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A9-Test Bank Part II-Chapter 7 Organizaing the Body of the Speech

Chapter 7 Organizing the Body of the Speech

True-False Questions

Students are to indicate whether each of the following statements is true or false by circling the appropriate letter.

A9-Test Bank Part II-Chapter 7 Organizaing the Body of the Speech

Multiple Choice Questions

Students are to indicate the best answer for each question by circling the correct letter.

1.The process of organizing the body of speech begins when you determine the __________.

a.introduction

b.main points

c.body

d.conclusion

2.Most speeches contain __________ main points.

a.from two to five

b.from one to three

c.from two to eight

d.from three to five

3.Sometimes your main points will be evident from your __________.

a.general purpose statement

b.specific purpose statement

c.internal previews

d.internal summaries

4.The most effective order depends on all of the following things EXCEPT __________.

a.your topic

b.your purpose

c.your title

d.your audience

5.Speeches arranged chronologically follows a __________ pattern.

a.directional

b.time

c.topical

d. b & c only

6.Spatial order is especially useful for __________ speeches.

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b.descriptive

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d.persuasive

7.The main points of a persuasive speech are often arranged in __________ order.

a.chronological

b.spatial

c.topical

d.problem-solution

8.Which of the following methods of organization works both for informative speeches and

persuasive speeches?

a.Problem-solution.

b.Chronological.

c.Topical.

d.Spatial.

9.Here are the main points for an informative speech about China’s National Stadium, the

Bird’s Nest.

I. A red concrete seating bowl is one of the two main structures of the stadium.

II.An outer steel frame around the bowl is the other main structure of the stadium.

III.Spacious concourses are accessible at different levels of the stadium.

IV. A large mixed-use retail development is beneath the stadium.

These main points are arranged in __________ order.

a.spatial

c.topical

d.causal

10.Here are the main points for a speech trying to convince the audience that China needs

stricter law enforcement against underfunding and negligence of coal mines.

I.Many coal mine accidents in China result from underfunding and negligence.

II.Stricter safety law enforcement will help prevent underfunding and negligence of China’s coal mines.

These main points are arranged in __________ order.

a.directional

b.problem-solution

c.spatial

d.causal

11.Here are the main points for an informative speech about classical ballet.

I.Classical ballet embraces styles originated in different cultures.

II.Classical ballet nurtures the best dancers in the world.

III.Classical ballet offers the audience the greatest works in the ballet repertoire.

According to your textbook, these main points are arranged in __________ order.

a.topical

b.chronological

c.spatial

d.causal

12.Here are the main points for a speech about the history of Tsinghua University.

I.Tsinghua University was established in 1911 as a prep school.

II. A university section was added to the prep school in 1925.

III.In 1928, the school was renamed National Tsinghua University.

IV.Tsinghua University was given its current name in 1949.

These main points are arranged in __________ order.

a.spatial

b.causal

c.chronological

d.topical

13.Which organizational method is used in a speech with the following main points?

I.An English version of the Lecture Room will enhance Chinese viewers’ cultural

awareness.

II.An English version of the Lecture Room will encourage foreigners’ participation.

III.An English version of the Lecture Room will enrich English learners’ language experience.

a.Spatial order.

c.Causal order.

d.Chronological order.

14.Here are the main points for a speech about the ancient central axis of Beijing.

I.The central axis of Beijing begins at Yongdingmen Gate in the south.

II.The axis runs straight through the Tiananmen Square and cuts the Forbidden City in half.

III.The axis ends at the Bell Tower and the Drum Tower in the north of Beijing.

These main points are arranged in __________ order.

a.chronological

b.causal

c.spatial

d.topical

15.Which organizational pattern is used in a speech with the following main points?

I.State dinners require special dress codes.

II.State dinners consist of military honor guards.

III.State dinners feature entertainment.

IV.State dinners serve a four or five course meal.

V.State dinners include speeches.

a.Problem-solution.

b.Chronological.

c.Topical.

d.Causal.

16.Here are the main points for a speech about the problem of illegal selling of antiques.

I.Illegal selling of antiques is a serious problem that requires a combination of

government action and individual awareness.

II.The problem can be solved by a combination of government action and individual awareness.

These main points are arranged in __________ order.

a.spatial

b.problem-solution

c.causal

d.topical

17.Here are the main points for an informative speech about the mission of the Confucius

Institute.

I.Confucius Institutes are opened to teach Chinese culture and language.

II.Confucius Institutes are opened to let the world see China as a nation of etiquette.

III.Confucius Institutes are opened to celebrate the wo rld’s oldest continuous civilization.

These main points are arranged in __________ order.

a.directional

b.chronological

c.topical

d.spatial

18.Here are the main points for an informative speech about the five major cinematic and

television versions of A Dream of Red Mansions.

I. A movie version of the novel was produced in Shanghai in 1944.

II. A Yueju opera version of the novel was made into a movie in 1962.

III.The first CCTV television version of the novel was created in 1987.

IV.Beijing Film Studio produced a movie version of the novel in 1989.

V. A latest CCTV television version of the novel was released in 2010.

These main points are arranged in __________ order.

a.chronological

b.problem-solution

c.causal

d.spatial

19.Here are the main points for an informative speech about the Bund of Shanghai.

I.The Bund of Shanghai is a cherished icon of the city.

II.The Bund of Shanghai was a witness to its past paradisiacal glory.

III.The Bund of Shanghai is a haven for both residents and visitors.

IV.The Bund of Shanghai is a museum of international architecture.

These main points are arranged in __________ order.

a.topical

b.directional

c.causal

d.problem-solution

20.Which organizational pattern is used in a speech with the following main points?

I.The first main hall of the temple is the Hall of Heavenly Kings.

II.The second main hall of the temple is the Hall of Harmony and Peace.

III.The third main hall of the temple is the Hall of Everlasting Protection.

IV.The fourth main hall of the temple is the Hall of the Wheel of Law.

V.The last main hall of the temple is the Wanfu Pavilion.

a.Spatial.

b.Chronological.

c.Causal.

d.Topical.

21.Here are the main points for an informative speech about practicing Tai Chi.

I.Practicing Tai Chi is good for the mind.

II.Practicing Tai Chi is good for the body.

These main points are arranged in __________ order.

a.problem-solution

b.topical

c.directional

d.causal

22.Which organizational pattern is used in a speech with the following main points?

I.First, each participant is given a sheet of paper and told the brainstorming question.

II.Second, participants are asked to write one response on the sheet and stop.

III.Third, participants are asked to swap their answer sheets with one another.

IV.Fourth, participants are asked to improve on the idea they receive.

V.Finally, participants are asked to repeat steps three and four until the best ideas are generated.

a.Topical.

b.Spatial.

c.Causal.

d.Chronological.

23.Here are the main points for a speech about Qian Xuesen.

I.In China, Qian Xuesen is known as the father of Chinese rocketry.

II.In the United States, Qian Xuesen is recognized as a pioneer in American jet and rocket technology.

These main points are arranged in __________ order.

a.causal

b.spatial

c.topical

d.directional

24.Here are the main points for an informative speech about the steps of making a cloisonné

object.

I.The first step is shaping the metal into the form of the finished object.

II.The second step is creating a design by soldering fine wire to the surface of the object.

III.The third step is filling the design with colored enamel.

IV.The fourth step is polishing the object.

V.The final step is gilding the object with fluid gold.

These main points are arranged in __________ order.

a.topical

b.chronological

c.spatial

d.causal

25.Which organizational pattern would probably be most effective for arranging the main points

of a speech with the specific purpose “To inform my audience about four of the world’s

greatest violin concertos”?

a.Historical.

b.Topical.

c.Descriptive.

d.Visual.

26.Which organizational pattern would probably be most effective for arranging the main points

of a speech with the specific purpose “To inform my audience about the structure of the

Yueyang Pavillion in Yueyang, Hunan Province”?

a.descriptive

b.historical

c.spatial

d.chronological

27.Which organizational pattern would probably be most effective for arranging the main points

of a speech with the specific purpose “To inform my audience about the three major

campaigns during the People’s Liberation War in China”?

a.analytical

b.logistical

c.topical

d.technical

28.Which organizational pattern would probably be most effective for arranging the main points

of a speech with the specific purpose “To inform my audience about the causes and effects of the current low effective population of Siberian tigers”?

a.environmental

b.chronological

c.analytical

d.causal

29.Which organizational pattern would probably be most effective for arranging the main points

of a speech with the specific purpose “To inform my audience how to build a dance studio at home”?

a.technical

b.causal

c.chronological

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30.Which organizational pattern would probably be most effective for arranging the main points

of a speech with the specific purpose “To persuade my audience that ivory trade should be banned”?

a.problem-solution

b.thematic

c.persuasive

d.causal

31.Which organizational pattern would probably be most effective for arranging the main points

of a speech with the specific purpose “To inform my audience about the behavioral patterns of wolves”?

a.technical

b.logical

c.topical

d.chronological

32.When the main points of a speech follow a time pattern, they are organized in__________.

a.chronological order

b.spatial order

c.topical order

d.causal order

33.Which organizational pattern would probably be most effective for arranging the main points

of a speech with the specific purpose “To persuade my audience that there should be stricter laws against baby dumping”?

a.chronological

b.thematic

c.problem-solution

d.causal

34.When main ideas follow a directional pattern, they are organized in __________.

a.geographical order

b.topical order

c.spatial order

d.causal order

35.Problem-solution order is most appropriate for organizing __________ speeches.

a.acceptance

b.persuasive

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36.Words or phrases that indicate when a speaker has completed one thought and is moving on

to another are called __________.

a.transfers

b.internal summaries

c.transitions

d.signposts

37.“Now that we have seen how serious the problem of pap arazzi stalking is, let’s look at some

solutions. . .” is an example of a(n) __________.

a.internal preview

b.transition

c.internal summary

d.main point

38.According to your textbook, if the following statement occurred in the body of a speech, it

would be an example of what kind of connective?

I will focus on three solutions—enacting tougher laws against paparazzi stalking, airing anti-

paparazzi stalking PSAs on network television, and giving individuals more rights to fight against paparazzi stalking.

a.Internal summary.

b.Internal preview.

c.Transition.

d.Sub points.

39.According to your textbook, if the following statement occurred in the body of a speech, it

would be an example of what kind of connective?

In short, a bone marrow transplant is a standard treatment option for patients with life-

threatening blood, immune system or genetic disorders. A transplant replaces the patients’ unhealthy blood-forming cells with healthy ones.

a.Transition.

b.Foreshadowing.

c.Internal summary.

d.Internal preview.

40.According to your textbook, brief statements that help listeners follow your ideas by

indicating exactly where you are in the speech are called __________.

a.transitions

b.signposts

c.dividers

d.lead-ins

Short Answer Questions

1.Strategic organization refers to putting a speech together in a particular way to achieve a

particular result with a particular audience.

2.Speeches organized chronologically many narrate a series of events in the sequence in which

they happened.

3.In speeches organized in spatial order, the main points proceed from top to bottom, left to

right, front to back, inside to outside, east to west, or some other route.

4.Problem-solution order is a method of organization in which the first main point deals with

the existence of a problems and the second main point presents a solution to the problem.

5.The following main points are arranged in topical order.

I. The first major type of environmental pollution is land pollution.

II. The second major type of environmental pollution is air pollution.

III. The third major type of environmental pollution is water pollution.

6.The following main points are arranged in spatial order.

I. The raised right arm and torch of the Statue of Liberty symbolize America’s role as

a beacon light of liberty to people the world over.

II. The body of the Statue of Liberty is lined with staircases, which give a good view of the inside contours.

III. The base of the Statue of Liberty contains a plaque with the poignant lines beginning “Give me your tired, your poor . . .”

7.The following main points are arranged in causal order.

I. The major causes of airborne pollution are industrial and automobile contaminants.

II. The effects of airborne pollution are felt in cities and villages around the world.

8.The following main points are organized in problem-solution order.

I. Childhood obesity has reached crisis proportions in the United States.

II. Solving the problem will require changes in attitudes, eating habits, and exercise.

9.Connectives are words or phrases that join one thought to another and indicate the

relationship between them.

10.A(n) internal preview works just like the preview statement in the introduction, except that it

comes in the body of the speech.

Essay Questions

1.Explain each of the following guidelines for main points in a speech. Why is it important to

follow each guideline?

a.Limit the number of main points.

b.Balance the amount of time devoted to main points.

c.Keep main points separate.

d.Try to use the same pattern of wording for all main points.

2.Write an essay in which you (a) identify the four kinds of speech connectives explained in

your textbook, (b) give an example of each, and (c) discuss the role of each in a speech.

3.What is wrong with the following set of main points for a speech about a spiral galaxy like

the Milky Way? Explain the problem and then rewrite the main points to solve it.

I. The first visible component of a spiral galaxy is the disk.

II. The halo is the second visible component of a spiral galaxy.

III. The third visible component of a spiral galaxy is the nucleus.

4.Describe and give an example of each of the following methods of speech organization:

a.chronological

b.spatial

c.topical

d.problem-solution

5.For speeches with the following specific purpose statements, what organizational pattern of

main points would be most appropriate? Explain your choice in each case.

a.To persuade my audience that social networking sites should do more to curb anti-

intellectualism in cyberspace.

b.To inform my audience of the two major types of Earth’s natural resources.

c.To inform my audience about the interior structure of the Moon.

d.To inform my audience about the functions of the human heart.

e.To inform my audience how to build a backyard greenhouse.