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小学英语单词分类表

小学英语单词分类表

一、学习用品(school things)pen /pen/ 钢笔

pencil /'pensl/铅笔

pencil-case /'penslkeis / 铅笔盒ruler /'ru:l?/ 尺子

book /buk/ 书

bag /b?g/ 包

post card /p?ust kɑ:d/ 明信片newspaper /'nju:z,peip?/ 报纸schoolbag /sku:lb?g/ 书包

eraser /i'reis?/ 橡皮

crayon /'krei?n/ 蜡笔sharpener /'?ɑ:p?n?/卷笔刀story-book /'st?:ri] buk/故事书notebook /'n?utbuk/ 笔记本Chinese book /'t?ai'ni:z/ 语文书English book /'i?gli?/ 英语书maths book/m?θs/数学书magazine /,m?g?'zi:n/杂志newspaper /'nju:z,peip?/报纸dictionary /'dik??neri/ 词典

二、身体部位(body)

foot /fut/ 脚head /hed/头face / feis/脸hair /h??/ 头发

nose /n?uz/鼻子mouth /mauθ/嘴

eye /ai/ 眼睛ear /i?/ 耳朵arm / ɑ:m/手臂hand /h?nd/手

finger /'fi?g?/ 手指

leg /leg/腿tail /teil/尾巴三、颜色(colours)

red /red/红blue /blu:/蓝

yellow /'jel?u/黄green /gri:n/绿white /wait/白black /bl?k/ 黑pink /pi?k/粉红purple /'p?:pl/紫

orange /'?:rind?/ 橙brown /braun/棕

四、动物(animals)

cat /k?t/猫dog /d?g/ 狗

pig /pig/猪duck /d?k/鸭

rabbit /'r?bit/兔子horse /h?:s/马elephant /'elif?nt/ 大象ant /?nt/蚂蚁

fish /fi?/ 鱼bird /b?:d/ 鸟snake /sneik/蛇mouse /maus/鼠kangaroo /,k??g?'ru:/ 袋鼠

monkey /'m??ki/ 猴子

panda /'p?nd?/ 熊猫bear /b??/熊 lion /'lai?n/ 狮tiger /'taig?/老虎 fox/f?ks/狐狸zebra /'zi:br?/ 斑马

deer /di?/鹿giraffe /d?i'rɑ:f/ 长颈鹿

goose /gu:s/鹅hen /hen/ 母鸡turkey /'t?:ki/ 火鸡lamb /l?m/ 小

sheep /?i:p/绵羊goat /g?ut/ 山羊cow /kau/奶牛shark /'?ɑ:k/鲨鱼 seal /si:l/海豹

五、人物(people)

friend /frend/朋友boy /b?i/男孩

girl /g?:l/女孩mother /'m?e?/ 母亲

father /'fɑ:e?/ 父亲 sister /'sist?/姐妹

brother /'br?e?/兄弟

uncle /'??kl/ 叔叔

man /m?n/男人

woman/'wum?n/女人

Mr先生Miss小姐

lady /'leidi/ 女士

mom /m?m/ 妈妈dad /d?d/爸爸

parents /'p??r?nts/父母

grandma /'gr?ndmɑ:/

grandmother /'gr?nd,m?e?/(外)祖母

grandpa/'gr?ndpɑ:/

grandfather /'gr?nd,fɑ:e?/(外)祖父 aunt /ɑ:nt/阿姨

cousin /'k?zn/ 堂兄妹

son /s?n/ 儿子baby /'beibi/婴儿 kid /kid/小孩

classmate/'klɑ:smeit/同学

queen /'kwi:n/女visitor /'vizit?/ 参观者

neighbour /'neib?/邻居

principal /'prins?p?l/ 校长

pen pal /pen p?l/ 笔友

tourist /'tu:rist/ 旅行者

people /'pi:pl/ 人物

robot /'r?ub?t/ 机器人

六、职业(job)

teacher /'ti:t??/ 教师

student /'stju:d?nt/学生

doctor /'d?kt?/ 医生

nurse /n?:s/ 护士

driver /'draiv?/ 司机

farmer /'fɑ:m?/ 农民

singer /'si??/歌唱家

writer /'rait?/作家

artist /'ɑ:tist/画家

actor /'?kt?/男演员

actress/'?ktris/女演员

TV reporter /ri'p?:t?/ 电视台记者engineer /,end?i'ni?/ 工程师policeman /p?'li:sm?n/(男)警察salesperson /'seilz,p?:sn/销售员cleaner /'kli:n?/清洁工

baseball player/'beis,b?:l'plei?/棒球运动员

assistant /?'sist?nt/ 售货员

七、食品(food and drink:)breakfast /'brekf?st /早餐

lunch /l?nt?/ 中餐dinner /'din?/晚餐egg /eg/ 鸡蛋rice /rais/ 米饭cake /keik/蛋糕bread

/bred/面包jam /d??m/果酱biscuit /'biskit/ 饼干sausage

/'s?:sid?/ 香肠sandwich

/'s?ndwit?/三明治dumplings

/'d?mpli?/饺子

French fries/frent? fraiz/ 薯条meat /mi:t/肉chicken /'t?ikin/鸡肉mutton /'m?tn/羊肉beef /bi:f/ 牛肉pork

/p?:k/猪肉fish /fi?/ 鱼hamburger /'h?mb?:g?/汉堡

hot dog /h?t d?g/ 热狗

noodles /'nu:dl/面条soup /su:p/ 汤salad /'s?l?d/沙拉milk /milk/牛奶water /'w?:t?/水ice-cream /ais kri:m/冰淇淋

cola /'k?ul?/ 可乐juice /d?u:s/果汁tea /ti:/茶

coffee /'k?fi/ 咖啡

fruit/fru:t/ 水果apple /'?pl /

苹果banana /b?'nɑ:n? /香蕉

pear /p?? / 梨orange /'?:rind? /橙watermelon /'w?:t?,mel?n /西瓜grape /greip / 葡萄

cherry/'t?eri / 樱桃

lemon/'lem?n /柠檬

mango/'m??g?u /芒果

coconut/'k?uk?n?t/椰子peach /pi:t?/桃

strawberry /'str?:b?ri /草莓vegetable/'ved?it?bl / 蔬菜eggplant / 'egplɑ:nt /茄子

green beans /gri:n bi:ns /青豆tomato /t?'meit?u /西红柿

potato / p?'teit?u / 土豆

cucumber / 'kju:k?mb? /黄瓜

onion /'?nj?n / 洋葱

pea /pi:/豌豆

carrot /'k?r?t /胡萝卜

cabbage /'k?bid?/卷心菜

pumpkin /'p?mpkin /南瓜sweet potato/ swi:t p?'teit?u /红薯

八、衣服(clothes)

jacket /'d??kit/ 夹克衫shirt /??:t/ 衬衫

T-shirt T恤衫skirt /sk?:t/ 短裙子dress /dres/连衣裙jeans /d?i:nz/牛仔裤

pants /p?nts//

trousers /'trauz?z/裤子

socks /s?ks/ 袜子shoes /?u:z/鞋子sweater /'swet?/ 毛衣 coat /k?ut/ 外套

raincoat /'reink?ut/ 雨衣

shorts /??:ts/ 短裤

sandals /'s?ndl/凉鞋

boots /bu:ts/靴子hat /h?t/ 有边帽

cap /k?p/ 无边帽tie /tai/领带sunglasses /'s?nglɑ:siz/太阳镜

scarf /skɑ:f/ 围巾gloves /gl?vz/手套

九、交通工具(vehicles)

bike /baik/ 自行车bus /b?s/ 公共汽车

train /trein/ 火车boat /b?ut/ 小

ship /?ip/ 轮船yacht /j?t/ 快艇

car /kɑ:/小汽车

taxi /'t?ksi/出租车

jeep /d?i:p/ 吉普车van /v?n/ 小货车

plane /plein/飞机

subway /'s?bwei/地铁

motor cycle /'m?ut?'saikl/ 摩托车十、杂物(other things)

window /'wind?u/ 窗户door /d?:/门

desk /desk/ 课桌chair /t???/椅子

bed /bed/ 床

computer/k?m'pju:t?/计算机

board /b?:d/ 写字板

fan /f?n/风扇

light /lait/ 灯

mirror /'mir?/ 镜子

teacher’s desk/'ti:t??desk/讲台picture /'pikt??/图画

photo /'f?ut?u/ 照片

wall /w?:l/ 墙壁floor /fl?:/ 地板 football /'futb?:l/ 足球

present /'preznt//gift /gift / 礼物walkman / 'w?:km?n/随身听

lamp /l?mp/ 台灯phone /f?un/ 电话

sofa /'s?uf?/沙发shelf /?elf/ 书架fridge /frid?/ 冰箱table /'teibl/ 桌子

air-conditioner /??k?n'di??n?/ 空调key /ki:/ 钥匙lock /l?k/ 锁plate /pleit/ 盘子knife /naif/ 刀fork /f?:k/ 叉spoon /spu:n/ 勺子chopsticks /'t??pstiks/ 筷子

pot /p?t/ 锅toy /t?i/ 玩具

doll /d?l/ 洋娃娃ball /b?:l/ 球balloon /b?'lu:n/ 气球kite /kait/风筝

jigsaw puzzle /'d?igs?: 'p?zl/拼图游戏

box /b?ks/ 盒子umbrella /?m'brel?/伞

zipper /'zip?/ 拉链 violin /,vai?'lin/小提琴

nest /nest/ 鸟窝hole /h?ul/洞toothbrush /'tu:θbr??/ 牙刷

menu /'menju:/菜单

e-card /kɑ:d/电子卡片

e-mail /meil/电子邮件

money /'m?ni/ 钱

traffic light /'tr?fik lait/交通灯medicine /'medisin/ 药十一、地点(locations)

home /h?um/ 家room /ru:m/ 房间bedroom /'bedrum/卧室

bathroom /'b?θrum/卫生间

living room /'livi?ru:m/ 起居室/客厅

kitchen /'kit?in/厨房

classroom /'klɑ:srum/ 教室

school /sku:l/学校park /pɑ:k/公园

library /'laibr?ri/图书馆

post office/p?ust '?:fis/邮政局

hospital /'h?spitl/医院

cinema /'sinim?/ 电影院

bookstore /'bukst?:/书店

farm /fɑ:m/ 农场zoo /zu:/动物园garden /'gɑ:dn/ 花园

playground /'pleigraund/ 操场canteen /k?n'ti:n/餐厅

teacher’s office/'?:fis/ 教师办公室gym /d?im/ 体育馆

washroom /'w??rum/ 盥洗室

art room /ɑ:t ru:m/美术室

computer room /k?m'pju:t?/ 电脑房music room /'mju:zik/ 音乐教室

TV room电视房flat /fl?t/ 公寓company /'k?mp?ni/公司

factory /'f?kt?ri/工厂

pet shop /pet??p/宠物店

science museum/'sai?ns mju:'zi?m/ 科学博物馆

the Great Wall /greit w?:l/长城supermarket /'sju:p?,mɑ:kit/ 超市bank /b??k/银行country /'k?ntri/乡村

village /'vilid?/ 村庄city /'siti/城市十二、气象(weather)

cold /k?uld/冷的hot /h?t/热的

warm /w?:m/ 温暖的cool /ku:l/凉爽的

snowy /sn?ui/下雪的

sunny /'s?ni/晴朗的rainy /'reini/ 下雨windy /'windi/ 刮风的

cloudy /'klaudi/ 多云的weather report/'wee?ri'p?:t/天气预报

十三、景物(nature)

river /'riv?/ 河流lake /leik/湖泊stream /stri:m/ 小溪forest /'f?rist/ 森林

path /pɑ:θ/小路road /r?ud/马路house /r?ud/ 房子

bridge /brid?/桥

building /'bildi?/建筑物

rain /rein/雨

cloud /klaud/ 云sun /s?n/太阳

mountain /'mauntin/大山

sky /skai/ 天空

rainbow /'reinb?u/ 彩虹

wind /waind/风air /??/ 空气

十四、植物(plants)

flower /'flau?/ 花grass /grɑ:s/ 草tree /tri:/树seed /si:d/种子leaf /li:f/树叶

plant /plɑ:nt/ 植物rose /r?uz/ 玫瑰

十五、星期(week)

Monday/'m?ndei/

Tuesday/'tju:zdi/

Wednesday/wenzdi/

Thursday/'θ?:zdi/

Friday /'fraidi/

Saturday/'s?t?di/

Sunday/'s?ndi/

weekend/'wi:k'end/周末

十六、月份(months)

January/'d??njueri/

February/'febru?ri/

March /mɑ:t?/

April /'eipr?l/

May /mei/June /d?u: n/

July /d?u:'lai/ August /?:'g?st/ September /sep'temb?/

October /?k't?ub?/

November/n?u'vemb?/ December /di'semb?/

十七、季节(seasons)

spring /spri?/ summer /'s?m?/ fall/autumn/f?:l'?:t?m/ winter/'wint?/ 十八、方位(directions)

south/sauθ/南 north/n?:θ/北 east/i:st/东

west/west/西 left/left/左right/rait/右十九、患病(illness)

have a fever /'fi:v?/ 发高烧

hurt /h?:t/疼痛

have a cold/k?uld/伤风

have a toothache /'tu:θei/牙疼

have a headache /'hedeik/头疼

have a sore throat/s?: θr?ut/喉咙疼have a stomachache/'st?m?keik/胃痛二十、数词(number)

one two three four five

six seven eight nine ten

eleven twelve thirteen

fourteen fifteen sixteen

seventeen eighteen nineteen

twenty二十 thirty三十 forty四十

fifty五十 sixty六十 seventy七十eighty八十 ninety九十

hundred /'h?ndr?d/ 一百

first第一second第二third第三fourth第四fifth第五sixth第六seventh第七eighth第八

ninth第九tenth 第十

eleventh 第十一twelfth第十二

二十一、形容词(adj.)

big /big/大的small/sm?:/小的long/l??/长的tall/t?:l/高的

short/??:t/短的young/j??/年轻的old/?uld/老的strong/str??/强壮的thin/θin/瘦的active/'?ktiv/积极的quiet/'kwai?t/安静的nice/nais /好的kind/kaind/善良的strict/strikt/严格的

smart/smɑ:t/聪明的funny/'f?ni/滑稽的

sweet/swi:t/甜的salty/'s?:lti/咸的sour/'sau?/酸的fresh/fre?/新鲜favourite/'feiv?ri t/最喜欢的clean/kli:n/干净的tired/'tai?d/累的

excited/ik'saitid/兴奋的

angry/'??gri/生气的

happy/'h?pi/高兴的

bored/b?:d/无聊的

sad/s?d/难过的taller更高的shorter更短的

stronger更强壮的

older更老的younger更年轻的bigger更大的heavier更重的longer 更长的thinner更瘦的smaller更小的good好的

better更好的higher更高的

fine/fain/好的great/greit/棒的

heavy/'hevi/重的new/nju:/新的

fat/f?t/胖的right/rait/对的hungry/'h??gri/饿的cute/kju:t/可爱的

little/'litl/小的lovely/'l?vli/可爱的beautiful/'bju:t?f?l/漂亮的

colourful/'k?l?ful/五颜六色的

pretty/'priti/漂亮的

cheap/t?i:p/便宜的

expensive/iks'pensiv/贵的

juicy/'d?u:si/有汁的

healthy/'helθi/健康的

helpful/'helpf?l/有帮助的high/hai/高的

easy/'i:zi/简单的proud/praud/骄傲的

二十二、介词(prep.)

in在……里面on 在……上面under/'?nd?/在……下面

near/ni?/在……附近

behind/bi'haind/在……后面

next to 在……旁边

over/'?uv?/悬在……上面

in front of/fr?nt/在……前面

二十三、代词(pron.)

I/ai/我we/wi:/我们you/ju:/你,你们

he/hi:/他she/?i:/她it/it/它

they/eei/他们my/mai/我的our/'au?/我们的your/ju?/你的,你们的

his/hiz/他的her/h?:/她的

二十四、动词(verb.)

play/plei/玩swim/swim/游泳skate/skeit/溜冰fly/flai/飞

jump/d??mp/跳walk/w?:k/走

run/r?n/跑climb/klaim/爬

fight/fait/打架swing/swi?/荡秋千eat/i:t/吃sleep/sli:p/睡觉like/laik/喜欢have/h?v/有buy/bai/买take/teik/拍(照),带live/liv/居住teach/ti:t?/教

go/g?u/去study/'st?di/学习learn/l?:n/学习sing/si?/唱歌dance/dɑ:ns/跳舞row/r?u/划

read books读书

do homework做作业

watch TV /w?t?/ 看电视

cook the meals /kuk mi:l/ 烧菜water the flowers /'flau?/浇花

sweep the floor /swi:p fl?:/拖地

clean the bedroom /kli:n'bedrum/打扫房间make the bed铺床叠被

set the table /'teibl/摆餐桌

wash the clothes/w??kl?uez/洗衣服wash the dishes /di?/洗盘子

use a computer /k?m'pju:t?/用电脑do morning exercises /'m?:n i?'eks?s aiz/做早操

eat breakfast /i:t'brekf?st/吃早餐

eat dinner /'din?/吃晚饭

go to school去上学

have English class上英语课

play sports/plei sp?:ts/体育运动

get up起床

climb mountains/klaim'mauntins/爬山

go shopping去购物

play the piano /pi'?n?u/ 弹钢琴

visit grandparents /'vizit 'gr?nd,p??r ?nt/拜访祖父母

go hiking /haik/ 去远足

fly kites /flai kaits/ 放风筝make a snowman /meik?'sn?u,m?n/堆雪人

plant trees /plɑ:nt tri:z/ 植树

draw pictures /dr?: 'pikt??z/画画cook dinner /kuk'din?/烧晚饭

read a book 读书

answer the phone/'ɑ:ns?f?un/接电话

listen to music /'lisn 'mju:zik/听音乐clean the room打扫房间

write a letter /rait'let?/ 写信

write an e-mail写电子邮件

drink water /dri?k'w?:t?/ 喝水

take pictures/teik'pikt??/ 拍照片pick up leaves /pik?p li:vz/ 摘树叶write a report /rait ri'p?:t/ 写报告play chess /t?es/ 下棋

have a picnic /'piknik/ 野餐

get to到达

ride a bike /raid baik/ 骑自行车play the violin /,vai?'lin/ 拉小提琴collect stamps /k?'lekt st?mp/ 集邮

meet/mi:t/ 遇见 welcome/'welk?m/ 欢迎

thank /θ??k/ 谢谢

work /w?:k/ 工作

drink /dri?k/ 喝

taste /teist/ 尝

smell /smel/ 闻feed /fi:d/ 喂milk /milk/ 挤牛奶look /luk/ 看guess /ges/ 猜help /help/ 帮助pass/pɑ:s/ 传递show/??u/展示,给……看

use /ju:z/ 用clean /kli:n/ 打扫open/'?up?n/ 打开close /kl?uz/ 关put /put/ 放read /ri:d/ 读,看write /rait/ 写paint /peint/ 画画tell /tel/ 告诉kick /kik/ 踢

ride /raid/ 骑stop /st?p/ 停

wait /weit/ 等find /faind/ 找drive /draiv/ 驾驶fold /f?uld/ 折叠send /send/送,寄wash /w??/ 洗shine/?ain/照耀become/bi'k?m/变成

feel /fi:l/ 感觉think /θi?k/ 想fall /f?:l/ 掉下leave /li:v/ 离开wake up/weik?p/醒过来put on穿上take off 脱下

hang up /h???p/ 挂起来

wear /w??/ 穿go home回家

go to bed去睡觉

play computer games/k?m'pju:t?ge ims/玩电脑游戏

play chess /t?es/ 下棋

do housework /'hausw?:k/ 做家务empty the trash/'empti tr??/倒垃圾put away the clothes /kl?ue/放好衣服get off下车 take a trip/trip/去郊游read a magazine /,m?g?'zi:n/读杂志go to the cinema /'sinim?/去电影院

二十五、疑问词

what什么what colour什么颜色what time几点what day星期几how怎样how old年龄多大、几岁

how many多少how much 多少钱

how tall多高how heavy多重

how long多长how big多大how large/hau lɑ:d?/面积多大

who/hu:/谁when/h wen/什么时候whose/hu:z/谁的where/h w??/在哪里why/hwai/为什么which /h wit?/ 哪一个