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2015年考研英语一第一篇阅读真题分析

2015年考研英语一第一篇阅读真题分析

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2015年考研英语一第一篇阅读真题分析

2015年这篇阅读文章的选择依然延续了考研英语选材的一贯做法,选自2014年6月4日《卫报》上一篇名为Is the writing on the wall for all European royals?(所有欧洲皇室注定要失败吗?) 的文章。主要讨论了西班牙胡安·卡洛斯国王退位这一事件对欧洲诸多皇室的影响,尤其是对英国皇室的影响。总体来说,作为今年阅读题型的第一篇,文章在内容上难度稍大,尤其是里面涉及到了一些人名、地名的专有名词以及非常地道的英式习语表达等等。但是,如果纯就题目来说的话,难度倒不是很大,答案的出处也比较容易找到。接下来就文章具体的题目来进行深入的解析。

21、According to the first two paragraphs, King Juan Carl of Spain

[A] used to enjoy high public support

[B] was unpopular among European royals

[C] ended his reign in embarrassment

[D] cased his relationship with his rivals

答案:[C] ended his reign in embarrassment

解析:题目中明确提到答案的范围是在前面两段,而关键词又是King Juan Carl of Spain,那么根据关键词可以主要定位到第一段。在第一段中,对于King Juan Carl of Spain这个人的主要描述就是King Juan Carlos of Spain once insisted kings don’t abdicate, they die in their sleep. But embarrassing scandals and the popularity of the republican left in the recent Euro-elections have forced him to eat his words and stand down.

根据题目所给的四个选项,可以发现C 项ended his reign in embarrassment(在窘迫中结束了他的统治) 正好讲的就是第二句话的内容:But embarrassing scandals and the popularity of the republican left in the recent Euro-elections have forced him to eat his words and stand down.(但是令人窘迫的丑闻以及在最近欧洲选举中所呈现的共和制的盛行都迫使他食言而退位。)

至于其余三个选项:[A] used to enjoy high public support(过去受到民众的高度支持) 、[B] was unpopular among European royals(在欧洲皇室中不受欢迎) 、[D] cased his relationship with his rivals(缓和了与对手的关系) 在文章中都不曾提到。

22、Monarchs are kept as head of state in Europe mostly

[A] owing to their undoubted and respectable status

[B] to achieve a balance between tradition and reality

[C] to give voters more public figures to look up to

[D] due to their everlasting political embodiment

答案:[A] owing to their undoubted and respectable status

解析:从几个选项来看,题目问“在欧洲君主被保持为国家首脑”的原因或目的。根据阅读题型的命题规律,一般来说该题的答案定位应该是在接下来的第三段。而根据关键词head of state有又可进一度确定为第三段。第三段中,第一句讲It is this apparent transcendence of politics that explains monarchs continuing popularity as heads of states.(正是这种显然的政治 第1页共1页

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