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九年级英语11-12单元笔记

九年级英语Unit11

1.宾语从句宾语从句在复合句中作主句的宾语。

①由连接词+ 主语+ 谓语构成

常由下面的一些连接词引导:

②由that 引导表示陈述意义that 可省略

He says (that) he is at home. 他说他在家里。

③由if , whether 引导表示一般疑问意义(带有是否、已否、对否等)

I don’t know if / whether Wei Hua likes fish.

我不知道韦华是否喜欢鱼。

④由连接代词、连接副词(疑问词) 引导表示特殊疑问意义

Do you know what he wants to buy? 你知道他想要买什么吗?

⑤从句时态要与主句一致

当主句是一般现在时,从句根据情况使用任何时态

He says (that ) he is at home. 他说他在家里。

I don’t know (that) she is singing now. 我不知道她正在唱歌。

She wants to know if I have finished my homework.

她想要知道我是否已经完成了我的作业。

Do you know when he will be back? 你知道他将会什么时候回来?

当主句是一般过去时,从句应使用过去某时态(一般过去时,过去进行时,过去将来时,过去完成时)

He said (that) he was at home. 他说他在家里。

I didn’t know that she was singing now. 我不知道她正在唱歌。

She wanted to know if I had finished m homework.

她想要知道我是否已经完成了我的作业。

Did you know when he would be back? 你知道他将会什么时候回来?2. get v. 得到、买、到达

3. make a telephone call 打电话

4. save money 省钱、存钱

5. ①问路常用的句子:

九年级英语11-12单元笔记

②Can/Could/Will/Would you please tell me sth.

表示十分客气地询问事情

③Could you tell me how to get to the park?

请你告诉我怎么才能去邮局好吗?中的how to get to the park 是疑问词与动词不定式连用,用作宾语,但不是宾语从句,可是相当于how I can get to the park(宾语从句)如:

I don’t know how to solve the problem. ==

I don’t know how I can solve the problem.我不知道如何解决这个问题Can you tell me when to leave? ==

Can you tell me when I ill leave? 你能告诉我什么时候离开?

6. 日常交际用语:

take the elevator / escalator to the … floor.乘电梯/自动扶梯到…楼turn left / right === take a left / right 向左/ 右转

go past 经过go straight 向前直走

7. next to旁边、紧接着如:Lily is next to Ann. 莉莉就在安的旁边。

8. between … and…在…和…之间

如: Lily is between Ann and Tom. 莉莉就在安和汤姆的之间。

9. decide to do 决定做…

She decided to go to have lunch. 她决定去吃午餐。

decide v. decision n.

make a decision 做个决定

10. Is that a good place to hang out? 那是不是一个闲荡的好地方?

中的to hang out修饰前面名词place,不定式作定语.

如:There are something to eat. 这有吃的东西。中的to eat修饰代词something,作定语.

11. kind of +adj./ adv. 译为“有点、一点”

如:She is kind of shy. 她有点害羞。

12. expensive 贵的反义词inexpensive 不贵的

13. crowded 拥挤的反义词uncrowded 不拥挤的

14. take a vacation == go on a vacation 去度假

15. dress up 打扮dress up as 打扮成..

如:He wanted to dress up as Father Christmas. 他想要打扮成圣诞老人。

16. on the beach 在海滩上的介词用on

17. politely adv. 有礼貌地polite adj. 有礼貌的

18. depend on sth / doing / 从句根据、依靠、依赖、决定于

Living things depend on the sunlight.生物对阳光有依赖性。

We can’t depend on his answer. 我们不能根据他的回答。

That depends on how you did it. 那决定于你怎样做这件事。

19. prefer动词更喜欢宁愿常用的结构有:

prefer sth.更喜欢某事I prefer English. 我更喜欢英语。

prefer doing/ to do宁愿做某事I prefer sitting/ to sit.我宁愿坐着。

prefer sth to sth. 同…相比更喜欢… I prefer dogs to cats.

与猫相比我更喜欢狗。

prefer doing to doing宁愿做某事而不愿做某事

I prefer walking to sitting. 我宁愿走路也不愿坐着

prefer to do rather than do 宁愿做某事而不愿做某事

I prefer to work rather than be free. 我宁愿工作而不愿闲着。

20. on the other hand 另一方面

21. 把…借给某人

lend sb. sth. ==lend sth.to sb. 如:

Lily lent me her book. == Lily lent her book to me .

莉莉把她的书借给了我。

22. such as 例如

23. I’m sorry to do sth. 对做某事我觉得很抱歉、伤心。

24. in a way 在某种程度说

25. in order to do为了做…表目的如:

He got up early in order to catch the first bus.

他起早床,是为了赶上头班公共汽车。

26. 等级/同级比较:as…as ,not as/so…as

①as + 形容词/ 副词原级+ as

表示“和…一样的…”“…和…一样的…”

如:He works as hard as we. 他工作和我们同样努力。

②否定式:not as + 形容词/ 副词原级+ as

== not so + 形容词/ 副词原级+ as

He doesn’t work as / so hard as we. 他工作没有我们那样努力。

27. hand in 上交

九年级英语Unit12

1. be supposed to do .应该如:

We are supposed to stop smoking. 我们应该停止吸烟。

知识拓展表示应该的词有:should, ought to ,be supposed to

2. shake hands握手shake 本意是“摇动、震动”

3. You should have asked what you were supposed to wear.

你本应该问清楚怎么样穿才得体。中的“should have asked”是

“情态动词+现在完成时”表示过去本应该做某事,事实上没有做

如:She should have gone to Beijing. 她本应该去了北京。(没有去)

4. be relaxed about sth.对某事随意、不严格如:

They are relaxed about the time. 他们对时间很随意。

5. pretty adv. 相当,很=very She is pretty friendly. 她相当友好。

adj. 美丽的She is a pretty girl.她是一个美丽的女孩。

6. make plans to do == plan to do. 打算做某事如:

She has made plans to go to Beijing.==She has planed to go to Beijing.

7. drop by 访问看望拜访串门

We just dropped by our friends’ homes.我们刚刚去朋友家串门。

8. on time 按时

9.after all 毕竟终究如:You see I was right after all.你看,毕竟还是我对了。

10. invite sb. to do sth. 邀请某人做某事如:Lily invited me to have dinner.莉莉请我吃晚饭。

11. without 没有

12. around the world == all over the world 全世界

13. pick up 捡起挑选如:He picked up his hat. 他捡起他的帽子。

14. start doing == start to do 开始做某事如

He started reading.== He started to read. 他开始读。

15. point at 指向

16. stick v. 剌截n. 棒,棍

chopstick 筷子是由chop(砍)+stick(棒)合成,

通常用复数形式:chopsticks

17. go out of one’s way to do 特意,专门做某事如:

He went out of his way to make me happy. 他特意使我高兴。

18. make mistakes 犯错误(复数)make a mistake 犯错误(一个)

19. be different from 与…不同如:

Chinese food is different from theirs. 中国菜与他们的不同.

九年级英语11-12单元笔记

20.

九年级英语11-12单元笔记

get/be used to sth. 习惯于…

get/be used to doing习惯于…

be used to do 被用于做…

be used for doing被用于做…

used to do 过去常常做…如:

I wash clothes everyday. But I’m used to it.

我每天都洗衣服,但我习惯了

I am used to washing clothes. 我习惯于洗衣服了。

The knives are used to cut things. 小刀被用来切东西。

The knives are used for cutting things. 小刀被用来切东西。

She used to watch TV after school. 她过去放学后常常看电视。

21. 我发现要记住每一样事是困难的。

形式宾语真正宾语

常见的形式宾语有:

find / think + it/them +形容词to do sth. 如:I think it hard to study English.

22. cut up 切开切碎如:Let’s cut up the water melon. 让我们切开这个西瓜吧。

23. make a toast 敬酒

24. crowd v.挤满其形容词和过去式及过去分词都是:crowded

25. set n. 一套v. 设置

26. can’t stop doing 忍不住做某事I can’t stop laughing. 我忍不住笑

27. make faces做鬼脸

28.face to face 面对面

29. learn…by oneself 自学如:I learn English by my self. 我自学英语。