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新世纪大学英语综合教程1课后答案(全)

新世纪大学英语综合教程1课后答案(全)

(I)Working with Words and Expressions

2. (1) obtain (2) confident (3) communicate (4) advantage

(5) relevant (6) helpful (7) extreme (8) enjoyable

(9) means (10) process (11) particularly (12) characters

(13) astonished (14) apparently

3. (1) fond of (2) is…related to (3) according to

(4) To a certain degree (5) vice versa (6) no doubt

(7) rid… of (8) cleare d up (9) or else

(10) at all costs (11) sure enough (12) let alone

(13) similar to (14) It’s no use (15) in my opinion(16) was worth (II)Increasing Your Word Power

1. (1) c (2) d (3) b (4) b (5) b (6) d

2. (1) highly/very (2) quite/very (3) quite/very/increasingly (4) quite/simply/very

3.

新世纪大学英语综合教程1课后答案(全)

4.No Mistake

especial→especially

necessarily →necessary

frequent → frequently

No Mistake

ea sily → easy

No Mistake

i ndividually → individual

m uch → many

h igh → highly

a pparently → apparent

r emarkably → remarkable

p robable → probably

No Mistake

(III)Grammar

Task 1:

(1)would/should (2) should/would (3) might (4) would

(5) must (6) can’t (7) should would (8) must

Task 2:

(1)We passed the afternoon very pleasantly, roller-skating in the sun and talking

about our childhood under a tree. / The afternoon passed very pleasantly, while we roller-skated in the sun and talked about our childhood under a tree.

(2)On entering the lecture hall, I was surprised at the size of the crowd. / When I

entered the lecture hall, I was surprised at the size of the crowd.

(3)When I was only a small boy, my father took me to Beijing and we had a lot of

fun together.

(4)To write well, a person must read good books.

(IV)Cloze

(1) doubt (2) efficient (3) where (4) advantage (5) afford (6) claim (7) fluently (8) qualified (9) extent (10) ridiculous (11) perfect (12) as (13) because (14) individual

(V)Translation

1. Translate the sentences

(1) The baby can’t even crawl yet, let alone walk.

(2) Will claimed he was dining with a group of friends at the time of the murder, but in my opinion he told a lie.

(3) To a certain extent the speed of reading is closely related to reading skills; and with reading skills you can cope with outside class reading better.

(4) According to the regulation/rule, they both can play the game/participate in the game.

(5) Some people assume that there is a Chinese equivalent for every Japanese word.

(6) We have passed all the relevant information on to the police.

(7) There/ It is no use asking me any more questions about that matter because I won’t answer.

(8) It was a mistake on Jim’s part to sign the contract without reading it carefully.

(9) They refused to provide us with all the information we need.

(10) This accident is very similar to the one that happened three years ago.

(11) The film is based on a play by/ of Shakespeare.

(12) If you have a good command/ mastery of English and computer skills, you will surely have an advantage over others in finding a job/ in job-hunting.

2. Translate the paragraph

近年来英语教学法有了很大的改变,但是还是有大量的教学活动建立在行为主义心理学基础之上。那些信奉行为主义心理学理论的教师热衷于让学生复述短语,并迫使学生做一些只需不断更换句中某个词的练习。假如我们是鹦鹉或黑猩猩,那么这些方法或许能奏效。但我们不是。人类的语言交际必须是真实、有意义的。

新世纪大学英语综合教程1课后答案(全)

Enhance Your Language Awareness

(VI)Working with Words and Expressions

2. (1) create (2) conflict (3) involved (4) overcame

(5) have survived (6) attend (7) frowned (8) wander

(9) guilty (10) sustained (11) survey (12) awkward

(13) recall (14) terrified (15) insurance (16) Adapting

3. (1) was sick of (2) choking back (3) Compared with

(4) settled into (5) would give anything (6) in the midst of

(7) in his own right (8) on my own (9) fit in with

(10) grew apart from (11) No wonder (12) staying up

(13) was annoyed with (14) was scared of (15) in trouble (16) For instance (VII)Increasing Your Word Power

1. (1) possessive (2) overprotective (3) frustrated (4) possessive

(5) lenient strict (6) rebellious (7) frustrated (8) restless

(9) stubborn

2. (1) survey (2) sustain (3) attend (4) terrify (5) wrap (6) recall

新世纪大学英语综合教程1课后答案(全)

4. (1) dangerous (2) ironic (3) fury (4) heroic (5) adventure fame (VIII)Grammar

Task 2:

1.×(argue with each other)

2. ×(The accident happened….)

3. ×(enjoy it)

4.√

5. √

6. ×(shouted at)

7. √

8. √

新世纪大学英语综合教程1课后答案(全)

(IX)Cloze

(1) beamed (2) honorable (3) awkward (4) protested (5) complaints

(6) compliments (7) stubborn (8) frowned (9) recall (10)panicked

(11) insurance (12) surveyed (13) groaning (14) recognition

(X)Translation

1. Translate the sentences

1)Many teachers frowned on this practice.

2)An old man glared at me when I was trying to cut across the lawn.

3)When I mentioned my father, she showed a smile of recognition on her face.

4)My firstborn was quite obedient, whereas my younger child was very stubborn. I

can still recall now how the younger child insisted on going abroad to study after he finished his secondary school.

5)Countries in South East Asia sustained great losses when the tsunami struck the

area.

6)Every time the mother tries to compare the younger brother with his elder brother,

the younger one will protest.

7)He found himself unable to fit in with his classmates when he first came to this

school.

8)The fury on her face terrified me. I dared not say no to her again.

9)No wonder you ended up in trouble. You never followed your parents’ advice.

10)It took him two years to adapt to the new environment.

2. Translate the paragraph

我还是个婴儿的时候,我的父母就搬到了佛蒙特州。我那温文尔雅的父亲在那儿的一个小镇上毫不张扬地开业行医了。很快,他就赢得了当地人对他的尊敬。我每到一处,也被人尊称为埃普利医生的儿子。一开始我很高兴同学和老师们因为我有一个受人尊敬的父亲而善待我,但随着我的长大,事情起了变化。我开始讨厌父亲的好名声像影子一样跟着我。我要独立。我变得顽固倔强又反叛,还开始对我父亲直呼其名,令他伤透了心。但有一天,发生了一件事令我的态度彻底改变了。

新世纪大学英语综合教程1课后答案(全)

Enhance Your Language Awareness

(XI)Working with Words and Expressions

1. (1) reveals (2) behaving (3) handle (4) influenced

(5) satisfied (6) entertain (7) inherit (8) affect

(9) confronted (10) sought (11) isolated (12) restrict

(13) optimistic (14) selfish (15) sensitive

2. (1) summed up (2) have an impact on (3) respond to (4) In general (5) falls into (6) at work (7) shut off from (8) in control of (9) free from (10) in good shape

3. (2) combination (3) seek (4) specific (5) restrict (6) vary

(7) expand (8) growth (9) company (10) dominate (11) opportunity (XII)Increasing Your Word Power

1. (1) aggressive, sarcastic, harsh, negative

(2) magical, mystical

(3) negative, critical

(4) magical, outgoing, optimistic

(5) intellectual

2. (1) Evidently (2) individually (3) absolutely

(4) consistently/evidently/absolutely (5) Consequently

(6) mentally, physically (7) probably/absolutely (8) eagerly enthusiastically (9) easily (10) Normally

新世纪大学英语综合教程1课后答案(全)

(1) submissive (2) aggressive (3) possession (4) created

(5) negative (6) defense (7) sensitive

(XIII)Grammar

Task 1: (1) all (2) many (3) a (4) much (5) some (6) every (7) an (8) any

新世纪大学英语综合教程1课后答案(全)

新世纪大学英语综合教程1课后答案(全)

(XIV)Cloze

(1) indicate (2) responds (3) reflect (4) absolutely (5) preference

(6) harsh (7) specific (8) traits (9) individual (10) immature

(11) effort (12) persistent (13) achieve (14) inherits

(XV)Translation

1. Translate the sentences

11)William likes the girl a lot so he tries very hard to impress her and is optimistic

that he will win her heart.

12)He is very creative and has a good vision of the future, but he likes to keep things

to himself.

13)They came from a poor village where people were shut off from modern

civilization.

14)We must work hard and make an effort to achieve the goals that we have set.

15)We should learn to be content with all that we have and should not be too critical

about things around us.

16)They often represent our school in debating competitions; tonight we will throw a

party to celebrate their success.

17)Through reading, not only has he expanded his horizon, he has also learned to

keep improving his character.

18)Two policemen sacrificed their lives in order to save that girl from the fire.

19)A stable relationship without conflicts between husband and wife benefits the

children in the family.

2. Translate the paragraph

虽然有许多关于性格的理论,但是任何一个都没有绝对地对错之分,因为每个心理学家对性格的观点都有所不同。所以,除非某个人已有明显的症状,否则很难断定这个人患有精神疾病。心里学家普遍认可绝大多数人是因为过度的压力才引起情感和精神上的疾病。所以重要的是人们要去寻找可以让自己放松、开心的方法。

(XVI)Enjoy English

Across: 1. optimistic 2. opportunity 3. expand 4. represent 5. mature Down: 6.outgoing 7.consistently 8.intellectual 9.primary 10.inherit 11.affect

新世纪大学英语综合教程1课后答案(全)

Enhance Your Language Awareness

(XVII)Working with Words and Expressions

2. (1) exclaimed (2) arrange (3) aroused (4) resembles

(5) volunteered (6) appreciate (7) requires (8) cracked

(9) miracle (10) victims (11) precious (12) delicate

(13) expected (14) interviewed

3. (1) take over (2) get through (3) no way (4) Leave off (5) put…together (6) in touch with (7) No sooner…than (8) in advance (9) looking forward to (10) arrange for (11) in contrast (12) took on (13) made sure (14) move in (15) in the hands of (16) go with (17) in poverty

(XVIII)Increasing Your Word Power

1. (1) commission (2) smashed (3) smash (4) volunteered

(5) spill (6) crash (7) contrast (8) commission

(9) spilt (10) volunteer (11) contrasts (12) crashed

2. (1) e (2) e (3) a (4) a (5) c (6) d

3. (1) happy (2) impulsive (3) carelessness (4) calmness (5) firm

(6) illness (7) awareness (8) weakness (9) submissive

(XIX)Grammar

Task 2:

No Mistake

has lived → has been living

enjoyed → enjoys

No Mistake

have tried → tried

No Mistake

No Mistake

No Mistake

visit → have been visiting

has been liking → likes

got → had I got

broke → had broken

No Mistake

No Mistake

had suffered → was suffering

No Mistake

received → have been receiving

No Mistake

has insisted on → insisted

No Mistake

No Mistake

(XX)Cloze

(1) chilly (2) sooner (3) than (4) exclaimed (5) fabric

(6) delicate (7) joints (8) that (9) miracle (10) sacrificed

(11) precious (12) loving

(XXI)Translation

1. Translate the sentences

20)Let’s get in touch as soon as we know the results of the test / exam.

21)The music aroused an intense feeling of homesickness in him.

22)You’ve been working all morning— you deserve a rest now.

23)I had no sooner lain down than the telephone rang. / No sooner had I lain down

than the telephone rang.

24)My doctor says I’m too tired and has advised me not to take on any more work.

25)Jenny volunteered to clear up after the gathering.

26)The subject of the talk is announced a week in advance, but the name of the

speaker is not.

27)Your performance in the exam did not reach the required standard —in other

words, you failed.

28)She was so ill that she had to leave off work.

29)There is no way to tell what is going to happen. The case is in the hands of the

judge, and all we could do is to wait.

2. Translate the paragraph

当人们变得很老时,像祖父母或曾父母那样,他们有时不再能够照顾自己。他们会生病,或者摔倒而折断股骨,或者他们根本都不记得该如何穿睡衣。有时候虽然有些老人看起来还健康,但是因为他们自己独居,所以觉得很孤单。这时候全家人要碰个头,商讨一下让他们日渐衰老的家人去养老院居住是否是一个较好的办法,因为在那里他们可以得到更好的照顾。

新世纪大学英语综合教程1课后答案(全)

Enhance Your Language Awareness

(XXII)Working with Words and Expressions

2. (1) senior (2) defined (3) occur (4) options

(5) disturbed (6) soak (7) tossed (8) navigate

(9) matters (10) depressed

3. (1) became well acquainted with (2) took us by surprise (3) gather our thoughts (4) turned out (5) hang up (6) in reality

(7) In spite of

(8) lit up (9) hemmed and hawed (10) turned into

(XXIII)Increasing Your Word Power

1. (1) a (2) e (3) c (4) e

(5) b (6) d (7) d (8) b

2. (1) covered (2) fears (3) covers (4) attack (5) fears (6) attacks

(7) visits; visited (8) touched (9) chat (10) touch

(11)match

(12) chats (13) match

3. (1) astonishment (2) accomplishments (3) have improved (4) appointment

(5) excitement (6) advertisements (7) developments (8) argue

(9) enjoyed (10) encouragement

(XXIV)Grammar

Task 2:

1) I saw the door open 2) the office had been broken into

3) quite a few things had been stolen 4) had already come back to the office 5) the 200 dollars he had locked in his drawer was gone 6) had just bought

7) A few computers in the office had been stolen

(XXV)Cloze

(1) recent (2) surprise (3) sad (4) keeping (5) disturbing (6) inquiries (7) admitted (8) occurred (9) surgery (10) options (11) tightly (12) soaking (13) scent (14) gatherings

(XXVI)Translation

1. Translate the sentences

30)We are good friends; however, he kept such an important matter from me, which

took me by surprise.

31)It doesn’t matter if you can not get full marks for the exam; what matters is not to

lose confidence in yourself.

32)He chatted with me last night and assured me that the disease was not hard to cure

and that nobody had ever died of it.

33)She was determined to overcome all the obstacles in her life with a will of iron.

34)It turned out that he had already received my money, but did not acknowledge the

receipt of it on purpose. This really drove me crazy.

35)He is a shy and silent boy. Before he went onto the stage to share his experiences,

he sat quietly in a corner of the auditorium, gathering his thoughts.

36)He admitted on the spot that he would go overseas for further study as he believed

overseas education would open the door to his future research.

37)Mary’s uncle’s face lit up when he saw his neice had turned into a pretty young

lady in just a few years.

2. Translate the paragraph

我回去看我外婆的时候,她非常高兴地看到我已长成一个健壮的小伙子。我们一起聊天,回忆我小时候的一些事情。谈到一半的时候,外婆突然叹了一口气说,“大概以后再也见不到你了。”她的话使我震惊得拱起了眉头,不明白她为什么说出这么令人不安的话来。我们静静地坐了一会,外婆的眼里噙满泪水,她终于告诉我说,医生诊断出她得了严重的心脏病,已经发作了好几次,也一直在治疗,但情况一点也没有进展。我怪外婆一直把这坏消息瞒着我,并告诉她一定会有办法医治的,她却摇头否认。我伸出双臂抱着外婆,多么希望我们能在一起度过更多的时间。

新世纪大学英语综合教程1课后答案(全)

Enhance Your Language Awareness

(XXVII)W orking with Words and Expressions

2. (1) delivered (2) released (3) permission (4) rented (5) miserable

(6) exploded (7) pressed (8) motion (9) barely (10) enthusiasm

(11) knelt (12) request (13) policy (14) necessities

3. (1) go wrong (2) broke down

(3) on my way to (4) by himself

(5) in time (6) set the stage for

(7) set out for (8) make fun of

(9) pleaded for (10) in disbelief

(XXVIII)Increasing Your Word Power

1. (1) specialized (2) large (3) eat (4) go (5) sociable (6) wide

2. merril y→miserably

boring→interesting

carelessly→carefully

monotonously→cheerfully

unpleasantly→pleasantly

lively→dull

satisfactory→unsatisfactory

sternly→kindly

tiny→huge

traditional→modern

regular→irregular

empty→occupied

(1) sternly (2) miserably (3) cheerfully (4) carelessly (5) tiny (6) irregular (7) unsatisfactory (8) occupied (9) boring/dull (10) traditional

3. (1) slapped (2) present (3) lit (4) whispered (5) slap (6) presented (7) ordered (8) light (9) listed (10) motioned (11) supply (12) order (13) list (14) supply (15) motion (16) wonder (17) whispers (18) wondering

4. (1) personality; sensitivity; loyalty

(2) frailty

(3) complexity

(4) Mutuality

(5) stupidity

(6) regularity

(7) reality

(8) specialty / speciality

(XXIX)Cloze

(1) supplies (2) fun (3) permission (4) necessities (5) rundown (6) decorated (7) straight (8) item (9) overwhelmed (10) embraced

(XXX)Translation

1. Translate the sentences

38)Straighten up! Your feet should keep time to the rhythm of the music.

39)She slipped a note into his hand. He was very unhappy after reading it, as he

thought that she was making fun of him.

40)The thief pleaded for our mercy when he was caught. He said he had stolen the

food because his mother was starving to death and there was barely any food left in the house.

41)They have made a request for more electricity supplies, which we should satisfy in

order to release them from the pressure they are under.

42)They made the rounds with the wine bottle; each took a gulp and then they set out

for the forest.

43)My TV set broke down; I have ordered a new one online and the shop is going to

have it delivered to the door.

44)His words made everyone unhappy and stop eating. After a while, they resumed

eating, but they all looked as if something was weighing on their minds.

45)We stared at him in disbelief, astonished that someone as gentle as he is could

interrupt us so rudely.

2. Translate the paragraph

去年圣诞节前夜,我们的旅途诸多不顺。当我们住进尼斯一家肮脏而昏暗的旅馆时,我们的心中已无任何圣诞节的感觉而言。我们进入一家看上去很乏味的饭馆吃饭时,情况一点也没有好转。但是,在这沉闷饭馆中度过的不愉快的夜晚最后却变成我们所度过的最好的圣诞前夜,这一切都是因为那个充满了圣诞精神的美国水手。他将我们心中被愤怒和失望压抑的爱和欢乐释放出来,他带给了我们圣诞节。

新世纪大学英语综合教程1课后答案(全)

Enhance Your Language Awareness

(XXXI)Working with Words and Expressions

2. (1) facilitate (2) tends (3) hurt (4) ensure (5) blessed

(6) trembled (7) curiously (8) failure (9) invention

3. (1) by no means (2) take it for granted

(3) contribute to (4) at his disposal

(5) resort to (6) take into account

(7) arise from (8) has given rise to

(9) switched off (10) deal with

(11) breezed through (12) had gone by

(13) To my surprise (14) carried away

(15) come into play (16) In my view

(XXXII)I ncreasing Your Word Power

1. skip→jump

affect→influence

uncommon→rare

physiological→physical

deserted→alone

reply→respond

blame→scold

conscientious→serious

significant→meaningful

career→profession

arise→rise

need→require

assist→help

(1) jumps/ jumped (2) respond (3) career (4) required (5) arise (6) assisted (7) affected (8) deserted (9) serious (10) rare (11) scolded (12) significant (13) physiological

新世纪大学英语综合教程1课后答案(全)

新世纪大学英语综合教程1课后答案(全)

新世纪大学英语综合教程1课后答案(全)

(1) technological, technology

(2) essence, essential

(3) personal, person

(4) hysterical, hysteria

(5) traditional, tradition

(XXXIII)Grammar Review

Task 3:

(1) the →d

(2) a →f

(3) the →e

(4) the →b

(5) the →c

(6) a → a

(7) a →j

(8) the →g

(9) the →h

(10) an →i

(XXXIV)Cloze

(1) vital (2) blessed (3) technological (4) facilitate (5) factors (6) tend (7) rate (8) uncommon (9) unconsciously (10) ensure (11) burden (12) Concentration (13) range (14) switch

(XXXV)Translation

1. Translate the sentences

46)Whenever we start a new job, there are bound to be a lot of things we may not be

familiar with.

47)This new medicine/ drug has successfully been used on animals, but this doesn’t

mean that it can be applied to humans.

48)His failure to win the first prize in the speech competition is largely due to his lack

of confidence.

49)To the general public, depression can be easily confused with stress, as it may be a

response to some types of stress.

50)It is becoming increasingly difficult for world food production to keep pace with

the continuing growth of the world’s population.

51)To successfully get a job, a lot of factors need to come into play, including your

skills, diploma and work experience.

2. Translate the paragraph

回应式聆听的关键是要能够不加论断地聆听,即为理解而听,而不是为达成一致而听。我们如何可以成为更专心及回应式的听众呢?过程是这样的。坐在说

话人的对面,身体放松,注意力集中。让说话人开始讲述他正经历或想要分享的情感或具体的想法。对言语或非言语的信息都要注意。当说话人说完四五句话的时候,打断说话人,说,“让我看看我有没有听明白你的话。”然后,用你自己的话重复你刚才所听到的信息或感受的情感:“你刚才说…”, “你的感觉是…”, “我说得对吗?”如果说话人说不对,则要求说话人澄清一下你没听明白或听错的部分。当你们两个都明白后,说话人就可以继续说下面的几句话,回应的过程又重新开始。记住:说话人和听话人的目的都是为了理解,而不是达成一致。

新世纪大学英语综合教程1课后答案(全)

Enhance Your Language Awareness

(XXXVI)Working with Words and Expressions

2. (1) compromise (2) scheduled (3) steered (4) frame (5) demonstrated (6) employ (7) promote (8) impressed (9) confirmed (10) deliberately (11) financial (12) economic

3. (1) makes a point of (2) make the most of

(3) lead to (4) at hand

(5) to begin with (6) Last but not least

(7) took…. down (8) In addition to

(9) takes pains to (10) came to

(11) pointed out (12) paid off

4. Across:

(1) scored (2) scheduled (3) debate (4) motivate

(5) crucial (6) promote (7) performed (8) assigned

Down:

(9) scanned (10) devised (11) advocated (12) clarify

(13) priorities (14) comprised (15) context (16) undertook

(XXXVII)Increasing Your Word Power

1. (1) principal / major (2) top (3) major (4) top (5) principal (6) major (7) schedule (8) advocate / have advocated (9) top

(10) approach (11) blame (12) major / principal (13) advocate

(14) schedule (15) blame (16) approaching

2.

新世纪大学英语综合教程1课后答案(全)

新世纪大学英语综合教程1课后答案(全)

新世纪大学英语综合教程1课后答案(全)

3. set priorities / timetables / standards / an exam / an alarm / an example / a price / a record / limits

4. (1) edition (2) revisions (3) addition (4) anticipation

(5) frustration (6) recreations (7) association (8) expectations (XXXVIII)Grammar Review

Task 1:

(1) the

(2) the

(3) the, the

(4) the, the

(5)/

(6) /

(7) /

(8) the

(9) /

(10) The

(11) /

(12) /

(13) /

Task 2:

(1)The, the, /

(2)The, /, the, /, the, the

(3)/, the, the, the, /

(4)/, the, the, /

(5)The, the, /, the, /, /

(6)The, /, /, /

(XXXIX)Cloze

(1) academic (2) priorities (3) conducted (4) principles (5) begin (6) priority (7) compromised (8) addition (9) filing (10) Speaking (11) formula (12) Participation/ Participating (13) based (14) least (15) way (16) pressures

(XL)Translation

1. Translate the sentences

52)The judge asked the reporters not to disclose the name of the victim.

53)The teacher took pains to make sure that we all understood what he said.

54)Recently the school conducted a survey among those students who have attained

academic excellence.

55)He said he would accept the job, so we have asked him to confirm his acceptance

by writing us a letter.

56)George studies very hard. He wants to make the most of his chance to learn.

57)We can’t go. To begin with, it’s too cold. Besides, we’re busy.

58)It’s about time that someone spoke up for these basic truths / facts.

59)Don’t say it is profitless to do this. The effort will pay off in the long run.

2. Translate the paragraph

据一位教育学方面的专家所言,高智商的学生有时并没有智商较低的学生学习成绩好。因为学习对这些学生而言是一件较轻松的事情,所以他们从来不会去探究如何认真学习。

当然努力学习也不能保证成绩优异。“这不是由你手捧书本,端坐桌前多久而决定的。你要坐在那里认真读书才行。”一位全优生如是说。事实是有些优等生学习时间不多但是成绩却比其他同学高。