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大学英语新课标新时代第三册Unit2 The freedom givers知识总结

a. having no clothing on the body;nude;having no covering,especially the usual one;being without addition,concealment,disguise,or embellishment裸体的;无遮盖的,赤裸裸的;直率的;露骨

【辨析】naked,bare,nuke

都含“没有衣物或必需的遮蔽物的”、“赤裸”的意思。naked指“没有必需物遮盖的”、“全裸或身体某部分裸的”,语气较强,如:She was completely naked.她一丝不挂。 nude比naked 更正式,只用于人,指“一丝不挂的”、“全裸的”,如:She doesn’t like nude swimming. 她不喜欢裸泳。 bare指“没遮蔽物的”(指物)、“部分裸体的”(指人),如:a tree bare of leaves 光秃秃的树;bare arms赤臂

transport

v.carry from one place to another;convey.运输;运送

The goods were transported by train.

货物是用火车来运输的。

Trains transport the coal to the ports.火车把煤运到港口。

abolish

vt. do away with;destroy completely取消;废除;废止;革除 Should the death penalty be abolished? 应当废除死刑吗?

【辨析】dismiss意为“解散,开除”;abolish意为“废除法律、制度”;eliminate意为排除,淘

汰”;dispose意为“处理,处置”,和介词of连用。译文:我们得把这堆旧报纸和杂志处理掉。

settlement

1) n. a place where people have come to settle新村落,定居地,拓居地 These tools ale found in an early Iron Age settlement.

这些工具是在早期石器时代的村落发现的。

2)all agreement or decision ending an argument, question, etc. 争执、问题等的解决;和解The management has reached a settlement with the union over the pay dispute.

资方与工会就工资纠纷达成了协议。

Key Phrases:

stand up (for)

坚决维护;捍卫If you stand up for someone or something, you defend them and make your feelings or opinions very clear.

They stood up for what they believed to be right...他们坚决捍卫自己认为是对的事。

Don't be afraid to stand up for yourself. 要敢于维护自己的权利。

区别:

stand up

(1)(要求或证据)经得起检验,能够成立If something such as a claim or a piece of evidence stands up, it is accepted as true or satisfactory after being carefully examined.

He made wild accusations that did not stand up... 他的指控毫无根据,根本站不住脚。

How well does this thesis stand up to close examination? 这个命题经得起推敲吗?