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沪教牛津版八年级下-unit-2-body-language

Unit 2 Body language

一、重点词汇:

(一)根据汉语提示完成句子。

1. He made a rude _gesture (手势) at the driver of the other car.

2. There is no advice on how to use your body language (肢体语言).

3. When he heard the words, he gave a long sigh (叹气).

4. There is a sad expression(表情) on her face.

5. She gives the impression (印象) of being very busy.

6. She sat with her back towards (朝向) me.

7. Hold (使保持) your head up.

8. I walked over to (朝……走过去) her and put out my hand.

9. Can you come over to ( 顺便来) our school tomorrow?

10. The young man made a good impression on (给留下好印象) them.

11. The horse were running neck and neck .(齐头并进,不分上下).

12. Don’t cross (交叉) your legs when you sit, please.

Cross 作动词,意为“穿过,越过,渡过”,可直接带宾语。

Across介词,指从这边到那边平面“通过,横过”,含义与on有关。

He walked across the road to the other side.

13. What a hot day! I am a bit (有点儿) thirsty. 相当于a little或kind of,用来修饰形容词或副词。

14. His house is far away from (距离……远) the City Hall.

15. He nodded his head (点头) and smiled.

16. He said language was the key to communication. (交流的关键).

17. The people around the world (全世界) all love peace.

18. My mother gave me a kiss (吻) on the forehead.

19. They decided to set up (开办) a cooperative(合作社).

20. century 复数形式为centuries ,表示“第几世纪”要用序数词,并在前面加定冠词the .

详解及相关知识点:

6. towards 也写成toward,介词。表示“朝,向”。以-wards结尾的词表示方向的还有:forwards 朝前, backwards朝后, upwards 朝上, downwards 朝下.

7. hold v .“使保持(在某位置)”,还有“举行,召集,主持”之意。Eg. They were holding a meeting. 他们在开会。

【固定搭配】:坚持(电话)别挂,稍等hold on, 阻止hold back, 伸出hold out, 坚持hold to, 举起hold up.

(二)用所给词的适当形式填空。

1. Speech is the fastest method of _communication (communicate) between people.

2. Please think over the meaning (mean) of every single word.

3. She’s bored (boring) with her present job.

以-ed结尾的词语通常是“人”作主语,是指使人感到怎样;以-ing结尾的词通常是“事物”为主语,物本身的特性,作表语或定语。如:interested (感兴趣的),interesting(令人感兴趣的);excited(激动的),exciting(令人兴奋的);frightened(害怕的), frightening(令人害怕的)

4. Ladies (lady) and gentlemen, allow me to introduce myself.

5. Don’t worry. I’ll ring you back later (late). 副词

6. I don’t get many chances to talk (talk) to her recently. Have/get a chance to do sth. 有机会做某事,相当于have a chance of doing sth.

7. He also thinks that watching English movies is (be) a good way.

8. The people in the shop are very friendly (friend).

9. John isn’t here. Try phoning (phone) his home number.

Try doing sth. 意为“试着/尝试做某事”,看看是否行得通;try to do sth. 意为“努力/尽力做某事”,否定式为try not to do sth.

10. The man felt sorry to keep the boy waiting (wait).

Keep doing sth, 一直做某事,强调动作的持续不间断、无停顿。Eg. He kept writing until his wife came back. 他一直写到妻子回来。

Keep on doing sth. . 作“继续做某事”解,强调动作的反复重复多次,中间有间隔,即“一再做某事”。Eg. The child kept on looking at the stranger. 那孩子一次又一次地看那个陌生人。

Keep … away from 使……远离We should keep the children away from the war.

11. This type of MP4 is my favorite, but I can’t afford it.

This type of 相当于this kind of. 这种类型的……,这种……

12. ---What time do you s________ school? ----It is at 8:00.

start doing/to do sth. 开始做某事start training 开始训练

start n. 动身,出发点,开始。Start vt. 开始;启动

13. He is good at __________ (take) photos.

be good at (doing) sth. 近义词do well in . good和well的比较级都是better

be good for sb./sth. 对……有益Reading is good for you. 读书对你有好处。

Be good to 对……好(和善、慈爱,),其后一般接表示人或人格化的名词,good相当于friendly. Eg. He is very good to his neighbors.

14. I look forward to ________(hear) from you in the near future.

盼望,期待(某事)。To为介词,后面跟名词或动名词。

15. Why not practice _________(read) English?

Practice/practise doing sth. (练习做某事),不可用practice to do sth..

16. You’d better _____ (no) open the windows.

17. We should pay more attention to _______(speak) and writing.

18. What’s the meaning (mean) of Chong Yang?

19. I can see people clearly (clear) though it’s dark.

20. Western (west) people like eating beef steaks.

South-southern(adj. 南方的)-southerner(n. 南方人)

21. It seemed that you were lying (lie).

Lie 说谎lied-lied lying; lie v. 平躺,躺,lay-lain lying

22. There are many differences (difference) in table manners in different culture.

23. I want to travel, especially (especial) to English-speaking countries such as the United States and Australia.

副词,尤其,特别,格外。修饰形容词、动词等。

详解及相关知识点:

1. communicate with sb. 表示“与某人交流/沟通/联络”;communicate to sb. 表示“向某人报告/通知/传达”

2. 词语辨析:mean, means, meaning, meaningless

1)Mean是及物动词,意为“意思是……,意味着”。Eg. What does this sentence mean?

2)Means是名词,意为“方法,手段,工具”,单复同形。Is there any means of contacting him? 有没

有什么方法和他取得联系?

3)Meaning是mean的名词形式,作可数或不可数名词。What’s the meaning of the word?

4)Meaningless意为“毫无意义的”,作表语或定语。We fill up our lives with meaningless tasks. 我们

终日忙忙碌碌,过得毫无意义。

(三)单项填空。

1. If by any chance Peter comes to us, please ask him to leave a __________.

A. letter

B. sentence

C. message

D. notice

2. They decided to _____ the invitation. We were glad to hear that.

A. fix

B. accept

C. compare

D. match

3. ---Tom, you look tired this morning. _______

---I was so busy that didn’t go to bed until 12 o’clock last night.

A. Are you OK?

B. What’s wrong with you?

B. How do you like it? D. How are you?

4. I like these photos and they can _____ me ____ the life living in the countryside.

A. think, of

B. remind, of

C. let, down

D. wake, up

5. Project Hope has built many schools ____ big classrooms and libraries. A. in B. of C. for

D. with(具有,带有)

6. The sports meeting will _____ in our school next week.

A. happen(发生)

B. take off (脱下,起飞)

C. take place(发生,举行)

D. take away(拿走,带走)

happen 强调事件发生的偶然性。take place一般指有计划,事先安排的事件、事情的“发生”,没有偶然性。还有“举行”之意。

7. We’ve got no coffee. Let’s have tea _______.

A. either

B. however

C. instead of

D. instead

instead 代替,反而,可置于句末,其前不用逗号。也可置于句首,其后可用逗号,也可不用。

Instead of 代替,而不是。是介词短语,位于句中。

8. When the driver told me __________ story, I felt very happy about the ending.

A. the whole

B. whole the

C. the all

D. all

whole整个的,全部的。有冠词/指示代词/所有格等限定词时whole放在它们之后。

All 整个的,全部的。有冠词/指示代词/所有格等限定词时,all放在他们之前。

Eg. Are all the students here today?

9. ---_________ shirt do you like better, the red one or the blue one?

---I prefer the red one.

A. how much

B. How many

C. Whose

D. which

10. ---Can you swim? ---_______, I am afraid of water.

A. Yes, I can

B. No, I can’t

C. Yes, I can’t

D. No, I can

11. Beijing is one of ______ cities in the world.

A. big

B. bigger

C. biggest

D. the biggest

12. ---How do you communicate with your foreign friends?

---______ writing emails, of course.

A. with

B. By(通过某种方式)

C. At

D. From

13. That dog _____ dangerous. Don’t touch it.

A. hears

B. sounds

C. looks(看起来)

D. listens

14. ---That’s a heavy box. Can you give me a hand?

---_____. I’m strong enough to carry it.

Yes, you could B. sure C. No, thanks D. No, never mind

Sure 表示“可以,当然,没问题”,常用来答应他人的请求、询问,相当于Yes./Ok./Great./Certainly./Of course.

Sure 用作副词,意为“确实,无疑”,用语加强语气。Things sure have changed a lot.事情确实发生了很大变化。

15.---It’s a nice day, isn’t it?

---Yes. _______ going hiking and relaxing ourselves?

A. Why not

B. Why don’t

C. What about

16. ---A nice day today, isn’t it?

---Yes. _______ go for a picnic and relax ourselves?

A. Would you like

B. Why not

C. What about

D. Why don’t

【固定搭配】Would you like to do…? What about doing?

Why not do…? Why don’t +人称代词+do…?

17. ---Where would you like to go on your summer holiday, Mike?

---I’d like to go _______.

A. nowhere interesting

B. interesting anywhere

C. somewhere interesting

D. interesting somewhere

18. ---Do you know what the girl in white is?

---I’m not sure. _____ she is a doctor.

A. Can be

B. Possible

C. Maybe

D. May be

Maybe 副词,用于句首,与possibly, perhaps同义,在句中常作状语。

May be 情态动词may加上动词be构成,在句中通常用作谓语。

19. ---Don’t forget ____ your history and politics books tomorrow morning. ---Thanks. I won’t.

A. bring

B. to bring

C. bringing

D. brings

20. ---The dish is delicious!

---Well, at least it’s as ___ as the one I cooked yesterday.

A. good

B. well

C. better

good 是形容词,意思是好的,好可以作定语表语常放在名词前起修饰限定的作用

well 常用作副词意思是“好地”也可指身体健康的,“无病的”,通常不做定语,可以作表语,常放在动词之后。

21. The new kind of ring is ___ expensive. I don’t have ____ money.

A. too much, much too

B. much too, too much

C. too many, too much

D. much too, much too

much too 太,中心词too,修饰形容词/副词。

Too much 太多的,中心词much,修饰不可数名词/动词。Too many,修饰复数名词。I have too many questions to ask.

So many 如此多,中心词many,修饰复数名词。There are so many cars in the street here.

22. ---Listen, the music _____ sweet.

---It’s Yesterday Once More, my favorite.

A. sounds(听起来)

B. smells

C. feels

详解及相关知识点:

1. 词语辨析:news, information, message

News 不可数名词,“消息,新闻”,特别指报纸、广播、电视中报道的事件,强调“新鲜,及时”。Eg.

I have some good news for you. 我有好消息告诉你。

Information 不可数名词,“信息,情报,资料”,指情报信息,侧重于内容。Eg. There is much information in this book. 这本书里有许多资料。

News和information都是不可数名词,前不可用a(an)one等修饰,表示数量时,可用a piece of或some/several pieces of修饰。

Message 可数名词,“口信,短信,信息,电文”

【固定搭配】: 留信leave a message 给……捎个信儿take a message for …

2. 词语辨析:accept, receive

Accept表示主动而且高兴地接受,receive表示被动地收到,但不一定接受。

She has received his present, but she will not accept it.

3. What’s wrong with…?是医生询问病情或询问某人一些不愉快地事情地交际用语。What’s the matter (with sb.)? 与What’s wrong (with sb.)?同义“某人怎么了?”

4. 使某人回想起或意识到某事remind sb. of sth.; 提醒某人去做某事remind sb. To do sth. ; “提醒某人……” remind sb.+从句;提醒某人某事remind sb. About sth.