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仁爱英语七年级上册知识点讲解及随堂练习

(一)重点词汇

1.反义词:small - big / large? ?long - short ?? black - white? ?tall - short? ? new – old

2.my/your/his/her favorite film star??????? 我的/你的/他的/她的最喜爱的电影明星

注意:favorite 前用形容词性物主代词(如:my我的;your你的/你们的;his 他的;her她的,等)而不是人称代词!

http://www.wendangku.net/doc/6cff61a2c950ad02de80d4d8d15abe23492f0317.htmle from =be from????来自、出生于

4.look different???????长得不像

5.in the same grade/school? 在同一个年级/学校

in different grades/schools?? 在不同年级/学校

6.have / has 有;吃;喝

You have big eyes. 你有一双大眼睛。

She has small eyes. 她有一双小眼睛。

7.long 长的 long hair 长头发

8.short 短的 short hair 短头发

9. big 大的 big nose 大鼻子

10. small 小的 small nose 小鼻子

11. round 圆的 round face 圆圆的脸

12. wide 宽的 wide face 宽宽的脸

13. we 我们 We have small mouths.

我们都有小嘴巴。

(二)重点句型

1.I have a big nose = My nose is big.

? I have big eyes. = My eyes are big.

? She has a big nose. = Her nose is big.

? She has big eyes. = Her eyes are big.

2. Who’s that boy那个男孩是谁?

这是由Who引导的特殊疑问句,询问某人的身份。

如:Who’s that girl over there

Who’s 是Who is 的缩写形式。名词和代词和am ,is ,are ,have ,has 的连词都可以使用缩写形式。助动词和情态动词的否定形式也可以缩写。如:

Who is =Who’s Who are =Who’re What is =What’s What are = What’re

That is =That’s can not=can’t do not =don’t does not =doesn’t

Tom is =Tom’s they are =they’re

3. Where is he from 他来自哪里?

此句是where引导的特殊疑问句,旨在询问别人的家乡在哪里或对方的出生地。询问“(某人)是哪里人”,常用Where …from结构。be from相当于come from ,因此上句可改为:Where does he come from

4. That’s right. 是的,你说的对。

That’s right是对某一观点、判断或回答作评判的用语,或对对方的说法表示赞同,常用That’s right, 表示“是的,对了,你说的对”等意思。有时也可以用You’re right或Right, OK来代替。如:

—Are you in Class One 你在一班吗?

—That’s right.是的/ 没错。

5. I’m thirteen years old. = I’m at the age of thirteen. 我13岁了。

6.Please give this letter to Maria. She is in Class Four, Grade Seven. 请把这封信给玛丽亚,她在七年级四班。

(1)give 动词,“给”。give sth. to sb.

“把某物给某人”相当于give sb. sth. 。

如:Please give this knife to Zhang Hua.

Please give Zhang Hua this knife.

(2) Class Four, Grade Seven “七年级四班”,英语中一般先说小的地方,后说大的地方。这就是英语和汉语语序的区别。

7. Sorry, I don’t know her.

对不起,我不认识她。

(1)I’m sorry是英语中最常用的交际礼貌用语之一,意为“对不起”,口语中也可直接用Sorry。

(2) I don‘t know her.我不认识她。其中, know 有两种意思,一是“知道”,二是“认识”。在此句中,就是第二个意思。

如:I don't know how to do this work.

我不知道如何去做这项工作。

Do you know this man

你认识这个人吗?

8. What does she look like

她长什么样子?

这是用来询问人的外貌的句型,可根据人的外貌特征直接进行回答。如:—What does he look like

— He has a round face and big eyes.

句中look like “看起来像……”,look为连系动词, 意为“看起来”,“看上去”,like 为介词,意为“像……”

如:I look like my mother.

辨析:

look like / be like

(1)look like“看起来像”“看上去像……”,指“外观像……”。

(2)be like“像……一样”,指“品质、性格。”

如:What does he look like

他长什么样子?

What is he like

他是一个什么样的人?

(三)重点语法

have/has 的用法。

动词have作为"有"使用时,表示"某人(物)有……"用于第一、二人称单数I、you和复数主语,其单数第三人称形式为has,用于第三人称单数he、she、it 和单数主语。

肯定句:主语+have / has+宾语。例如:

1. I have an English book.

2. Lily has a dog.

3. They have many friends.

否定句:在have、has后直接加not。主语+have not / has not+宾语。例如:

1. You have not a red car.

2. She has not a new bike.

3. Lily and lucy have not a big family.

一般疑问句: 在美语中,要借助于助动词变为问句和否定句,但has要变为have。在作回答时也要用do或does的形式。

否定句中,用"主语+don't / doesn't+have+宾语"。例如:

1. I don't have an English book.

2. She doesn't have a new bike.

一般疑问句中,用"Do / Does+主语+have+宾语"。例如:

1. Do you have an English book

Yes, I do. (No, I don't.)

2. Does she have any friends

Yes, she does. (No, they doesn't.)

特殊疑问句中,用"特殊疑问词+do/ does+主语+have+其它"。例如:

1. What do they have

2. How many friends does Lucy have

用所给单词的适当形式填空

1 Her _____( ear) are small and her hair is short.

2 They _____( do) have long hair.

3 Our English teacher _____( have) a car.

4 He has two big_____”( foot).

5Ann is eleven_____(year) old .I am eleven ,too.

综合填空

仁爱英语七年级上册知识点讲解及随堂练习

仁爱英语七年级上册知识点讲解及随堂练习

Adam is a boy. He is thirteen years old. He 1 from England. He is a student. He

2 two big eyes, a big nose and a small mouth. He has a sister. Her name is Julia. She is ten. She is a

3 , too. She has a small nose , but her mouth is

4 . Adam and Julia are in the same school,

5 they are in different grades. They have a nice house (房子). Look! They are in the house.

1. ___________

2. ___________

3. ___________

4. ___________

5. ___________

A、对下列的英语词汇进行分类

mouth ,small,big ,eye , long ,short, nose ,hair,hand,face,shoulder,foot,knee,leg, ear,neck,black,brown,arm,blue,red,head,one,

two ,three,twelve,thirteen,ten ,

1、属于数词的单词有:

2、表示身体各部位的名词有:

3、表示事物特征的形容词有:

B、根据句意及首字母提示补全单词

1. He has a w_________ mouth.

2. She has b_________ ears, but she has a s_________ face.

3. — I know. You are Tom.

— Yes, you are r_________.

4. They are in d_________ classes, but in the s_________ grade.

5. Kate has a r_________ face.

C、根据句意,用括号内所给单词的正确形式填空

6. This is Li Ming. He _________(have) big hands.

7. I have two big _________(foot).

8. — Does she _________(have) a small mouth

— Yes, she does.

9. Look! Her _________(eye) are big.

10. My hair _________(be) black(黑色的) and long.

单项选择

1. The Changjiang River (长江) is _________. It is 6, 300 km.

A. wide

B. long

C. big

2. Tai Lihua _________ big eyes, and her hair _________ long.

A. is; is

B. has; is

C. has; are

3. — _________ Wang Fang have two small eyes

— No, she has two big eyes.

A. Does

B. Do

C. Is

4. — Your face is big.

— _________

A. That’s all right.

B. That’s right.

C. That’s OK.

5. — She has a round face.

— _________

A. I too am.

B. My face is round, too.

C. My face, too.

6. He doesn’t _________ a big head but his feet _________ big.

A. has; is

B. have; are

C. has; are

7. Linda and Jane are in _________ classes.

A. the same

B. different

C. same

8. — Do they have a car

— No, _________.

A. they do

B. they aren’t

C. they

don’t

9. — _________ this boy

— He is Liu Li.

A. What’s

B. Who’s

C. Where’s

10. My sister is short, _________ I am tall(高).

A. and

B. or(或者)

C. but

11. ----Are you in _____class

-----Yes,we are.

A same

B the same

C different Dthe different

12.Li Ping ____a car.But she has a bus.

A has

B have

C don’t have

D doesn’t

have

13.----Does your sister _____a new school

----No,she doesn’t.

A has

B have

C don’t have

D doesn’t have 14.----____you____from English

A Are ,come

B Do,come

CDoes,come DIs,come

15.---What are these

----They are ____.

A a bus

B bike

C Knives DKnifes

16. Linda and I ____in the same school, but in different grades.

A am Bis Chave Dare

17.---Do you have an eraser

----Yes,I do. I have an old ____.

18.Kangkang has short _____,big eyes and a big mouth.

A face

B nose

C hair

D hairs

19.He doesn’t ____a big head but his feet ____big.

A has, is

B Have, are

C Has, are

D have,is 20.My legs are short_____her legs are long.

A and

B don,t

C doesn,t

D But