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考研英语写作要求与评分细则

2012年1月20日星期五

22:32

考研英语写作要求与评分细则

1.大纲对写作的评价目标

(《全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语考试大纲(非英语考生)》在考试说明部分要求考生掌握的写作技能:

考生应能写不同类型的应用文,包括私人和公务信函、备忘录、摘要、报告等,以及一般描述性、叙述性、说明性或议论性的文章。写作时,考生应能:

1)做到语法、拼写、标点正确,用词恰当;

2)遵循文章的特定文体格式;

3)合理组织文章结构,使其内容统一、连贯;

4)根据写作目的和特定读者,恰当选用语域。

2.考研写作考试内容

A节:题型有两种,每次考试选择其中的一种形式。

1)考生根据所给情景写出一篇约100词(标点符号不计算在内)的应用性短文,包括私人和公务信函、备忘录、报告等。

2)要求考生根据所提供的汉语文章,用英语写出一篇80~100词的文章摘要。

考生在答题卡2上作答。共10分。

B节:考生根据提示信息写出一篇160-200词的短文(标点符号不计算在内)。提示信息的形式有主题句、写作提纲、规定情景、图、表等。考生在答题卡2上作答、共20分。

应用文题目分类

道歉

1.Directions:

You are invited to a dinner at a friend’s house, but you are not able to attend because of the preparation for a coming examination. Write a letter to your friends to express your apology, explain your reason, and suggest a meeting at another time.

You should write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET 2.

You should write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET 2.

Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use “Li Ming”instead. Do not write the address.

2.Directions【08真】:

You have just come back from Canada and found a music CD in your luggage that you forgot to return to Bob, your landlord there. Write him a letter to

1) make an apology,

2) suggest a solution.

3. Directions:

You failed to finish an important task assigned by your professor because of a severe illness. Write a letter to your professor to express your apology, explain your reason, and suggest a solution to make up the loss.

You should write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET 2.

Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use “Li Ming”instead. Do not write the address.

感谢

Directions:

You have just come back from a student exchange program in the U.S. Write a letter to your host family in New York to express your gratitude for their hospitality, describe the help they gave you, offer to repay their help and invite them to visit you.

You should write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET 2.

Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use “Li Ming”instead.申请

1. Directions:

Suppose you are a university student, write a letter to apply for a visa for the winter quarter, and want to get much more financial aid for your study.

1) Describe your reason for the application.

2) Explain why you are so eager to the financial funds.

3) Show your appreciation to the admittance.

You should write about 100 words. Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use “Mei Yang”instead.

2. Directions:

Being a volunteer for the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games is your strong wish. Write a letter to the Beijing Olympic Committee to state your application to be

Write a letter to the Beijing Olympic Committee to state your application to be a volunteer, describe your qualifications,and express the appreciation of an interview.

You should write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET 2.

Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use “Li Ming”instead. Do not write the address.

邀请

1. Directions:

Write a letter to your former roommate in your university and invite him/her to visit your city during the summer vacation. You should write about 100 words. You do not need to write your own address.

2. Directions:

You are going to celebrate your 23rd birthday with a big party. Write a letter to invite your friend Anne to the party. In the letter, please specify the time and the location, explain the activities,and express your wish for her attendance. You should write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET 2.

Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use “Li Ming”instead. Do not write the address.

求职

1. Directions:

You read an advertisement on Beijing Weekly, in which a foreign company is looking for a secretary. Write a letter to the personnel department of the company telling them about

1) your age,

2) your educational background,

3) your work experience.

You should write about 100 words neatly on ANSWER SHEET 2. Do not sign your your own name. Use “Li Ming”instead. You do not need to write the address. (10 points)

2. Directions:

You are a graduate student of X University, and you are interested in the position of business manager that is advertised on the newspaper. Write a letter to the company stating the reasons for your application, your qualification for the position, and asking for an interview.

You should write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET 2.

Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use “Li Ming”instead.

Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use “Li Ming”instead. Do not write the address.

3. Directions:

You have learnt from the university BBS that a famous IT company is recruiting a software programmer intern. Write a letter to the company’s HR manager, Mr. Wang, to express your wish of applying for the internship, state your qualifications, and suggest a personal interview.

learn :

learn sth we are learning english.

learn that I have learned that you are a singer. = discover

from the passage, we can learn that

You should write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET 2.

Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use “Li Ming”instead. Do not write the address.

辞职

1.Directions【05真】:

Two months ago you got a job as an editor for the magazine Designs&Fashions. But now you find that the work is not what you expected. You decide to quit.Write a letter to your boss, Mr. Wang, telling him your decision, stating your reason(s), and making an apology.

Write your letter with no less than 100 words. Write it neatly on ANSWER SHEET2.

Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use “Li Ming”instead. You do not need to write the address. (10 points)

as

和什么一样

as…...as…...进行比较

as well as 和也

引导状语从句的引导词表让步

now that

now that

2. Directions:

You have worked in a Non-Governmental Organization for several years, but now you need to quit the job because you are moving to another city with your family. Write a letter to your boss Mr. Smith to tell him your decision and the reason, and your appreciation for the work experience in this agency.

You should write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET 2.

Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use “Li Ming”instead. Do not write the address.

because

for

to

therefore

请求

1.Directions【06真】:

You want to contribute to Project Hope by offering financial aid to a child in a remote area. Write a letter to the department concerned, asking them to help find a candidate. You should specify what kind of child you want to help and how you will carry out your plan.

You should write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET 2.

Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use “Li Ming”instead. Do not write the address.

as sb to do sth 要求某人做某事

2. Directions:

You are preparing for your graduation thesis and are in urgent need of some reference materials. Write a letter to the National Library and ask for their help. Provide detailed information, and method of delivery and payment.

You should write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET 2.

Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use “Li Ming”instead.

Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use “Li Ming”instead. Do not write the address.

in need of

投诉

Directions:

You bought a digital camera in a store last week, and you have found that there is something wrong with it. Write a letter to the store manager to explain the problem, express your complaints and suggest a solution.

You should write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET 2.

Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use “Li Ming”instead 询问

Directions:

You and your family are planning for a trip to Hong Kong during the May holiday. Write a letter to a travel agency to explain your travel plans, ask for relevant information,and express your gratitude for a reply.

You should write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET 2.

Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use “Li Ming”instead. Do not write the address.

便笺

1. Directions:

You want to borrow a book from your classmates Kate. Leave her a note which contains the name of the book in need, the time you hope to keep the book, as well as your gratitude.

You should write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET 2.

Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use “Li Ming”instead 2. Directions:

You are going to attend a concert with your friend Peter. Write a note to tell him what the concert is about. Please also specify the time and place of the concert, the price of the ticket, and where you put the ticket.

You should write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET 2.

Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use “Li Ming”instead.备忘录

1.Directions:

You are the organizer of a spring excursion activity in the suburbs of Beijing this

You are the organizer of a spring excursion activity in the suburbs of Beijing this weekend. Write a memorandum to remind the students of your department about the following items: the place to visit, the time and place to meet, and preparation for the activity.

You should write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET 2.

2. Directions:

Suppose you are an HR manager of a company, and your department is organizing a computer course for all the company’s employees. Write a memorandum to the staff about the details of the training, including the purpose and content of the course, the time and place of class, and any other relevant information.

You should write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET 2.