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UNIT1语言点(重点及精讲)

1. add v.相加,补充,添加

add up sth.=add sth.up 把……加起来

add...to...把……加到(加进)……里

add to sth.增添/加某事物

add up to=come to,amount to,make a total of 共(总)计(达)

add that 补充说

1.选用上述词语填空

(1)The balloons __________ the festive atmosphere.

(2)His whole school education ________ no more than one year.

(3)I would like to ________ we are pleased with the talk.

(4)There had been several new events ________ the programme for the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games.

答案:(1)add to/added to(2)adds up to(3)add that(4)added to

2. ignore vt.不理睬;不顾;忽视

(1)ignore sb./sth.不理睬某人/某事

ignorance n.无知;愚昧;不知道

be in ignorance of/about sth.不知道某事

(2)ignorant adj.无知的;愚昧的;不知道的

be ignorant that...不知道某事

be ignorant of/about sth.不知道某事

2.完成句子

(1)He ________________________ (无视所有“禁止吸烟”的警示)and lit up a cigarette.

(2)We can’t afford to ____________(忽视他们的劝告).

(3)He’s ______________(对……一无所知) modern technology.

答案:(1)ignored all the “No Smoking”signs(2)ignore their advice(3)completely ignorant about

3. concern n.[U]关心,担忧;[C]关心的人(或)事

vt.涉及,关系到,参与;使担心,使操心

concerning prep.关于;有关

concern oneself about/for 担忧;关心

as/so far as...be concerned就……而言;依……之见

be concerned about/for sth.担心……;关心……

be concerned in/with 与……有关

be concerned over/at sth.为某事忧虑

3.完成句子

(1)There is ________________________(对电视上的暴力内容日见忧虑).

(2)The President ________________________ (深感担忧) this issue.

(3)He asked several questions __________ (有关)the future of the company.

(4)This chapter ____________(与……有关) the historical background.

答案:(1)growing concern about violence on television

(2)is deeply concerned about(3)concerning

(4)concerns itself with

4. suffer v.遭受;忍受;经历

suffer 多指遭受痛苦,损失,蒙受不愉快

suffering n. (肉体或内心的)痛苦;苦难

suffer hardship 尝到艰辛

suffer defeat 遭受失败

suffer from/with/for 感到疼痛、不适等;遭受……;受……之苦

suffer loss 遭受损失

4.完成句子

(1)Y our health will ________(遭受) overwork.

(2)We ____________________ (遭受严重亏损)in the financial crisis.

(3)There is so much ________ (苦难)in the old days in our society.

答案:(1)suffer(2)suffered a heavy loss(3)suffering

5. cheat vt.欺骗

cheat sb.(out) of sth.骗取某人某物

cheat sb.into the belief that骗某人相信……

cheat sb.into doing sth.骗某人做某事

5.选用上述词语填空

(1)The students mustn’t ________ in the exam with mobile phones.

(2)The neighbour ________ the old lady ________ giving him her gold ring.

答案:(1)cheat(2)cheated;into

6. crazy adj.疯狂的

grow/become/be crazy about sb./sth.对……着迷/狂热

be crazy to do sth.疯狂/荒唐/糊涂地做某事

like crazy 拼命地;发疯似地

go crazy发疯

6.选用上述词语填空

(1)I wonder if it’s because I haven’t been able to be outdoors for so long that I’ve grown so ____________ everything to do with nature.

(2)Y ou __________ go out in this stormy weather.

(3)Y ou’ll have to work ________ to get this finished.

答案:(1)crazy about(2)are crazy to(3)like crazy

7. get along with与……相处;进展

get...across 讲清楚;(使)被领会

get away from 离开;脱身

get...back 寻回,找回

get...down 记下;使悲伤;使沮丧

get down to 开始认真做,开始着手做

get in 到达;收割

get on 上车/船/飞机等;继续进行;相处

get over 克服,摆脱

get rid of 消灭,摆脱,除掉

get through (电话)接通;用完;通过

get together 聚会,联欢

7.完成句子

(1)She’s never really ____________(与……和睦相处) her sister.

(2)I’m ________________(进展不太快) this job.

(3)It’s time I ________________(开始认真思考) that essay.

(4)Y our meaning didn’t really __________(被理解).

答案:(1)got on well with(2)not getting on very fast with

(3)got down to thinking about(4)get across

8. go through经历;忍受;通过,完成

get through 穿过,通过

look through 浏览,往……里看

8.完成句子

(1)These countries have __________(经历) too many wars.

(2)They ________(仔细检查)our luggage at the customs.

(3)How long will it take you to __________ (看完)the book?

答案:(1)gone through(2)went through(3)go through

9. calm down平静下来,镇定下来

calm sb.down 使某人平静下来

9.完成句子

(1)Y ou will ignore the bell and go somewhere quiet to ______________(使你的朋友平静下来).

(2)The excited girl quickly ________(平静下来).

(3)大海风平浪静了。(汉译英)

________________________________________________________________________

答案:(1)calm your friend down(2)calmed down

(3)The sea calmed down.

10. join in参加正在进行的活动

join sb.in (doing) sth.加入某人一起做某事

join 加入党派、组织等;成为……的一员;与……一道去

join up (with sb.) (与某人)联合,会合

join hands(with sb.)(与某人)拉起手;合伙;联合

10.用join/join in/join...in...填空

(1)We only need one more player for this game—can you persuade your sister to ________?

(2)At the end of this verse,we’d like everyone to ______ with the chorus.

(3)Why don’t you ask your sister if she would like to ________ us for supper?

(4)Can you ________ us ________ the game?

答案:(1)join in(2)join up(3)join(4)join;in