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武汉大学研究生英语课文原文 Stumbling Blocks in Intercultural Communication

Stumbling Blocks inIntercultural Communication

1.Why is it that contact with persons from other cultures is so often frustrating and fraught with misunderstanding? Good intentions, the use of what one considers to be a friendly approach and even the possibility of mutual benefits don't seem to be sufficient to ensure success-to many people's surprise. Sometimes rejection occurs just because the group to which a person belongs is"different." It's appropriate at this time of major changes in the international scene to take a look at some of the reasons for the disappointing results of attempts at communication. They are actually stumbling blocks in intercultural communication.

2.Assumption of similarities

One answer to the question of why misunderstanding or rejection happens might be that many of us naivety assume there are sufficient similarities among peoples of the world to enable us tosuccessfully exchange information or feelings, solve problems ofmutual concerns, cement business relationships, or just make the kind of impression we wish to make. The tendency for all peopleto reproduce, group into families or societies, develop a language, and adapt to their environment is particularly deceiving because it leads to the expectation that the forms of these behaviors and the attitudes and values surrounding them will also besimilar. It's comforting to believe that"people are people"and"deep down we're all alike,"but a determined search for proof of this leads to disappointment.

3.Promising are the cross-cultural studies seeking to supportDarwin's theory that facial expressions are universal and researchers found that the