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大学英语新课标新时代第三册Unit2 The freedom givers知识总结

第三册Unit2 The freedom givers

A208第二组

Key Words:

impose: 1) place a (penalty, tax, etc.) officially on sb./sth.

e.g: The government has made a decision to impose a further tax on wines and spirits.

The local government tried to impose fines on the factories which poured

untreated waste into the river.

2) try to make sb. accept (an opinion or belief)

e.g: I wouldn't want to impose my religious convictions on anyone.

It may not be wise for parents to impose their own tastes on their children.

Liberate: set from (used in the pattern: liberate sb./ sth. from)

e.g. The central government authorized $200 billion to construct new dams to generate ch eap hydro-electric power. 他被授权发表下列声明

He was authorized to issue the following statement. An authorized agent指定的代理人.

Have authority over…对…有权利 By the authority of 蒙…的许可 An academic authority 学术权威 Authorities concerned有关当局

exploit: 1)n. brave and adventurous deed or action(usu. pl)功绩,业绩

e.g. The general?s wartime exploits were later made into a film and a television series.

My grandfather entertained us with stories of wartime exploits. vt. 1) to use (esp. a person) unfai rly for one?s own profit 剥削

e.g. The cruel boss exploited the poor by making them work for less pay.

2) to use or develop (a thing) fully so as to get profit

e.g. to exploit the oil under the sea n. exploitation

disguise:

1) give sb./ sth. a false appearance

(used in the pattern: disguise sb./ sth. as…) 假扮,伪装

e.g. Mulan disguised herself as a man so she could fight on the battlefield. Jack escaped acro ss the border disguised as a priest.

2) hide (the real state of things) 伪装,掩饰,隐藏

It is impossible to disguise the fact that the business is bad. 16. in the eyes of: in the opinio n of , in one?s opinion

e.g. In the eyes of students, Richard is a sensible and reliable teacher.

In the eye of my parents, I?m still a young person although I am already in my

thirties.

peer: look closely or carefully , esp. as if unable to see well ( followed by at/

through/ into, etc.)凝视,盯着看

e.g. She peered through the mist, trying to find the right path. He peered at me over the t op of his glasses.

He peered into his parents` room and found they were quarrelling.

bid: say, wish ( bid----bid----bid bid----bad----bidden)说,致意

e.g. He bad me good morning as he passed . 2) order or tell 命令,吩咐

naked