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英文人物描写

身高矮short 高tall 体型皮包骨skinny 中等身材medium-buit 超重overweight 苗条slender,slim 身材适中average weitht 丰满plump 壮stocky 头发头发多thick-hair 头发少thin-hair 秃头bald 直发straight 卷发curly 波浪的头发wavy 马尾tie one's hair in a pony tail 金发blond hair 刘海bangs 脸型方脸square face 圆脸round face 椭圆形脸oval face 鼻子扁鼻子flat nose 鹰钩鼻hooked nose 有伤疤的with scars 有皱纹的with wrinkles 有雀斑的with freckles

宽额头 a high forehead 窄额头 a narrow forehead

方颚square-jawed

浓密的眉毛bushy eyebrows

高颧骨high cheek-boned

外貌Physical Appearance

对人物外表描写。同时,肖像的描写并不是一次性的,注意人物经过时间的推移、环境的变迁,或与人接触后,其外貌可能发生的转变。

例文1

Robert is 21 years old. He is about 5 feet ,9 inches tall . His face is long and narrow . His eyes are green. His hair is light brown. He doesn't look very Italian. He smiles a little and usually has a friendly look on his face . He isn't fat and he isn't thin. His build is average.

译文罗伯特21 岁了,他身高大约英尺,脸瘦瘦长长的,绿眼睛。浅棕色的头发,看起来不大像意大利人。他总是面带微笑,非常友好。他不胖也不瘦,中等身材。

注释 1 当我们描写一个人的体型的时候,我们也可以分为以下两个部分:

(1) 体格( build):

fat 肥胖的; thin 瘦的; slim 苗条的; overweight 超重; slight 瘦小的; well-built 身材魁梧。

A. She is a slim girl, while her boyfriend is well-built. 她很苗条,她的男朋友很魁梧。

B. She is a little overweight, so she decided to lose weight. 她有一点超重,所以她打算减肥。

(2) 身高( height )

medium height 中等身材; average height 一般身材; below average 低于平均身高; tall 高的; short 矮的; tallish 有些高的; middle-sized 身高中等的; of medium height 中等身材; meters 身高米.

A. He used to be middle-sized, but when he is getting old , he is becomeing short. 他原本是中等身材,但随着年龄的增长,她变矮了。

注释 2 在描写面部容貌的时候,可以从脸型、头发、五官入手。

1. 脸型( face): round 圆的; thin 瘦的; long 长的; square 方的。

A. She eats too much these days , so her face is getting round . 她最近吃得太多了,所以她的脸变圆了。

2. 头发( hair):

(1) 发型( hair style) :

straight 直的; curly 卷发的; pigtails 辫子; crew cut 平头; bald秃头的。A. Her hair is brown and curly.

她有着一头棕色而卷曲的头发。

(2) 发色(hair color):

jet-black 乌黑的; fair 金色的; blonde 淡黄色的; golden 金黄色的; dyed 染色的; brunette 浅黑色的; mousey 灰褐色的; chestnut 栗色的.

A. She is a beautiful girl with fair hair. 她是一个金发美女。

3. 五官:

(1) 眼睛( eye) :

deep-set 深陷的; sunken 凹陷的; bulging/protruding 凸出的; eyelashes 睫毛; eyebrows 眉毛.

A. His eyes are deep-set because he has worked till midnight for a long time. 他的眼睛深陷,因为他这段时间经常工作到深夜。

B. He had the most beautiful blue eyes I had ever seen. 她有一双我从未见过的漂亮蓝眼睛。

(2) 鼻子(nose):

long 长的; straight 挺直的; big 大的; small 小的; flat 扁平的; hooked 钩状的. A. He was born a hooked nose.

他天生是鹰钩鼻。

B. His nose is very big, so he doesn't like it. 他的鼻子很大,所以他不喜欢它。

(3) 嘴部(mouth):

tooth 牙齿; even 整齐的; uneven 不整齐的; chin下巴。

A. When he laughs, we see his even teeth.

当他笑的时候,我们看见他有一口整齐的牙齿 B. She has a double chin.

她有双下巴。

注释 3 一个人的服饰也是外貌的重要组成部分,所以对服饰的描写也很重要。

服饰(dress):

smart 潇洒的; scruffy 邋遢的;well-dressed 衣着华丽的; casual 随便的; conservative 不显眼的; elegant 优雅的; fashionable 时髦的; suave 文雅的; untidy 不整洁的.

A. He looks casual just wearing a tweed suit. 他穿了一件花格子衬衫,看上去很随便。

注释 4. 另外,人的神情也能体现一个人的形象。

笑容(smile):

bright 欢快的; broad 无所顾忌的; charming 可爱的; cunning 狡猾的; faint 不明显的; happy 高兴的; pleasant令人愉快的; sad 伤心的; sweet 甜蜜的; pleased 满意的; grinning 露齿而笑的; smirking 傻笑的; friendly 友好的; warm 温暖的,热情的; cold 不热情的.

A. Because of his high scores, he smiles brightly. 因为他得了高分,所以笑得很灿烂。

B. A friendly smile will help you to win others heart. 友好的笑容能帮助你赢得别人的心。

C. She is charming when she smiles.

她笑起来的时候很可爱。

注释 5. 常见的系动词有:

appear, be, become, feel, get, go, grow, look, prove, remain, seem, sound, taste, turn, etc.

在实际的写作过程中,根据自己的需要选择合适的动词,会令文章更为生动。如: A. The advertisement sounds interesting.

这个广告听起来很有趣。

B. Human rights are a major concern in today's world. 人权是当今世界关注的主要问题。

C. The result of the experiment is very encouraging. 实验的结果令人满意。

D. My idea is that we should follow our original plan. 我的意思是我们应当按照原来的计划。

描写人时我们可以用到如下的单词来形容一个人:

diligent 勤劳的; carefully 仔细地; kind 和蔼的; sincere 真诚的; get along with 与?相处融洽respected 受人尊敬的; honest 诚实的; upright 正直的; have a sense of humor 有幽默感; outward expression of joy 快乐写在脸上; serious 严肃的; hard working type 努力工作型; goof off 懒惰。

recommend that you all be diligent if you want to pass the exam. 如果你们希望考试及格,我劝你们勤奋学习。

listened carefully, but heard nothing. 玛丽用心听,但什么也没听见。

are obliged to thank you for your kind attention in this matter. 贵方对此事的关照,我们不胜感激。

making friends, being sincere is one of the best policies.

交朋友时,诚恳是最好的一种方法。转自[英美者]-英语专业网站:动作与心理action and mind 描写

一、

I jumped off the bus before it stopped and began walking down the street. As I had arrived early, I decided to look at the shop windows before going home. The idea made me quite happy, but at the same time I had the unpleasant feeling that I had forgotten something. I stopped in the middle of the pavement and began searching for my pockets. All of a sudden I remembered that I was without my briefcase! I had left it on the bus and it was full of

my important papers. The sad

of sight.

译文

在车没停稳前我就跳下了车,沿着马路溜达。因为我到得早,我决定在回家前逛逛街。这个想法让我很高兴,但同时我有一种不祥的预感,我肯定忘记了什么东西。我停在路的当中,开始摸索我的口袋。突然我想起来我忘记了我的公文包!我把它忘在了公交车上,而且里面有很多重要的文件。想到这里我开始在街上狂奔,但是公交车早已不见踪影。

注释

1. 作者在文章中详细描述了自己的心情的变化,特别以开始的愉快的心情到后来的失落的心情,整个过程写得非常生动有趣,使读者仿佛身临其境。我们尤其要注意的是文章中作者的动作和心理状态。首先是开心的心情,他用了happy 来表达他愉快的心情,后来他感到担心,作者用了unpleasant 这个词。这些都是用来表示人的情感的词语。最后一句话,他用sad来表达了自己失落的心情。从开心到失落的起伏,使文章显得很活泼。我们也可以利用这种方法。

2. 我们常说人有喜怒哀乐。丰富的情感是人类的一个重要特征。在写作中,对人物情感的描写常常能使人物的形象显得生动鲜活。人的情感可以分很多种,如喜悦、满意、失望、悲伤、憎恨、愤怒、惊讶、恐惧、赞赏等等。在英语中有一些固定的词和句式来表达这些不同的情感。

喜悦

is very happy and sweet.

他又高兴又甜蜜。

didn ' t know what to od with themselves for joy. 他们高兴得不知道怎们办好。

jumped for fun. 他高兴得跳了起来。

face brightened up.

她喜形于色。

满意

result is satisfactory.

结果令人满意。

is difficult to please everybody.

众口难调。

is always a smile of contentment on her face. 她脸上总是挂着心满意足的微笑。

belongs to those who are very difficult to satisfy. 她属于那种极难讨好的人。

their task finished gives them a sense of satisfaction. 看到任务完成了,他们感到很满意。惊讶

'm surprised to find you here. 在这里看到你我很奇怪。

's nothing to be surprised about. 这不值得大惊小怪。

my surprise, he didn come' yte sterday. 令我吃惊的是他昨天没有来。

looked at me in amazement.

她惊奇的看着我。

appearance fairly took my breath away. 她的美貌令我神魂颠倒。

looked at her in astonishment. 大家都惊讶地看着她。

悲伤

looks so sad.

他看起来很悲伤。

is no stranger to sorrow.

他生活在悲伤中。

sad story makes her feel pity.

他的悲惨经历使她深表同情。