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人教版高中英语选修七Unit1Livingwell巩固练习语言点

巩固练习

一、单词填空

根据句意及所给汉语提示用单词的正确形式完成句子。

1 This bad customs and rules should be _______ (废除) as soon as possible.

2. The only __________ (通道)to their house is along that narrow road.

3. Mr. Green will be in charge during my ____________(不在).

4.Being an ___________(建筑师)is her dream.

5.The three travellers on the train made good _______________(伙伴).

6. I’m glad to see his c__________ at school improved. Now his classmates like to play with him.

7. I couldn’t have done it without my friends’ e_______________.

8. He’s at last achieved his lifetime a____________ of building a library for children.

9. To obtain a passport, you have to send in your birth c________________ with the form.

10. He r___________ as Minister of Education because of old age last month.

二、选词填空

从下面方框中选出适当的短语或单词并用其正确形式填空。

all in all, in other words, adapt to, (be) out of breath, as well as,

make fun of, never mind, meet with

1.Tom felt ashamed of _______________ his new classmate because of her disability.

2. I ______________ him and we exchanged ideas and experiences on Friday.

3. The girl looked much better and _______ not so _____________ after her training.

4. There are a lot of animals that __________ the cold weather, for example, the polar bear.

5. If you want to lose weight, you can try walking to work _____________ going to the gym.

6. ___________ what your friends said; you can just make the decision by yourself.

7. They asked him to leave; _____________, he was fired.

8. He has his faults, but, __________, he is a good helper for us this time.

三、单项选择

1. Full of _________ is a characteristic of all successful businessmen.

A. benefit

B. encouragement

C. conduct

D. ambition

2. The new regulations will be ___________us all.

A. great beneficial to

B. greatly beneficial to

C. great benefit to

D. of greatly benefit to

3. It really _______ me when you didn’t listen to what I was saying. I did want to hit you then.

A. interrupted

B. disturbed

C. missed

D. annoyed

4. The system has been designed to give students quick and easy _____ to the digital resources of the library.

A. access

B. passage

C. way

D. approach

5. Paul is good, kind, hard-working and intelligent; _______, I can’t speak too highly of him.

A. as a result

B. in a word

C. by the way

D. on the contrary

6. ________ helping the homeless and sick, the organization helps those who have dropped out of school.

A. As long as

B. As far as

C. As well as

D. As good as

7. ---Why did Bob cry?

---He couldn’t bear_______ like that before the whole class.

A. making fun of

B. being made fun of

C. to be laughed

D. being made fun

8. It is generally believed that teaching is ______ it is a science.

A. an art much as

B. much an art as

C. as an art much as

D. as much an art as

9.He began to get very_____ with me about my carelessness.

A. annoyed

B. annoying

C. excited

D. exciting

10._________, the meeting was a great success, for everyone there was very happy.

A. At all

B. In all

C. All the best

D. All in all

11. I’ll ____ chairman of the committee.

A. sign as B.resign as C. resign from D. retire to

12.They spoke ill of the captain_______.

A. in the absence of them

B. since his absence

C. in his absence

D. from his absence

13. —Why does Jim look so uneasy?

—I’m afraid he can’t ________ the idea of having a woman as his boss.

A. agree to

B. refer to

C. adapt to

D. turn to

14. We should take exercise now and then. I believe we will _________ it a lot.

A. benefit from

B. benefit

C. do good to

D. be beneficial for

15. He was in the mountain for a year. He felt as if he was _________ from the outside world.

A. cut out

B. cut off

C. cut up

D. cut through

16. Parents need to be involved in their children’s education ________, such as helping children

with homework, going on a field trip or coaching a child’s sports team.

A. in a way

B. on the way

C. by the way

D. in many ways

17. When the disabled sportsman won a gold medal, a lot of people _______ him on his success.A.appreciated B.approved C.congratulated D.remarked

18. He is respected by his colleagues because he always _____ himself well.

A. shows

B. conducts

C. praises

D. reflects

19. ____ I met him, I thought he was a serious man.

A. For the first time

B. The first time

C. It was the first time

D. By the first time

20. —So what kind of salary did you have in mind?

—I just want a salary _________ to support my family.

A. adequate

B. challenging

C. suitable

D. beneficial

四、短文改错

下面短文中共有10处错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧),并在此符号下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1、每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2、只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

One day, there is a blind man sitting on the steps with a sign by his feet, that read, “I am blind. P lease help.” A creative publicist was walking by him and observed that the man only had a few coins in to his hat. He put a few of his own coin in it. Without ask for permission, he took the sign, turned it around, and wrote a new message. He then placed it back and left.

Later that afternoon publicist returned and noticed that the hat was almost complete full of coins. The blind man recognized his footsteps and asked if it was she that had changed the sign. He wanted to know which the publicist wrote on the sign. The publicist replied, “I just changed your message because people could understand it.” He said good bye and went on his way. The blind man didn’t know the new sign was “Today is spring but I can’t see it.”

答案与解析:

一、单词填空

1.abolished

2. access

3. absence

4. architect

5. companions

6. conduct

7. encouragement

8.ambition

9.certificate 10. resigned

二、选词填空

1. having made fun of

2. met with

3. was; out of breath

4. have adapted to

5. as well as

6. Never mind

7. in other words

8. all in all

三、单项选择

1. D。句意:雄心勃勃是所有成功生意人的共同特点。其它三个选项都不是人的特点。

2. B。be of great benefit to= be greatly beneficial to;great是形容词,可以修饰名词benefit;

greatly是副词,可以修饰形容词beneficial。

3. D。annoy意为“使某人恼怒”,由下文中“你不听我说的话”引起“我”不悦可知最符合

题意。interrupt 打断;disturb 打扰,扰乱,使不安。

4. A。句意:设计此系统的目的在于使学生能够容易、快捷地找到图书馆的数字资源。access

是不可数名词,give sb. access to 表示“给某人通往......的入口或权利”,此空白处需要不可数名词,access符合题意,其它三词常作可数名词;approach强调“接近,方法”;way 方式、方法,路;passage 过道,通道,(文章的)一段。

5. B。前面说了Paul的许多优点,所以此处用in a word(总之)加以概括。句意:保罗品行好、

善良、勤奋,总之,我怎么夸他都不过分。

6. C。as well as 也,和,除了......之外;as long as 只要;as far as 远至;至于,就;as good

as 和......几乎一样。

7. B。动词bear后接doing作宾语,而且“他”不能忍受“被取笑”,所以用-ing形式的被动

形式。

8. D。as…as结构中,第一个as为副词,修饰后面的形容词或副词原级;第二个as为连词,

后可接句子。此结构为:as +adj.+a/an+单数可数名词+ as。

9. A。get annoyed with sb. about sth. 因某事生某人的气。annoying和exciting都表示事物的

性质。

10. D。all in all总而言之;All the best一切顺利;at all 根本;in all 总计,合计。

11. B。固定短语resign as+ 职务,意为“辞去......的职务”。

12. C。固定短语in one’s absence在背地里,在某人不在时。

13. C。adapt to 适应于;agree to 同意(计划、安排等);refer to 涉及,所指,提到;turn to

转向。句意:恐怕他还没有适应上司是女的这个想法。

14. A。benefit from... 从......中获益;benefit sb. 使某人受益;do good to ... 某物对......有益;

be beneficial for sb. 对某人有益。句意:我们应该不时地做做运动,我相信我们会从中获益匪浅。

15. B。cut out 删去;cut off 切断,使隔绝;cut up 切碎;cut through 穿过,克服。句意:

他在山里待了一年,感觉好像与外界隔绝了。

16. D。in a way 在某种程度上;on the way 在路上,即将发生;by the way 顺便问一下;in

many ways 在许多方面。句意:父母要在许多方面参与对孩子的教育,如帮助孩子做作业,进行野外活动,或者辅导孩子的运动队。

17. C。句意:当那位残疾运动员获得金牌后,很多人向他表示祝贺。congratulate sb. on sth. 就

某事祝贺某人;appreciate 表示“欣赏”,不接介词on;approve 表示“赞成,批准”;

remark 表示“注意,评论”。

18. B。句意:他很受同事尊敬,因为他总是举止得当。conduct 举止,控制,传导;praise 赞

扬,表扬;reflect 反射,反映。

19. B。名词短语the first time引导时间状语从句,这时这些短语前不用介词。

20. A。句意:我只需要足够养家的工资。adequate 足够的;challenging 富有挑战性的;suitable

适合的;beneficial 有益的。

四、短文改错

One day, there is a blind man sitting on the steps with a sign by his feet, that read, “I am was which

blind. P lease help.” A creative publicist was walking by him and observed that the man only

had a few coins in to his hat. He put a few of his own coin in it. Without ask for permission, he

coins asking

took the sign, turned it around, and wrote a new message. He then placed it back and left.

Later that afternoon publicist returned and noticed that the hat was almost complete full of

∧the completely coins. The blind man recognized his footsteps and asked if it was she that had changed the sign.

he

He wanted to know which the publicist wrote on the sign. The publicist replied, “I just changed what

your message because people could understand it.” He said goodbye and went on his way. The so

blind man didn’t know the new sign was “Today is spring but I can’t see it.”