文档库

最新最全的文档下载
当前位置:文档库 > 从音节的角度看发音规律

从音节的角度看发音规律

从音节的角度看:字母在单词中发音的规律(参考内容)

这种东西,个人建议中小学生不要钻研太深,只要把基本的掌握就可以了。如果学习能力有剩余的,而且自己想从细这个方面的深入发展。可以探讨下面的基本规律。

●元音字母在重读音节中的读音

元音字母读音例词编号

a 在开音节中[ei] name plane Jane baby cake 1-01

在闭音节中[?] bag dad hat map black back 1-02

e 在开音节中[i:] he these me Chinese 1-03

在闭音节中[e] bed let pen desk yes egg 1-04

i 在开音节中[ai] bike fly drive time nice kite 1-05

在闭音节中[i] fish big drink sit milk swim 1-06

o 在开音节中[u] those close go hoe home no 1-07

在闭音节中[] clock not box shop sock 1-08

u 在开音节中[ju:] student excuse duty Tuesday 1-09

在闭音节中[] bus cup jump much lunch 1-10

在开音节中,元音字母u在辅音字母j l r s后面时读[u:]音,例如:June blue ruler super 1-11

●元音字母在非重读音节中的读音

元音字母读音例词编号

a [] China another woman breakfast 2-01

[i] orange comrade village cabbage 2-02

e [] hundred student open moment 2-03

[i] chicken pocket begin children 2-04

i []/[i] holiday beautiful family animal 2-05

[ai] exercise satellite 2-06

o [] second tonight somebody welcome 2-07

[u] also zero photo 2-08

u [] autumn difficult 2-09

[ju(:)] popular congratulation January 2-10

动词中的a如果处在开音节位置,a读[ei]音,例如:operate 2-11

u处在开音节位置,又在辅音字母j l r s后面时,读[u(:)]音,例如:July influence February issue 2-12;在非重读音节中,许多单词中的元音字母a e i 即可以读作[]音,也可以读作[i]音。

●元音字母在重读音节中的特殊读音

元音字母

读音

例词

编号

a在[w]音后面

[]

want what watch wash quality

3-01

a在f n sk ph sp ss st th前

[α:]

after plant graph ask grasp glass fast father

3-02

i在-nd -ld和gh前

[ai]

find child light high

3-03

o在-st -ld前

[ou]

most postcard old cold

3-04

o在m n v th前

[]

come monkey love mother

3-05

-r音节元音字组在重读音节中的读音

元音字组读音例词编号

ar

ar在[w]音后面[α:] car farm dark sharpener 4-01

[:] warm quarter towards 4-02

or

or在[w]音后面[:] forty morning short 4-03

[:] word worker worse 4-04

er ir ur [:] certainly bird Thursday 4-05

辅音字母r双写时,前面的元音字母不能与r构成-r音节,而是按重读闭音节的拼读规则发音。例如:carry berry mirror sorry hurry

4-06

-r音节元音字组在非重读音节中通常读[]音,例如:dollar teacher martyr comfort Saturday

●-re音节元音字组在重读音节中的读音

元音字组读音例词编号

are [ε] care dare hare 5-01

ere [i] here mere 5-02

ire [ai] fire hire wire 5-03

ore [:] more score before 5-04

ure [ju] pure cure 5-05

完整的-re音节are ere ire ore很少出现在非重读音节中,ure在非重读音节中读[]音,例如:picture pleasure

非重读音节中-re音节的变体通常发[r]音,例如:salary 5-06

重读音节中元音字母加r,再加非重读元字组时,元音字母和r构成-re音节的变体,按-re 音节拼读规则拼读,字母r读[r]音。

例如:parent zero inspiring story during

5-07

某些常用词及多音节词经常出现长音短化现象。

例如:orange very American paragraph forest spirit 5-08

●元音字组在重读音节中的读音

元音字组读音例词编号

ai/ay [ei] afraid rain wait day play 6-01

air [ε] air hair chair pair repair 6-02

al

al在f m前

[:] small ball talk wall all 6-03

[:l] always also salt almost 6-04

[α:] half calm 6-05

au/aw [:] autumn daughter draw 6-06

ea [i:] teach easy cheap please 6-07

[e] heavy bread sweater weather 6-08

[ei] break great 6-09

ear [i] hear dear near clear year 6-10

[ε] bear pear wear swear 6-11

[:] earth learn early 6-12

ee [i:] jeep week green three 6-13

eer [i] pioneer deer beer 6-14

ei/ey [ei] eight neighbour they 6-15

eu/ew

在j l r 后[ju:] new few newspaper 6-16

[u:] flew brew jewelry 6-17

ie/[s]音后拼写为ei [i:] piece field receive seize 6-18

oa [ou] coat Joan boat goal 6-19

oar/oor [:] roar board door floor 6-20

oi/oy [i] noise point boy toilet 6-21

oo [u:] broom food tooth school 6-22

[u] book look cook foot good 6-23

ou/ow [au] flower house count down 6-24

[u] know row throw though 6-25

[] young country enough 6-26

[u:] group you soup through 6-27

our [:] course your four 6-28

[au] our hour ours 6-29

[:] journey 6-30

ui

ui 在j l r s后[ju:i] fluid suicide tuition 6-31 [u:] juice fruit suit 6-32

辅字组的读音

辅字组读音例词编号

b [b] bike bus bag 9-01

[/] bomb tomb lamb climb 9-02

c

c在e前或在i/y前[k] cake picture coat music 9-03 [s] face decide cinema 9-04

ch [] much chick rich teacher 9-05

[k] school headache chemistry 9-06

[] machine Chicago

9-07

-ck [k] cock pocket black knock 9-08

d [d] doctor bread hand day 9-09

-dge [] bridge fridge 9-10

dr- [dr] children driver drink 9-11

f [f] five four breakfast 9-12

g

g在e i/y前[] bag gardon go 9-13

[] orange large German 9-14

-gh

gh- [f] cough enough rough 9-15

[] sorghum spaghetti ghost 9-16

gu- -gue [] guess league dialogue guitar 9-17 [w] language anguish penguin 9-18

h [h] hot head house hand 9-19

[/] hour honest honor 9-20

j [] jeep jar joke join July 9-21

k [k] kind bike skate make week 9-22

kn- [n] knife know knock 9-23

l [l] life milk school tall 9-24

m [m] monkey come tomato 9-25

-mn [m] autumn column solemn 9-26

n

n在[k] [g]音前[n] not shine ten note 9-27 [?] uncle thank hungry 9-28

-ng [?] morning young wrong 9-29

p [p] paper plane pig ship pen 9-30

ph [f] elephant photo telephone 9-31

-q/-que [k] Iraq cheque 9-32

qu- [kw] quality quite quarter 9-33

r [r] red rubber ruler 9-34

s在音节开头或清辅音前

在元音字母间或浊辅音前[s] sit sleep desk 9-35 [z] music husband 9-36

sc- [sk] scarlet scout Scotland 9-37

[s] muscle science 9-38

sh [] she fish shirt wash 9-39

t在通常情况下

在弱读字母ia ie io前[t] ten letter meet 9-40 [] patient nation 9-41

tch

[] watch catch match 9-42

th在通常情况下

在冠词代词介词连词中

在词尾-the -ther中

[θ] thin thirty method 9-43

[e] the these with than 9-44

[e] clothe father weather 9-45

tr- [tr] tree train country truck 9-46

v [v] very voice love leave 9-47

w [w] week win wake sweet wait 9-48

[/] answer two 9-49

wh-

wh-在字母o前[w] what when white why 9-50 [h] who whose whole 9-51

x

在重读元音前[ks] box text exercise 9-52 [gz] example exist exact 9-53

wr- [r] write wrong wrist 9-54

y- [j] yes yard yellow young 9-55 z [z] puzzle zero zoo 9-56