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当前位置:文档库 > 【模块2专题3】请谈谈在观看陆正琳老师视频后收获,并请您从思维,文化意识培养角度设计一道完形填空讲评课

【模块2专题3】请谈谈在观看陆正琳老师视频后收获,并请您从思维,文化意识培养角度设计一道完形填空讲评课

请您谈谈您在观看陆正琳老师的教学指导视频后您的收获,并请您从思维,文化意识培养角度设计一道完形填空的讲评课

陆正琳老师的完形填空教学指导课主要探讨如何在文本阅读寻找信息,培养学生思维,文化意识,从而提高对文本的深度理解,听了陆老师的课我收获很多,要答好完形填空题必须要有几个意识:主题意识、文化意识、语篇意识、上下文结构意识,从而来培养我们对文本的深度理解,进而提高答题的准确率。陆老师把做题的思路和技巧在讲解过程中,潜移默化地传授给学生,今后教学过程一定把陆老师的这种方法传授给学生。下面是一节《高三英语完形填空复习》教学设计:

高三英语完形填空复习教学设计

学习内容:

高三完形填空复习

学习目标:

一、语言技能目标

能进一步强化基于信息关键词完形填空的能力。

二、语言知识目标

能进一步强化信息关键词的了解。

三、学习策略、文化意识、情感态度价值观目标

能进一步强化基于信息关键词进行完形填空的策略。

案例设计说明:

本教学案例以一篇相对较为困难的说明文体裁为例,基于运用能力培养目的进行完形填空的复习。

说明文往往围绕一个问题从不同的侧面来加以说明,通常结构严谨,句子结构复杂,因此也是高考完形填空中较难理解的一种文体。

高考说明文类完形填空一般有以下两种结构特点:

1、纯说明文:文章围绕一个话题展开,通过不同的例子,从不同的侧面加以说明。有些说明文,开头便点明的话题,然后展开说明;有些说明文,先列举事实,然后在总结时点明话题。

2、说明加叙述类:文章围绕一个话题,然后通过叙述具体故事来说明话题,最后可能会对话题再加以强调。解题思路及导引:

I. 通览全文,特别关注、寻找关键信息词,以作为解题的指示灯。

1. 把握文章的开头,注意主题句,以及段落中的信息词,力求通过首段把握文章的主题。

2. 根据每段的信息词,概括各段的大意。(说明文一般针对某一对象从不同侧面和角度加以说明,每一段往往就是其中的一个角度或侧面,因此,我们需要注意概括每一段的中心大意。)

3. 注意文章的结尾的信息词所强调中心信息。

II. 试填每一段填的内容不能脱离本段的中心,同时需联系前后段的内容。

III. 复核通读文章,检查思路是否顺畅及有无逻辑关系错误,同时填补遗留的空缺。

教学过程:

Step 1 Leading in

Let Ss know the importance of the informative words,using a short story.

Kirsten Best, Poet & Writer

“When things are getting hard, a voice inside my head tells me that I can’t achieve something. Then, there are other distractions, such as family or hobbies. The key is to concentrate. When I feel tense, it helps a lot to repeat words such as ‘calm’, ‘peace’or ‘focus’, either out loud or silently in my mind. It makes me feel more in control and increase my confidence. This is a habit that can become second nature quite easily and is a powerful psychological tool.”

1. What does the underlined word “distractions”probably refer to?

A. Ways that help one to focus.

B. Words that help one to feel less tense.

C. Activities that turn one’s attention away.

D. Habits that make it hard for one to relax.

关注信息词的指示灯作用:

分析上下文,本段主要说的是如何集中注意力并放松。从诸多信息词,比如can’t achieve ,concentrate,focus,in control等可知,concentrate的作用应该是避免distractions的出现,使我能集中注意力,使一切在掌控之中。故concentrate应与distractions对应的动词distract意义相反:things that make a person can’t concentrate。因此,可以仅根据信息词一项,较容易地推理出答案。

Step 2 Reading

说明文实例

The position of children in American family and society is no longer what it used to be. The 1 family in colonial(殖民时期的) North America was mainly concerned with survival and 2 that, its own economic prosperity. Thus, children were 3 in terms of their productivity, and they played the role of producer quite early, 4 they fulfilled this role, their position in the family was one of subordination(附属).

With the 5 of the society, the position of children in the family and in the society became more important. In the complex and technological society 6 the United States has become,

each 7 must fulfill a number of personal and occupational 8 and be in contact with many other members. 9 , viewing children as necessary members of society means that they are 10 more as people in their own right than as those of subordination. This acceptance of children

an 11 participants in the family is reflected in various laws 12 the rights of children and in the social and public welfare programs.

This new 13 of children and the frequent contact between the members of society has

also 14 an increasing interest in child-raising techniques. People today spend much

time 15 the proper way to 16 children.

Nowadays, the socialization of the child in the United States is a 17 transaction(事务) between parent and child 18 a one-way, parent-to-child training 19 , As a consequence, socializing children and 20 with them over a long period of time is for parents a mixture of pleasure, satisfaction, and problems.

1. A. poor B. ordinary C. happy D. wealthy

2. A. except B. for C. beyond D. through

3. A. supported B. received C. encouraged D. valued

4. A. Until B. After C. Although D. When

5. A. movement B. achievement C. development D. requirement

6. A. that B. where C. when D. what

7. A. parent B. member C. family D. relative

8. A. purposes B. promises C. roles D. tasks

9. A. Besides B. However C. Instead D. Therefore

10. A. admired B. regarded C. made D. respected

11. A. willing B. equal C. similar D. common

12. A. enjoying B. preventing C. considering D. protecting

13. A. view B. faith C. world D. study

14. A. led in B. brought in C. resulted in D. taken in

15. A. seeking B. making C. fighting D. working

16. A. nurse B. praise C. understand D. raise

17. A. one-sided B. many-sided C. round-way D. two-way

18. A. more than B. rather than C. better than D. less than

19. A. manner B. method C. program D. guide

20. A. talking B. living C. playing D. discussing

Step 3 Finding the Informative Words and understand the main idea.

Para1: (首段首句开门见山点题)第一段可以师生一起来做信息词的搜集工作,使学生明确怎样找,找什么等问题。

信息词可以是:The position of children ;American family and society;no longer;in colonial North America;economic prosperity;productivity;subordination。据此,便可以初步明确甚至全文的主旨大意。

围绕一个话题从不同侧面来加以说明:

Para1: 殖民地时期北美洲孩子的家庭与社会地位。

Para2: 随着社会的发展,孩子在家庭和社会中地位越来越重要。

信息词:________________________________

Para3: 对孩子的认识与看法的改变使得家长越来越重视孩子的教育抚养技巧。

信息词:________________________________

Para4: 孩子的社会化是一种父母和孩子之间的相互的,父母与子女间的培养过程,而不是由父母施加给孩子的一种单向的训练项目或计划。

信息词:________________________________

Step 3 Ss’Checking their papers.

Ask the students to swap their papers with their partners, and check their answers with each other. Ask the students to think informatively.

Step 4 Discussing the skills of getting the right informative words.

Discuss how to get the right words and how to decide which words are the most suitable according to the context.

Step 5 Give Ss more practice.

The book Listen to My Dream, is a children’s story about Martin Luther King. It was 1 in December, 2009. The publisher is Pearl Books, LLC.

The book covers the 2 of King from childhood through his death in 1968 and is written as a narrative poem. It opens with King asking his mother why he was 3 and wasn’t treated like others. Later, his teacher 4 him to dream big dreams to help others. He set his mind to do that very thing.

As a colored man (a term for Negroes at the time), he didn’t have the 5 privileges(特权) in the south that whites had. Then when Rosa Parks 6 to give up her seat to a white person and was arrested, King organized a boycott (抵制活动)of the Montgomery bus system 7 blacks were treated the same as others. 8 in 1956 the Supreme Court ruled that such discrimination(歧视) was 9 the law.

The children’s part of the book is written as a 10 emphasizing the importance of setting goals and sticking to them. It 11 after King’s funeral following his murder on April 4, 1968.

Listen to My Dream is a 40-page book written in 12 parts. The first poetic part, as 13 above, outlines King’s life and influence in bringing about racial equality. Part two gives more 14 about the civil rights movement and how King influenced it; this part is written as a narrative and has

no 15 .

Debi and Michael Pearl 16 all the illustrations(插图) for the first part of the book. At times the poem only hints(暗示,间接提及) at 17 and then, a detail is given on the picture. An example of

this is the statement that it was his 18 , Miss Lemon from Oglethorpe Elementary who encouraged him on to have a dream and 19 it.

The 20 of the book Listen to My Dream is on King’s part in bringing about civil rights. In that Martin Luther King should be recognized and remembered.

1. A. copied B. recorded C. published D. punished

2. A. study B. life C. work D. difficulties

3. A. white B. red C. green D. black

4. A. encouraged B. ordered C. forced D. helped

5. A. different B. important C. same D. other

6. A. agreed B. refused C. decided D. preferred

7. A. before B. so C. though D. until

8. A. Eventually B. Fortunately C. Personally D. Secretly

9. A. for B. along C. against D. through

10. A. story B. poem C . joke D. humor

11. A. starts B. stays C. happens D. ends

12. A. three B. five C. two D. four

13. A. mentioned B. analyzed C. commented D. explained

14. A. points B. excuses C. mistakes D. details

15. A. dialogues B. materials C. pictures D. conclusions

16. A. avoided B. drew C. enjoyed D. removed

17. A. anything B. nothing C. everything D. something

18. A. sister B. classmate C. teacher D. aunt

19. A. turn to B. believe in C. depend on D. wait for

20. A. focus B. page C. cover D. space Para1:

Main idea: ________________________________

Info. Words: _______________________________

Para2:

Main idea: ________________________________

Info. Words: _______________________________

Para3:

Main idea: ________________________________

Info. Words: _______________________________

Para4:

Main idea: ________________________________

Info. Words: _______________________________

Para5:

Main idea: ________________________________

Info. Words: _______________________________

Para6:

Main idea: ________________________________

Info. Words: _______________________________

Para7:

Main idea: ________________________________

Info. Words: _______________________________

Step 6 Reflection and Summary.

1. Skills to find the right informative words in a paragraph.

2. Skills to do the cloze test according to the helpful informative words.