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2014高三英语周末选择性作业四

2014届高三英语学科周末选择性作业四

本试卷分五部分。满分120分。考试时间120分钟。

第Ⅰ卷(共85 分)

第一部分:听力(共两节,满分20分)

做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。

第一节(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1. What do we learn from the conversation?

A. The man hates to lend his tools to other people.

B. The man hasn’t finished working on the bookshelf.

C. The man lost those tools.

2. What are the two speakers talking about?

A. A park.

B. A trip.

C. A cinema.

3. What does the man mean?

A. He would like to make an appointment for the woman.

B. He thinks it worthwhile to try Santerbale’s.

C. He knows a less expensive place for a haircut.

4. What do we learn from this conversation?

A. The man wants to go to Los Angeles

B. The man wants to go to San Francisco.

C. There are no flights to Los Angeles for the rest of the day.

5. What is the woman’s opinion of the research paper?

A. It’s fine as it is.

B. Only a few changes should be made in it.

C. Major revisions are needed in it.

第二节(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各个小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第6至8题。

6. Why is Ken calling?

A. To ask about the address for the meeting.

B. To ask about the time for the meeting.

C. To remind Andy of the meeting.

7. Where is Andy?

A. In his office.

B. In the supermarket.

C. In the downtown.

8. What is Ken’s phone number?

A. 439-808-7754.

B. 493-908-7754.

C. 439-908-7754. 听第7段材料,回答第9至11题。

9. Which of the following is the man’s favorite food?

A. Carrots.

B. Chocolate cakes.

C. Fruits.

10. What are the two speakers probably doing now?

A. Having a meal.

B. Shopping.

C. Preparing food.

11. What does the woman say about carrots?

A. It is rich in fibers.

B. It can reduce weight.

C. It contains much vitamin C.

听第8段材料,回答第12至14题。

12. Where is the conversation taking place?

A. In the man’s house.

B. In the woman’s house.

C. In their fr iend’s house.

13. What color is the meat container?

A. Blue.

B. Yellow.

C. Red.

14. What is the side dish mentioned by the man?

A. Eggplant with soy sauce.

B. Pork with pineapple.

C. Tomatoes with sugar.

听第9段材料,回答第15至17题。

15. Who is learning Chinese probably?

A. Rose.

B. Jane.

C. Jack.

16. How many children does the woman have?

A. Three.

B. Four.

C. Five.

17. What will the woman do tomorrow?

A. Go to the cinema.

B. Go to the McDon ald’s.

C. Go to school.

听第10段材料,回答第18至20题。

18. What happened to the speaker?

A. He transferred to another post in another city.

B. His colleagues started to get along well with him.

C. His hard work got paid off.

19. What contributions did the speaker make for the company?

A. He helped increase the sales.

B. He helped build a branch company.

C. He helped make new products.

20. Which of the following statements is TRUE?

A. The speaker’s pay rose to $15, 000 per year.

B. The speaker’s department sales increased a lot last year.

C. The speaker refused the rise.

第二部分:英语语言知识运用(共两节,满分35分)

第一节单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

请认真阅读下面各题,从题中所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

21. It goes beyond doubt that Australia is a sporting nation, ________ you can feel their enthusiasm about sport.

A. one where

B. the one where

C. one that

D. the one that

22. All of us were very excited at the sight of two five-star red flags rising in the stadium,two pairs of Chinese athletes ________ at the moment .

A. awarded

B. are being awarded

C. being awarded

D. awarding

23. The earnings of women are well below that of men ____educational differences that are diminishing between the two sexes.

A. although

B. though

C. despite of

D. in spite of

24. America will never again have as a nation the spirit of adventure as it ______ before the West was settled.

A. could

B. was

C. would

D. did

25. As teachers we should concern ourselves with what is said, not what we think______.

A. ought to be said

B. must say

C. have to be said

D. need to say

26. — How do you find the performances done by those competitors?

—Nothing special, except for the bilingual speech, which is really exciting and dramatic.

Which of the following is closest in meaning to the underlined word?

A. impressive

B. emotional

C. theoretical

D. noticeable

27. Although Asian countries are generally more ______in social customs than Western countries, there have been several notable examples of women leaders in both China and India.

A. conservative

B. confidential

C. comprehensive

D. consistent

28. The pressure ______causes Americans to be energetic, but it also puts them under a constant emotional stress.

A. to compete

B. competing

C. to be competed

D. having competed

29.______it is you' ve found, you must give it back to the person it belongs to.

A. That

B. Because

C. Whatever

D. However

30. The pollution problem as well as several other issues is going to be discussed when the Congress is in ______again next spring.

A. assembly

B. session

C. conference

D. convention

31. Kids should be encouraged to take part in community service ___ the voluntary spirit can take root

in their minds from childhood.

A. in that

B. now that

C. so that

D. provided that

32. One primary goal of UNESCO is to ________ modern knowledge society in which all people can participate in information and knowledge.

A. make up

B. polish up

C. build up

D. give up

33. A survey has found that many medical workers would not choose the profession_________ a second chance, citing high stress and tense patient-doctor relationships.

A. they were given

B. they will give

C. they should give

D. should they be given

34. _______with any common sense can tell the difference between the two.

A. Who

B. Whoever

C. Anyone

D. Who ever

35. —Jane was late again for work this morning.

—________. Does she still want the job?

A. I’ll say

B. Say that again

C. I don’t get it

D. That’s quite the case

第二节完形填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)

请认真阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,

并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A new study found that inner-city kids living in neighborhoods with more green space gained about 13% less weight over a two-year period than kids living amid more concrete and fewer trees. Such _36__ tell a powerful story. The obesity(肥胖) epidemic began in the 1980s, and many people __37__ it to increased portion sizes and inactivity, but that can't be everything. Fast foods and TVs have been __38__ us for a long time. "Most experts agree that the changes were __39__ to something in the environment," says social epidemiologist Thomas Glass of The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. That something could be a __40__ of the green.

The new research, _41__ in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, isn't the first to associate greenery with better health, but it does get us closer _42__ identifying what works and why. At its most straightforward, a green neighborhood __43__ means more places for kids to play – which is __44_ since time spent outdoors is one of the strongest correlates of children's activity levels. But green space is good for the mind _45__: research by environmental psychologists has shown that it has cognitive __46__ for children with attention-deficit disorder. In one study, just reading _47__ in a green setting improved kids' symptoms.

_48_ to grassy areas has also been linked to __49__ stress and a lower body mass index (体重指数) among adults. And an __50__ of 3,000 Tokyo residents associated walkable green spaces with greater longevity (长寿) among senior citizens.

Glass cautions that most studies don't __51__ prove a causal link between greenness and health, but they're nonetheless helping spur action. In September the U. S. House of Representatives __52__ the delightfully named No Child Left Inside Act to encourage public initiatives aimed at exposing kids to the outdoors.

Finding green space is not __53__ easy, and you may have to work a bit to get your family a little grass and trees. If you live in a suburb or a city with good parks, take _54__ of what's there. Your children in particular will love it – and their bodies and minds will be __55__ to you.

36. A. findings B. essays C. assumption D. abstracts

37. A. adapt B. alternate C. allocate D. attribute

38. A. among B. along C. beside D. with

39. A. glued B. related C. tracked D. appointed

40. A. scratch B. denying C. depressing D. shrinking

41. A. published B. imitate C. illustrate D. circulated

42. A. at B. for C. to D. over

43. A. fully B. simply C. seriously D. uniquely

44. A. vital B. casual C. fatal D. delicate

45. A. still B. already C. too D. yet

46. A. profits B. benefits C. income D. awards

47. A. outward B. apart C. aside D. outside

48. A. Immunity B. Reaction C. Exposure D. Addiction

49. A. much B. less C. more D. little

50. A. installment B. exploration C. analysis D. option

51. A. curiously B. negatively C. necessarily D. comfortably

52. A. relieved B. approved C. represented D. performed

53. A. merely B. always C. mainly D. almost

54. A. advantage B. exception C. measure D. charge

55. A promoted B. merciful C. contented D. grateful

第三部分:阅读理解(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

请认真阅读下列短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选

项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

When Johnson called again, the manager received him very politely.―That is a most remarkable oil you brought us, Mr Johnson,‖ he s aid. Johnson nodded his smooth, dark head. That was something he knew very well. ―I’ve never seen anything like it,‖ the manager admitted. Johnson nodded again. ―No?‖ he said politely. Then he added, ―But I think you will, sir. A very great deal of it.‖ He appeared to think for a moment. ―I think you will find it will be on sale seven, perhaps, eight years from now.‖ He smiled.

The manager thought that was uncertain. He said, ―It is better than our fish oils. I admit that.‖

―So I am told,sir,‖ agreed Johnson.

―Have you any plans to produce it yourself, Mr Johnson?‖

Johnson smiled again. ―Would I be showing it to you if I had?‖

―We might add some chemicals to one of our own fish oils,‖ said the manager.

―It would be expensive to do that, even if y ou could.‖ Johnson said gently.―Besides,‖ he added, ―I am told that this oil will be much cheaper than your best fish oils. Cheaper than any vegetable oil, in fact.‖

―Perhaps,‖ said the manager. ―Well, I suppose you want to make an a rrangement, Mr Johnson, Shall we discuss it?‖

―Of course,‖ said Johnson. ―There are two ways of dealing with a situation of this sort. The usual one is to prevent it altogether or at least to delay it as long as possible. That is, of course, the best wa y,‖ The manager nodded. He knew plenty about all that.

―But I am so sorry for you, because, you see, that is not possible this time.‖ The manager had his doubts, but all he said was an inquiring(asking), ―Oh?‖

―The other way,‖ continued Johnson, ―is to produce yourself before the trouble starts.‖

56. The manager thought of adding chemicals to the fish oil to make it ________.

A. cheaper than the new oil

B. as good as the new oil

C. more expensive

D. more quickly

57. Johnson expressed his regret that the manager ________.

A. could not stop the new oil being made

B. would never know how to make it

C. had spent a lot of money on it

D. didn’t know enough about it

58. Johnson showed his new oil to the manager because he wanted ________.

A. to produce it himself

B. to prevent it being produced

C. to be paid not to produce it

D. the manager to produce it

B

Many people think that communication is the source of most of their work-related conflicts, but they’d be wrong. In a work context, more conflicts come from structural relationships and personal differences than communication itself.

Organizations create job descriptions, specialized work groups, and authority relationships, all with the intent to improve coordination(协调). But in doing so, they separate people and create the potential for conflicts. For instance, departments within organizations have diverse goals. Purchasing is concerned with the timely acquisition of materials and supplies at low prices; quality control’s attention is focused on improving quality and ensuring that the organization’s products meet standard. When groups within an organization seek diverse aims, there is increased potential for conflicts.

Have you ever met people to whom you took an immediate disliking? Most of the opinions they expressed, you disagreed with. Even insignificant characteristics---the way they cocked their head when they talked or smirked when they smiled---annoyed you. We’ve all met people like that, and many of us have to work with people like this.

Today’s organizations are increasingly diverse in terms of age, gender and race. So, not surprisingly, employees differ on the importance they place on general values such as responsibility, equality and ambition. They also differ on job-related values such as the importance of family over work or freedom against authority. These differences often surface in work-related interactions and create significant interpersonal conflicts.

The above doesn’t mean that communication can’t be a source of conflicts. It can. Differing word connotations, insufficient exchange of information, poor listening skills, and the like, create conflicts. But the belief that ―we can deal with our differences if we just communicate more‖ is not necessarily true. The evidence actually shows that the potential for conflicts increases when there is too much

communication as well as when there’s too little.

So when you’re trying to manage conflicts, take a thoughtful look at their source. It’s more likely that the conflict is coming from work-related requirements, personality differences, or dissimilar values, it is from poor communication. And that might influence the actions you take to resolve the conflict.

59. From Para.2, we know that in an organization, .

A. job descriptions can effectively improve cooperation

B. different goals of branches may cause disagreements

C. division of labor usually results in harmonious relationship

D. the setting of different departments is to encourage competition

60. The writer holds that .

A. communication is just one of the reasons for most conflicts

B. most people share similar values in the same organization

C. fewer conflicts will appear if we communicate more

D. we’d better calm down before taking action when in conflict

61. Which of the following shows the structure of the passage?

A.

2014高三英语周末选择性作业四

B.

2014高三英语周末选择性作业四

2014高三英语周末选择性作业四

2014高三英语周末选择性作业四

C. D.

CP: Central Point P: Point SP: Sub-point(次要点) C: Conclusion

C

Pamela enjoys writing, music, and country living. She writes ―Pam’s Corner‖ for the local newspaper and many of her writings have been published on the Internet as well as in several books. The following is an essay from www. skywriting. net.

―That was really stupid.‖ I said out loud as I was reading over something I had written down incorrectly.

―We don’t say that word, Mom,‖ my son, Jeremy, quickly informed me as his little daughter was playing on the floor with her dollhouse.

―That was really obtuse.‖ I quickly rephrased my words as I with effort thought of a vocabulary word from my high school days.

―Thanks, Mom, now she’s going to be telling people that they are O-B-T-U-S-E‖, he spelled.

―S-O-R-R-Y‖ I joki ngly spelled back to him and then thought better of it because that is probably one word that doesn’t get used enough any more.

Jeremy seems to have taken a sudden interest in spelling lately. For example, I hear him saying such things as: ―I H-A-T-E it wh en that happens‖, ―In this game you have to K-I-L-L the monsters with lasers‖ and ―This D-U-M-B thing isn’t working!‖

But what I want to know is when his change occurred? What happened to the little boy who used to scare his older sisters without firing off a single spelled word? How often did I hear one of his sisters say, ―Mom, he called me an idiot again!‖

It’s really not so difficult to figure out this mysterious change. It began when Jeremy married his college sweetheart, Katie, and then a couple of years later I watched as my son carried his new baby girl, Tessa, out of the delivery room.

When Tessa came into the world, at that moment everything changed. It is beautiful to watch the transformation in another person, especially our own children.

As Jere my’s mother, it was as if she was back to the time when he was born. The change happens because of an overwhelming love that wants to protect such a precious little one from the evils in the world. Suddenly, everything we say or do is evaluated in light of the effect it has or might have on the child.

For our family this way of thinking is a standard that has been passed down by our ancestors for who knows how many generations. There are several reasons for it. The first one is that watching our words is rule because we have a Christian belief. ―Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord your God in vain‖. This means not to misuse the name of God. His name should only be said in respect and awe (敬畏) and never used as an addition information or curse, nor should it be dropped as a casual word into our sentences. There is also the instruction, ―Do not let any unwholesome talk come out of your mouths, but only what is helpful for building others up according to their needs, that it may benefit those who listen.‖ There is a children’s song that very simply explains this way of thinking:―Oh be careful little mouth what you say.

Oh be careful little mouth what you say.

For the Father up above, is looking down in love, so be careful little mouth what you say‖.

Other Verses:

* ears what you ear

* eyes what you see

* feet where you go

To speak or to spell, is that the question? Perhaps if we would try to say only things that are beneficial, we wouldn’t have to spell. Besides, grandchildren are very smart these days and it’s only a matter of time until I hear my little granddaughter say, ―Daddy, this D-U-M-B thing isn’t working‖.

62. How did Jeremy feel when Pamela used the word ―stupid‖?

A. It was proper.

B. It was polite.

C. It was rude.

D. It was useful.

63 The u nderlined word ―obtuse‖ is closest in meaning to ______.

A. slow

B. sorry

C. old

D. clever

64. What made Jeremy take an interest in spelling?

A. His marriage with Katie.

B. The interest into literature.

C. The love of his daughter.

D. The role model of his mother.

65. Which of the following statements is forbidden among people of Christian belief?

A. ―My God.‖

B. ―God damn you!‖

C. ―God bless you.‖

D. ―In God’s name, I’m telling the truth.‖

D

At the heart of the debate over illegal immigration lies one key question: are immigrants good or bad for the economy? The American public overwhelmingly thinks they're bad. Yet the consensus among most economists is that immigration, both legal and illegal, provides a small net boost to the economy. Immigrants provide cheap labor, lower the prices of everything from farm produce to new homes, and leave consumers with a little more money in their pockets. So why is there such a discrepancy(不一致) between the perception of immigrants' impact on the economy and the reality?

There are a number of familiar theories. Some argue that people are anxious and feel threatened by an inflow of new workers. Others highlight the strain that undocumented immigrants place on public services, like schools, hospitals, and jails. Still others emphasize the role of race, arguing that foreigners add to the nation's fears and insecurities. There's some truth to all these explanations, but they aren't quite sufficient.

To get a better understanding of what's going on, consider the way immigration's impact is felt. Though its overall effect may be positive, its costs and benefits are distributed unevenly. David Card, an economist at UC Berkeley, notes that the ones who profit most directly from immigrants' low-cost labor are businesses and employers –meatpacking plants in Nebraska, for instance, or agricultural businesses in California. Granted, these producers' savings probably translate into lower prices at the grocery store, but how many consumers make that mental connection at the checkout counter? As for the drawbacks of illegal immigration, these, too, are concentrated. Native low-skilled workers suffer most from the competition of foreign labor. According to a study by George Borjas, a Harvard economist, immigration reduced the wages of American high-school dropouts by 9% between 1980-2000.

Among high-skilled, better-educated employees, however, opposition was strongest in states with both high numbers of immigrants and relatively generous social services. What worried them most, in other words, was the fiscal (财政的)burden of immigration. That conclusion was reinforced by another finding: that their opposition appeared to soften when that fiscal burden decreased, as occurred with welfare reform in the 1990s, which controlled immigrants' access to certain benefits.

The irony is that for all the overexcited debate, the net effect of immigration is minimal. Even for those most acutely affected – say, low-skilled workers, or California residents – the impact isn't all that dramatic. "The unpleasant voices have tended to dominate our perceptions," says Daniel Tichenor, a political science professor at the University of Oregon. "But when all those factors are put together and the economists calculate the numbers, it ends up being a net positive, but a small one." Too bad most people don't realize it.

66. What can we learn from the first paragraph?

A. Whether immigrants are good or bad for the economy has been puzzling economists.

B. The American economy used to thrive on immigration but now it's a different story.

C. The consensus among economists is that immigration should not be encouraged.

D. The general public thinks differently from most economists on the impact of immigration.

67. In what way does the author think ordinary Americans benefit from immigration?

A. They can access all kinds of public services.

B. They can get consumer goods at lower prices.

C. They can mix with people of different cultures.

D. They can avoid doing much of the manual labor.

68. Why do native low-skilled workers suffer most from illegal immigration?

A. They have greater difficulty getting welfare support.

B. They are more likely to encounter interracial conflicts.

C. They have a harder time getting a job with decent pay.

D. They are no match for illegal immigrants in labor skills.

69. What is the chief concern of native high-skilled, better-educated employees about the inflow of immigrants?

A. It may change the existing social structure.

B. It may pose a threat to their economic status.

C. It may lead to social instability in the country.

D. It may place a great strain on the state budget.

70. What is the irony about the debate over immigration?

A. Even economists can't reach a consensus about its impact.

B. Those who are opposed to it turn out to benefit most from it.

C. People are making too big a fuss about something of small impact.

D. There is no essential difference between seemingly opposite opinions.

第Ⅱ卷(共 35 分)

第四部分:任务型阅读(共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 10 分)

请认真阅读下面短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。

注意:请将答案写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。每个空格只写一个单词。

I mean this article to present the realities behind myths (误区)related to exercise.

―In order to lose weight from a particular area of your body, you should keep exercising that area.‖The truth is that losing weight specifically from one particular area through the use of exercise is not possible. Actually,by performing the same type of exercise movement many times,you do not burn more calories,but instead you simply damage the muscles of that particular area of your body. By applying a smaller amount of pressure many times,instead of performing an efficient set of exercise movements and train all your body’s muscles, you do not help that area become fitter but you can actually hurt it badly. The best way to exercise and keep fit is to combine different exercise movements for all your muscles.

―If you want to lose weight you just have to perform only aerobic(有氧)exercise.‖ If someone truly wishes to lose weight,it is advisable that nutritionists and gym trainers combine a low-calorie diet with aerobic exercise and lifting weights. The appropriate diet will ensure that the body receives the amount of calories it needs to continue functioning normally,the aerobic exercise will burn more fat tissue and the weight training will help the body keep the necessary muscle active.

―To see any positive outcomes from exercising you have to keep training for at least 15 minutes without pause.‖One can see positive outcomes from any type of exercise,as long as this happens

regularly and you gradually increase the quantity and the pressure you perform on your muscles. Whether you train for five minutes three times a day or for fifteen minutes only once,you will see the same results on your body.

―If you do weights you gain muscle tone(弹性).‖ The outcomes of weight lifting are decided by a variety of elements,like the person’s body type,the individual’s sex,the intensity of the exercise and its quantity. An average person can build muscles through the practicing of weight lifting exercise,but it is impossible to acquire the body figure of a body-builder if you do not have that particular genetic quality and the proper diet and the type of exercise performed is not consistent or does not last long.

―Thin people have no reason to exercise.‖ The fact that someone is thin is not the reason at all to exclude any type of exercise from his or her daily program. In fact,many thin people have a higher percentage of body fat tissue in comparison to normal figures and if they do not perform any kind of exercise,they will have serious health problems like osteoporosis(骨质疏松症).Thus,in order to strengthen their cardiovascular(心血管的) system,they have to work out and perform all the appropriate exercise movements depending on their body’s type,sex,degree of fitness,height and weight.

―The longer and harder one exercises,the better.‖ Exercise,when performed for a long period of time by a person that has not been training adequately before exercising his or her muscles that much can lead to tiredness,muscle tissue burning and heart problems. Exercising hard can have the same

2014高三英语周末选择性作业四

2014高三英语周末选择性作业四

第五部分:书面表达(满分25分)

阅读下面的短文,然后按照要求写一篇150词左右的英语短文。

As we all know, life is full of dreams and having a good dream is of great importance in our daily life. Without a good dream, people can’t make progress; without a good dream, countries can’t develop; without a good dream, the world can’t become so beautiful! And I hold the strong belief that everyone, whether he is old or young, poor or rich, junior or senior, does have a good dream! After all, dreaming is certainly a positive part of our life, and wishing for good things, however, costs nothing.

What’s more, it is important to fly our dreams, especi ally for those who are Senior 3 students. It is high time for them to fly their dreams. If they can’t let dreams fly, the dream would just be a dream, not a reality!

Therefore, it is no wonder that so many people have a dream since their childhood. With a nice dream, China succeeded in hosting the 29th Olympic Games in 2008; with a nice dream, Hong Kong returned to the motherland peacefully in 1997; with a nice dream, Yuan Longping rids the world of hunger; I can stand on this stage to compete in the final English speech contest. And with an aim of achieving success, I must do the best!

So my good friends, if you want to realize your dream, please do not be afraid in face of difficulties or give up in face of failure or lose your dream in face of pains. You must keep going forward bravely! Just fly your dream high above the sky.

【写作内容】

1. 以约30个词概括上文的主要内容。

2. 以约120个词就“放飞梦想”这一主题谈谈你的看法,内容包括:

(1)叙述自己或身边现实生活中中学生如何梦想成真的一件事例;

(2)结合自己的实际,谈谈你现在的梦想,并说明打算如何实现。

【写作要求】作文中可以使用亲身经历或虚构的故事,也可以参照阅读材料的内容,但不得直接引用原文中的句子。

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