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大学实用英语视听说1 视频文稿

大学实用英语(新风尚)

视听说教程 1

视频文本

Unit 1 Campus life (1)

A (1)

B (2)

Unit 2 Culture and Recreation (5)

A (5)

B (6)

Unit 3 Social Etiquette (8)

A (8)

B (9)

Unit 4 Food Culture (12)

A (12)

B (13)

Unit 5 Festival and Customs (15)

A (15)

B (16)

Unit 6 Romance and love (19)

A (19)

B (21)

Unit 7 Figure and Legend (24)

A (24)

B (25)

Unit 8 Philosophy of Life (27)

A (27)

B (28)

Unit 1 Campus life

A

Reporter:Autumn rings in a season of possibilities for new college students. Many, including 18-year-old Emily Bishko, will be leaving their parents for the very first time.

Emily Bishko: I honestly, like, feel like I am old.

Father: Yeah?

Emily Bishko: And that I - but I also feel like I don't belong here, like I'm too young to be here. Reporter: Her parents listen to their grown-up little girl with a bittersweet mix of emotions. Mother: It's such a range from the happiest feeling to the saddest feeling. Happiness for her because she's gonna go, and happiness for us because we're gonna move into this next

phase. But then, oh, my gosh, she's gonna go.

Reporter: The Bishkos travel halfway across the country, from Atlanta to St. Louis.

Emily Bishko: That's everything out of the trunk, right?

Reporter: To help Emily get settled in at Washington University.

Mother: Do you need batteries?

Emily Bishko: No.

Reporter: There are lots of adjustments in store, and it's just the moment for a healthy dose of sarcasm.

Father:There's plenty of room in here, don't you think, for two people and all their clothing, books, and computers? And it shouldn't be any problem at all.

Reporter: It's a far cry from the spacious home where Emily grew up. She'll have to hold on tight to the memories of her favorite meals with her parents and big brother, Jack.

Emily Bishko: You said you had some advice for me when I go off to college.

Reporter: And evening romps with the two family dogs.

Emily Bishko: I'm gonna miss this guy.

Reporter: And for mom and dad, it's time now to let go.

Mother: We started with a newborn baby, and it's 18 years later, and she's been very successful, and we're very proud to see where she started to where she now has ended up. Father: At some point in a child's life, you have to let them become the adult and mature into the adult. And I think, you know, it's this letting go that's hard to do, but it's very important

to do.

Reporter: And so begins the process. Back at school, there is advice for all concerned. Reporter:Like many colleges across the country, Washington University offers orientation programs not just for nervous freshmen but for the parents who leave them behind. The

sessions are held separately to cushion the blow of letting go. The one Emily's parents

attend features a skit with students who reenact the first phone call home.

Actor: Hello, mom? Hi. You remember that credit card you gave me just for emergencies? Well, I was at the bookstore and - hi, dad. Now I'm talking to both of you.

Reporter: Also on hand to offer insights, Wash U's Karen Coburn. She wrote the book Letting Go.

Karen Coburn: I think that a lot of parents find it very confusing. Because one minute their child wants them to be with them and says, "Are you coming here with me?" and the next

minute, their child is practically running ten steps ahead of them so that the parent

doesn't seem to be associated with them at all.

Reporter: After all, there are new friends, new experiences, newfound freedoms.

Karen Cohurn: The most important thing is to acknowledge the changes that are taking place in your child, to see your child for who he or she is becoming, not for some image that you

hold in your head of what this child is supposed to be, and to support those changes and

to enjoy it.

Reporter: Enjoy it, because all too soon, all across the campus...

Mother 2: I feel as though a piece of my heart is missing.

Reporter: It's time to blink back the tears.

Mother 2:God bless you, baby. Joy. Joy and sorrow together, because he's my running mate.

Doing things for mommy all the time, and I'll miss that.

Reporter:And say goodbye.

Mother 3: Bye, Joel. We'll miss you. Student 2: Bye, mom.

Mother 3: Say goodbye to Joel.

Brother: Bye, Joel.

Mother 3: Give Joel a hug. Give Joel a hug.

Father 2: See you, Joel.

B

-- (Waiter) Happy New Year's, ladies.

-- Gabby, it's New Year's Eve.

Enough reading.

-- But, Mom, I'm almost done.

-- The teen party? I've laid out your best clothes. Come get ready.

-- Can I have my book back?

-- Thank you.

-- Come on.

(ball bounces)

-- Keep working left, Troy,

Got a guard in the championship game we're expectin. You'll torch 'em!

--Am I going left?

-- Yeah,

-- He looks middle, you take it downtown,

-- OK, like this?

-- Whoo! That's it, man. Sweet.

I.et's see that in the game.

-- Boys? -- Don't worry about me.

-- Did we really fly all this way to play more basketball?

-- Yeah.

-- It's the last night of vacation.

The party, remember?

-- Right, the party. The party. New Year's Eve.

-- Troy, they have a kid's party downstairs in the Freestyle club,

-- Kid's party?

-- Young adults. Now go, shower up.

-- Come on, One more.

-- Last one.

-- Real quick.

-- There we go.

-- That's the way to end it.

(chatter and laughter)

--Howdy, ma'am.

-- All right! How about that for a couple of

snowboarders?

-- Yeah !

-- Who's gonna rock the house next? (kids shouting)

-- Huh?

-- (emcee) Ha-ha! Ho-ho!

(kids shouting)

-- I can't sing. No, you go.

-- And you! Yeah, come on.

-- Look, I don't sing, I can't sing,

No, guys...

--Get up there!

-- Hey, you know what? Someday, someday you guys might thank me for this. Or not.

(lyrics)

[Troy: ]

Living in my own world

Didn't understand

That anything can happen

When you take a chance

[Gabriella:]

I never believed in

What I couldn't see I never opened my heart ohhh ....

To all the possibilities

[ Both : ] I know that something has changed Never felt this way

And right here tonight

This could be the start

Of something new

It feels so right

To be here with you

And now looking

in your eyes

[Gabriella:]

I feel in my heart

[Troy:]

Feel in my heart

[Both:]

The start of something new

[Troy: ]

Now who'd have ever thought that [Both:] We'd both be here tonight

[ Gabriella : ]

And the world looks so much brighter [Troy: ]

Brighter, brighter

[ Gabriella :]

With you by my side Troy: By my side Gabriella: I feel in my heart

[Troy:]

Feel in my heart

[ Gabriella :]

The start of something new

[ Troy:]

Start of something new

[Both:]

The start of something new

(crowd cheering and whistling)

-- Troy.

-- Gabriella.

-- But seriously, you have an amazing voice. You're a singer, right?

-- Just church choir is all. I tried solo and nearly fainted.

-- Really? Why is that?

-- I looked at the people staring at me. And next thing I knew, I was staring at the ceiling. End of solo career.

-- Well, with the way you sing, I say that's pretty hard to believe.

-- That was the first time I've done something like that. I mean it was so cool.

-- l know! Completely!

-- You sound like you've done a lot of singing, too.

-- Yeah, sure. My showerhead is very impressed with me.

(crowd) 9, 8, 7 ...... , 6, 5, 4 ...... , 3, 2, I!

(cheering/fireworks explode)

-- I guess I better go find my mom and wish her a happy new year.

-- Yeah, me too. I mean, not your mom. My

mom.., and dad. Uh... I'll call you. I'll call you tomorrow.

-- Yeah !

-- Here, put your number in.

--- Here.

-- You too.

-- Oh, OK.

(beeping)

There you go. Just so you know, singing with you was the most fun I've had on this entire vacation. So, urn.., where do you live? Gabriella.

(bell rings)

-- Mom, my stomach...

-- Is always nervous on first day at a new school? You'll do great, You always do.

-- And I made my company promise that I can't be transferred again until you graduate. -- I reviewed your impressive transcripts. I expect your light will shine very brightly here at East High.

-- I don't want to be the school's freaky genius girl again.

-- Just be Gabriella.

-- This way, ...

(chatter)

--Troy! Troy! Hey!

-- How's it goin'? How are you?

Miss Darbus?

-- Do you remember the night before?

-- No, not at all. All I remember is like, pink jelly, 1...

-- Excuse me. (boy) Ooh !

-- Hi, Troy.

-- Hi. (bell rings)

-- I trust you all had splendid holidays. Check the sign-up sheets in the lobby for new activities,

Mr. Bolton. Especially our winter musicale, we will have singles auditions for our supporting roles…

-- You OK? -- Yeah.

--... and pairs auditions for our two leads.

-- Mr. Danforth, this is a place of learning, not a hockey arena.

-- There is also a final sign-up for next week's scholastic decathlon competition. Chem Club president Taylor Mc Hessey can answer all of our questions about that. (rings)

-- Ah, the cell phone menace has returned to our crucible of learning.

-- Is it your phone?

-- Sharpay and Ryan, cell phones.

-- I will see you in detention.

-- Ahh!

-- We have zero tolerance for cell phones in class, so we will get to know each other in detention.

Cell phone. And welcome to East High, Miss Montez. Mr, Bolton, I see your phone is involved. So we will see you in detention as well.

-- That's not a possibility, Miss Darbus. Your Honor. See, 'cause we have basketball practice, and Troy...

-- Ah, that will be 15 minutes for you too, Mr. Danforth. Count 'em.

-- That could be tough for Chad. He can't count that high.

-- Taylor Mc Hessey, 15 minutes.

(Taylor gasps)

--Shall the carnage continue? Holidays are over, people, way over! Now, any more comments, questions?

--Jason.

-- So how were your holidays, Miss Darbus? --What? (bell rings)

--Sorry, man.

-- See you in detention.

--See you in a minute.

--Uhh, she's crazy,

--Hey !

Unit 2 Culture and Recreation

A

AR:Hi, I'm Anjali Rao, coming to you from the set of a top-rated TV show in Beijing. My guest to day is Olympic ambassador and prime-time presenter Yang I.an. This is Talk Asia. AR: That's where I joined her. So this is it, this is your new gig. Tell me about it.

YL: Yeah well, it's a weekly show called "Olympic Songfest". The purpose of the show is to promote and also select the Olympic theme songs, not only the theme songs but also songs for the torch relay, the volunteers program ... Actually the BOCOG , the Beijing Olympic Organizing Committee, wants to select as much as 25 Olympic songs for different occasions and different environments. Some of them are targeted as the theme songs, for the opening and the closing ceremonies, and some of them are more for the public to sing. AR: Right, and it's all done in front of this sort of live studio audience?

YL:Yeah, we have the live studio. This is our band, Space. And we have our live audience.

Every time we invite in about four or five musicians and singers to present their new entries of songs as well as some of the very popular songs that they wrote before. And then we'll talk about their involvement and their stories about the Olympic Games.

AR:So, I guess it's kind of an unusual way to pick an Olympic theme tune, isn't it? To have people voting on the song that they want, kind of like an American Idol sort of thing? YL: Well, not quite, because we do have a professional, very authoritative committee to select those songs officially. But what our program is doing is to present those songs to the public so that they can hear it more frequently and then they can vote through text messages and through the website. So we have a different, like a billboard, what we call the Popularity Board. This of course will be a reference for the selection committee, but we won't really.., how should I say? We respect their authority ultimately.

AR: With something like American Idol, for example, it gets these huge ratings every week.

How well does this show do? Do people tune in? Do people out there care about the song that gets picked?

YL:I think more and more so, because this show only started in January. For the first quarter, I did struggle, because at that time the new round of entry just started so we didn't have enough new songs, but now, more and more often we have new entries, and really good ones, like we just introduced one of the entries for the torch-relay song. It's a cooperation between Hong Kongese, Taiwanese and the Chinese singers. And also singers from Malaysia, for example, and the rating is going up, because now you really have good pieces of work.

AR: You were the image ambassador behind Beijing's 2008 winning bid. What does it mean to you that your country is going to be playing such an amazing role on the world stage? YI.:When I was participating in the Olympic bidding, I also have friends from other countries asking me: "Why do you want to give so much of your time and energy into it?" Then my answer was. "I hope China is going forward and never turning back." And as a citizen

myself, I will benefit from that, so I want to do this. I think Olympics is not just for sports, not just a game, but it's an overall political, economic as well as cultural transformation of this country. You know, look at us now, I think the government has opened for international media to do reporting freely in this country, and that's the door opened by the Olympics. And I don't suspect that door will be closed afterwards. So that's something we can experience.

B

Presenter#1:Think dreams can come true?

Well if hadn’t been for some bad luck,

the cell phone salesman from across

the pond would not have any luck at

all, but Paul Potts’fortune is changed

when he decided to enter a British

talent contest. We have more now ... Aside: Paul Potts could be your neighbor.

And until this week he had few reasons

to celebrate. In debt after years of

illness he had all but abandoned his

passion for opera.

Paul: I settled into a career at a mobile phone shop. And for me you know that

was it.

Aside: But two weeks ago he took the stage on national TV.

Presenter # 2: This is Britain's Got Talent. Aside: But for the next contestant the world of show business seems a million

miles away. It's Paul, a mobile phone

salesman from south Wales.

Paul: By day I sell mobile phones. My dream is to spend my life doing what I

feel I was born to do...

Judge# 1: So, what are you here for today, Paul?

Paul: To sing opera.

Paul: I've always wanted to sing as a career.

Confidence is... has always been sort

of like a

difficult thing for me. I have always

found it a little bit difficult to be

completely confident in myself. Judge # 2: Okay, ready when you are.

……

Judge # 2: So you work at Carphone Warehouse, and you did that. I wasn't

expecting that. This was a complete

breath of fresh air, I thought you were

absolutely fantastic.

Judge # 3: You have an incredible voice, I think if you keep singing like that

you're going be one of the favorites to

win this whole competition.

Judge # 1: I think that we've got a case of a little lump of coal here that is

gonna turn into a diamond.

Judge # 2: OK. Moment of truth, young man. Piers?

Judge # 3: Absolutely yes!

Judge # 2: Amanda?

Judges 1: Yes!

Judge # 2: Paul, you are through to the next round.

Judge # 2: Congratulations

Judge # 1: Unbelievable, I have goose pimples.

Judge # 1:You must be over the moon. Paul: I am a bit shocked at the moment. Aside: And as Paul heads home happy, the judges think they might have found

something special in Cardiff.

Judge# 2: I like shows where somebody isn't

a professional, has a talent, isn't aware

of it, has a normal job, and then you

see something else. I like that. That's

what that guy has...

Judge # 1: ... An undiscovered little gem. A frog that will turn into a prince.

Presenter /# 2: The winner of Britain's Got Talent is.... Paul Ports.

Presenter # 2: Paul, Congratulations!

Congratulations! You are the winner of

Britain's Got Talent.

Paul: I cannot believe ii at all. I said that I am jelly... I am jelly again.

Presenter # 2: Paul you are gonna to perform, perform for the Queen. What

does that mean to you?

Paul :It means absolutely everything! Presenter # 2: Would you like to say something to all the millions of people

who voted for you?

Paul:Just just thank you for believing in me.

It's just absolutely bonkers. Presenter # 2: Judges, what a result, things you are gonna say?

Judge#3: I just want to say Paul you've earned it, you deserve it. And I can't

think of anybody that I would rather

see represent this show. Judge#2: I just want totake the time to thank you guys and you guys the great

British publics the producers for

making the best show I've ever been

on. And Paul not only I am so proud of

you and I want to say something very

quickly: next week you are gonna be in

a recording studio making your debut

album.

Presenter #/ 1: What would you say now, Paul, to all those people bullied you as

a kid, that made you lose a lot of the

confidence that you have?

Paul: I think in some ways the bullying I had probably made me the person I am,

so in some way thank you but in

another ways, you know, I hope that

people who feel that their confidence

is down because they have been

bullied actually see a source

o[ inspiration and get out there and

take a risk.

I Am the Man Upstairs

A man met a stranger in the bar and be was a little drunk, so he complained of his loss of sleep to him. The stranger was very kind and offered his suggestion, "I was also sleepless a couple of weeks ago. Then my doctor told me to find out what my problem was and solve it. I was anxious because I was supposed to sing at the New Year party and yet I have a very terrible voice. So he told me to practice singing every day until I felt comfortable with it. I followed his advice and now I feel quite all right again. So, what is your trouble?"

"Yes, I see," answered the man sadly. "My trouble is I am the man upstairs."

Unit 3 Social Etiquette

A

Business is becoming increasingly more socia]ly oriented and old fashion qualities that bespeak education and class and indicate personal style are being ranked right up with ability by many corporate leaders. These business leaders know that making a good first impression, communicating well, under- standing the protocols of business are reflected in their bottom line.

Every European culture has its nuances and subtleties, its own history, language and point of view. The same is true throughout the world and in fact there are frequently many different cultures within the same country.

Every culture has its own way of doing business and networking has three simple rules. One is, prepare before you go. Find out who is going to be there, find out who you really want to meet and why you want to meet them, that's number one. Two is while you are there, make sure you go out and meet them, shake their hands well, smile, have a conversation with them and make sure that you always say "goodbye" if you said "hello" to somebody. And the third thing is, follow up afterwards.

Networking is indeed important. People are your best and most valuable resource to help you reach your goals. They may become your friends, customers, employers, suppliers, or mentors. Creating a positive first impression improves your chances of success. Here are some questions to ask yourself be- fore each networking opportunity or for that matter any important meeting.

1. How is my handshake ?

W: Your whole arm should be extended, stand up straight.

Now you see the difference first of all?

M. Yeah.

You feel that you have more power when you are standing straight and I believe that you really want to meet me. Slouching, poor eye contact, crossing your arms can all send negauve signals.

2. What if I have to introduce someone?

Introduction is very simple. The most important thing that you remember is who is the most important person there?

In business etiquette, the most important person is always either the client if there is one in this scenario or whoever has the highest level position in the company or in the scenario where you are introducing.

For example, if John Smith is a client, everyone would be introduced to him like this.

"Mr. John Smith, I'd like to introduce to you Kathy Philips, our west coast manager."

Looking at Kathy you might say: "Mr. Smith is a new client and it's his first time in Santiago."

Say something about each person, so that the other person knows something about them to start a conversation.

3. Am I ready to mingle?

What are the most important things you are going to do is to make small talk when you're going m- to a new situation, like a reception where you don't know anybody. It's very important

for you to put yourself out, to meet new people. If you start with the attitude that everybody has something to teach you, everybody has a story that's worth listening to, then you will approach people with a more open personality.

When you are starting the conversation, there are a couple of things to remember that you can keep at the back of your mind to help you start it.

One is, find out the commonalities that you have. Think about what you have in common with this person. Anything in the room, you have in common. You are both in that room together

at that time. If you're at a meeting, then you have that meeting in common. You have your city that you are standing in. You have the day that you have just experienced in common. You might have

the company you work for in common. You have a lot of commonalities.

Everybody will listen more intently to you if you are complimenting them than if you are saying anything else. Everybody wants to be complimented, everybody wants you to appreciate and respect them. So think of a compliment, not what is that person's wearing. It shouldn't be personal; it should be something about the performance that they've had. Urn... a win that they have had at their business; urn.., something good about their industry. Say their company just released it's third quarter earnings and that they were wonderful. That's a compliment, even though they didn't personally involve themselves with it. It's something that shows that you care and knows something about them. So that will start a good conversation. And the third thing to do, think about is "what are their opinions?" Instead of saying "I think that this is a nice place", ask instead "what do you think about this place.

B

I . Hosting a business lunch

Hello, this is Syndi Seid, we are here at the lovely La Scene restaurant in San Francisco, while we will be discussing how to host a successful business lunch. As a first order of business, you will extend that invitation, be aware never to use the phrase "Oh, how would you like to join me for lunch" or "Let's do lunch." Instead do use the phrase "I would like to invite you to be my guest." By using this phrase it clearly, lets your guest know who's in charge and who will be paying the tab.

The arrival When arriving at the restaurant, as the host you'll never want to be late. Do arrive at least five to ten minutes ahead of time. And when the maitre d' asks you where you would like to wait, the choices are the bar, the lobby, or at your table. You will choose the table.

Seating When it comes to seating arrangements, how will you know which seat is the best seat for your guest. As a host you will never want to box in your guest facing only the wall. Instead, the seat of honor is the one facing out towards the center of the dining room or the one with the best view.

Ordering As the host, do offer the guest the gamut. "John, would you like a cocktail, glass of wine, juice or coffee before the meal?" And when it comes to ordering, do show authority as the host. Ask your guest "Would you like an appetizer or salad in addition to your main course?"

Discussing business So as the meal progresses how will you know when is the right

time or the wrong time to begin a discussion of business? As the host you will wait until the coffee or dessert is served. After all you don't want to appear too pushy.

Appreciation And finally as the host it is equally important to write a thank you note to your guest and for the most impact to do it in within 24 to 48 hours. Wel}, there you have it, our tips on how to successfully host a business lunch. Happy practicing.

II. Dining

Hello, this is Syndi Seid, we are here at the lovely La Sc~ne restaurant in San Francisco, while we will be discussing the ins and outs of business dining.

Getting Seated So to begin, let's talk about the right and wrong ways to get in and out of your chair. Whether a man or a woman, you will always enter your chair from the right side of the chair. Just pull it out and take a seat.

Place Setting Well, now you that have been seated, you always use the knifes and forks from the outside in no matter how many there are. Next, how would you know which napkin is yours if it is placed in a bread plate or water goblet or a coffee cup that may be set to your right or left? Everyone put your fingers out as I am. Look at your left hand and remember the days when you first learn how to print in a kindergarten or first grade, what does this letter look liken. Yes, it's a little letter "b" and in your right hand, it's a little letter "d". So let's look at our place setting. We've got little "b" standing for your bread plate and little "d" standing for your drinks. So no more excuses from now on. You always know which bread plate is yours and which drink is yours.

The Napkin Clearly, when you are among friends or by yourself you would place that napkin on your lap when you first sit down. The but is when there is clearly a host or hostess you must wait for him or her to place their napkins on their lap before you do it.

The Bread Which way would do you pass that bread basket? ls it to the left or is it to the right? The correct answer you do pass the bread basket at the onset of a meal to the right.

Passing the Salt Keep in mind, you don't just pass the salt only, you will always keep the salt and pepper together, whether passing to the left or to the right or across the table which ever is fastest to get to that person.

Salting Food Are you a person who has the habit of salting your food even before you've tasted it? Keep in mind, salting your food before you've tasted it is considered rude.

Excusing oneself Simply inform the person to the left and to the right "please excuse me, I will be right back." And which side of the chair will you then get out of? Yes, the right side. And you will loosely fold your napkin and place it on the chair.

Ending the meal The napkin is placed on the left side of your place setting loosely folded. You will get out of your chair from the right side of the chair and as your very last act, you will push that chair all the way in under the table.

So there you have it, the basics to business dining from start to finish. Happy practicing! Ⅲ. Toasting

Throughout the year, you maybe in a position to give or receive a toast, so here are a few guidelines to follow.

Preparation When giving a toast, always take time to write it down and practice it, make it fun, brief and simple for no longer than one minute. When describing an honoree, speak from the heart, sharing fun and amusing stories in your own words.

Getting people's attention Never use a piece of flatware or glass as your way of getting people's attention, rather alert people in the room ahead of time to help you get their table and area

quiet when the time arrives. Say in your loudest projecting voice "May I have your attention please!" then be patient, count to twenty, repeat as needed continuing to look around the room to get everyone's attention.

Toasting posture(敬酒姿势)When delivering a toast, do raise your glass to shoulder height in front of you and make a good eye contact with the honoree and everyone else in the room and say "Here's to you, Jane Smith. Cheers!".

Receiving a toast(接受祝酒)If you are the honoree, the one receiving the toast always remain seated throughout the entire time the toast is being proposed to you. Never raise your glass along with the others as it may appear you are toasting yourself. Then remember you should return the toast immediately following the one just given to you. Whether the toast giver stood during giving his or her remarks or remain seated, you must do the same. Do thank the host for hosting the event in your honor and then say a few nice words about the event for no more than one minute. Conclude by inviting one and all to join you in another round of toasting by saying "Thank you one and all for being here".

Completing the toast To complete the ritual of toasting, you must take a sip of the beverage for without it you have not fully completed the toast nor honored the person being toasted. So there you have it, some simple guidelines for toasting at any occasion. "I'm Syndi Seid, Cheers!" .

Unit 4 Food Culture

A

Narrator: Here in the US we gobble up 100 acres of pizza every day, that's 126,000 pies every hour.

(Here we go. ... This is yours, so you eat. )

M # 1:People eat S0. 9 billion dollars of pizza every year.

W # 1: There has been a lot of effort and technology put in to trying to produce a lol of pizzas very quickly.

Narrator:But there's more to pizza than just cheese. There's amore!

W # 2: Pizza is all bound up with memory.

M # 2: I was 8 years old. I used to play in the restaurant, my father would leave me there for the day. And we would play all day, have dog fights and everything in there.

W # 2: It's about your childhood, it's about your first date. Pizza is bound up with all these wonderful, passionate, experiential moments in your life.

M # 1: When the little league team wins a baseball game, where do they go, let's go have a pizza party.

Narrator: But pizza goes back a lot farther than our childhood memories. Originally, it was about

a very simple idea, using a sla

b of bread as an edible plate. For thousands of years all

across the Mediterranean people have been eating bread with stuff piled on top of it. But no one really knows where it started.

M # 3: If you ask a hundred different historians about the origin of pizza, you'd probably get a hundred different answers. There are people who'll say the Romans were first, there are people who'll say the Phoenicians were first. Everybody stakes a claim.

Narrator: But there is one thing that historians do agree on, that up until the 16th century pizza didn't look much like the circular pies we eat today. (This is what you want. ) And that's because no one in Europe had ever seen one of pizza's most important ingredients--the tomato. Tomatoes were unknown in Europe until around 1522, when Spanish conquistadors discovered them, growing wild in the Peruvian Andes and being farmed in Mexico.

W # 2:They found this unusual plant that they'd never seen before; they loaded it on the ships and brought it back.

M # 3: And Europeans initially were scared to death of them. They thought they were poisonous because the tomato came from the same plant as the nightshade.

W # 2:Nightshade was known to be poisonous, so people were justifiably terrified of eating it. Narrator:Few were willing to risk a bite, except the poor.

M # 3: The poor did start eating it out of desperation; they were eating whatever they could to survive in those days.

Narrator: Once they realized they wouldn't die from eating them, the lower classes started to make tomatoes a regular part of their diet. In the Italian town of Naples by the 1700s, the

tomato had even made its way onto their flat breads or focaccias. And when that

happened, pizza started to look like pizza.

M # 3: If only we knew who the person was that came up with this idea, you know this is, perhaps the greatest discovery of the past 500 years in food, the guy who put the tomato

on the bread for the first time.

Narrator: But it was a woman who would inspire the creation of pizzas as we know it today.

In 1889, the Queen of Italy, Margherita of Savoy decided that she wanted to sample this new peasant dish called pizza and caused quite a stir.

W # 2: Eating pizza was not considered queenly behavior. Pizza was identified as peasant food. Narrator: A pizza maker named Raphael Esposito was ordered to bring her a private sampling.

W # 2: He prepared three pizzas, one was pork fat, cheese and basil, another had tomatoes, garlic and olive oil. But it was the 3rd one that she went gaga over.

Narrator:Pizza as we know it today was about to be created.

W # 2:Legend has it that the third pizza was designed by Esposito to represent the colors of the Italian flag, so he put Mozzarella on for the white, he put tomatoes on for red, and he used strips of basil for the green.

M # 3: Queen Margherita, she went nuts, she loved the three pizzas, especially the one had cheese, basil and tomato. And he was a savvy guy, he knew what he was doing, he named the pizza Margherita after her.

Narrator:So finally, pizza as we recognize it today was born. Just in time to make the trip to the new world, by 1920, over 4 million Italian immigrants had arrived in America. Most

of them through Ellis Island in New York City.

W # 2: As with most immigrations, people bring what they know, and what they know is their local food and so pizza arrives on our shores and it starts in New York because that's their first port.

B

This is the epic story of a beverage that shares its birth place with our earliest human ancestors. In this hour, we see how coffee spreads from the ancient world, becoming the dark medium through its so- cial, sexual, economic, and political life evolves, fostering much of what is best and worst about our civilization.

From the hills of Ethiopia, to the marinas of Seattle, people around the globe drink 500 billion cups of coffee a year, half of them at breakfast. "Coffee has been at the center of conversation for hundreds of years. It's a social romantic beverage, it's a theatrical experience. ' The experience of coffee alters cultures and lives every place it goes. Romances are sparked, revo- lutions conspired, all over this dark, potent brew. As the essential morning beverage, coffee delivers the largest dose of the world's most widely taken legal drug. "If tomorrow, coffee were suddenly with- drawn from the world, and there were no such thing as coffee any more people would go frantic, for one thing, I mean they would begin to go like this."

Ethiopia

From the bean to the cup, coffee provides a livelihood of sorts for over 25 million people.

One hun- dred million more depend on coffee for their survival. The story of coffee begins with a green bean, hid- den in the red cherry of the coffee tree. Some call it magical, others say it's evil, but no matter how jealously or greedily guarded, neither kings nor merchants nor priests could keep it from spreading a- round the earth. For sooner or later, everyone is seduced by the irresistible bean.

This is a saga which begins over a thousand years ago, deep in the ancient forest of a land often called the cradle of humanity.

"No one really knows who discovered coffee or when exactly it was, but we do know that it was in Ethiopia, that coffee still grows wild in the mountains of Ethiopia. And there is a wonderful legend, that Kaldi the goatherd, that makes as much sense as any other creation myth." ... "He suddenly felt all kinds of energy and excitement, and he started dancing around and singing, and he felt like writing poetry to his girlfriend and things like that. So, that's how coffee was supposedly discovered."

Ethiopians are the first to gather coffee growing wild in the forest. It is likely, as in the Kaldi leg- end, that the coffee cherries are simply chewed at first, or the beans ground with fat to make an energy bar. Later, the Ethiopians brew the leaves with boiled water, as a weak tea. It isn't until the 1400s that someone, perhaps accidentally roasts the beans and discovers how good they smelled. They grind them and brew a black, potent beverage. Ah, Coffee!

Arab

While the ancient Ethiopians revere their wild coffee, they cannot keep it to themselves. It is only a matter of time until traders bring beans to the Arabian port of Mocha. From there, the Arabs begin the first known cultivation of coffee in the nearby mountains of Yemen.

"The name coffee probably comes not from Ethiopia but from Yemen. Coffee cultivation went across the Red Sea, and so the Arabs began to grow it in Yemen. And the Arab word for wine is kawa, and that's the derivation, they thought it was kind of like a substitute for wine. It was legal whereas wine wasn't. So I think that coffee probably comes from the word Kawa."

"AS some people say that the coffee was named for a little town in Ethiopia called "Kafta", other people say that Kafta was named for coffee. Some people say that it came from coffee's power to fore- stall sleep and it was an old word for something that puts off your desire for something. The truth is that nobody knows where the word coffee came from."

Turkey

As the Turks conquer the Arab world, they inherit coffee and coffee culture. Soon, coffee secures a place for itself in the everyday lives of ordinary people. And although coffee is still enjoyed in many domestic rituals, Turkish men come to prefer the public coffee houses. Coffee has always been important for both the men and women in Turkey. As the taste for coffee grows, the Turks become more vigilant about protecting their beloved bean. From Holland, the Dutch transport the precious coffee plant to their colony in Java. There they enslave the natives and force them to cultivate coffee. By 1683, Mocha and Java are the most sought after beans and coffee is poised to conquer Europe.

Unit 5 Festival and Customs

A

Celebration in Europe

For most people who celebrate Christmas, the festive season is a time for decorating. Bernhard and Michaeta Nermerich have been swept up in the modern craze for turning entire houses into Christmas ornaments. The Nermeriehes don't confine their annual display just to lights. Their entire house is ablaze with thousands of lights and there are hundreds of Santas. And that of course draws visitors.

Kids who come to view the display or chat with Saint Nick are given an opportunity to make a donation. When they put their money in a donation box, another mechanical Santa thanks them.

Christmas comes once a year. Once it's over comes the long wait until next year. But when the winter snows have melted and buds begin to emerge on the trees, Nermerich is busy again. With the approach of Easter, he begins once more to cover his house-with the appropriate seasonal decoration-- the Easter Bunny.

Celebration in Gothenburg

]t may be Sweden's second city, but Gothenburg is Scandinavia's Christmas capital. Gothenburg launches its Christmas City theme 'Lane of Light', showcasing the best of contemporary Swedish lighting design and innovative large scale outdoor events since Dec. 5. The city displays a ' Lane of Light' running 3. 5 kilometers from the harbour to Liseberg and its famous Christmas market, the largest in Scandinavia.

Scandinavia's largest Christmas market, famous for its spectacular Christmas lights, genuine Swedish handicrafts, and enticing homemade delicacies takes place at I.iseberg, Scandinavia's largest amusement park, in central Gothenburg and features close to five million glimmering lights adorning the trees and buildings as well as more than 700 Christmas trees and six kilometres of fir garlands decorating the park.

The Christmas market sees half a million visitors during the five weeks of opening from mid November.

Liseberg is an almost 80-year-old amusement park and top tourist attraction in Sweden, with over 3 million visitors a year. There are 80 cabins and shops offering everything that makes Christmas special. It is wonderful to soak up the Christmas spirit this event provides.

Santa Claus with letters

Katja, chief elf of Claus Main Post Office, said, "Hello, welcome to the Santa Claus Main post office, please do come in. This is the place where we sort all the letters that come to Santa Clause."

The post office is run by a team of international elves. They're frantically helping Santa open all the letters from around 195 different countries. Each one is sorted by country and then passed on to Santa Claus himself.

Riila The Elf said, "So this year we have had 160,000 letters since today, so it will be increasing. And I think we are going to have about half million, 700,000, like last year.

Last year Santa replied to nearly 50,000 letters. About one in ten children who write letters get a reply, but only if they give their full address and write a proper letter rather than just a Christmas present list.

Santa Claus said, "It's funny that even though the modern technology has brought electronic things and that sort of thing, but the basic thing how it's divided has, over the centuries really been the same. Boys want tractors and lorries and cars and technical things and then the girls want more clothing or books or soft toys and puppets and thingslike that, so that still remains quite clear.

But just how does Santa manage to deliver presents to every child in the world in just one night?

Santa describes it as an "earth rotation movement thing", coupled with the efficient use of different time zones and a touch of Christmas magic to help Santa complete this most important task. A merry Christmas everybody! The gifts are waiting for us. So get ready to check your socks!

If none of the above takes your fancy, well, have a 'lazy style' XMAS, like curling in front of the telly and watching one of your favorite XMAS movies. Love Actually is a great one to watch. It's all about XMAS and love. It will most definitely put you in a XMAS spirit. Whatever you desire to do, be happy! MERRY XMAS everybody!

B

Date, September 6', 1620, just 128 years since Columbus discovered the America. The place, the harbor Plymouth of England, a tiny ship called the "Mayflower" is being boarded by 102 people. There are 70 men and women, 32 children, a handful of cocks and hens and pets and a dog. Some of the voyagers are people who today we call Pilgrims. They are leaving their homeland to seek more religious freedom in the new world. Some of the passengers known as strangers are merely seeking wealth in the new land, some are indentured servants and the rest are the crew who will sail the Mayflower.

However, their belief in God, their desire for freedom from religious persecution and their dreams of creating a new world for future generations all make their life threatening journey a risk worth taking. Their adventures will change the course of American history.

Several passengers have died during their stay at Province town which the Mayflower leaves on November 15th. They lay anchor in Plymouth on November 16th. On land they discover a miracle. Much land bad been cleared, probably by some Indians though again there are no Indians in sight. There is much land suitable for planting crops and much land on which to start building their settlement. A week after arrival, they start building their common house, but at this moment of high hopes; tragedy starts to stop the pilgrims. The 3 months of forced confinement aboard the Mayflower starts to take its toll. The harsh winter, freezing snow storms beat down on the pilgrims. At least half of the adults lay sick or dying. Only 6 or 7 adults are ever well enough at one time to carry on the daily work. The May- flower becomes a hospital ship. When the common house is finally finished, it too becomes a hospital. Miraculously? The 30 children survive.....

In early March the survivors must make a decision. Shall they return to England on the Mayflower or shall they try to survive in the wilderness? And then, a miracle.

Charlie Brown: Look! Linus, he's not carrying any weapons.

Somerset:Welcome, Englishmen. My name is 'Somerset'. My people welcome you to our land.

Boys and girls:He speaks English.

Somerset: Welcome, Englishmen.

Man: Welcome, and who might you be?

Somerset:My name is 'Somerset'. My people welcome you to our land.

Man:But how, how in the world do you know our language?

Somerset:English fisherman, many miles north of this place. English fishermen teach me speak and fur traders too.

Man:Can you please tell us why this land has been cleared? And who cleared it?

We have seen no one.

Somerset:This land is Land of Putuczzi tribe, they cleared land here.

Man: But, where are they?

Somerset: All dead, terrible plague. All died here for four years.

Linus: Everyone died?

Somerset: Yes, young man. Except for one man. his name's Squanto, he speaks better English. Ibring him to you in two sunrises.But the pilgrims can hardly believe

their eyes and ears. Somerset tells them about their surrounding wilderness.

Two days later, Sommerset returns with the Indian Squanto. The pilgrims

were not only astounded by his English but also by the story of his life. Squanto: I was kidnapped from my land here by Englishmen many years ago. They took me to Spain but some friendly monks helped me to escape to England. I

served a wonderful man who also had me learn English and that man finally

gave me my freedom to sail back here to my land.

Man: Scluanto, we need much help. Many of our people have died; many of us feel we should return to England this very month. Is there any way you can help

us?

Squanto: This land is the home of my people. I am the last of our tribe. I wish to remain here if you so wish it too. Charlie Brown: Linus, it's a miracle. Linus: Let's hope so, Charlie Brown.

Throughout March and April Squanto teaches the pilgrims the heritage of his fathers.

Squanto: I am going to teach you how to plant maize and we will start by catching some fish.

Girl: What do fish have to do with planting corn?

Squanto: This is the time of the year that the fish swim up stream. Charlie Brown: Look{ Linus, hundreds of fish.

Squanto: They are ealled air waves. Charlie Brown: What about corn planting? Squanto:First we will catch them, and then I will show you. Now you remember what

I told you about the best time to plant the corn?

Girl:You said we should plant the corn when the oak leaves are the size of a

mouse's ear.

Squanto: It is the time to plant. Now we will dig the earth into six foot squares, and heap theearth into small hills, now put in two or three kernels of corn into

each hill, and nowwe place the fish around the seed.

Girl: We do?

Squanto:We call this food for the plants; it makes the soil better.

The next 6 months pass quickly. There are no more deaths and seven more homes are completed. It is the most wonderful harvest the pilgrims have ever seen. Chief Somerset invites 90 of his tribe to join the 50 pilgrims for the feast of thanksgiving.

Man:May we first have a moment of silence to remember our beloved souls who passed on during our first month on these shores. And now who so ever

wishes to give thanks, please speak out! Charlie Brown: We thank the lord for

our bountiful harvest.

Linus:We give thanks for our new homes and our good health.

Girl: Thank you for giving us Somerset and Squanto and the great chief Macisoette.

Man:And we thank you chief for our treaty of friendship, and we wish you many years ofgood health. Charlie Brown: Linus, we have so much to be thankful

for.

Linus: And now it's time for the celebration to begin.