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UnitDoyouhaveasoccerball单元测试

Unit 5 Do you have a soccer ball

学生自主学习教材解读与能力培养试卷

一.学习重点

【句型】

1.Let’s play baseball

2.There is a book on the desk.

3.Do you have a watch?

4.I don’t have a ping-pong ball.

【用语】

1. Do you have a TV?

Yes, I do. /No, I don’t.

2. Do they have computer?

Yes, they do. / No, they don’t.

3. Does he /she have a soccer ball?

Yes, he/she does. No, he/she doesn’t.

4. Does Chi young have a baseball?

Yes, he does. / No, he doesn’t.

5. Let’s play soccer.

6. I don’t have a soccer ball.

7. Well, Let’s play volleyball.

8. That sounds good.

【语法】

一般现在时中的 do

1. 构成否定句

当一个句子由"主语+行为动词+(宾语)"结构组成时,要想把这个句子变成否定句,常常在行为动词的前面加上don't或doesn't。主语是第一人称、第二人称或复数时,用don't,主语是第三人称单数时,用doesn't。

例如:Xiao Wang doesn't clean the window. 小王没有清洗窗户。

We don't study French. 我们不学法语。

2. 构成疑问句

如果一个英语句子的结构是"主语+实义动词+宾语",要把这样的句子变为疑问句,我们常在主语的前面加上do或does,句子的谓语用动词原形,并把句子的句号改为问号。主语是第一人称、第二人称或复数时,用do提问;主语是第三人称单数时,用does提问。

例如:He leaves home at seven every morning. 他每天早上七点钟离家。

Does he leave home at seven every morning? 他每天早上七点钟离家吗?

They work on the farm. 他们在农场工作。(对划线部分提问)

Where do they work? 他们哪里工作?

3. 用来构成附加问句

附加问句放在陈述句之后,提出疑问,希望对方来证实。附加问句的主语

是代词。如果前面是肯定句,附加问句就用否定形式;如果前面是否定句,附加问句就用肯定形式。主语是第一或第二人称和复数时,用do;主语是第三人称时,用does。

例如:She doesn't work here, does she? 她不在这里工作,是吗?

You live in London, don't you? 你住在伦敦,是吗?

二.难点讲评

1.Do you have a ping-pong ball?

释:这是一个现在时行为动词(do) 的一般疑问句,其中have 是实义动词, 表示"某人有"。句中do为助动词,没有实际意义。只是帮助构成句式。

例如:Do you have a watch? 你有手表吗?

谓语have是英语中很有用的动词,基本含义是“有”。如I have a soccer ball. have 在he, she, it 后面要变成has,即:一般现在时态第三人称单数形式。如: He has a basketball.

注:Have 当动词“有”的意思时,句式是:

1)陈述句:I have a nice bag.

2)疑问句:Do you have a nice bag? Yes, I do./ No, I don’t.

Yes, I do. 这是个肯定的简略回答形式.其中do为动词, 用来避免动词的重复。No. I don’t. 这是个否定的简略回答形式,其中don’t是do和not的缩写形式。

3)否定句:I don’t have a nice bag.

2.have词组

have classes(上课)

have breakfast (吃早饭) have a good time (玩得高兴)

have sports (进行体育活动)

have a day off (休假)

3. have与there be句型的区别

释:There be是表示“在某处存在某物”,而have则是表示所属的意思,即“拥有”,通常是

人。例如:There is a book on the desk. 书桌上有一本书。

I have many books. 我有很多本书。

4. soccer与ball

释:soccer ball是指英式足球,常用于口语,即通常所指的football.

American football美式足球,橄榄球。

5. watch TV 看电视释:television常缩写成TV

6. Let’s play baseball.

释:句中的let's 表示“让我们”,这个句型表示说话人的建议,建议说话人和听话人一起去干某事情,它是let us 的缩写形式,但用let us 表示的是说话人建议听话人让说话人干某事。例如:Let’s go to school.让我们到学校去。

Let's play basketball.让我们打篮球去。

Mr. Wang, let us read the book now. 王老师,让我们读课文吧。

7. I don’t have a ping-pong ball.

释:这是一个行为动词(do)的否定句,其句式为:主语(第1.2人称及复数)+don’t +动词原形+其它。

例如I don’t play soccer.我不踢足球。

8. let’s play tennis.

释:在球类运动的名称前,不用冠词。

例如play volleyball 打排球 play basketball打篮球

9. Well, Let’s play volleyball.

释:Well 为语气词,表示说话人的语气,翻译为"恩"

10. That sounds good.

释:句中的sound为系动词,其后接形容词good作表语。

当主语是第三人称单数时, 在一般现在时的肯定句中,动词后要加s, 构成动词的第三人称单数形式。如:He often plays soccer.他经常踢足球。

11. We have many sports clubs.

释:Many 用来修饰可数名词的复数形式,意思是"许多"。

例如:many boys 许多男孩。many girls许多女孩。

12. Ed Smith has a great sports collection.

释:当主语为第三人称单数时,动词have要变成第三人称has。

例如: He has two sisters.他有两个妹妹。

Mary has a computer game.马丽有一个游戏机。

13. He has 8 tennis rackets, 9 basketballs, and 7 baseballs.

释:当表示两个或者两个以上的物品时,名词要用复数形式。

例如:One tennis racket , eight tennis racket.

One basketball , nine basketballs.

One baseball, seven baseballs.

14. But he doesn’t play sports.

释:主语为第三人称单数的一般现在时的否定句式为:主语+doesn’t+动词原形+其它。

例如.My mother doesn’t like dogs. 我妈妈不喜欢狗。

She doesn’t have a book.她没有书。

15. He only watches them on TV!

释:them 为代词they的宾格形式,在句中做宾语。

例如.I like them. 我喜欢他们。

Do you know them? 你认识他们吗?

16.watch TV 和watch …on TV的区别

释:watch TV 为固定搭配,意思为"看电视"。

watch …on TV是"在电视上看......"介词必须用on。

三.典型例解

( )1. —____ is your teacher?

—It’s Miss Gao.

A. What

B. Who

C. Where

D. How

分析:B 本题考查疑问代词。what“什么”。 who“谁”。 where“在哪里”。 how“怎样”。根据答语“高老师”可知问句是“谁是你的老师”, 故选B。

( )2. Tony and I are good friends, but we are in different ____.

A. classes

B. school

C. grade

D. age

分析:A different后接名词复数形式, 故选A。

( )3. Her hair ____ black and long.

A. has

B. am

C. is

D. are

分析:C本题考查名词。hair 是不可数名词, 作主语时, 谓语动词用单数, 故选C。

( )4. —____ Wang Fang have two small eyes?

—No, she has two big eyes.

A. Does

B. Do

C. Is

D.

Are

分析:A 行为动词have, has的疑问句分别由do, does引导。have由do引导;has由does引导, 且has变为原形have, 故选A。

( )5. Mr. Lee is English. He comes from ____.

A. Canada

B. England

C. Japan

D. China

分析:B 由上句“Mr. Lee是英国人”可知“他来自英国”, A、D、C不合题意, 故选B。( )6. —Look, the girl has long legs.

—____

A. That’s right.

B. Yes, she is.

C. Thanks.

D. Good.

分析:A 句意是“看, 这个女孩有一双长腿”,根据题意, B、C、D选项不合题意。That’s right.是同意对方的观点或看法时的常用语, 译为“对, 正确”,故选A。

( )7. —Does Li Ying have a small mouth?

—No, she has a wide ____.

A. it

B. them

C. one

D. ones

分析:C 本题考查代词。人称代词代替“同一个人或物”, one代替“前面提到的人或物”。they, them是it的复数;ones是one的复数, 据题意应选C。

( )8. I ____ a big nose, but he ____ a small nose.

A. have。 have

B. have。 has

C. has。 has

D. has。have

分析:B 本题考查have 用法。主语是第三人称单数时have变has, 第三人称复数和其他人称单、复数作主语时用have。题干中I是第一人称单数, he是第三人称单数, 故选B。

( )9. They are in ____ but in ____.

A. same grade。 different classes

B. the same grade。 different classes

C. same grades。 different class

D. the same grades。 different class

分析:B 本题考查same和different的用法。same后接名词单数且与the连用, different后接名词复数,故选B。

( )10. —Do the two boys have big noses?

—____

A. Yes, they are.

B. No, they aren’t.

C. No, they have big ones.

D. Yes, they do.

分析:D 以do或does引导的一般疑问句, 其答语仍用do, does作答, 否定用don’t, doesn’t, 故选D。

四.能力培养

Ⅰ、单项选择

UnitDoyouhaveasoccerball单元测试

1.Lily and Liz ___________ a cat.They like it very much.

UnitDoyouhaveasoccerball单元测试

A.have

B.has

C.there is

D.there are

UnitDoyouhaveasoccerball单元测试

2.—Do you have any empty bags?

UnitDoyouhaveasoccerball单元测试

—___________,I___________.

UnitDoyouhaveasoccerball单元测试

A.Yes。don' t

B.No。don' t have any

C.Yes,have any

D.No。have

UnitDoyouhaveasoccerball单元测试

3.—How many pens ___________ Jim ___________?

UnitDoyouhaveasoccerball单元测试

—Three.

UnitDoyouhaveasoccerball单元测试

A.does。have

B.do。have

C.does。has

D.do。has

UnitDoyouhaveasoccerball单元测试

4.I don't ___________ a dictionary.She ___________ one.

UnitDoyouhaveasoccerball单元测试

A.has。have

B.have。have

C.have。has

D.have。has a

UnitDoyouhaveasoccerball单元测试

5.They don't have ___________ colour pencils,but I have ___________.

UnitDoyouhaveasoccerball单元测试

A.some。some

B.any。some

C.some。any

D.no。some

UnitDoyouhaveasoccerball单元测试

6.—Is this your bike?

—No,it is___________.___________is red.

UnitDoyouhaveasoccerball单元测试

A.her。His

B.his。Her

C.mine。Her

D.hers。Mine

UnitDoyouhaveasoccerball单元测试

7.Every day ___________ has a good rest and does his homework after school.

UnitDoyouhaveasoccerball单元测试

A.Tom

B.Kate

C.Tom and Kate

D.Tom's sister

UnitDoyouhaveasoccerball单元测试

8.___________ that old woman ___________ a house near the river?

UnitDoyouhaveasoccerball单元测试

A.Do。has

B.Does。have

C.Does。has

D.Do。have

UnitDoyouhaveasoccerball单元测试

9.—___________,what's the time?

UnitDoyouhaveasoccerball单元测试

—___________,I don't know.I don't have a watch.

A.Excuse me。Sorry

B.Sorry。Excuse me

C.Sorry。Sorry

D.Excuse me。Excuse

UnitDoyouhaveasoccerball单元测试

me

UnitDoyouhaveasoccerball单元测试

10.—Who ___________ 20 yuan now?

UnitDoyouhaveasoccerball单元测试

—I do.

UnitDoyouhaveasoccerball单元测试

A.have

B.has

C.do have

D.is have

UnitDoyouhaveasoccerball单元测试

11.—___________you___________any apples?

—Yes,I___________.

UnitDoyouhaveasoccerball单元测试

A.Do。have。do

B.Are。have。do

C.Are。having。am

D.Do。have。am

UnitDoyouhaveasoccerball单元测试

12.—Li Wei,do you have any pencils?

UnitDoyouhaveasoccerball单元测试

—___________! I don't have any.

UnitDoyouhaveasoccerball单元测试

A.Excuse me

B.Certainly

C.OK

D.Sorry

UnitDoyouhaveasoccerball单元测试

13.___________,do you have a pencil?

UnitDoyouhaveasoccerball单元测试

A.Hello

B.Sorry

C.Thank you

D.Excuse me

14.Kate gives___________ some books,but I must give___________ back soon.

UnitDoyouhaveasoccerball单元测试

A.I。it

B.me。them

C.my。they

D.me。they

UnitDoyouhaveasoccerball单元测试

15.—Do your friends have any story books?

UnitDoyouhaveasoccerball单元测试

—No,they___________.

UnitDoyouhaveasoccerball单元测试

A.aren't

B.not have

C.don't

D.can't

Ⅱ、句子转换

1.I have some baseball bats?(改为一般疑问句,并作肯定回答)

________________________________________________

2.We have a big TV in our house? (改为否定句)

________________________________________________

3.She has many things to do today.(改为一般疑问句,并作否定回答)

________________________________________________

4.Kate has some money in her pocket.(改为否定句)

________________________________________________

5.My parents have five good friends.(就划线部分提问)

________________________________________________

Ⅲ、用have或has填空

UnitDoyouhaveasoccerball单元测试

1.A:Do you ___________ a soccer ball?

UnitDoyouhaveasoccerball单元测试

B:No,I don't.

UnitDoyouhaveasoccerball单元测试

A:What about Billy?

UnitDoyouhaveasoccerball单元测试

B:I think he ___________ one.

2.There are some children in the room.They all ___________ new books.But they don't ___________ any colour pencils.Lei Hao ___________ a big pencil-box.Ren Lijuan ___________

UnitDoyouhaveasoccerball单元测试

a small one.What about Bai jie? Oh,she ___________ two!

Ⅳ.情景交际

从方框中选择适当的句子补全对话,有两项多余。

A: Hi, Han Mei. 1

B: I’m in C lass Three, Grade Seven.

A: Oh, I have a good friend in your class.

B: 2

A: Yes, she is. She has a round face.

A. Who is she?

B. What class are you in?

C. Where is she from?

D. No, she doesn’t.

E. Is your friend a girl?

F. Where is he from?

G. Yes, she does.

B: Does she have long black hair?

A: 3 She has short black hair.

B: Does she have big eyes?

A: 4

B: 5

A: She comes from Shanghai.

B: Is she Zhang Hong?

A: Yes, you are right.

Ⅴ.完形填空

Hi, I have two friends. They are twelve 1 old. They 2 from England. Look at the 3 . His name is Jim. He 4 a round face, a big nose, a small mouth 5 small eyes. This girl is his 6 , Jane. She and Jim are from 7 same family(家庭). But they look 8 . She has a long face, a small 9 , a small mouth and big 10 . They are my good friends.

( )1. A. years B. year C. ages D. age

( )2. A. welcome B. comes C. come D.

is

( )3. A. girl B. boy C. mom D. sister ( )4. A. is B. are C. have D. has

( )5. A. and B. but C. and a D. but a

( )6. A. sister B. teacher C. friend D.

student

( )7. A. a B. an C. the D. / ( )8. A. same B. different C. the same D. the different

( )9 A. face B. mouth C. eyes D. nose

( )10 A. arm B. hair C. eyes D. neck

参考答案

UnitDoyouhaveasoccerball单元测试

Ⅰ、1~5 ABACB 6~10 DABAB11~15 ADDBC

UnitDoyouhaveasoccerball单元测试

Ⅱ、1.Do you have any baseball bats? Yes, I do.

UnitDoyouhaveasoccerball单元测试

2.We don’t have a/any big TV in our house.

UnitDoyouhaveasoccerball单元测试

3.Does she have many things to do today?No, she doesn't.

UnitDoyouhaveasoccerball单元测试

4.Kate doesn't have any money in her pocket.

UnitDoyouhaveasoccerball单元测试

5.How many good friends do your parents have?

UnitDoyouhaveasoccerball单元测试

Ⅲ、1.A:have B:has 2.have, have, has, has, has

Ⅳ1——5B E D G C

Ⅴ1——5ACBDA 6——10ACBDC