily habits

C. the sudden change of the social situation and customs

D. the discomfort that we feel when faced with a foreigner

18.Which one of the following may NOT be the symptoms of culture shock?

A. You don't know how to express your thanks.

B. You don't know how to greet other people.

C. You suddenly forget what a word means.

D. You don't understand why a foreigner acts in a certain way.

19.How would a person who stays abroad most probably act when he is frustrated by the culture shock according to the passage?

A. He is most likely to refuse to absorb the strange environment at first.

B. He may begin to hate the people or things around him.

C. He is ready to accept the change and change himself to the new environment.

D. Although he takes the cultural differences to be regular, he still doesn't know what to do with them.

20.This passage is most likely taken from ______________.

A. a news report

B. a grammar book

C. a book on medicine and psychology

D. an essay on human customs

Questions 21 to 25 are based on the same passage or dialog.

I used to go to Starbucks (星巴克) for their coffee, but that’s changed since I discovered their comforting, tasty teas, which are better than coffee any time. Tea is cool even when it’s hot. People drink more tea than any other drink in the world, except for water.

Whether it’s served hot or cold, natural and flavored teas are drinks that have been consumed (消费) for centuries. Everywhere you look, you’ll find various kinds of teas―in restaurants, grocery stores, television advertisements, and gift shops.

Why is there all this excitement about tea? What’s its attraction? Well, there are many possibilities for why more and more people are drinking tea. One possibility is that people are coming to notice the benefits of drinking tea, particularly green tea. Studies show that drinking four cups of green tea a day can reduce the risk of developing various types of cancer, as well as heart disease. The key to tea’s effects of cure seems to lie in chemicals found in tea which prevent a process that leads to the growth of cancers. Green tea may also prevent skin cancer. It has also been linked with helping the body to rid itself of harmful materials, and green tea is thought to possibly protect against colds and Parkinson’s (帕金森) disease.

Another explanation for why people are drinking more tea may be due to the comforting process of just

making a cup of tea. The time it takes to prepare tea leaves in hot water and enjoy its gentle flavor forces drinkers to slow down and relax a while, making it the perfect way to improve a world where people are so crazy about cappuccino(热牛奶咖啡), a hot coffee with milk in it.

So, whether you drink tea, eat it in foods, wear it to smell good, or take it in pills, one thing is certain, the use of tea is more than a trend―it is a habit o f our past and if studies prove the benefit of its use, it will undoubtedly be an important element of our future.

21.Nowadays, among all the drinks in the world, tea is __________.

A. the most widely consumed drink

B. as widespread as coffee

C. even more widely consumed than water

D. the second most widely consumed drink

22.The passage does not mention __________ as a possible benefit of drinking tea.

A. preventing skin cancer

B. helping the body to rid itself of harmful material

C. curing Parkinson's disease

D. reducing the risk of developing cancer

23.It is good to drink tea because the time it takes to prepare a cup of tea _________.

A. allows the tea leaves to absorb enough water

B. enables drinkers to relax

C. is suitable for people to get some news

D. can improve the quality of cappuccino

24.The writer suggests that in the future people will probably ___________.

A. follow the trend and go on drinking tea

B. drink more water than tea

C. form the habit of eating tea leaves in foods

D. take tea as an important part of their life

25.The passage is mainly about ____________.

A. the benefits of drinking tea

B. the benefits of drinking coffee

C. using tea leaves in fortune telling

D. advising people to drink tea and water

新视野大学英语第二册UNIT1试题与答案

新视野大学英语第二册UNIT1试题与答案

新视野大学英语第二册UNIT1试题与答案

新视野大学英语第二册UNIT1试题与答案

新视野大学英语第二册UNIT1试题与答案

新视野大学英语第二册UNIT1试题与答案

新视野大学英语第二册UNIT1试题与答案

新视野大学英语第二册UNIT1试题与答案