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自考英语二自学教程(2012版)纯答案

自考英语二自学教程答案(纯答案)

Unit1

课后习题参考答案

Text A

I . 1. B 2. A 3.D 4.A 5.C

II . Section A

l. Consistent 2. Statement 3. Reflect 4. Invalid 5. Considerably 6 comparison

Section B

1 . Credible 2. Identify 3. Assumptions 4. Represents 5 evaluated 6. Approriate

Section C

1. to

2.forth

3.into

4.for

5.with

6.to

Ⅲ.1. define 2.action 3.tears 4. good 5.express 6.powerful 7. internally 8.shape 9.responds to 10. personal Ⅳ.Section A

1. take interests of different social groups into account

2. Compare the recent work with the previous work

3. was not consistent with his statement to the police

4. was not relevant to the matter being dealt with

5. Please inform us of any change in vour case .-.

Section B

想成为灵活的读者,就要知道如何选择和使用阅读风格,这种阅读风格与你的阅读目的是一致的。知道在不同时间以不同方式使用不同的阅读风格,这样就可以成为灵活的读者。研究阅读就是灵活读者采用的阅读风格,他们希望借此充分理解难度较大的文章。采用阅读风格,你就要放慢阅读速度,而且在阅读时还要挑战自我,力求理解文章的内涵。这种方法常常需要反复阅读,充分理解。有时候大声朗读也会增进对文章的理解。

V.5 2 1 6 3 4

Ⅵ.有些人认为阅读就是为了寻找信息,通过记忆文章中的表达来获取知识。既然只有专家学者才应该具备批判性阅读的能力,或者说只有在学术机构才需要培养批判性阅读能力,那么我们普通人就没有必要培养这种能力了。对于这种观点你是否同意?请给出理由,并举例证明。

Text B

I . Section A

1.Y

2.N

3.Y

4. N

5.Y

6.NG

Section B

1. Mastering our language

2. our quality of life 3 . Determination 4. power

5. live whatever life we desire

6. some alternatives

II . Section A

1 . confidence

2 . Creative 3. Eliminate 4 . dramatically 5 . Significant 6. limit

Section B

1 . matter

2 . commonly 3. Pleased 4. infinite 5 . Commands 6. quality

Section C

l. out 2. up 3. on 4. to 5. in 6. over

III . Section A

1. have a noticeable impact on the country's future

2. but it really matters to me

3. but the police were in control of it soon

4. I have no alternative but to let you go

5. It's up to the manager to make the final decision

Section B

英语在工作场合是非常重要的,运用正确得体,可以极大地提升事业或者业务的水平。也许有些人在进入职业生涯之前想学习英语,而那些在职人员则可以在工作中发现自己运用英语的优势和劣势?

在商务方面,知道如何进行谈判是非常有价值的技巧。你需要知道自己想要什么,如何讨价还价,如何做出让步。能够处理好冲突,知道如何结束谈判,这样结果会截然不同的。

职场英语学习能够使专业人士之间的交流更加有效,从而为顾客、商务伙伴或者供应商提供优质的服务,这对于任何一家公司来说都是积极有效的。

Ⅳ.Section A

1. When dipping in mustard, Sam said the sausage was excellent.

2. A Frenchman murdered two wives whose cooking he didn't like

3. Annie's dress was old, faded and wrinkled.

4. The need for jobs will make us develop our industries, which causes envirnmental problems.

5. My new running shoes which cost more than a hundred dollars fell apart during the marathon.

Section B

l. Mr. Randolph was born in Florida.

2. The march featured the Reverend Martin Luther King's unforgettable "I Have a Dream" speech.

Unit2

课后习题参考答案

Text A

I .1. D 2.A 3.C 4.B 5.B

II . Section A

l . Effectively 2. Response 3. Discover 4. Occur 5. Rare 6. scientific

Section B

1.Remove

2. Eventually 3 . Opportunity 4. Renowned 5 . interviewed 6. Remarked

Section C

1. to

2. so

3. to

4. On

5. in

6. for

III 1. Fear 2. Under 3. Unavoidable 4. Success 5.without 6. Reach 7. Between 8.so that 9. as long as 10. wisely Ⅳ.Section A

1. actively respond to the president's request

2. his accent set him apart from others

3.I have rarely seen such a beautiful sunset

4. restore people's confidence in the national eoon omy

5. she remarked on the progress of the boy

Section B

在那段日子里,我感觉自己就像是一个失败者,至今仍记忆犹新。但是后来我明白了,做一件事情失败并不是做所有事情都失败。实际上,失败是成长路上不可或缺的组成部分。生活中到处都要反复尝试。为了走上成功之路,一路上你可能会拐错弯。借用约翰·麦斯威尔的话说,我所明白的就是“从失败中吸取教训”,也就是利用每次失误来完善自我。对于失败,人们面临的最大问题之一就是,过早地对生活中彼此孤立的事情做出评判,认为那些就是失败。相反,他们需要考虑得更全面一些。成功的棒球运动员不会把一次出局看作是失败,而是从全局出发来考虑。他的这种观点让他能够坚持到底,坚持带来了长远,长远使他有机会成功。

V.2 1 4 3 6 5

Ⅵ.正如谚语所说的那样,“失败乃成功之母”。有些人坚信做任何事情都会失败。亨利·福特说过一句名言,“我不犯错误;我从中受益匪浅。”失败教会我们什么呢?如何从失败中吸取经验教训,最后获得成功呢?请陈述理由,举例证明你的观点。

Text B

I . Section A

1.N

2.N

3. Y

4.Y

5. NG

6.Y

Section B

1. Messy

2. her anniversary gift

3. the mess in the kitchen

4. what to say

5. long-term significance

6 not just teaching lessons, they are teaching children

II . Section A

1. Slightly

2. Troublesome

3. Occasional

4. Inspection

5. Responsbile

6. disaster

Section B

1 . Presented 2. Frustration 3. Awfully 4. Deserves 5 . Issues 6. glance

Section C

1. from

2.out

3.with

4.off

5.up

6.of

Ⅲ.Section A

1.She glanced at/round the room

2.gesturing to me to follow him

3. Once the paper is positioned correctly

4. speak out its views on political issues

5. It's vital to send the medical supplies to this area

Section B

只要具备了这几种关键的能力,成功人士就可以从中吸取失败的经验,转败为胜,就能规避一次又一次的失败了。首先,成功人士失败的时候不会自责,而是勇于承担责任,但是他们不必本人亲自接受失败。第二,成功人士不会因为个人的失败而对自己妄下评论,因为他们意识到每次失败只不过是整个事件中的一小部分而已。第三,成功人士喜欢根据不同的问题,而采取不同的方法,这一点对于每个行业来说都是很重要的。如果一种方法不奏效,你一次又一次失败,那么就要尝试下别的方法了。要想转败为胜,就必须采取对自己有效的方法,当然了这种方法不一定对别人有效。最后一点,成功人士能屈能伸,不会因为一次失误而一蹶不振,而是从中吸取教训,继续前进。

Ⅳ.Section A

1. Sir Humphry Davy was an excellent literary critic as well as agreat scientist.

2. One reason why Roger likes rabbits is that he not only plays with but also hunts them.

3. The children gazed at the monkeys hanging by their tails from the branches.

http://www.wendangku.net/doc/62e4ce121ed9ad51f11df242.htmlst night I had my first taste of sake,a Japanese beverage made from rice.

5. John Wayne, who appeared in over 200 movies, was the biggest box-office attraction of his time.

Section B

Finding a reliable used car at an affordable price requires both planning and persistence.

Unit3

课后习题参考答案

Text A

I.1.A 2.A 3. B 4.A 5.B

II . Section A

1. recognition

2. Reflection

3. Undisputed

4. loyalty

5. Essential

6. assurance

Section B

1 . sought 2. Requested 3. Challenges 4. mutual 5 . Virtue 6. generation

Section C

1. of

2. in

3. of

4. of

5. through

6. In

Ⅲ. 1. While 2. Wisely 3.On 4 . opposites 5 . Personalities 6.That

7. Whatever 8.unique 9. a couple of 10. share

IV. Section A

1. continued to engage in criminal activities

2. exploit natural resources

3. must request approval

4. had betrayed her parents' trust

5. lead to serious results

Serious B

我们很容易就把好朋友想当然了,就如同是一副舒服的手套一样,老朋友感觉亲切。但是,如果因为工作繁忙、相互之间太熟悉了而长期忽视友谊,那么友谊也会发生变化的-因为友谊也是需要更新的。如果你想让友谊常保青春,请慎重考虑以下最重要的品质,或许能帮你搞清楚为什么你与好友已经多年没有通电话了,为什么被问及“这周末跟谁一起玩”时会感到很尴尬。也许你时常忽略那些亲密的朋友,但是如果你无法培养这些品质——忠诚、宽容、诚实和奉献——就无法结交真正的朋友。

V. 3 2 6 4 5 1

Ⅵ,随着信息技术的发展,网上冲浪的人数激增,他们已经习惯了在网上完成好多事情,比如,阅读、学习、购物,甚至是交友。有些人认为可以在网上找到真正的朋友,而有些人则持相反的观点。你认为虚拟朋友是忠诚的、真正的朋友吗?请陈述理由,举例证明你的观点。

Text B

I . Section A

I.Y 2.Y 3.N 4.NG 5.N 6.Y

Section B

1 . Ungrateful 2. their faith 3. Sacrificed 4. prosperity and in poverty 5. a pnnce 6. accompany him

II . Section A

1. Pursuit

2. Faithful

3. Ungrateful

4. Fiercely

5. Prosperity

6. reputation

Section B

l. Privileges 2. Prone 3. Poverty 4. Alert 5. Scene 6. deserted

Section C

1. by

2.to

3.against

4.to

5.to

6.down

Ⅲ.Section A

1. home is the best place to lick your wounds

2. If only I had time to review my lessons

3. be alert to risks of tourism

4. enjoy some privileges

5. will be the first encounter between Party leaders

Section B

现在,对你而言,好朋友依然是把两种选择中更好的选择留给你;你感到恐惧时握住你的手;帮助你抗击那些试图占你便宜的人;当你不在时依然想着你;提醒你忘了些什么;帮助你摆脱过去,但如果你需要在回忆中多停留一会

儿,他也会理解,和你在一起让你有信心;特地为你腾出时间;为你引起的纠纷善后;帮助你处理来自他人的压力;帮助你成为一个更好的人……,而最重要的是,爱你!

IV. Section A

1. He spread a rumor that the president was going to resign, leading to a great confusion in that country.

2. If left alone on a desert island, what would you do first?

3. Do you still remember those days we spent in Hong Kong last year?

4. All their belongings, together with the remains of tom-up newspapers, lie scattered over the carpet.

5. It seems that more and more of my friends are faced with great challenges in their lives.

Section B

1. Her brother usually babysits her in his spare time

2. Her father likes to take photos when she smiles.

Unit4

课后习题参考答案

Text A

I . 1. B 2. A 3. D 4. C 5. B

II . Section A

1. Dealers

2. Complain

3. Rarely

4. Blessing

5. Contribute

6. illegal

Section B

l. Committed 2. Subsistence 3 . Immigrants 4. Unrest 5. Quit 6. victim

Section C

1. about

2. of

3. to

4. in

5. in

6. again

Ⅲ. 1.check out 2. Improve 3. Stressed 4. Arrive 5. clearing away 6. Priority 7. Weight 8. Routine 9. Different 10. route IV. Section A

1. she is looking forward to seeing you

2. If you always complain about being short of time for work

3. will contribute to the development of the suburbs

4. reminds her of her miserable childhood

5. we were prepared for the worst

Section B

不管你是在等餐位还是在等着做脑部手术,做任何工作都是为他人提供服务,让他们的生活过得好一点。我们都曾经有过这样的经历:一些人的工作提升了我们,使我们的生活发生了变化,或是让我们非常沮丧,日子变得更糟糕。我们都遇到过非常优秀的人,他们的工作是擦地板,而那些不太优秀的人,工作却非常好。因此,不管你做什么工作,你如何在工作中投入爱心?要对自己的工作心怀感激。心怀感激并不是说要一直做自己不喜欢的工作,而是说你在工作的时候能够培养积极的心态。你不喜欢自己的工作,但是你也许喜欢跟那些同事在一起,这就是应该感激的地方。心怀感激的时候,你在工作上会更加乐观,心情也更加愉快。

V. 3 1 2 5 4

VI.近年来,劳动力市场上的大学毕业生越来越多了,大学生毕业找到理想的工作也就变得越来越困难了。他们应该待在家里啃老还是从事不太如人意的工作呢?你怎么看待社会上的啃老族?请给出理由和建议。

Text B

I . Section A

l.Y 2.NG 3.N 4.N 5. NG 6.N

Section B

1. challenge and reward

2. passion

3. the purpose of your business and not solely on the logistics

4. your financial houndaries

5. sound advice and criticism

6. the planning and start-up process

II . Section A

1 . Exhaustive 2. Survival 3 . Various 4. Motivation 5. Profession 6. competitive

Section B

1. Sound

2. exceeds

3. Prioritize

4. unique 5 . Routine 6.pattems

Section C

1. in

2. from

3. for

4. out

5. for

6. in

Ⅲ. Section A

1. Those who feel privileged to work with him

2. we need to arrange security guards in place

3. we can c:ompletely assume that he is not in the city

4. it may be impossible for the refugees to survive the winter

5. for those who exceed the speed limit

Section B

在决定自己的选择之前,先仔仔细细、认认真真地审视一下你开公司的动机。好多人想发财,逃避公司枯燥乏味的工作,缩短工作时间,延长闲暇时间。以上这些原+因没有一个能促进公司成功的。如果你侧重于解决顾客的问题或者满足顾客的需求,相信你能够比别人做得更好;渴望延长工作时间,身兼数职,承担诸多责任,这样你就能摆正创业的心态了。此外,你还需要具备一些人格特质,比如,要乐于自己一个人努力工作.至少在第一年(也许更长的时间)里是这样的。

IV. Section A

1. Anybody would feel the same way if you had a teacher like me.

2.I read an interesting story about sportsmen in a magazine.

3. The climate in the coastal cities is much warmer than that in the interior ones.

4. When we ran down the hill, the farmhouse came into view.

5. To get ready for the trip, he put all the things needed into a suitcase.

Section B

A first date can end up being categorized as a successful, a clingy, a boastful or an awkward one.

Self-Assessment I

第一部分:阅读判断题

I.A 2.B 3.C 4.A 5.C 6.B 7.B 8.A 9.A 10.A

第二部分:阅读选择

11.A 12.B 13.C 14.C 15.A

第三部分:概括段落大意和补全句子

16.E 17.A 18.F 19.B 20.C 21.B 22.E 23.D 24.C 25.A

第四部分:填句补文

26.F 27.A 28.D 29.C 30.B

第五部分:填词补文

3I.H 32.D 33.C 34.A 35.K 36.L 37.F 38.E 39.J 40.B

第六部分:完形补文

41. encourage 42. Careful 43.particularly 44. implications 45. Trained 46.impression 47. communications 48. Respectful 49.designer 50. logical

第七部分:短文写作

Unit 5

Text A

I .1.A 2.A 3.C 4.A 5.C

II . Section A

l. Wisdom 2. Deliberately 3. Anxiety 4. Belief 5.uncomfortable 6. equivalent

Section B

1. Distinguished

2. Instructions

3. Equal

4. Conflicts

5. Guilty

6. anxious

Section C

I . of 2. About 3. of 4. between 5. forth 6.as

Ⅲ. 1 . Satisfy 2. than 3. focus on 4. the middle 5. sense 6. But 7. challenged

8. inner 9. Fit 10. thinking of

IV. Section A

1. has called forth the great anger of the loCal people

2.A series of accidents

3.bec:ause of the rain

4. is a gifted mu'sician as well as a photographer

5. distinguish between reality andiction

Section B

把生活想象成一种在空中抛接五只球的游戏,这五只球分别称为:工作、家庭、健康、友谊和精神,你尽力不让这些球从空中掉下来。你很快就发现唯有工作是一个橡皮球,掉到地上,还会反弹回来。但家庭、健康、友谊和精神这四只球都是玻璃做成的。任何一个掉到地上,必然会留下疤痕、裂缝、受损甚至摔得粉碎,永远也无法恢复原样。你必须懂得这个道理,在生活中努力保持平衡。

V.2 1 3 5 4 6

Ⅵ.生活就像旅途一样起伏跌宕。大部分时间里,生活是艰辛的。在人生的旅途中,人们以不同的方式来迎接困难。

有些人接受并勇敢地面对困难,因此他们在解决困难的过程中经历了痛苦和挫折的洗礼,逐渐成熟起来。有些人则后退,怨声载道,人生的旅途也许会因此而停滞不前。你属于哪种人呢?你怎么看待生活中遇到的困难和问题?请给出理由和建议。

Text B

I . Section A

1. Y

2. N

3. N

4. Y

5. Y

6. Y

Section B

1. health issues

2. a resource of hope or a good ( or bad) example of what to do in life

3. useless or uncaring

4. Unreceptive

5. failed mamage

6. giving up

II . Section A

1.imagination 2 . threaten 3 . Recover 4. inspire 5. valuable 6. quoting

Section B

1 . desperate 2. challenge 3 . Cheerful 4. valuable 5. contact 6. inspiring

Section C

1. on

2. with

3. Out

4. over

5. back

6. about

III. Section A

l. on her feet 2. has brought about great changes3. walked out on her

4. should have fought back

5. fell into desperation

Section B

生活是充满挑战的,我们必须勇敢面对。

生活是多姿多彩的,我们应该努力创造。

生活是美轮美奂的,我们需要善于发现。

生活是幽默诙谐的,我们应该细细品味。

IV. Section A

l. Larry picked up a hitchhiker who was traveling around the world.

2. Jack was listening to the stereo and L,inrla wasreading in bed when the power line snapped.

3. When I returned to school after a.long illness, the math teacher gave me makeup work while the history teacher made me drop her course.

4.Jane wanted to attend the event, but she had to work a double shift because several of her coworkers called in sick.

5. I think the reason why my car fails to start is that the battery needs to be replaced instead of charging since I 'already had it recharged once.

Section B

3 2 1 5

4 6 8 7

Unit6

课后习题参考答案

Text A

I . 1. B 2. B 3. D 4. C 5. B

II . Section A

1 . Differentiate 2. Indulgent 3. Resistance 4. Responsibility 5. Formation 6. unnecessary

Section B

1 . Constraint 2. Budget 3. Principle 4. scheme 5. Monthly 6. Temptation

Section C

1.To

2. in

3. on

4. In

5. within

6. In

III.. 1 . Basic 2. Invest 3. Direct 4. Ideally 5. Called 6. wasteful 7. where

8. Now that 9. Accumulated 10. grow

IV. Section A

1. arrived at/reached/drew the conclusions on the basis of experiments

2. she has never been indulged in alcohol

3. is not responsible for his behaviors

4. my teaching experience stands me in good stead

5. have resulted in head injuries

Section B

不管是否允许孩子们自己管理零花钱,父母和继父母都要预算出一部分现金,满足孩子日常的各种需求。孩子们不需要太多的零花钱,但是理想的情况是,他们要有足够的零花钱,这样就能学会花钱和攒钱了。好多家长帮助孩子明白钱的重要性,要求他们把钱分成了至少三份。第一份是手头要花的钱,第二份是短期储蓄(用来旅游、玩游戏等等),第三份是长期储蓄(用来买车、上大学等等)。在有些家庭里,他们还增加了第四份,用来捐款,这样能够让孩子明白,帮助不富有的人是非常有价值、非常重要的事情。

V.6 5 2 1 4 3

Ⅵ.目前,许多城市长大的孩子手里的零花钱太多了,都被宠坏了。然而,家长们并不认为孩子们花钱太多会影响到孩子人格的发展。你对零花钱的管理有什么看法吗?能否就如何教孩子明智地理财给一些建议呢?

Text B

I . Section A

1.Y

2. Y

3. NC

4.N

5. Y

6. Y

Section B

1.dreamt of

2. the opposite

3.traits

4. a giving attitude

5. joyful

6. a healthier view

II . Section A

1. Abundance

2. Favorite

3. Scared

4. Donation

5. Originally

6. economic

Section B

1. Available

2. Abundant

3. Stimulated

4. Charity

5. Universe

6. readily

Section C

1. of

2.as

3.between

4.down

5.up

6.in

Ⅲ.Section A

1. as long as the new information is available

2. to open up a new world in front of me 。

3. to stimulate economic growth

4. had donated more than $100,000 for cancer research

5. deserves our careful consideration

Section B

人们是怎么看待金钱的?事实上,许多人过于看重金钱。他们认为金钱就是一切,相信“有了钱什么都可以做到”。因此,为了嫌钱,他们可以作任何事情,甚至是不道德的、违法的事情。劫匪仅仅为了几十美元而残忍地杀害别人。商人为了获得更多金钱而在生意场上欺骗他人。官员们拥有权力和社会影响力,他们自己还践踏自己的荣誉和他人的利益。

IV. Section A

1.A German, whose acquaintance I made in Hamburg last year, iscoming to see me.

2. Any of these problems can be'solved by ordinary intelligence and hard work because none of which are too difficult for us.

3. The children felt exhausted, so they fell asleep at once.

4. My wife was using the vacuum cleaner while l was trying to listen to a broadcast plat.

5. Since you promise to behave yourself, you shall not go to the party this afternoon.

Section B

(1)C (2)D(3)A

Unit7

课后习题参考答案

Text A

I .1. D 2.C 3.B 4.A 5.A

II . Section A

1. Precisely

2.hesitate

3. Wonderful

4. Emotion

5.ignorance

6. Complete

Section B

1. Attached

2. Attempts

3. Upset

4. Overwhelming

5. Prompted

6. inner

Section C

l . Took 2. With 3. For 4. Take 5. In 6. with

Ⅲ. 1. Choose 2. Opportunity 3. View 4. Accordingly 5. end up 6. interact7. Whose 8. What 9. Nonstop 10. night

IV. Section A

1. agrecd without the slightest hesitation

2. In desperation I called the doctor '

3. prompted me to write this article

4. the best solution they had come up with

5. Despite a shortage of steel supply

Section B

你内心的呼唤就在那里,指引你一路走来,这就是生活。有多少次你的内心告诉你去做某事,而你反过来选择置之不理,结果却发现自己犯了一个大错?我敢说,在那个时候,你对自己说,“我本应该倾听内心的呼唤的,”有时候,内心的催促是不易察觉的,提醒我们缴费或者给朋友打电话;有时候内心的呼唤会持续不断,一连几天、几周,甚至几年一次又一次地提醒我们还有事情没有完成。如果你内心的呼唤持续一个多礼拜,一次又一次地产生同样的想法和心情,你就会知道这是内心的呼唤在起作用。相信你所获得的信息,利用这种信息来指引你的行为。

V.6 1 5 3 2 4

Ⅵ.你的内心也许会告诉你如何做出正确的选择,但是,实际上,我们更倾向于听取别人的建议,尤其是大多数人的建议。例如,一个老人倒在大街上,许多人站在那儿围观,没人走上前去帮忙,因为他们不想自找麻烦。在这种情况下,你会怎么做呢?你会听从内心的呼唤去帮助老人,还是跟其他人一样置之不理呢?请给出你的理由。

Text B

I . Section A

I.N 2.Y 3. N 4. NG 5. Y 6.Y

Section B

1 . sourness and selfishness 2. have their pets inoculated 3. waste time sitting in that office

4. the long wait for service

5. your goodwill

II . Section A

1. boredom

2. Namely

3. Character

4. tension 5 . Sour 6. pleasing

Section B

1. modest

2. Wears

3. Brightened

4. radiate

5. Goodwill

6. inherited

Section C

1. under

2.up

3.of

4.As

5.into

6.skin

Ⅲ.Section A

1.He is so eager to leam

2. joining in the celebration activities

3. inherited a large fortune from his father

4. converts the sun's radiation into electric: power

5. make a good impression on everybody you meet

Section B

微笑,不花分文,却收效可观。得到的人,会因此更加富足;给予的人,却不会因此贫穷。微笑发生在刹那间,给人留下的印象却是久远的。人再富裕没有它也不会感到舒适,人再贫穷也会由于有了它而感到安逸。微笑为家庭带来欢乐,为工作增添善意,是友谊的象征,是缓解疲劳的良药,是征服气馁的日光,是减轻忧伤的阳光。微笑不能买到,不能求到,不能借到,也不能偷到,因为在被给予他人之前是毫无用处的。如果在圣诞节购物季的最后一分钟,我们有些销售人员实在是太累了,无法给你微笑,可否请你给他们一个微笑呢?那些把微笑都送给别人的人是最需要得到一个微笑的。

IV. Section A

1. The chairman's daughter whose name is Ann gave me a patient smile.

2. There is a large stadium in the south of the city.

3. The river was slowly rising so that it began to overflow its bank.

4. He had fought all his life for these goals.which no longer seemed important to him.

5. Influenced by a famous psychologist, he chooses to major in psychology.

Section B

1.also

2. As

3. In addition

4. For example

5. even if

6.finally

Unit8

课后习题参考答案

Text A

I . 1. C 2.C 3.D 4. B 5.A

II . Section A

1.perfection

2. Accomplishment

3. Persistent

4. disposal

5. Effective

6. motivational

Section B

1 . obstacle 2. Incredible 3. Vision 4. perspective 5. Fulfill 6. profound

Section C

1. to

2. from

3. with

4. at

5. in

6. of

III . 1 . confused 2 . Natural 3. Intentionally 4. likely 5. Potential 6. as opposed to

7. Even if 8. Known 9. called upon 10. mark

Ⅳ.Section A

1. find it dificult to adapt to their new school life

2. children liked to share their stories with

3. elected one of their members as the spokesman

4. only to find that they had to overcome fmancial problems on their own

5. stress the importance of balanced diet

Section B

有时候,我们唯一能做的就是质疑自己存在的意义。我们经常会感到孤独寂寞,情绪低落,感觉世界都黯然失色了。有时候我们感觉生活没有任何意义,如此艰辛,甚至希望世上没有明天。但是,我们还要知道问题只不过是生

活中的另一种痛苦而已,企图扭曲我们的人性,破坏我们对生活的美好憧憬。这个时候,不要向诱惑屈服,轻言放弃。是的,快乐的唯一.方式就是心甘情愿地忍受苦难。

V.2 3 1 5 4 7 9 6 8

Ⅵ.尼克·武伊契奇出生时没有四肢,虽然严重残疾,他不但自己独生活,而且通过演讲激励、鼓励了许多人。但是,相比之下,一些身体健全的人相形见绌,他们不断抱怨生活,不愿意为了更光明的前途而努力工作。你认为面对挑战,需要具备什么样的品格才能战胜这些困难呢?我们如何培养这些品格呢?

Text B

I . Section A '

1.Y

2.NG

3.N

4.N

5.Y

6.N

Section B

l. the computing world 2. finance the production 3. worked on a new machine

4. Fired

5. billions of dollars

6. new and innovative technologies

II . Section A

1. Adoption

2. Appointment

3. Convincing

4. Initially

5. Recruitment

6. successive

Section B

1 . Foundation 2. Innovative 3. Possession 4. Insanely 5. Immense 6. unexpected

Section C

1. among

2.with

3.as

4.of

5.in

6.in

Ⅲ.Section A

1. he dropped out after only one year

2. established charity foundation in memory of his father

3. tumed out to be more difficult than I had expected

4.look forward to a bring future under his leadership

5. such a tragedy would happen to him

Section B

史蒂夫·乔布斯被加州山景城的一个家庭所收养。还在中学的时候,他就对电子产品非常感兴趣,于是就给威廉·休利特打电话.要一些部件,用于完成学校的项目。休利特给他提供了那些部件,主动提出让乔布斯夏天到惠普公司实习。在惠普,他遇到了史蒂夫·沃兹

尼亚克,沃兹尼亚克是个非常有天赋的工程师,知识广博,比乔布斯大五岁,他们之间的友谊为后来苹果公司的创建奠定了基础。

IV. Section A

1. It's a great pleasure to spend this evening with you.

2. We'II have to cancel the meeting for the absence of the speaker.

3. With the support of the minority groups, he willbe able to win the election.

4. John spoke through a microphone to be heard in every room.

5. The woman was accompanied by a porter with heavy luggage.

Section B

6 7 1 3 4 2 5

Self-assessment 2

第一部分:阅读判断题

1.A

2.B

3.B

4.A

5.B

6.B

7.B

8.B

9.A 10.A

第二部分:阅读选择

11.C 12.C 13.B 14.A 15.B

第三部分:概括段落大意和补全句子

16.B 17.A 18.C 19.E 20.D 21.B 22.C 23.F 24.E 25.A

第四部分:填句补文

26.B 27.F 28.A 29.C 30.D

第五部分:填词补文

31.L 32.H 33.1 34.B 35..C 36.E 37.D 38.J 39.F 40.G

第六部分:完形补文

41. infinite 42. exhausted 43. discoveries 44. increasing 45. Advanced 46. effective

47. investments 48. transportation 49. Applied 50. independent

第七部分:短文写作

Unit9

课后习题参考答案

Text A

I .1.C 2. C 3.A 4.C 5.A

II . Section A

1 . despair 2. Negative 3. Individually 4. tougher 5 . Incredible 6. symbolize

Section B

1 . leaped 2. Arose 3. Lost 4. paced 5. Through 6. positive

Section C

1. with

2. up

3. over

4. with

5. at

6. to

Ⅲ.1. struggling2. Arose3. Respectively 4. turned 5 . Observed 6. Tasted 7. weak 8. Inside 9. Circumstance 10. worst

IV. Section A

1. instead of waiting-until tomorrow

2. overseas investment has a positive effect on export

3. look back on my days in middle school

4. end up getting into trouble

5. he had great difficulty keeping up with other students

Section B

恐惧和缺乏自信决定了我们相互交往和工作的方式。工作单位是冷酷的地方,你需要自己保护自己。要想在这场比赛中获胜,就要自力更生、有责任心、充满自信、意志坚定。首先,你要正确评价自己,意识到自己的价值。否则的话,一句话,你就有麻烦了。不管从事什么职业,要想成功就必须有自信心。这就是为什么你发现有些人没有什么天赋,但是内在动力很强大,比那些有天赋的人所取得的成功大得多。有了积极的思维,就有积极的态度、反应和情绪,这反过来就会促进成功。另一方面,态度消极、充满恐惧、疑虑重重、忧心忡忡,这样以来行为会更加消极。但是,我们可以消除头脑中的这些想法,取而代之以积极的信息,用信心来消除恐惧,用决心来消除疑虑,用工作来消除焦虑,用爱来消除恨。

V.5 1 3 6 2 4

Ⅵ,生活就如同是一条崎岖颠簸的路,到处是困难和挑战。你的态度决定了你在生活中可以走多远。面对困难和挑战,我们应该采取什么样的态度呢?说出你的观点,给出建议。

Text B

I . Section A

l. NG 2. N 3. Y 4. N 5. Y 6. N

Section B

1. no small achievement

2. signaled the conductor to begin again

3. three strings

4. how much they appreciated what he had done

5. more beautiful; more sacred, more memorable than any that he had ever made

6. with what we have left

II . Section A

l. sudden 2. appreciate 3. Purity 4. applause 5. shaky 6. boastful

Section B

1. aid

2. proceeded

3. Signaled

4. undid

5. figured

6. Bewildering

Section C

1. Up 2.Hire 3. round/up 4. Sudden 5.To 6. At

III. Section A

1. made our way to the place for our appointment

2.appreciated by those who like quality services

3. with the aid of a good map

4. Many people stricken with disability

5. proceeded to tell everyone in the bar about our individual problems

Section B

困难人人都会有,但是有些人因此而变得更加强壮,方方面面都更加出色,然而有些人却因此一蹶不振,再也没有什么起色。困难是一样的,不一样的是人们对待困难的态度。面对困难,思维不够发达、不够强劲,人格虚假,很快就会被生活的暴风雨所吞噬、压垮。然而,有些人内心力量非常强大,满怀信心,他们永远都不会被压倒,永远不会被打败。这种力量是无穷的,无论需求量有多大,都是用之不竭的。意识到自己真正的精神实质是什么,就永远不会被打败,永远不会真正失败。也许因为死亡,他会失去身体,但是他是真正的人,永远不会死掉。虽然被打败一千次,他也是不会失败的:他必须再次崛起。

Ⅳ.Section A

1. In my opinion, we should take actions to protect the environment./I think we should take actions to protect the environment.

2.I suddenly realize that my own parents are those on whom I can rely.

3. Scientific research generally depends on accurate data.

4. The teacher demonstrated methods for cutting words from my essay for class.

5. Sally was determined to write a conclse sentence.

Section B

l. in addition to 2.and 3. Thus 4. However 5 . Because 6.also 7. Finally 8. Again

unit10

课后习题参考答案

Text A

I .1.A 2. B 3. D 4.D 5.C

II . Section A

1. Economic

2. Arrangement 3 . Dependent 4. Valuable 5 . Exception 6. ease

Section B

l. Necessities 2. Strengthen 3. Lessening 4. Linuted 5. Proclaimed 6. commutes

Section C

1. for

2. on

3. To

4. up

5. to

6. in

III. 1. Limited 2. running out of 3. refers to 4. Low 5. Require 6. another

7. compared to 8 . Personal 9. Positive 10. economic

Ⅳ. Section A

1. basking in the warm sunlight

2. accounts for 35% of the corporate revenue

3. attributed her success to her hard work

4. up to more than 500 guests

5.end up in prison

Section B

公共交通是比自己开车更理想的选择吗?这取决于个人的偏好或者个人所处的环境。有些人更喜欢自己开车,但是这并不意味着对于许多人来说,公共交通不是更合适的方式。综合考虑,公共交通可能比较便宜,不用为支付汽车贷款或者保险费而担心,不需要支付保养或者燃料费用。从环保的角度来看,好多人一起外出旅游的话,乘坐公共交通更有效。

V.2 4 3 5 6 l

Ⅵ.公共交通在中国已经成为人们迫切的需要了。在像北京、上海这样的大都市里,拥挤的道路上,车辆越来越多了。越来越多的汽车就意味着消耗越来越多的能量,造成越来越严重的空气污染。在某种程度上,公共交通可以缓解车辆增多带来的越来越大的压力。作为有责任心的公民,你能针对促进公共交通的发展,呼吁绿色出行,为当地或者中央政府想出一些合理可行的建议吗?

Text B

I . Section A

1.Y

2.N

3.N

4.N

5.Y

6.Y

Section B

1. end up seeing

2. behave as politely and respectfully as they can

3 conduct ourselves best

4. takes a lot of guts

5. for other purposes

6. efforts in sustaining and keeping .

II . Section A

1. Maintenance

2. Considerable

3. Economical

4. Accumulation

5. Warmth

6. assurance

Section B

1. Pushing

2. Advantage

3. Incidents

4. intention

5. Sustained

6. aggravated

Section C

l. up 2. in 3. For 4. for 5. for 6. in

III. Section A

1. how they conduct themselves at work

2. despite of the government's assurance of expanding employment

3. consider other people before you take actions

4. they have never quarreled with each other in public

5. very confident that everything would go as planned

Section B

提到个人理财,我们都在寻找各种方式来省更多的钱。我们的家庭预算包括大大小小的开销,我们想象着可以开源节流,节省现金的压力,或者至少把钱花在更有用的地方。你肯定能想到的一件事就是乘坐公共交通出行。

人们很轻易地就会认为公共交通便宜,因为公交车投币比加油便宜多了,但是那些并不是唯一的需要考虑的开销。可以退回到中学的经济学课堂上,试着回忆下有关机会成本的内容。如果你当时在课堂上是清醒的话,就能回想起来,这些都是你在做出选择时所放弃的东西。虽然不是用美元和美分来衡量的,但是每次你做出财政决策时就必须考虑到这一点。

IV. Section A

1. At this point in our country, the amount of violence seems to be increasing every day.

2.I called to the children repeatedly to get their.attention, but failed.

3. From June,1 will be working at the store on a full-time basis.

4. Because his car refused to start up, Chen had to take public transportation to his place of work.

5. As a little boy,Ialready knew that my goal was to be a stockbroker in the future。

Section B

1.Much as

2. for example

3. Also

4. Similarly

5. Even

6. In conclusion

7. But

Unit11

课后习题参考答案

Text A

I . 1.D 2. D 3. B 4.A 5. C

II . Se.ction A

1.merely

2. Intimate

3.determin

4. romantic 5 . Perception 6.intense

Section B

1. convey

2. Revealed

3. Variety

4. suspected 5 . Potential 6. personality

Section C

1. to

2. under

3. as

4. in

5. of

6. to

III. 1. everywhere 2. get up 3. Enjoy 4. schedule 5. While 6. Daily 7. since 8.in touch with http://www.wendangku.net/doc/62e4ce121ed9ad51f11df242.htmle 10. communicate

Ⅳ.Section A

1. was perceived as an important breakthrough

2. Under no clrcumstances can you approach that man

3. determine whether she is guilty or not

4. when you are deprived of your sleep

5. in any case l was not invited

Section B

网络上的人际关系各种各样,越来越普遍了。成千上万的人在寻找网络爱情,数百万人在发展网络友谊。在我们这个崭新的数字时代,按照人性发展的逻辑关系推理,网络_人际关系的发展是必然的。人们有机会了解各种不同盼人,这在现实生活中是无法实现的。这些网络关系经常超出了文化、经济、民族以及社会的界限,这在真实世界里是不可能发生的事情。

然而,你在网上聊天时,是无法说出跟你聊天的那个人是什么样子的,无法看到他,你也就无法做出恰当的判断,只有你做出了危险的选择,跟他在现实生活中见面,这个时候才能知道他是什么样的人。

V,2 5 3 1 4

Ⅵ.在现代社会中,因特网的作用越来越重要了。许多人利用网络进行交流、娱乐、查找信息,甚至是购物,网络还有什么用途呢?你对哪种用途最感兴趣?你能否找出这种用途的优缺点呢?给出理由,并举例说明。

Text B

I . Section A

1.N

2.Y

3.Y

4.N

5.Y

6.N

Section B

http://www.wendangku.net/doc/62e4ce121ed9ad51f11df242.htmlemment operation

2. anyone needed it

3. the routine availability

4. instant gratification

5. the development of the Internet

6. reliant and dependent

II . Section A

1. traditional

2. reliant

3. Novel

4. consume

5. Option

6.impatient

Section B

1 . Simplified 2. Evolved 3. tremendous4. interaction 5 . Declined 6. standard

Section C

1. on

2. with

3. t0

4. up

5. In

6. on

III. Section A

1. I don't want to take up too much of your time

2. obtaining access to social services

3. backward in this respect

4. Realistically, he was hopeless

5. only 10 % of Americans often engage in exercises

Section B

网络电视通常指的是通过下载或者串流媒体可以在网上看到的电视节目。现在大多数网络在节目官方网站的网络电视部分重点推介电视节目。然而,这些节目只有美国境内的因特网用户可以看到。与串流媒体不同,可下载的视频允许用户将视频内容保存在

自己的电脑中,这是观看网络电视节目最普遍的方法了。

网络电视的主要优势在于:节目选择以及灵活性。不同于一般的电视,网络电视用户几乎可以在任何时间收看选择的任何节目和片段。观看网络电视不需要使用数码录像机来录节目了,有了串流和下载网站,暂停、倒回或者快进几个部分,用户利用网络电视都能实现。

IV. Section A

1. She sailed to London and flew to Paris and then took a train to Rome.

2. Beginning in the 1950s, NASA initiated a program to develop and Iaunch a series of passive satellites.

3. In 1972, President Nixon and his councerparts in Beijing took a number of importantsteps that would improve the bilateral relations.

4. this morning at 6:30, I was woken up by my alarm, but I turned it off and retumed to a sleeping state.

5. Possibly so many teenagers run away from home because many of them have indifferent parents .

Section B

1. Both

2. For example

3.similarly

4. A second way

5. In the same way

6.thirdly

7. Likewise

8.also

Unit12

课后习题参考答案

Text A

I.1. A 2.D 3.B 4.A 5.D

II . Section A

1. Awareness

2. Resemblance

3.permission

4. Emotional

5. Settlement

6.justification

Section B

1. Subsided 2 . Manufactured 3. Subsiding 4. Refreshed 5. Symptoms 6. Nurtured

Section C

1. up

2. With

3. to

4. away

5. out

6. set

III. l. In addition to 2. Unfortunately 3. One 4. get out of 5. Physically 6. Through 7. Free 8. Either 9. Positive 10. rather than

IV. Section A

1. waiting until problems are piling up

2. respond to our request for help

3. had come down with the flu, and had to stay jn bed

4.He will be set free 5. justify your cheating on the exam

Section B

不要拿自己跟别人对比,低估自己的价值,原因就在于我们是不同的,每个人都是独特的个体。不要把别人认为重要的目标当作是自己的目标,只有你自己才知道什么是最适合你的。不要整天生活在对过去的回忆或者将来的憧憬里,让日子从指缝悄悄溜走。而应该生活在当下,生活在生命中的每一天。不要不敢承认自己不够完美,正是脆弱的天性将我们紧紧联系在一起。不要让时光虚度,自己都不知道曾经去过哪里,也不知道要去哪里。不要忘记一个人最大的情感需求就是感到自己得到了赏识。不要浪费时间和话语,因为这些东西一旦失去就不可以复得。生活不是一场比赛,而是一段旅程,一路上每走出一步都要仔细品味。

V.2 4 1 3 5

Ⅵ.好多时候,人们感觉精疲力竭,想放松一下,但是总是放弃这样的想法,仅仅是因为生活忙忙碌碌的,不能真正放松自己。即使真的放松自己,总觉得很内疚,感觉自己不负责任。然而,人们需要倾听并满足自己的需求,就像上面故事中的作者一样关心自己。你同意这种观点吗?除了生病人们可以放松自己之外,你能否列出其他的理由?请举例说明自己的观点。

Text B

I . Section A

1.Y

2.N

3.N

4.Y

5.Y

6.Y

Section B

l. feeling good about yourself can affect how you act

2. a person's body image

3. to compare themselves with others

4. Body image

5. a strong self-esteem

6. do this by making goals for yourself

II . Section A

1 . capability 2. Combination 3. Adjustment 4. ignorant 5. Hurtful 6. permanently

Section B

1.verifying

2.Varying

3.Embarrassed

4.criticized 5 . Tempt 6. prejudice

Section C

1. down

2. t0

3. about

4. with

5. through

6. of

III. Section A

1. put down because of coming back late

2. don't care about what measures you take

3. keep track of your capital/money

4. they are nothing compared with yours

5. makes us feel good about the effortswe have made in the past decade

Section B

人生在世,和“自己”相处最多,打交道最多,但是往往悟不透“自己”。人生得意之时,往往把自己估计过高,似乎一切所求的东西都能唾手可得;运气和机遇都会青睐你,成为你人生价值的一部分,这让你欣喜若狂。在不得意时,又往往把自己估计过低,把困难

和不利看作是因为自己无能。你可能认为安分守己、与世无争是明智之举,而实际上往往被怯懦的面具窒息了自己鲜活的生命。悟透自己,就是正确认识自己,做一个冷静的现实主义者,既知道自己的优势,也知道自己的不足。Ⅳ.Section A

1. The main point I'II try to make in this paper is that out state should legalize gambling.

2. The exercises that Susan does every day give her more energy to deal with the happenings of everyday Iife.

3. It's a proven fact that there is no cure yet for the common cold.

4. Another issue to be mentioned is whether the aforementionedlimitation applies to foreign oil extraction taxes.

5. Due to the easy access of internet resources in many places, the vast majority of users seek those kinds of devices easy to carry with wherever they go.

Section B

l. For one thing 2. Even after 3. Second 4. In addition 5. Thus 6. Though 7. On the other hand 8. Only when Self-Assessment 3

笫一部分:阅读判断题

1.A

2.C

3.A

4.B

5.A

6.A

7.B

8.B

9.A 10.A

第二部分:阅读选择

11.A 12.B 13.C 14.A 15.D

第三部分:概括段落大意和补全句子

16.B 17.D 18.A 19.F 20.E 21.B 22.D 23.C 24.A 25.E

第四部分:填句补文

26.F 27.C 28.E 29.B 30.A

第五部分:填词补文

31.B 32.F 33.H 34.D 35.A 36.J 37.L 38.1 39.K 40.E

第六部分:完形补文

41. dissatisfaction 42. balanced 43. Healthy 44. Vigorous 45. shameful 46. Failure 47. perception 48. comfortable 49. Impossible 50. fulfilled

第七部分:短文写作