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5A_Unit_4知识点总结

5A Unit 4

单词

family 家庭;家庭成员thing 东西;物品

need 需要horse 马

pig 猪work 工作;劳动

with 和evening 傍晚;晚上

Halloween 万圣节前夕(10月31日)tomorrow 明天

vase 花瓶mask 面具

lantern 灯笼pumpkin 南瓜

else 别的,其他的change 找头;零钱

chicken 小鸡,鸡;鸡肉duck 鸭子;鸭肉

Saturday 星期六Sunday 星期日

cook 烹调,做饭animal 动物

词组

1. his family 他的家庭

2. buy things 买东西

3. some chocolate 一些巧克力

4. a good idea 一个好主意

5. your change 你的找头

6. a bus driver 一位公共车司机

7. work on Saturdays 在星期六工作8. play table tennis 打乒乓

9. in the evening 在晚上10. listen to music 听音乐

11. Sunday morning 星期天上午12. three vases 三个花瓶

13. a big horse 一匹大马14. need some flowers 需要一些花

15. in the sitting-room 在起居室里16. pumpkin lanterns 南瓜灯

17. help me 帮助我18. a Halloween party 一个万圣节聚会19. a tiger mask 一个老虎面具20. buy… for… 给……买

21. What else…? 其他什么?22. How much…? 多少钱?

23. like doing…喜欢做……

句子

1.What do you like ? I like .... Do you like ....?

like : ①后面加定冠词the ,this ,that ,表示特指,喜欢某一件物体。I like this car.

②后面加可数名词复数,表示喜欢某类物体。I like tigers.

③后面加动名词,即动词+ing They like swimming.

2. play the piano play the violin play the guitar play basket play football

3. We like playing table tennis with our friends.

4.Thay don't work on Saturdays adn Sundays.

5. There is not a lamp. He cannot read the book.

6. What do they need ? What do we need ? What do you need ?

7.What else do you need ? Here's your change.

8. What masks do you like ? What animals do you like ?

重难点解析

1. Ben and his family are in the sitting-room. 本和他的家人在起居室里。

Family 意为“家人”。如:

I will go to the park with my family this Sunday. 这个周日我和我的家人要去公园。

2. What do you need?

Need在句中是实意动词,是“需要”的意思,它由助动词“do”构成疑问和否定形式。当它的主语是第三人称单数时,要在need后面加-s。如:

I need a vase. 我需要一个花瓶。

She needs some crayons. 她需要一些蜡笔。

Do you need any masks? 你们需要一些面具吗?

3. Do you like …? Y es, I do. / No, I don’t. I like…

本句型为了他人喜好的一般疑问句,表示“你喜欢某物吗?”。

(1)询问是否喜欢某一样东西时,通常在物品前加上“the /this/that”。如:

—Do you like this dog? —Y es, I do. 你喜欢这只狗吗?是的,我喜欢。

—Do you like that cat? —No, I don’t. 你喜欢那只猫吗?不,我不喜欢。

(2)询问是否喜欢某一种类物品时,通常用物品的复数形式。如:

—Do you like horses? 你喜欢马吗?—Y es, I do. 是的,我喜欢。

—Do you like apples? 你喜欢苹果吗?

—No,I don’t. I like pears. 不,我不喜欢。我喜欢梨。

4. They like swimming on Sundays.

(1)表示喜欢做某事时,要用动词的现在分词形式。如:

I like playing table tennis with my friends. 我喜欢和我朋友一起打乒乓。

(2)现在分词的变化规则。

1)一般在动词末尾直接加ing

2)以不发音字母e结尾的动词,先去掉e,再加ing 。如:

skate—skating have—having ride—riding come —coming make —making

dance—dancing write —writing

3)以重读闭音节结尾的动词,中间只有一个元音字母,词尾只有一个辅音字母,应双写末尾的辅音字母,再加ing 。如:

put —putting run —running begin— beginning stop— stopping

swim— swimming shop —shopping jog —jogging sit —sitting get —getting

(3)“喜欢做某事”在英语中有两种搭配:like doing sth. 和like to do sth.,在英式英语中通常like doing 指一般性喜欢做的事情,而like to do是特定的事物,在美式英语中则区别不大。如:

I like reading books in the evening. 我喜欢在晚上读书。

I like to watch the insects in the garden. 我喜欢在花园里观察昆虫。

5. Here’s your change.

change作为动词时可以解释为“改变、变换”,做名词时可以解释为“零钱、变化”。如:

—Don’t forget your change on the counter. 不要忘记柜台上找你的零钱。

—I changed my mind. 我改变了我的注意。

课堂练习

一、词形转换。

1. dance (现在分词)

2. can not (缩略形式)

3. teachers (名词所有格)

4. have (第三人称单数)

5. let’s (完整形式)

6. black (反义词)

7. family (复数)8. swim (现在分词)

9. I (宾格) 10. there (同音词)

二、翻译下列词组。

1. 你的家庭

2. 一匹大马

3. 在门后面

4. 买东西

5. 需要一些花

6. a bus driver

7. a Halloween party 8. Follow me

9. help me 10. pumpkin lanterns

三、单项选择.

( )1. I can see some students ________ the classroom.

A. in

B. on

C. under

( )2. My parents like _______.

A. play volleyball

B. play the volleyball

C. playing volleyball ( )3. — Can you play table tennis? — Y es, I ________.

A. am

B. can

C. do

( )4. I would like _______ some flowers for my birthday party.

A. buy

B. buying

C. to buy

( )5. We watch TV ______ Saturday evenings.

A. in

B. on

C. at

( )6. This is ______ classroom.

A. our

B. we

C. us

( )7. I can’t _______, but I can______.

A. skating; ski

B. skate; ski

C. skate; skiing ( )8. Do you like ______?

A. dance

B. horses

C. sing

( )9. — How _______ are these apples? — Five yuan.

A. many

B. some

C. much

( )10. — How _______ pencils are there on the desk? — Ten.

A. many

B. some

C. much

四、选择括号里正确的单词填空。

1. —Where’s your music room?

—It’s(in, on) the first floor.

2. There isn’t a camera here. I (can, can’t) take photos.

3. —What (do, can) you like? —I like hot dogs.

4. We (listen, learn) some English songs in the English lessons.

5. There is (any, no) milk in the bottle.

五、根据要求改写句子。

1. They like cooking. (改为否定句)

They cooking.

2. David can play the piano. (对画线部分提问)

can David ?

3. I like the pigs.(改为一般疑问句)

like the pigs?

4. —Are there any ducks? (作肯定回答)

—Y es, .

5. There’s a vase on the desk. (改为复数句)

There vases on the desk.