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牛津译林版英语8B Unit6 知识点解析与练习

Unit Six (Comic Strip--Task )

Step One Consolidation and Extension (巩固与拓展)

1. train to be a volunteer for the Olympic Games受训成为一名奥运会的志愿者

train v. 训练,培训train to be/as ... 训练成为train to be a volunteer 训练成为一名志愿者

e.g ____________________________________________.

如果你刻苦训练,你将会成为一名优秀的足球运动员。

__________________________________________

那位警察正在训练那只狗。

train sb / sth to do sth 训练某人/某物做某事,其中动词不定式作宾语补足语。其被动结构为sb/sth be trained to do sth.。

e.g _______________________________________

这位母亲正在培训她的女儿给狗洗澡。

_________________________________________

这些狗被训练用来缉毒。

train常与介词for连用,意为“为……而训练”。

e.g ______________________________________

他正在接受培训,准备做牧师。

train用作名词时,意为“火车”。

e.g _____________________________________________-

他们将坐火车去南京。

2. support v.&n. 支持;养活support→supporter支持者;拥护者

①______________________________得到某人的大力支持

②______________________________马克养活一大家人。

③______________________________在某人的支持下/没有某人的支持

3.I need some more food to eat at work.我还需要一些在工作时吃的食物。

①need some more food to eat 需要更多一些吃的食物

Have you any more bread?你还有面包吗?

I want some more books.我还要几本书。

②at work 在工作时

4. the blind/ deaf/ disabled/ elderly/ homeless/ poor (people)盲人/ 聋哑人/ 残疾人/ 年纪大的人/无家可归的人/穷人

an elderly person 一个老年人

5. They can provide special places for homeless people to stay.他们能给无家可归的人提供特别的可以待的地方。

(1) provide sb. with sth. 或provide sth. for sb

(2) supply sb. with sth.或supply sth. to sb.

provide special places for homeless people = ________________________________

___________________________________

为他们提供食物和住所

The local people like that Italian restaurant because it _______________________________

当地人喜欢那家意大利餐馆因为它不仅提供美味的食物,而且服务也好。

(3) offer侧重表示“愿意给予”,常用于offer sb. sth./offer sth. to sb向某人提供某物

offer to do sth 主动提出做某事

6.a report on the experience of a volunteer一份志愿者经历的报告

(1) ①experience作“(一次)经历”解时,是可数名词;作“经验”解时,是不可数名词.

在他一生中有很多的有趣的经历。______________________________

在教学方面她有多年的经验。___________________________________.

表示做某事的经验,in [of] doing sth。如:

_________________________________________他有多年种小麦的经验。

_________________________________________ 他有丰富的经验做这项工作。

②.用作动词,表示“体验”“经历”等,只用作及物动词。如:

___________________________________________ 这孩子从未受过善待。

_______________________________________ 他有生以来第一次体验到巨大的艰苦。

有时其过去分词用作形容词。Even experienced teachers can make mistakes.

7. what to expect期待什么

【拓展】expect sb to do sth期待某人做某事expect him to be an engineer期待他做一名工程师

8. ⑴volunteer n意为“志愿者,志愿兵”。

Why do you want to be a volunteer ?work as a volunteer 作为一名志愿者工作

⑵volunteer还可以作vi. vt.意为“自愿”。

I asked if anyone would help me but no one volunteered. volunteer to do sth.意为“自愿做……”

_______________________________________ 他们自愿在奥运会期间提供服务

volunteer for (doing) sth 主动提出,志愿承担(做)某事

__________________________________________他自愿做这苦差使.

9. The Special Olympics World Games give children and adults with intellectual disabilities a chance to show their skills to the world.

(1) _______________________________________有智力缺陷的孩子和大人

(2) _____________________________________给某人一个做某事的机会

(3) show sb. sth.= show sth. to sb. 给某人展示…_____________________________向世界展示他们的技能

10. be similar to与---相似be similar in在…方面相似

e.g __________________________________

他们的校服和我们的相似。

11.give up their spare time for …. 为….. 放弃他们的空闲时间

give up (doing) sth放弃(做)某事give them up 放弃他们

give up意为“放弃”,它和pick up一样,也是由“动词+副词”构成的短语动词,当名词作宾语时,名词可以放在动词和副词之间或副词的后面;当代词作宾语时,代词只能位于动词和副词之间。如:

_________________________________.你应该戒烟。我去年就戒掉了。

_____________________________________ 你怎么不和他一刀两断呢?

【拓展】give in屈服;让步;交上give out 分发give back归还(送回;反射)give away送掉(泄露,放弃,分配,出卖)

12. make the event a great success使比赛获得巨大成功

succeed, success, successful的区别和用法

一、succeed的用法

◆他的计划成功了。误:His plan was succeeded. 正:___________________

析:succeed 表示“成功”,是不及物动词,因此不能用于被动语态。

◆他终于把那个问题解决了。

误:At last he succeeded to solve the problem. 正:__________________________析:表示做某事做成功了,succeed in doing sth.

又如:He succeeded in getting the job. She succeeded in (passing) the exam.

二、success的用法

◆失败是成功之母。

误:Failure is the mother of successes.

正:_______________________________________.

析:success 表示抽象意义的“成功”,是不可数的;表示具体意义的“成功的人或事”, 则是可数的。

His new book was a great success. He has had great success in business. He was a great success in business.

三、successful的用法

◆你想找所新房子你找到了吗?

误:Were you successful to find a new house?

正:_________________________________________

析:表示成功地做某事,be successful in doing sth

13. be born with intellectual disabilities 生来有智力障碍be born with生来俱有

14. feel more confident感到更自信

You're very confident(形容词). You're full of confidence(名词).

①. confident作形容词,意为“自信的,有把握的”。

常构成短语be confident of/about或be confident 后接that从句,

表示“对……有把握,对……自信”。

如:他对获得第一名很有自信。________________________

他自信他能通过考试。____________________________

②. confidence作名词,意为“信心,信赖”,

常用短语“have confidence in”意为“对……有信心”。

_______________________________ 他缺少自信。

15. You get to help them achieve their dreams,... 你帮助他们实现他们的梦想,

(1) achieve作“取得(胜利、成功等)”、“实现(目标、目的等)”解时,习惯跟以下名词搭配:victory,success,fame , aim, goal, etc.

如:没有什么能够阻止我实现我的抱负。_______________________________________ (2) dream用作名词,意为“梦;梦想;愿望”。

_________________________________________她有一个成为歌手的梦想。

__________________________________________他去北京的愿望实现了。

dream用作动词,意为“做梦;梦想”。

如:____________________________________ 你梦到什么了?

(3) achieve/realize their dreams make their dreams come true实现他们的梦想

(4) get to do sth 有机会做某事//得到做某事的机会

Step Two Grammar Revision (语法回顾)

三、语法

1. It is +形容词+动词不定式

我们常用“It is +形容词+动词不定式”结构来表达对某事物的看法。在该句型结构中,it为形式主语,真正的主语为其后的动词不定式。

e.g __________________________________

学好英语是必要的。

注意:该结构也适用于动词take的句型。

e.g ________________________________________

步行去火车站大约要花10分钟。

动词不定式结构也可以直接置于句首充当句子的主语,但在现代英语中,多用it作形式主语替代。

eg _________________________________________

在国庆节前清洁公园是很重要的。

_________________________________________

带上地图和手机是明智的。

2.It is +形容词+for+人或物+动词不定式

我们可以用“It is +形容词+for+人或物+动词不定式”结构来表达对某人来说做某事的一个客观态度。在该句型结构中,动词不定式结构的逻辑主语就是for后面的人或物。for sb to do sth通常被称作动词不定式复合结构。

e.g_________________________________________________

对我们而言,在一小时内完成这项工作是不可能的。

_______________________________________________

对我们来说,加入“乐施毅行者”是有意义的。

3. It is +形容词+of+人或物+动词不定式

我们可以用“It is +形容词+of+人或物+动词不定式”结构来表达对某人的行为的看法。

e.g ____________________________________________________

你把报纸带给我真是太好了。

_________________________________________________________

你因为别人的错误而不原谅他们真是太傻了。

“It is +形容词+for+人或物+动词不定式”和“It is +形容词+of+人或物+动词不定式”结构的区别:

1)“for sb”的句型一般用表示客观情况的形容词。如:hard,difficult,easy,important,interesting,necessary,impossible等。“of sb”的句型一般用表示人物品格、特征等的形容词。如:brave,good,

Step Three Consolidate the basis (夯实基础)

Comic Strip and Welcome to the unit

一、词汇运用

1. I hear Rosie spends two hours a day_______ (训练) for the sports meeting.

2. What do you know about the_______ (奥运会) ?

3. What will you do to_______ (支持) this year's charity show?

4. I think it_______ (有意义的) to raise some money for children in poor areas.

5. _______ (残疾的) people can do things as well as common people. Never look down upon (看不起) them.

6. The government is trying to give_______ (年老的) people a happy old age.

7. Doctors think he will go_______ (瞎的) after this terrible car accident.

8. -How is the boy?

-Terrible. He is_______. He can never hear any sound from now on.

9. -What can we do for those_______ people?

-We can build more houses since they have no place to live.

二、单项填空

( ) 1. -_______! I will give you a surprise!

A. Support me

B. Support I

C. To support I

D. Supports me

( ) 2. _______is impolite for us to shout at others loudly.

A. This

B. That

C. There

D. It

( ) 3. -What are these young girls doing?

-They are training_______ volunteers_______ the Spring Sports Meeting.

A. to be; to

B. as; for

C. for; for

D. as; to

( ) 4. The disabled_______ able to do the same things as common people.

A. is B can be C. are D. can

( ) 5. I don't have much money, but my life is_______ than before.

A. more meaningful

B. meaningfuler

C. more meaningfuler

D. much meaningful

( ) 6. I need_______ food and water at work.

A. many more

B. some more

C. any more

D. one more

( ) 7. This man can't see anything. He is_______.

A. blind

B. deaf

C. disabled

D. elderly

( ) 8. The deaf people have their own ways_______ with each other.

A. talk

B. talking

C. to talk

D. for talking

三、动词填空

1. The PE teacher_______ (train) the football team on the playground when we found him.

2. Valentina says she will do what she can_______ (save) kitty's life.

3. Which team_______ you_______ (support) for the basketball match tomorrow night?

4. - _______ you_______ (write) to the newspaper to talk about the terrible traffic in our city?

-Not yet.

5. We all think_______ (cut) in on others is not very polite.

6. -Excuse me. Look at the sign "No Smoking".

-Sorry, I_______ (not see)it.

7. You need to go back home right now because it_______ (get) dark. Walking alone at night is really dangerous.

8. Julia_______ (be)a member of the Writing Club since she was ten years old.

Reading

一、单词拼写

l. It's really a good_______ (机会) to visit the theme park.

2. The dishes in this restaurant are better than we_______ (预料) before.

3. Our first_______ (任务) is to count the volunteers.

4. I heard that you_______ (义务做) to teach in the school in Liangshan when you were in college.

5. Children must play this game with an_______ (成年人)nearby.

6. Olympic_______ (运动员) all live in the Expo Park (世博园).

7. The twin brothers look very_______ (类似的). Even their parents sometimes can't tell who the older son is.

8. Having a 10-minute break between two classes is very _______(必要的).

9. The 800-metre race is the fourth_______ (比赛项目) of the afternoon. Runners are preparing on the playground.

10. We should care more for those children with learning_______ (缺陷).

11. Those waiters must receive_______ (培训) before they start their work.

12. Nowadays parents have paid more attention (关注) to kids'______ (智力) development (发展).

13. My father was a football_______ (教练) in a senior high school when he was young but later he became a driver.

14. The athlete from the UK won three_______ (金牌)and two_______(银牌)

at London Olympic Games and he is sure he can do better in 2016.

15. Have you heard of the_______(背景)music of this show? It's Gao Shan Liu Shui.

16. Be_______ (自信)! I think you are good enough to give this talk.

17. To work_______ (密切地) with the Laos government, we will continue sending college students there to learn their history.

18. After long-time hard work, he finally_______(实现)success.

二、单项填空

( ) 1. -It's too hard for me to finish this task.

-Never_______. Believe in yourself. You will do it well.

A. put up

B. hurry up

C. give up

D. look up

( ) 2. She is_______ her mother in many ways. Do you agree with me?

A. likes

B. similar with

C. like to

D. similar to

( ) 3. My parents provide me_______ 3000 yuan_______ my study every year.

A. with; with

B. with; for

C. for; with

D. with; in

( ) 4. _______ necessary for you to come here on time.

A. This is

B. That's

C. You are

D. It's

( ) 5. He works hard and is often_______. I hope he will have more_______ at his business.

A. successful; success

B. success; successful

C. successfully; successful

D. successful; successful

( ) 6. He hoped to have a chance_______ abroad, and at last he got one.

A. to study

B. studying

C. study

D. studied

( ) 7. The doctor told my father to_______ smoking but he didn't take the advice.

A. give in

B. give out

C. give up

D. get up

( ) 8. It's really nice_______ you_______ me work out this maths problem.

A. of; to help

B. for; to help

C. for; help

D. of; help

( ) 9. We really need to work_______ each other to finish this task.

A. close with

B. closely with

C. close from

D. closely from

( ) 10. -He really worked hard at his study this month.

-Yes. That's_______ he did better in his maths test.

A. because B why C. what D. how

( ) 11. -Just three hours? It_______ like three months!

-You should be more patient! Reading always takes time and gives you joy.

A. hears

B. looks

C. gets

D. feels

( ) 12. -Why not_______ the swimming club to learn swimming?

-That's a good idea!

A. join

B. to join

C. joining

D. to join in

( ) 13. He found_______ very interesting to ride a horse.

A. it's

B. that is

C. that

D. it

( ) 14. Their house is_______ ours, but ours has a big garden.

A. similar in B similar with C. similar to D. similar on

三、动词填空

l. We hold this activity_______ (raise) money for the local people.

2. The government_______ (build) another two hospitals already so that people don't need to go to another city when they are ill.

3. How often_______ the Winter Olympics_______ (take) place?

4. It's a good chance for us_______ (learn) about European history.

5. Who_______ (attend) yesterday's charity show? It was really a success.

6. Just at that time I heard someone _______ (call) my name behind. It was my wife.

7. You should plan what you_______ (carry) for next week's spring trip.

8. My mother_______ (teach) English in that school for nearly 30 years.

9. I'm thinking of_______ (join) the writing competition.

10. It's a little difficult for us -_______ (achieve) our dream right now, but we should never give up.

11. -Did you notice anybody enter the building just now?

-Sorry, I_______ (cut) down the tree in the garden.

12. -_______ you_______ (finish) your homework?

-Not yet. I_______ (finish) it in two hours.

13. Have you decided which one_______ (buy)? Everyone is waiting for you.

14. The boss made his workers_______ (not work) eight hours but 12 hours a day.

15. Please don't keep us_______ (stand) outside in such cold weather for long.

16. I will give the book to him as soon as he_______ (come) back.

Grammar

一、单项填空

( ) 1. It's very nice_______ you to give me such a chance.

A. to

B. for

C. of

D. at

( ) 2. It's necessary_______ us to keep the classroom_______ every day.

A. for; cleans

B. of; clean

C. for; clean

D. of; cleaning

( ) 3. It is_______ of the people to_______ money to the poor people.

A. important; donating

B. generous; raising

C. meaningful; raise

D. helpful; donate

( ) 4. It is wrong_______ us_______ look down upon(看不起)the disabled people.

A. of; to

B. for; for

C. to; to

D. of; for

( ) 5. to get there within ten minutes. Ten minutes_______ too short for us.

A. It is impossible of us; are

B. It's impossible for us; is

C. We are impossible; are

D. We aren't possible; is

( ) 6. -What do you think of tomorrow's basketball match?

-_______ difficult for us_______ the match.

A. We're; winning

B. It's winning

C. We're; to win

D. It's; to win

( ) 7. The Olympic Games_______ us_______ a chance_______ show our skills.

A. provide; with; to B provide; for; to

C. provides; with; for

D. provides; to; with

( ) 8. These college students_______ in getting new jobs, so they have to stay in school.

A. trouble

B. have trouble

C. have fun

D. have a good time

( ) 9. Valentina is good at English. I think it's easy_______ her_______ English well.

A. for; to learn

B. of; to learn

C. for; learning D of; learning

( )10. Is_______ possible to fly to the moon in a spaceship?

A. this

B. that

C. it

D. /

( )11. -I like my Chinese teacher. He is very kind_______ us.

-That is very kind_______ him.

A. of; to

B. to; of

C. to; to

D. of; of .

( )12. My daughter think_______ necessary_______ to take so many dancing classes.

A. that; for her

B. it; of her

C. that; of her

D. it; for her

( ) 13. Michel has_____ all his pocket money_____ the local charity to help people in need.

A. given; for

B. raised; to

C. donated; to

D. bought; for

( )14. He never works hard so it's_______ for him to pass the exam.

A. hopeless

B. useless

C. useful

D. hopeful

( )15. -Do you want to see the film Gravity?

-Gravity ? I_______ it. It's really wonderful.

A. see

B. have seen

C. was seeing

D. has 'seen

二、词汇运用

l. Have you_______ (捐款)money to the people who lost their homes in the flood?

2. Did you notice a man passing by with_______ (血) on his sweater?

3. The teacher will have a talk with all her students_______ (一对一) about their problems.

4. Mr Lee is trying to set up an_______ (organize) to help people with blindness.

5. This concert will raise money for local_______ (charity) to pull people through the long cold winter.

Integrated skills --Study skills

一、单项填空

( ) l. -The teacher asks us to read the article aloud in the morning.

-Yes. _______, we can remember the new words better.

A. By the way

B. In some ways

C. In this way

D. By this way

( ) 2. If you want to write about your trip to Hangzhou last week, the most suitable way you should use can be_______.

A. time order

B. space order

C. general to specific

D. specific to general

( ) 3. It's comfortable_______ you_______ to light music when you feel tired.

A. for; listen

B. for; to listen

C. of; to listen

D. of; listening

( ) 4. -Is Judy a teacher of much experience?

-Yes. She_______ English for 20 years.

A. has taught

B. will teach

C. teaches

D. taught

( ) 5. We keep in touch_______ writing often. We enjoy using this way to communicate with each other

A. with

B. of

C. on

D. by

( ) 6. The Philippines lies_______ the south-east of China.

A. in

B. /

C. to

D. at

( ) 7. I'm sorry to say that I didn't_______ him to become a successful writer. .

A. let

B. make

C. hope

D. expect

( ) 8. It's cruel(残忍) _______ him to kill_______ many children with a knife.

A. of, such

B. for, such

C. of, so

D. for, so

( ) 9. They have organized two_______ since last year.

A. charity shows

B. charity show

C. charities show

D. charities shows

( )10. There used to be a church in the west of the town, _______?

A. usedn't it

B. used there

C. didn't there

D. used there not

二、动词填空

1. Tina wants to be a good dancer, so she practices_______ (dance) hard every day.

2. It's wise of you _______ (look) through the sentences before the test.

3. The poor old man makes a living by_______ (train) dogs.

4. Make sure_______ (be) safe when you go skiing in the mountains.

5. You'd better not give up_______ (work) hard at your French.

6. _______ you_______ (find) your history book yet?

7. The athletes tried their best_______ (finish) the tasks.

8. I_______ (read) a novel when she came into my house yesterday evening.

9. Air, food and drink are necessary_______ (support) people's lives.

10. It's necessary for you_______ (learn) more about Chinese history.

Task

一、单词拼写

1. Chongqing is in the_______(西南方)of China while Urumchi is in the_______(西北方).

2. The local government has planned a new building_______(工程)in Renmin Road.

3. My doctor said I had a serious_______(疾病)and had to lie in bed for a long time.

4. The patient looks terrible. He needs an_______(手术)right now.

5. My grandmother is a_______(幸存者)of Tangshan Earthquake. She says the

liberation army(解放军)saved her life.

6.I decided to give an_______(介绍)to this new club before the party started.

二、单项填空

( ) 1. "Many hands make light work" means_______.

A.大家都要轻工作B.大家都想偷懒

C.人多力量大D.很多手抢着做轻活

( )2.-Mr and Mrs White look so young.

-Yes. But they_______ for more than thirty years.

A. married

B. have married

C. had married

D. have been married

( )3. It's wrong_______ you_______ your parents' advice.

A. for; don't accept

B. for; not accept

C. of; not to accept

D. of; not accepting

( )4. They don't have_______ for_______ operation.

A. enough money; so an

B. enough money; such an

C. money enough; so a

D. money enough; such a

( )5. He is too fat. Is it important for him_______ less and_______ more?

A. to eat; exercise

B. to eat; exercising

C. eating; exercising

D. eat; exercise

三、动词填空

1. Is it right_______ (say) one thing but to do another?

2. _______ (be) a member of the Birdwatching Club brings me much pleasure.

3.-Where is your sister?

-She_______ (go) to the library. She will come back soon.

4. We will never give up_______ (support) the work of the local charities.

5. Teachers always tell the students _______ (not smoke) because it is not healthy.

6. _______ it_______ (rain) heavily when you came back home from work yesterday?

7. The mother_______ (not go) to sleep until her son_______ (come) back home last night.

8. Sun Yang_______ (win) some golds in the Olympic Games in 2012.

四、句型转换

1. I came here to return the money. (对画线部分提问)

________ ________ you come here?

2. My son is too young to go to school.

My son isn’t ________ ________ to go to school.

3. Mr Li goes to Hong Kong on business twice a year. (对画线部分提问)

________ ________ ________ ________ Mr Li go to Hong Kong a year?

4. It’s interesting to play with them. (改为感叹句)

________ ________ it is to play with them!

五、翻译句子

1. 比赛之前接受训练是有必要的。(It’s +adj +to do sth.)

_______________________________________________________________________________ 2. 志愿者们使这次比赛取得了巨大成功。(make …a great success)

_______________________________________________________________________________ 3. 这次表演给了孩子们一个展示技能的机会。(give sb a chance to do sth)

____________________________________________________________________________ 4. 奥林匹克运动会把不同背景的人们聚拢到一起。(bring …together )

_______________________________________________________________________________ 5. 做志愿者是我生活中最令人惊叹的一段经历。(Working as …)

___________________________________________________________________________ 六、短文填空

Are you looking for something fun? Would you like to help other people in your s 1 time? Then j 2 us and be a volunteer! You can help people in many w 3 . Schools need help with

t 4 care of children while the teachers are having a meeting. H 5 need volunteers to look after children while their parents see a doctor. Animal lovers can help take care of those h 6 dogs and cats. There is something for everyone.

“As a volunteer, I don’t want to get a 7 . Seeing the children’s happy faces, I am happy, too.” said Carlos Domingo, an old woman of 62. “I often p 8 computer games in my free time before. Now I help older people l 9 how to use computers.” said a 10 volunteer at the age of 18.

If everyone is willing to help oth ers, we’ll have a better world to live in.

1. ________

2. _________

3. ________

4. _________

5. ________

6. ________

7. _________

8. ________

9. _________ 10.________

Step Four Ability Improvement (能力提升)

一、完形填空

One midnight, a little girl was thirsty and got up to drink some water. She walked to the bedroom door and 1 it. The little girl looked outside but walked 2 and stood in the center of the room, because it was so 3 in the hall and she was afraid. Her mother said: “Don’t be afraid, honey. Have courage (勇气), I believe you can do it yourself!”

“ 4 is courage?”she asked, running to her mother’s bed. “Courage is the brave breath (呼吸),”her mother answered.

“Mom, do you have courage?” “Certainly.” her mother replied, The little girl held out her cold hands, saying: “Mom, blow some of your breath of courage to 5 .”

After her mother blew into her little cold hands, the little girl clenched her fists (握拳) 6 , afraid that the “breath of courage”would 7 away. Then with her fists clenched, she walked out of the bedroom towards the kitchen with 8 to be afraid of. Her mother said to herself: “It will be nice 9 someone can blow some courage to me. Then I can also hold it in my hands when I feel terrified.”

In a word, the thing that we are afraid of is nothing but the 10 in our mind. The person who we should win is nobody but ourselves.

2. A. in B. back C. out D. down

3. A. bright B. dark C. cold D. warm

4. A. What B. How C. Where D. Why

5. A. me B. you C. her D. it

6. A. politely B. happily C. luckily D. carefully

7. A. pull B. run C. move D. took

8. A. something B. anything C. everything D. nothing

9. A. because B. though C. if D. until

10. A. fear B. idea C. worry D. secret

二、阅读理解

A

Name: Lin Tao Grade: 8 School: Sunshine Middle School

Subjects Assessment

Chinese He can understand most articles well, but a little poor in poems.

Math He is the best in the class. Keep it up.

English He is a little weak in this, but he is always trying his best to catch with others.

Physics He can work out many difficulties. Well done!

History He is not good at this, but is doing better than before.

Geography He knows a lot about different places in the world well.

Biology He always gets high marks this term.

P.E. He is a good jumper.

Remarks(评语)Lin Tao has the ability to do a lot better. He must do more work next term.

1. The table above is a(n) .

A. poster of a boy

B. advertisement

C. school report

D. piece of news

2. Lin Tao’s best subject is .

A. Chinese

B. Math

C. Physics

D. Geography

B

When he was a little child, Andrew had a serious bad habit of sucking(吮吸)his fingers all day long, especially when he had nothing interesting to do: when he was sleeping, when watching TV, when sitting on the sofa and so on. At the beginning, his parents didn’t think it was a bad habit. Therefore, as time goes by, the boy couldn’t give up his habit. Now, in his twenties, Andrew seems to have developed the bad habit into another one: he always bites his nails(指甲). He cannot stop biting his nails all the time. There’re moments when he even doesn’t know that he is doing it. He realized it was a problem and this worried him a lot. Some of his friends told him about this bad habit, and he stops for a while. But then, if he isn’t busy doing something, he starts biting his nails again!

In fact, there’re a lot of bacteria(细菌) in your nails and they can cause some disease. Also, the nails will become ugly and hard to recover. The worst thing is that this bad habit will bring the mental illness(心理疾病). If people cannot correct it in time, it can affect man’s mental health. In short, bad habits are very worrying, especially when the person with the habit is in public and cannot stop himself or herself doing it. Still, there must be ways to give up these bad habits and these people should try their best to stop doing them.

3. When Andrew was a little boy, he had a bad habit of .

A. biting his fingers

B. biting his nails

C. sucking his nails

D. sucking his fingers

4. What’s the Chinese meaning of the underlined word “recover” in paragraph 3?

A. 覆盖

B. 修复

C. 发现

D. 报告

5. Which is TRUE according to the passage?

A. Andrew’s parents found it was a bad habit at the beginning.

B. Andrew had a kind of mental illness when he was a little child.

C. Andrew himself wasn’t worried about his habit in his twenties.

D. Some of Andrew’s friends tried to help hi m stop his bad habit of biting nails.

C

Wild animals are our friends, but many of them are getting fewer and fewer. We should try to protect them. The four animals below are now in danger.

Tibetan antelopes (藏羚羊) are medium-sized animals. They mainly feed on grass. They are usually found in groups of about 20. They are killed for their wool, which is warm, soft and fine and can be made into expensive clothes. Although people can get the wool without killing the animals, people simply kill them before taking the wool. The number of them is dropping year by year. There are less than 75,000 Tibetan antelopes left in the world, down from a million 50 years

ago.

Golden monkeys are mainly found in Sichuan, Gansu, Shanxi provinces and Sheng nongjia mountainous area of Hubei Province. Golden monkeys have golden-orange fur. They move around in the daytime, usually in groups of as many as 100 to 200 heads, or 20 to 30 heads. They feed on fruits and young leaves of bamboos. But people are destroying the environment where they live. Trees and bamboos are disappearing, so golden monkeys have less and less to eat.

Elephants are very big and strong. They are bigger than any other animals on land. They are grey and have long trunks and tusks. They have poor eyesight, but very good hearing and smell. They can lift heavy things and break down branches with their trunks. Elephants are very friendly to each other and their neighbours. Usually, they live in a group for many years. Young male elephants do not leave the group until they are about 12 years old. Now, there are very few elephants in the world. The number of them is becoming smaller and smaller because their living areas are used for farming. Also, people hunt them for their tusks.

Wolves are not very big. They have grey fur. Wolves have very good eyesight, hearing and smell. Wolves’ food is various. They eat animals, insects and snails. They are friendly to each other and never attack people. They do not kill for fun. Wolves are in danger, too. They are losing their living areas because people cut down forests. Soon they will have no home or food.

6. There used to be about _______Tibetan antelopes 50 years ago.

A. 20

B. 75,000

C. 100.000

D. 1,000,000

7. Which of the following animals are the biggest on land?

A. Wolves.

B. Elephants.

C. Golden monkeys.

D. Tibetan antelopes.

8. When do the male elephants leave the group?

A. When they were born.

B. When they are dying.

C. When they are 12 years old.

D. When they are 20 years old.

9. From this article we can learn that .

A. hunters hunt the Tibetan antelopes for their teeth

B. wolves are in danger because people cut down forests

C. elephants have very good eyesight, hearing and smell

D. golden monkeys mainly feed on grass, sometimes bamboos

10. The author wrote this article to _________.

A. ask people to take action to protect the animals in danger in China

B. advise the government to make laws to protect the four animals

C. tell people to provide more food and zoos to protect the animals

D. introduce four different kinds of interesting wild animals in China

D

Why do people smoke? One reason is that people become addicted(成瘾) to cigarettes. The addictive substance(物质)in cigarettes is nicotine(尼古丁). When people smoke, the nicotine goes right into the blood stream and makes people feel comfortable. A smoker's body gets used to the nicotine, and if he stops smoking, he feels nervous. Many smokers try to stop smoking but because of the addiction to nicotine they feel so uncomfortable that they often find it too difficult to do so .

Another reason is that people simply enjoy smoking. Having a cigarette for many people means taking a break. For some people smoking becomes part of certain social rituals (礼仪), for example, sending the cigarette after dinner. Many people enjoy smoking because it gives them

something to do with their hands. Reaching for a cigarette, lighting it and flicking (弹掉) the ashes are special comfort in a situation where they feel nervous.

Many people also like the taste of tar (焦油) in cigarettes. However, it is the tar that causes cancer. While governments and health experts have tried to get people to give up smoking completely, cigarette manufacturers (生产商) have tried to keep selling them by producing cigarettes with less tar. Many people in western countries have welcomed these cigarettes since they found it hard to stop smoking and wanted to reduce the danger to their health.

1. According to the passage, what gets people into the habit of smoking?

A. The cigarette.

B. Nicotine.

C. Tar.

D. Blood.

2. What do the underlined words "to do so" mean?

A. They means "to stop smoking".

B. They means "to make people feel comfortable".

C. They means "to get used to the nicotine".

D. They means "to become addicted to cigarettes".

3. Why do people welcome low-tar cigarettes?

A. Because they taste better.

B. Because they are cheaper.

C. Because they are less harmful.

D. Because they are easy to be made.

4. Which of the following sentences is TRUE, according to the passage?

A. Smokers continue smoking because smoking is very interesting.

B. Tar in cigarettes causes cancer.

C. In order to look cool, many people enjoy smoking.

D. Many people in western countries welcome the cigarettes with more tar.

E

More than anything else in the world, Lion liked being King of the jungle. He walked around, showing off his power and pride.

Each day Lion took a long lazy sleep under the shade of his favourite tree. He always dreamed of weaker animals bowing(鞠躬) before him.

One day Mouse ran through the jungle and tripped over Lion’s huge paws. Lion woke up with a start. “How dare you wake me up! ” he shouted angrily. Lion grabbed Mouse with one paw.“On the second thought, I’m in the mood for the snack, and you’ll make a delicious meal.”, he said.

Mouse cried out, “King Lion, please spare(饶恕)me! If you let me live, I’ll always remember your kindness. And, some day, I might be able to help you.”

“How could such a powerless little mouse ever help me?” That thought made Lion laugh so much that he decided to let Mouse go. A week later, Lion was walking through the jungle on the way to his favourite tree when he stepped onto a hunter’s net. The net sco oped him up. No matter how he twisted and turned, he couldn’t escape.

When Mouse heard Lion’s frightened shouts, he raced to help. Mouse quickly chewed(咬)through the ropes to make a hole in the net. Soon, Lion moved out and was free. Lion looked down at the little mouse. “Thank you for saving my life,”said Lion, smiling his widest smile. “I was mistaken. You are not a powerless little mouse. You are a great friend!”

1. What did Lion do each day?

A. He stepped onto a hunter’s net.

B. He bowed before weaker animals.

C. He showed kindness to animals in the jungle.

D. He had a good sleep under his favourite tree.

2. How did Mouse wake up Lion?

A. He made a hole in the net.

B. He shouted at Lion angrily.

C. He tripped over Lion’s paws.

D. He prepared a delicious meal for Lion.

3. Why did Lion let Mouse go?

A. Because he was trapped in the net.

B. Because he took Mouse as his good friend.

C. Because he believed Mouse could save him.

D. Because he doubted if Mouse could be of any help.

4. What do you think of Mouse?

A. Clever and honest.

B. Silly and lazy

C. Humorous and stubborn

D. Proud and selfish.

5. What can we learn from the passage?

A. Pride makes you lose what you have.

B. Don’t put all your e ggs in one basket.

C. Even the small can show great strength.

D. When the cat’s away, the mice will play.

三、任务型阅读

Life is like the four seasons. Now I am very old, and I am not busy any more. I have time to look back on it.

When I was young, it was the spring of my life. I was born. I played a lot, and then I started school.

I learnt many new things. Like a flower, I grew bigger every day. There were happy days and sad days, some days the sun shone, and some days it didn't.

In my twenties, I had a good job. I was strong and happy. Then I married and had a child. In those days I didn't have much time to think or to play. Every day I was busy and worked hard. I started to get some white hair. The summer of my life passed quickly.

Then the days got shorter. Leaves fell from the trees. My child was a college student and then a doctor. My home was much quieter. I started walking more slowly. One day, I retired and didn’t need to work any more. I had more time. I understood this was my autumn, a beautiful time when the trees change color and give us delicious fruits.

But the days kept getting shorter and colder. Winter has come. I am older and weaker. I know I do not have many days left, but I will enjoy them to make my winter a warm one.

Title The four 1 of my life.

Spring I was young and like a flower. I spent a lot of time playing and 2 . And there’re both happy and sad days.

Summer I was busy making money to support my family and I had 3 time to think. Time passed so quickly.

Autumn My child became a doctor after leaving college. I walked more slowly and stopped 4 . I knew it was my autumn.

Winter I am old and not as 5 as before. I will enjoy my days to the end and make my life warm till the end.