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GRE '93考题精选7--3

这一计划的支持者却热情不减,宣称人类的求知欲理应克服这些实际障碍。

Before the Second World War, academics still questioned
whether the body of literature produced in the United
States truly ------- a ------- literature, or whether
such literature was only a provincial branch of English
literature.
symbolized.. local
constituted.. national
defined.. historical
outlined.. good
captured.. meaningful
答案:(B)
academic: n.1.大学生,大学教师 2.学者,学会会员
provincial: a.1.狭隘的,地方性的 2.外省的,外地的
symbolize: v.象征,标志
 
第二次世界大战之前,学者们依然感到疑惑,即在美国创作的全部文学作品是否真正能构成一种民族文学,抑或这种文学只能算作英国文学的一个地方性分支。

Many more eighteenth-century novels were written by
women than by men, but this dominance has, until very
recently, been regarded merely as ------- fact, a bit
of arcane knowledge noted only by bibliographers.
a controversial
a statistical
an analytical
an explicit
an unimpeachable
答案:(B)
dominance: n.优势,支配(或统治)地位,最高权力
arcane: a.神秘的,晦涩难解的,秘密的
bibliographer: n.1.书目编制者 2.目录学家,书志学家
explicit: a.1.详述,明确的,明析的 2.直言的,坦率的 3.显然可见的,容易观察到

unimpeachable: a.无瑕疵的,无缺点的,完全可靠的
 
在十八世纪,女性创作的小说数量相当程度上超过男性创作小说,但女性文学创作的这种主导地位直到最近仅仅被视作一个统计学事实,一点小小的秘密知识,只为文献目录学家所注意。

All ------- biological traits fall into one of two categories:
those giving their possessors greater ------- the environment
and those rendering them more independent of it.
widespread.. detachment from
beneficial.. control over
successful.. freedom from
neutral.. compatibility with
harmful.. advantage in
答案:(B)
trait: n.特征,特点,特性
category: n.1.种类,类别 2.〔哲〕范畴
render: v.1.使得,使成为 2.给予,提供 3.提出,呈报
detachment: n.1.分开,分离,脱离 2.超然,公正,不偏不倚
beneficial: a.有益的,有利的,有帮助的
 
所有有益的生物特征在两个类别之间都必居其一:一类生物特征使其拥有者得以在更大程度上控制环境,另一类则使它们更独立于环境。
One of archaeology's central dilemmas is how to
reconstruct the ------- of complex ancient societies
from meager and often ------- physical evidence.
riddles.. obsolete
details.. irrefutable
intricacies.. equivocal
patterns.. flawless
configurations.. explicit
答案:(C)
archaeology: n.考古家
dilemma: n.(进退两难的)窘境,困境
reconstruct: v.1.重建,改组,重新构成 2.修复 3.重新描述,使(按原貌

GRE '93考题精选7--3

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