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英语third

1.perfect

adj. 完美的,理想的

例句:Her acting is really perfect.

她的演技真是太好了。

2.board

v. 登(机,船等)

例句:The passengers boarded the plane at 9 a.m.

旅客们上午九时登机。

3.flight

n.航班,飞行,航程

例句:He completed the flight in 25 hours and 50 minutes.

他用了二十五小时五十分钟飞完全程。

4.gate

n. 登机门,门

Our flight is boarding at gate number 4.

我们的航班在四号门登机。

5.silly

adj. 傻里傻气的

例句:It was silly of me to say such a thing.

我说这话真傻。

6.outdoor

adj. 户外的

例句:I like outdoor sports.

我喜欢户外运动。

7.business

n. 商业,生意

例句:Mr. Jones is in the business of selling cars.

琼斯先生从事汽车销售行业。

8.empty

adj. 空的

例句:The streets were almost empty.街上几乎空无一人。

9.stomach n. 胃例句:He kicked Bill in the stomach.

他踢到了比尔的腹部。

10.burn

v. 烧,烧焦,燃烧

例句:The factory burned to the ground.

工厂被彻底烧毁了。

11.enough

adj. 足够的,充足的

例句:We have enough chairs for everyone.

我们有足够的椅子让大家坐。

12.everything

pron. 每件事物,一切

例句:She does everything to help her mother.她尽全力帮助她母亲。

13.college n. 大学,学院例句:She studies at a medical college in New York. 她在纽约的一所医学院学习。

14.living

adj. 活着的

例句:All the living presidents attended Nixon's funeral.

所有活着的总统都参加了尼克松的葬礼。

15.simple

adj. 简单的

例句:Such a toy is simple to make.

这种玩具做起来很简单。

37.连词的用法

一、概说

连词是一种虚词,用于连接单词、短语、从句或句子,在句子中不单独用作句子成分。连词按其性质可分为并列连词和从属连词。并列连词用于连接并列的单词、短语、从句或句子,如and,but,or,for等;从属连词主要引出名词性从句(主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句等)和状语从句(时间状语从句、条件状语从句、目的状语从句等),引出名词性从句的连词如that,whether等,引出状语从句的连词如when,because,since,if 等。这里,主要学习并列连词的用法。

二、并列连词的用法

1. 表示转折关系的并列连词。这类连词主要有but,yet等。如:

Someone borrowed my pen,but I don't remember who.

有人借了我的钢笔,但我不记得是谁了。

He said he was our friend,yet he wouldn't help us.

他说他是我们的朋友,但却不肯帮助我们。

2. 表示因果关系的并列连词。这类连词主要有for,so等。如:

The child had a bad cough,so his mother took him to the doctor.

这孩子咳得很厉害,所以他妈妈带他去看医生。

You are supposed to get rid of carelessness,for it often leads to serious errors.

你们一定要克服粗心大意,因为粗心大意常常引起严重的错误。

注意:for表示结果通常不能放句首,也不能单独使用。

3. 表示并列关系的并列连词。这类连词主要有and ,or ,either…or ,neither…nor ,not only…but (also),both…and ,as well as 等。如:

He didn't go and she didn't go either

他没去,她也没去。

最早的"First Lady" 的称谓是由"first lady of honor","first lady of the Admiralty" 演化而来,用来这些称呼指那些有影响力的杰出女性。1834 年更出现了"first lady in (of)the land"的称呼。爱德华-布尔沃-里顿在1851年引用了这一说法,"She was so beautiful and so good,and not proud she!Though she looked like the first lady in the land."

"First Lady"第一次被用来指总统夫人是1849年,托卡里-泰勒总统称赞多利-麦迪逊夫人时说道,"She will never be forgotten because she was truly our First Lady for a half-century." (希拉里-克林顿在她的1999年多利-麦迪逊夫人纪念银币发行仪式上的讲话中引用了这句话。)

19世纪下半期,人们则很少用"First Lady" 来指总统夫人,直到20世纪,"First Lady"才开始流行。在过去的二十几年中,由"First Lady" 又派生了一系列的与总统有关的人或物的特殊称呼。最早是在1978年,卡特总统夫人的爱犬被冠以"first dog"("第

一爱犬")的称呼。那么,我们将来是不是该称呼某为女总统的丈夫为"First Gentleman"("第一先生")呢?

My Best Friend

I have a lot of friends in Simon English School. One of them is my best friend. His name is Tom.

We are both thirteen years old,but I am older than him,and I am fatter than him too. He is shorter than I,and he is thinner than I. He wears a pair of glasses but I don't.

He likes to eat pocket-food,and he is a gentleman in a sense that when he has pock-food he will share them with us.

He and I are in the same school and in the same class. So,we can help each other. We always play in the school together. He likes to do things I like. He lives in the Ningbo,while my home is in Zhenhai but I always go to his home on weekends and he sometimes will come to my home on weekends. Sometimes we will fight but we always get along well.

1. Tom is ____.

A. 13 years old,taller than the author

B. 14 years old,fatter than the author

C. 13 years old,shorter than the author

D. 14 years old,shorter than the author

2. Tom lives in____.

A. Ningbo

B. Zhenhai

C. Ningxia

D. Zhenghai

3. What does the word "pocket-food" mean?

A. 袋装食品

B. 零食

C. 快餐

D. 流行的食品

4. Does Tom study in the same class with the author?

5. What does the author look like?

答案:

1.C

解析:We are both thirteen years old.He is shorter than I.选C

2.A

解析:He lives in the Ningbo选A

3.B

解析:词语解析,选B

4.Yes,he does.

解析:He and I are in the same school and in the same class.看出答案是Yes

5.He is a 13 years boy,older and fatter than Tom,he doesn't wear a pair of glasses.

解析:We are both thirteen years old,but I am older than him,and I am fatter than him too. He is shorter than I,and he is thinner than I.用过Tom来描述作者的外貌

1. quality n.

[词义] (人的)品质(可数);(物的)质量(不可数)(与quantity(数量)相对应);(人或物)特点,特性

[必记搭配] good quality 品德良好

human quality 人性

quality goods 精品

a man of quality 具有良好品质的人

[例] Quality is more important than quantity.

质量比数量更重要。

He has all the qualities of a successful businessman.

他具有一个成功商人所应具备的所有品质。

One quality of wood is that it can burn.

木材的特点之一就是会燃烧。

2. loyal adj.

[词义] 忠诚的,忠实的

[派生词] loyally adv. 忠实地,忠诚地

loyalty n. 忠实(不可数)

loyalist n. 忠实分子

[必记搭配] be loyal to 对…忠诚

[同/近义词] faithful,true

[例] He was utterly loyal to his wife.

他对他的妻子绝对忠实。

These people feel a lot of loyality to the company.

这些人都对公司忠心耿耿。

They didn't loyally live up to the principles they professed. 他们未能忠实地履行他们所表明的原则。

3. fun n.

[词义] 乐趣,兴致(不可数名词)

fun是不可数名词,其前不可用冠词修饰。

[派生词] funny 滑稽的,荒谬的,逗人笑的

[例] We had great fun swimming in the lake.

我们在湖里游泳,玩得很开心。

What fun it is to play with my little dog.

逗我的小狗玩真是令人开心。

4. survive vi / vt 规则变化:-d;-d;现在分词:surviving

[词义] 经历……后依然活着;幸免于;经受得住

[派生词] survivor n. 存留下来的人或东西,生存者

survival n. 生存(不可数)

[例] Few survived after the flood.

洪水过后,生还者极少。

The man was very ill,but he survived.

这个人病得很厉害,可是他活下来了。

He survived his wife for many years.

他比妻子多活好多年。

The house survived the storm.

经过暴风雨袭击,这所房屋并未倒塌。

Crocodiles are survivals from the age of dinosaurs.

鳄鱼是从恐龙时代生存下来的物种。

His survival is still uncertain;he has been very badly hurt and may die.

他能否活下去还是一个未知数,他伤得太重,随时都有生命危险。

5. imagine 规则变化:-d;-d;现在分词:imagining [词义] 想象,以为;假想

[派生词] imagination 想象力

imaginative 富于想象的;有想象力的

[必记搭配] imagine sth/doing sth./宾语从句想象,幻想/认为imagine sb.as 以为

[例] You can imagine the situation there.

你可以想象那里的情况。

I can't imagine living in such a place.

我难以想像生活在这样一个地方。

I can't imagine what he looks like.

我想象不出他是什么长相。

Don't imagine yourself to be always correct.

不要以为自己总是对。

I imagine him as a big tall man.

我以为他是个高大的人。

He imagines that people don't believe him.

他总是认为人们不信任他。

1. We should make more use of this new technology.

我们应该更多地利用新技术。

make use of利用,在名词use前面可以加上不同的形容词来表示不同程度的利用。

如:make good use of合理利用,

make the best use of尽量利用,

make full use of充分利用

名词use还可组成其他词组:

如:be in use在使用中

be of great use很有用处

go out of use不被使用,废弃

come into use开始被使用

bring / put …to use加以利用

for the use of供……使用

2.What are they famous for ?

他们由什么出名?

be famous/known著名,为众人所知

(1)be famous / known for因为……成名,表示成名的原因

[例]Switzerland is famous / known for its mountains.

瑞士以它的山而闻名。

[例]He is famous for his history story.

他因为他写的历史小说而出名。

[例]He is known for his readiness to help others.

大家都知道他总是乐于帮助别人。

(2)be famous / known as以什么身份而成名

[例]He is famous as a writer rather than a poet.

他是作为一名作家,而不是作为一名诗人而闻名。

[例]She is known as a great singer.

大家都知道她是个大歌星。

(3)be famous / known to为人所知

[例]He is known to every one of us.

我们每人都知道他。

[例]It's known to all that they do an important and necessary job.

大家都知道他们干的是重要的并且是必要的工作。

3.The string was getting charged!

细线正在导电。

get在这里是代替助动词be,与过去分词连用,以强调主语的被动行为。[例]They got caught in the big rain on their way here.

他们来这儿的路上遇到了这场大雨。

[例]He got burnt while putting out the fire.

在灭火时他被烧伤了。

[例]Did he get burnt in that accident?

他在那次事故中受伤了吗?

[例]The car got stuck in the snow.

汽车陷在了雪中。

注意:get done有时不表示被动意思

[例]Do you know she's got married?

你知道她已经结婚了吗?

[例]I've got used to such a way of life.

我已习惯了这样的生活方式。

[例]Don't get excited about it.

别为这激动。

get还有其他用法

(1)get用作使役动词时,其宾语补足语可用多种形式,用动词的什么形式取决于该动词与宾语之间的关系。get sth. / sb. to do/ doing/ done/ adj.

[例] You must get them to come over here at once. (= have them come)你得想法让他们马上到这儿来。

[例]I'll get Mary to do the washing for you. (= have Mary do)

我来让玛丽替你洗这些衣服。

[例]Why don't you get your shoes mended. (= have your shoes mended)你怎么不请人把鞋补一补。

[例]I'll go and get my hair cut. (= have my hair cut)

我要去理发。

[例]The next thing is to get the problem settled as soon as possible.

接下来就是尽快使问题得到解决。

[例]He got his leg broken while playing football.

踢足球时他的腿骨折了。

[例]Can you get the car going again?

你能使汽车再次开动起来吗?

[例]Have you got supper ready?

你把晚饭做好了吗?

[例]I can't get the window open.

这窗户我打不开。

(2)get to do表示从没有到有的变化,指不定式动词的动作或状态的开始,这时不定式动词大多为意识性或情感性的动词,动词come可代替get,不改变这一作用。

[例]I got to know him in 1998.

我是1998年认识他的。

[例]You'll soon get to like the work.

你不久就会喜欢这份工作的。

[例]We have got to see the importance of studying English.

我们开始认识到学英语的重要性。

4. Fly the kite when a thunderstorm appears to be coming on.

当雷雨好像就要来的时候放飞风筝。

come on在这里表示"开始(……起来),袭来……".

[例]It came on dark.

天黑了。

[例]Rain came on/ it came on to rain just before daybreak. 天快亮时开始下起雨来。

[例]He felt a cold coming on.

他觉得有点感冒了。

come on有其他含义:

(1)跟着来

[例]You go first. I'll come on immediately.

你先走,我马上跟来。

(2)进步,进展,成长

[例]The corn is coming on splendidly.

玉米长势好极了。

[例]How is your work coming on?

你的工作情况如何?

(3)(问题、案件等)被提出来

[例]The case will soon come on for trial.

这案件很快就要开审。

come的其他短语

(1)come out出现,被获知,出版,结局

[例]The stars come out (= appeares)as soon as it is dark. 天一黑星星就出来了。

[例]How did the printing come out (= appear)?

这种印刷是如何出现的?

[例]The news came out (= became known)yesterday.

这个消息是昨天传出来的。

[例]The truth finally came out (= became known)。

终于真相大白。

[例]When will your book come out (= be published)?

你的书何时出版?

[例]How did the ball game come out (= end)?

场球赛的结局如何?

(2)come about发生

[例]How did all this come about (= happen/ take place)?所有的这一切是怎样发生的?

[例]It came out (= happened)in this way.

这事就是这样发生的。

(3)come back恢复,重现于记忆中。

[例]They asked me to rest till my health came back.

他们要我一直休息到恢复健康为止。

[例]Their names are all coming back to me now.

他们的名字,我现在渐渐地都想起来了。

(4)come up走近,发芽,被提出

[例]Christmas is coming up soon.

圣诞节快到了。

[例]The seeds haven't come up yet.

种子还没有发芽。

[例]The question will come up tomorrow.

这个问题将于明天被提出来讨论。

Next time a customer comes to your office,offer him a cup of coffee. And when you're doing your holiday shopping online,make sure you're holding a large glass of iced tea. The physical sensation(感觉)of warmth encourages emotional warmth,while a cold drink in hand prevents you from making unwise decisions those are the practical lesson being drawn from recent research by psychologist John A. Bargh.