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研究生英语第3单元-GMS&ASEAN全解

1 Unit 3

GMS & ASEAN

Text A ADB’s GMS PROGRAM

Background Information

1. The Greater Mekong Sub-region

The Greater Mekong Sub-region (GMS) is made up of Cambodia, People’s Republic of China (PRC, specifically Yunnan Province and Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region), Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Lao PDR), Myanmar, Thailand, and Viet Nam. The GMS is a natural economic area bound together by the Mekong River. The GMS covers 2.6 million square kilometers and has a combined population of around 326 million.

2. Origin

In 1992, with assistance from the Asian Development Bank (ADB), the six countries of the GMS launched a program of sub-regional economic cooperation to enhance their economic relations, building on their shared histories and cultures. The GMS Program, with support from ADB and other agencies, helps implement high-priority sub-regional projects in nine sectors (see Program sectors).

3. Three Cs—Connectivity, Competitiveness, and Community

The GMS Program has adopted a three-pronged strategy—the 3Cs—to reach its vision of a prosperous, integrated, and harmonious sub-region. This means : (1) Increasing connectivity in the sub-region through sustainable development of infrastructure and transnational economic corridors; (2) Improving competitiveness through efficient cross-border movement of people and goods, and integrated markets and production processes, thereby easing the sub-region’s integration into the global economy; and (3) Building a greater sense of community through programs that address shared social and environmental concerns.

4. Development of Economic Corridors

The “economic corridor” approach recognizes that development entails infrastructure integrated with other economic opportunities. These include trade and investment, and efforts to address social and other impacts arising from increased connectivity. The GMS countries have formed an

Economic Corridors Forum to bolster efforts in transforming GMS transport corridors into economic corridors. It is designed to enhance collaboration among areas along the corridors and

among GMS sector working groups, and will act as a single body focusing on economic corridor development. This will help improve interaction between the public and private sectors, and between central and local governments.

5. ADB’s Role

ADB plays a multifaceted role in the GMS Program: (1) As financier, providing financing and assistance to the GMS countries; (2) As technical and advisory support for many activities under the GMS Program; (3) As secretariat and coordinator of the GMS Program; (4) As honest broker, supporting sub-regional dialogue at the political and operational levels, and among stakeholders of the GMS Program; and (5) As catalyst, by bringing together the different participants in the GMS Program, and helping them reach consensus on key issues.

6. Cambodia in the GMS

Cambodia has been an active participant in the GMS Program since the Program’s inception in

1992. The 11th Ministerial Conference was held in Phnom Penh in September 2002. The

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研究生英语第3单元-GMS&ASEAN全解