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K201603《英语2》复习题

厦门大学网络教育2015-2016学年第二学期

《英语2》课程复习题

I. Reading Comprehension:

Passage One

Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage.

Humans are the dominant species on the planet Earth. Their numbers are increasing rapidly. They are no longer restricted by their environment, as they can live in the most hostile of deserts or the bitter cold of Antarctica (南极洲).

Human culture is heavily based on the earth’s natural resources --- oil, coal and metals; soil, water and forest. Industrialized society is using increasing amount of these resources each year. Governments and industrialists strive for (奋斗)economic growth for factories and mines to produce more each year than they did in the previous year. But fuels and metals and, to a lesser extent, the soils are non-renewable resources. Once used, they are gone for ever. In many cases the lifetime of these resources is coming to an end.

Factories and machines create wastes. These wastes are poured into the atmosphere, the water and even into soil. The damaging effect of this pollution is, in some cases, permanent(永久的).

To reduce pollution creates further problems. Factories may have to be redesigned or even pulled down. This costs money and may mean loss of livelihood for many workers.

Modern technology is creating an additional problem and it is making industry more and more automatic. This means that fewer and fewer people are needed to operate factories and offices. The consequent loss of jobs is a worldwide problem and Western society is still struggling to find the answer.

This introduction gives you some idea of the topics to be discussed in detail in this chapter.

1. This passage is most probably written as ________.

A) a self-contained(独立的)chapter B) the beginning part of a certain chapter

C) the middle part of a certain chapter D) the last part of a certain chapter

2. Which of the following topics is NOT discussed in the passage?

A) Overpopulation. C) Natural resources.

B) Unemployment. D) Industrial pollution.

3. According to the passage, some natural resources like fuels and metals ________.

A) will soon be used up C) are no longer new

B) can not be used at present D) will never be gone

4. According to the passage, more and more people are becoming jobless because of ________.

A) industrial automation C) economic growth

B) shortage of natural resources D) none of the above

5. What does “the answer” at the end of Para. 5 mean? It means ________.

A) the development of modern technology B) the solution to unemployment

C) the application of automation D) the way to reduce pollution

Passage Two

1

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