文档库

最新最全的文档下载
当前位置:文档库 > 学位考试

学位考试

《研究生英语》学位试卷 第1页(共7页)

河南理工大学 ******* 学年第 ** 学期

《研究生英语》学位考试试卷 答题纸

考试方式:闭卷 本试卷考试分数占学生总评成绩的 50 %

复查总分 总复查人

I. Translating the following into Chinese.(10%)

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

学位考试

学位考试

学位考试

II. listening comprehension (35%)

11—15 ___ ___ ___ ___ 16—20 ___ ___ ___ ___

21—25

学位考试

___ ___ ___ ___ 26—30 ___ ___ ___ ___ 31—35 ___ ___ ___ ___ 36_________________

37._____________

38._______________

39______________

40.________________ 41_____________ 42___________________

43._________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________

44. _________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________

45.__________________________________________________________________

III. Reading Comprehension (30%)

46—50 ___ ___ ___ ___ 51—55 ___ ___ ___ ___

56—60 ___ ___ ___ ___ 61—65 ___ ___ ___ ___

学位考试

IV. writing (25%)

___________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________

2.

学位考试

《研究生英语》学位试卷第2页(共7页)

《研究生英语》学位试卷 第3页(共7页)

河南理工大学 ******** 学年第 ** 学期

《研究生英语》学位考试试卷

考试方式:闭卷 本试卷考试分数占学生总评成绩的 50 %

复查总分 总复查人

I. Translation the following into Chinese (10%)

Most of us have formed an unrealistic picture of life on a desert island. We sometimes imagine a desert island to be a sort of paradise where the sun always shines. Life there is simple and good. Ripe fruit falls from the trees and you never have to work. The other side of the picture is quite the opposite. Life on a desert island is wretched. You either starve to death or living like Robinson Crusoe, waiting for a boat which never come. Perhaps there is an element of truth in both these pictures, but few of us have had the opportunity to find out.

学位考试

学位考试

学位考试

II. Listening Comprehension ( 35% )

Section A

11. A) Proceed in his own way. B) Stick to the original plan.

C) Compromise with his colleague. D) Try to change his coll eague’s mind. 12. A) Mary has a keen eye for style. B) Nancy regrets buying the dress. C) Nancy and Mary went shopping together in Rome. D) Nancy and Mary like to follow the latest fashion.

13. A) Wash the dishes. B) Go to the theatre. C) Pick up George and Martha. D) Take her daughter to hospital. 14. A) She enjoys making up stories about other people. B) She can never keep anything to herself for long. C) She is eager to share news with the woman. D) She is the best informed woman in town.

15. A) A car dealer. B) A mechanic C) A driving examiner. D) A technical consultant. 16. A) The shopping mall has been deserted recently.

学位考试

B) Shoppers can only find good stores in the mall. C) There isn’t much business downtown nowadays. D) Lots of people moved out of the downtown area. 17. A) He will help the woman with her reading. B) The lounge is not a place for him to study in.

C) He feels sleepy whenever he tries to study.

D) A cozy place is rather hard to find on campus.

18. A) To prevent mosquito bites. B) To help relieve her of the pain. C) To protect her from getting scratches. D) To avoid getting sun-burnt. Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

19. A) In a studio. B) In a clothing store. C) At a beach resort D) At a fashion show

20. A) To live there permanently. B) To stay there for half a year. C) To find a better job to support herself.

D) To sell leather goods for a British company.

21. A) Designing fashion items for several companies. B) Modeling for a world-famous Italian company.

C) Working as an employee for Ferragamo.

D) Serving as a sales agent for Burberrys.

22. A) It has seen a steady decline in its profits. B) It has become much more competitive.

C) It has lost many customers to foreign companies.

D) It has attracted lot more designers from abroad. 23. A) It helps her to attract more public attention. B) It enables her to understand people better..

C) It strengthens her relationship with students. D) It improves her chance of getting promoted

24. A) Passively. B) Positively. C) Skeptically. D) Sensitively. 25. A) It keeps haunting her day and night.

B) Her teaching was somewhat affected by it.

C) It vanishes the moment she steps into her role.

D) Her mind goes blank once she gets on the stage.

Section B

Passage One

Questions 26 to 29 are based on the passage you have just heard.

26. A) To win over the majority of passengers from airlines in twenty years.

B) To reform railroad management in western European countries.

C) To electrify the railway lines between major European cities.

D) To set up an express train network throughout Europe.

27. A) Major European airliner will go bankrupt.

B) Europeans will pay much less for traveling.

C) Traveling time by train between major European cities will be cut by half.

D) Trains will become the safest and most efficient means of travel in Europe.

28. A) Train travel will prove much more comfortable than air travel.

B) Passengers will feel much safer on board a train than on a plane.

C) Rail transport will be environmentally friendlier than air transport.

D) Traveling by train may be as quick as, or even quicker than, by air.

29. A) In 1981. B) In 1989. C) In 1990. D) In 2000. Passage Two

Questions 30 to 32 are based on the passage you have just heard.

30. A) There can be no speedy recovery for mental patients.

B) The mind and body should be taken as an integral whole.

C) Approaches to healing patients are essentially the same.

D) There is no clear division of labor in the medical profession.

31. A) A doctor’s fame strengthens the patients’ faith in them.

B) Abuse of medicines is widespread in many urban hospitals.

C) One third of the patients depend on harmless substances for cure.

D) A patient’s expectations of a drug have an effect on their recovery.

32. A) Expensive drugs may not prove the most effective.

B) The workings of the mind may help patients recover.

C) Doctors often exaggerate the effect of their remedies.

D) Most illnesses can be cured without medication.

Passage Three

Questions 33 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.

33. A) Being fond of making sensational news.

B) Defying all dangers when they have to.

C) Enjoying strong feelings and emotions.

D) Dreaming of becoming famous one day.

34. A) Working in an emergency room. B) Watching horror movies.

C) Listening to rock music. D) Doing daily routines.

35. A) A rock climber. B) A psychologist.

C) A resident doctor. D) A career consultant.

Section C

If you’re like most people, you’ve indulged in fake listening many times. You go to history class, sit in the third row, and look squarely at the instructor as she speaks. But your mind is far away, (36) _______ in the clouds of pleasant daydreams. (37) ________ you come back to earth: the instructor writes an important term on the chalkboard, and you (38) _______ copy it in your notebook. Every once in a while the instructor makes a (39) _________ remark, causing others in the class to laugh. You smile politely, pretending that you’ve heard th e remark and found it mildly (40) ___________. You have a vague sense of (41) ___________ that you aren’t paying close attention, bu t you tell yourself that any (42) ________ you miss can be picked up fro m a friend’s notes. Besides, (43) _______________________. So back you go into your private little world. Only later do you realize you’ve missed important information for a test.

Fake listening may be easily exposed, since many speakers are sensitive to facial cues and can tell if you’re merely pretending to listen. (44) ________________________.

Even if you’re not exposed, there’s another reason to avoid fakery; it’s easy for this behavior to become a habit. For some people, the habit is so deeply rooted that (45) _________________. As a result, they miss lots of valuable information.

学位考试

III. Reading Comprehension (30%)

Passage One

America’s genius with high technology may have put men on the moon, but there is growing doubt about its ability to solve human problems closer to home. In fact, a subtle but significant shift from purely technological solutions is already under way as scientists argue openly for new directions in research. A growing number of scientists insist that answers to the world’s problems will not come from the research into electronics and machines. Instead, as they see it, solutions must evolve from a better understanding of the humans that drive the system and from a fuller appreciation of the limits and potential of the earth’s resources. What is mean is an increased emphasis on the life and earth science, on sociology, psychology,

《研究生英语》学位试卷第4页(共7页)

economics and even philosophy.

More and more of the best minds in science, particularly young researchers, are being drawn into these developing fields. All this is not to say that technological creativity will not play a critical role in solving energy and food shortages, or that answers to environmental difficulties will not come from further advances in the same technologies that may have helped cause the problems. Where the real challenge lies, in the view of the new breed of scientists, is in finding easy to produce goods to meet the world’s needs, using less of the raw materials that are becoming scarce.

46. What is the main idea of the passage?

A. growing number of Americans are doubtful about what high technology can do in

solving the world’s problems.

B. Some scientists believe that the better understanding of human beings will play a more

decisive role in solving the world’s problems.

C. More and more young scientists are trying their best to find new ways to solve the

world’s problems.

D. Technologica l creativity will play a very important part in solving the world’s problems.

47. In the passage “human problems” or “world problems” refers mainly to ____.

A. a global food shortage

B. resources exhaustion

C. environmental pollution

D. all of the above

48. The author states all the following except that____.

A. the development of present technologies can not provide any answers to today’s

problems.

B. many people as well as scientists have come to understand the limits of natural

resources.

C. many scientists argue that high technology plays an important role in solving the world’s

problems.

D. many young scientists are taking a great interest in social sciences.

49. Young scientists demand that in order to satisfy human needs_______.

A. existing products be improved

B. more complex and advanced machines be designed

C. ways be found to produce better goods using fewer raw materials

D. any new invention be encouraged in technology

50. The author would probably agree that_____.

A. the environment crises will not be solved unless we stop using raw materials

B. in scientific research, understanding of the humans should be taken into consideration

C. exploration of outer space will lead to an improvement on human living conditions

D. young scientists are superior to older scientists in that they have newer thoughts Passage Two

The qualities of leadership are almost constant the world over. If you would like to become president of your class, school, or student council, you must first demonstrate that you have the potential of leadership.

For one thing, you must show that you are interested in your school and in your fellow students. In practical terms, this means taking an active part in school activities. It means joining clubs, attending dances and other social functions, and going out for athletics ---- if you are athletic. But many yang people have to push themselves to join clubs or attend dances. Perhaps you are one of them. The basic reason for this hesitancy is natural shyness. There is nothing w2hatever wrong with shyness; it can be overcome if you recognize that it is not a permanent affliction (疼痛), and if you realize, too, that most of your schoolmates are as shy as you are.

If you consciously strive (追求) to overcome shyness by going out to meet people, you will find yourself at the same time developing another quality of leadership --- understanding. As your circle of friends and contacts widens you will get to know your schoolmates better. Because you are no longer so concerned with your own feelings, you will begin to respect and take into account the feeling of others. Your friends and acquaintances will be aware of your new attitude, for it will show in many small ways --- your greeting, conversation, and willingness to give and accept friendship.

Another quality of leadership which you can develop is willingness to do a bit extra. If you are expected to sell ten tickets to a dance, and sell fifteen, you have proved your interest and your effort to make your organization successful. Once you acquire the reputation of always doing a little more than expected, your fellow students will be willing to trust you with greater responsibilities. All your extra effort also indicates enthusiasm, and show that you concentrate more on how to do a job efficiently than its difficulties.

A fourth quality of leadership is imagination---- the ability to see a way through problems and to develop new ideas. You can develop this quality by devoting extra thought during quiet moments to problems being faced by your organization. Many members of a club sits passively through a meeting, and give no more thought to club matters until the next meeting. But if you take time during the week to think over the last meeting, you are likely to have new ideas (or at least some questions) to contribute at the next meeting.

51. This article _________________.

A. discusses how a person can develop qualities of leadership.

B. indicates various ways a good leader can make friends and influence people.

C. analyzes the responsibilities and leadership.

D. explains why many people are not good leaders.

《研究生英语》学位试卷第5页(共7页)

52. The author feels that a perspective leader should attend school dances to ________.

A. prove that he is the best dancer in the school.

B. shows his interest in school activities.

C. overcome shyness.

D. learn how to dance.

53. The author thinks that understanding of others leads to ______________.

A. respect of others

B. willingness to do a bit extra.

C. overcoming one’s shyness

D. understanding other’s feelings.

54. In the sentence “the basic reason for his hesitancy is natural shyness.”The word

“hesitancy” means ______________.

A. willingness

B. indecision

C. embarrassment

D. reluctance

55. The author feels that_______________.

A. a person is born with imagination.

B. prevents one from thinking hard.

C. imagination can be developed

D. some people have no imagination.

Passage Three

What’s hot for 2007 among the very rich? A S7.3 million diamond ring. A trip to Tanzania to hunt wild animals. Oh. and income inequality.

Sure, some leftish billionaires like George Soros have been railing against income inequality for years. But increasingly, centrist and right-wing billionaires are starting to worry about income inequality and the fate of the middle class.

In December. Mortimer Zuckerman wrote a column in U.S News & World Report, which he owns. “Our nation’s core bargain with the middle class is disintegrating,”lamented (哀叹) the 117th-richest man in America. “Most of our economic gains have gone to people at the very top of the income ladder. Average income for a household of people of working age, by contrast, has fallen five years in a row.” He noted that “Tens of millions of Americans live in fear that a major health problem can reduce them to bankruptcy.”

Wilbur Ross Jr. has echoed Zuckerman’s anger over the bitter struggles faced by middle-class Americans. “It’s an outrage that any American’s life expectancy should be shortened simply because the company they worked for went bankrupt and ended health-care coverage,” said the former chairman of the International Steel Group.

What’s happening? The very rich are just as trendy as you and I, and can be so when it comes to politics and policy. Given the recent change of control in Congress, popularity of measures like inc reasing the minimum wage, and efforts by California’ governor to offer universal health care, these guys don’t need their own personal weathermen to know which way the wind blows.

It’s possible that plutocrats(有钱有势的人) are expressing solidarity with the struggling middle class as part of an effort to insulate themselves from confiscatory (没收性的) tax policies. But the prospect that income inequality will lead to higher taxes on the wealthy doesn’t keep plutocrats u p at night. They can live with that.

No, what they fear was that the political challenges of sustaining support for global economic integration will be more difficult in the United States because of what has happened to the distribution of income and economic insecurity.

In other words, if middle-class Americans continue to struggle financially as the ultrawealthy grow ever wealthier, it will be increasingly difficult to maintain political support for the free flow of goods, services, and capital across borders. And when the United States places obstacles in the way of foreign investors and foreign goods, it’s likely to encourage reciprocal action abroad. For people who buy and sell companies, or who allocate capital to markets all around the world, that’s t he real nightmare.

56. What is the current topic of common interest among the very rich in America?

A) The fate of the ultrawealthy people.

B) The disintegration of the middle class.

C) The conflict between the left and the right wing.

D) The inequality in the distribution of wealth.

57. What do we learn from Mortimer Zuckerman’s lamentation?

A) Many middle-income families have failed to make a bargain for better welfare.

B) The American economic system has caused many companies to go bankrupt.

C) The American nation is becoming more and more divided despite its wealth.

D) The majority of Americans benefit little from the nation’s growing wealth.

58. From the fifth paragraph we can learn that ____________.

A) the very rich are fashion-conscious

B) the very rich are politically sensitive

C) universal health care is to be implemented throughout America

D) Congress has gained popularity by increasing the minimum wage

59. What is the real reason for plutocrats to express solidarity with the middle class?

A) They want to protect themselves from confiscatory taxation.

B) They know that the middle class contributes most to society.

C) They want to gain support for global economic integration.

D) They feel increasingly threatened by economic insecurity.

60. What may happen if the United States places obstacles in the way of foreign investors and foreign goods?

A) The prices of imported goods will inevitably soar beyond control.

B) The investors will have to make great efforts to re-allocate capital.

《研究生英语》学位试卷第6页(共7页)

C) The wealthy will attempt to buy foreign companies across borders.

D) Foreign countries will place the same economic barriers in return.

Passage Four

You hear the refrain all the time: the U.S. economy looks good statistically, but it doesn’t feel good. Why doesn’t ever-greater wealth promote ever-greater happiness? It is a question that dates at least to the appearance in 1958 of The Affluent (富裕的) Society by John Kenneth Galbraith, who died recently at 97.

The Affluent Society is a modern classic because it helped define a new moment in the human condition. For most of history, “hunger, sickness, and cold” threatened nearly everyone, Galbraith wrote. “Poverty was found everywhere in that world. Obviously it is not of ours.” After World War II, the dread of another Great Depression gave way to an economic boom. In the 1930s unemployment had averaged 18.2 percent; in the 1950s it was 4.5 percent.

To Galbraith, materialism had gone mad and would breed discontent. Through advertis ing, companies conditioned consumers to buy things they didn’t really want or need. Because so much spending was artificial, it would be unfulfilling. Meanwhile, government spending that would make everyone better off was being cut down because people instinctively—and wrongly—labeled government only as “a necessary evil.”

It’s often said that only the rich are getting ahead; everyone else is standing still or falling behind. Well, there are many undeserving rich—overpaid chief executives, for instance.

B ut over any meaningful period, most people’s incomes are increasing. From 1995 to 2004, inflation-adjusted average family income rose 14.3 percent, to $43,200. people feel “squeezed” because their rising incomes often don’t satisfy their rising wants—for bigger homes, more health care, more education, faster Internet connections.

The other great frustration is that it has not eliminated insecurity. People regard job stability as part of their standard of living. As corporate layoffs increased, that part has eroded. More workers fear they’ve become “the disposable American,” as Louis Uchitelle puts it in his book by the same name.

Because so much previous suffering and social conflict stemmed from poverty, the arrival of widespread affluence suggested utopian (乌托邦式的) possibilities. Up to a point, affluence succeeds. There is much les physical misery than before. People are better off. Unfortunately, affluence also creates new complaints and contradictions.

Advanced societies need economic growth to satisfy the multiplying wants of their citizens. But the quest for growth lets loose new anxieties and economic conflicts that disturb the social order. Affluence liberates the individual, promising that everyone can choose a unique way to self-fulfillment. But the promise is so extravagant that it predestines many disappointments and sometimes inspires choices that have anti-social consequences, including family breakdown and obesity (肥胖症). Statistical indicators of happiness have not risen with incomes.

Should we be surprised? Not really. We’ve simply reaffirmed an old truth: the pursuit of affluence does not always end with happiness.

61. What question does John Kenneth Galbraith raise in his book The Affluent Society?

A) Why statistics don’t tell the truth about the economy.

B) Why affluence doesn’t guarantee happiness.

C) How happiness can be promoted today.

D) What lies behind an economic boom.

62. According to Galbraith, people feel discontented because ________.

A) public spending hasn’t been cut down as expected

B) the government has proved to be a necessary evil

C) they are in fear of another Great Depression

D) materialism has run wild in modern society

63. Why do people feel squeezed when their average income rises considerably?

A) Their purchasing power has dropped markedly with inflation.

B) Their material pursuits have gone far ahead of their earnings.

C) The distribution of wealth is uneven between the r5ich and the poor.

D) Health care and educational cost have somehow gone out of control.

64. What does Louis Uchitelle mean by “the disposable American” (Line 3, Para. 5)?

A) Those who see job stability as part of their living standard.

B) People full of utopian ideas resulting from affluence.

C) People who have little say in American politics.

D) Workers who no longer have secure jobs.

65. What has affluence brought to American society?

A) Renewed economic security.

B) A sense of self-fulfillment.

C) New conflicts and complaints.

D) Misery and anti-social behavior.

学位考试

IV. Writing (25%)

Directions: Students have different attitudes towards campus activities. How many kinds of students’ reactions to the campus activities can you identify in our university?

Based on the above directions, write a classification essay about 150 words.

《研究生英语》学位试卷第7页(共7页)