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高考英语常见考点

高考高频考点

名词

1.常考不可数名词:news, information, advice, fun, furniture, luggage, baggage,

music, water, work(工作), homework, weather, word(消息), progress(常考短语make progress取得进步)

2.常用名词复数:one of +名词复数;different/many/a few/several+名词复数

3.means(方式,方法)为单复数同形名词

冠词

1.表示特指的名词前用the,如:The handsome boy is my brother.

2.表示泛指的可数名词单数前用a/an,如:I want an apple.

3.表示泛指的可数名词复数或不可数名词前无冠词,如:Teachers are very

busy.

4.have后接三餐前无冠词have breakfast

5.play后接球类棋类前无冠词,接乐器前加the,如:play basketball, play the

piano

代词

1.反身代词:当谓语动词动作承受的宾语与主语为同一人或物时,宾语用反

身代词,如:I teach myself English.

2.比较one, it, that

one=a/an+可数名词单数,可指代前文提到的同名异物,表泛指(复数形式为ones),如:She has a beautiful dress, and I want one too.(我也想要一条和她一样的裙子)

it指代前文提到的同名同物且为可数名词单数或不可数名词(复数形式为they/them),如:She has a beautiful dress, and I want it. (我想要她的条裙子)that=the+可数名词单数或不可数名词,常指代前文提到的同名异物,表特指(复数形式为those),如:The weather in Changchun is colder than that in Guangdong. (此处that相当于the weather)

3.it在句首可能是以下几种情况:

形式主语It is important to learn English.

强调句It is him that I like best.

指代上文提到的同名同物I have a book. It is very interesting.

时间地点距离等作主语It is 5 o’clock.

介词

1.介词后常接名词、代词或动名词(doing)作宾语,注意区别介词to与不

定式to do如look forward to doing

2.关于时间

on+日或具体日期的上下午,如:on Monday, on the day, on the morning of yesterday

in+月、年或一段时间,如:in April, in 2016, in the days

at+时间,如:at 5 o’clock

3.关于地点

at常接小地点,如机场、车站at the airport

in常接大地点,如国家、城市in Changchun

4.this, that, last, next, these, those修饰表时间的名词,前无介词,如:last year,

this morning

5.before/after可做介词后接doing,也可做连词,后接时间状语从句。

6.高频考点:look forward to doing, despite, regardless of, in spite of (尽管),

have difficulty/trouble (in)doing, spend…(in)doing, devote…to, fix…on, be involved in, when it comes to, pay attention to, lead to, contribute to, result in/from

形容词和副词

1.so和such

so+adj.+ a/an +可数名词单数so beautiful a girl

so+many/few+可数名词复数so many/few students

so+much/little(少)+不可数名词so much/little water

such+a/an+adj+可数名词单数such a beautiful girl

such+adj+可数名词复数/不可数名词such good weather/such good parents 2.语法填空改错常考点

be+adj做表语She is intelligent.

adj作定语修饰名词She is an intelligent girl.

adv作状语修饰adj或adv She is a fairly intelligent girl./Thank you very much.

adv作状语修饰v She walked slowly.

adv作状语修饰整句话Slowly, she improved her English.

adj作状语修饰句子中的某个名词或代词She went home, hungry and tired.

3.therefore(因此),however(然而),besides(此外)为副词,常位于句首或句中,

前后都要用逗号隔开,注意与连词so和but区分。

4.比较级常和than连用。

5.as+形容词/副词原级+as

6.注意区分副词hard和hardly

连词

1.并列连词:and(表递进), but(表转折), or(表选择或翻译成否则),so

(表结果),for(表原因) , when(就在这时),while(而,表对比)。

2.引导状语从句的连词:时间状从:when, while(从句谓语动词需为延续性动

词),as(随着),since(自从),before, after, until 原因状语because, as, since(既然), now that(既然)让步状从:though, although, while(尽管),even if, even though 条件状从:if, unless(除非),as long as(只要)。It was 时间段before 过了很久才……

情态动词

1.表示对过去发生的事情的猜测:must have done 一定做过,can’t/couldn’t have done 不可能做过may(might) (not) have done 可能(没)做过2.should have done 本该做而没做,shouldn’t have done 本不该做但做了,needn’t have done 本不该做但做了,could have done 本可以做但没做

定语从句

1.先行词为人,从句缺主宾常用that或who,作宾语也可用whom;先行词

为物,从句缺主宾常用that或which,作宾语可省略关系代词(that与which 区别详见定语从句语法)。

2.非限定性定语从句,先行词为人,从句缺主宾常用who,作宾语也可用

whom,先行词为物,从句缺主宾常用which,that不能引导非限定性定语从句。

3.只有as与which引导的非限定性定语从句能修饰整个主句。

名词性从句

1.that在名词性从句中不做成分,在及物动词引导的宾语从句中可省略,其

它从句通常不省略。

2.what在名词性从句中做主、宾、表语,所给空如不翻译成“谁”(填who)

或“哪一个”(填which),通常都填what。

3.where, when, why, how为副词,在句中只能作状语,不能做主宾,不要被

含义迷惑。

时态和语态

1.时态的判断,一、时间状语;二、上下文的时态

2.常考时态:

现在完成时(since+时间点,for+时间段,so far, in/ during/over the last/past+时间段,It is the first time that…从句常用现在完成时)

一般过去时the other day前几天

非谓语动词

1.作主语,注意语法填空中,单独的动名词或不定式作主语时,谓语动词常

用单数。

2.作宾语,注意固定搭配,如enjoy, imagine, finish, mind, practice, avoid等后

常接doing 作宾语;want, offer, refuse, struggle等后常接to do作宾语;

need/want/require/deserve doing=need/want/require/deserve to be done需要/值得被做

be worth doing值得被

3.做表语,—ing常译“为令人……的”,—ed常译为“感到……的”,如:

The book is interesting.

I feel bored.

4.做定语,判断非谓语与被修饰名词或代词的关系,通常表主动用doing,表

被动用done,如: a photo taken by her

名词代词前有序数词修饰,常用to do做后置定语,如:the first one to go 5.作状语,判断非谓语与句子主语的关系,通常表主动用doing,表被动用

done,如:

Hearing the news, she cried.

Caught by the rain, she couldn’t go home.

注意:having done也表主动,表示状语动作发生在句子谓语东西之前,相当于after doing,如:Having finished (After finishing)his work, he went home.

注意固定用法,generally speaking, judging from/by, compared with/to (和……比起来),faced with( 面对)

6.做宾补,判断非谓语与宾语的关系,通常表主动用doing,表被动用done

I saw him dancing.

I saw him caught by the police.

注意区分特殊的使役动词have/make/let sb do和get sb to do

固定搭配,如force sb to do

7.with复合结构,判断做宾补的非谓语与with后宾语的关系,通常表主动用

doing,表被动完成用done,表主动或被动未作用to do(主动表被动),如:With time going by(注意区别时间状语从句As time goes by)

With a lot of work to do , I felt terrible. (被动未完成)