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外研版英语八年级上册M11

外研版英语八年级上册M11

Module 11 Way of life

Unit 1 In China, we open a gift later.

Unit 2 In England, you usually drink tea with milk.

一、教学目标

教学目标 1.学生能知道部分中西方礼仪的不同之处

2.学生会正确使用must / mustn’t , can / can’t , need / needn’t, had

better

3.学生能掌握本模块的重点词汇及句型

二、教学重点

情态动词的用法

三、教学细节

【玩转情态动词】

1.你可以打开它。You open it.

2.我现在不能打开它。I open it now.

3.你不必等待。You wait.

4.当有人给你送礼物时,你必须使用双手去接。

someone gives you a present, you use both hands to accept it.

5.你必须只能使用红色的纸包红包,因为它意为着幸运。

You only use red paper for hongbao it means luck.

6.在春节那个月里,你最好不要理发。

And you’d your hair during the Spring Festival month.

7.你需要在别人后面站成一队。

You in a line behind the other people.

【总结】

情态动词有:应该可能可以必须最好需要

【拓展】

情态动词表猜测

肯定猜测用must

否定猜测用can’t

不确定时用may / might

表示禁止用mustn’t

表示勿需用needn’t

【趁热打铁】

1.-- Must we bring all the books with us?

--No, you . You just bring some of them.

A. can’t; may

B. may not; will

C. needn’t; have to

D. won’t; need

2.-- Must I leave now?

--No, you .

A. mustn’t

B. needn’t

C. can’t

D. may not

3.This toy Mickey Mouse be Amy’s. She’s the only kid at the picnic.

A. must

B. can

C. need

D. can’t

外研版英语八年级上册M11

4.--Look! The light in the office is still on. The teacher Mr. Green be there. --Yes, I’m sure, too. He works really hard.

A. must

B. can

C. may

D. should

5.-- You play here, children. It’s dangerous.

--OK.

A. won’t

B. may not

C. don’t have to

D. mustn’t

6.-- we clean the classroom at once?

--No, you . You clean it after school.

A. Must; needn’t ; can

B. Need; mustn’t; may

C. Must; mustn’t; can

D. Shall; can’t; may

7.You arrive late for work. The boss be angry with you.

A. can’t; can

B. mustn’t; may

C. must; may

D. can; must

8.--Must I finish the project by 9:00?

-- No, you . You can finish it tomorrow.

A. can’t

B. mustn’t

C. needn’t

D. won’t

9.It rain tomorrow, but I am not sure.

A. can

B. may

C. must

D. Need

10.You’d better late for class.

A. arrive

B. to arrive

C. not arrive

D. not to arrive

【词汇解析】

1. accept 接受

accept 接受(主观)I accepted her gift and said thank you to her.

receive 收到(客观)Many students received letters from their school.

I a gift from Louis, and I it happily.

2.What a surprise! 感叹句

What a nice gift it is!

How nice the gift is!

to one’s surprise 令某人感到惊讶的是

be surprised at 对某事感到惊讶

多好的一天啊!

What !

How !

3.I don’t think...

I don’t think that

I don’t believe that

我认为明天不会下雨。

4.pay attention to

pay attention to doing sth. 注意做某事

look forward to doing sth. 盼望做某事

get used to doing sth. 习惯做某事

5.be interested to do

外研版英语八年级上册M11

be interested to do sth.

有兴趣去做某事

be interested in sth. 对某事有兴趣

be interested in doing sth.

对做某事有兴趣

6.for example

for example 例如+ 一个例子

such as 例如+ 多个例子

7.do some cleaning

do some cleaning 打扫卫生

do some shopping 购物

do some reading 阅读

8.for the first time

for the first time 第一次

from time to time 偶尔

on time 准时

in time 及时

9.see sb. do sth.

see sb. do sth. / see sb. doing sth.

hear sb. do sth./ hear sb. doing sth.

notice sb. do sth./ notice sb. doing sth.

watch sb. do sth./ watch sb. doing sth.

10.

stand in a line something interesting

take away have your hair cut

Exercise

一、.单项选择

1.—Do we have to finish our homework this afternoon?

—Yes, you ______.

A.must B.can C.may D.need

2.It doesn't look like rain, so you ______ bring your umbrella with you. A.shouldn't B.mustn't C.can't D.needn't

3.—Let's go dancing tonight!

—Sorry, I ______.I have to go to a meeting.

A.mustn't B.may not C.needn't D.can't

4.The two boys ______ Canadians.

A.are both B.both are C.are all D.all are

5.The children are making so much ______. Please tell them to be quiet. A.space B.noise C.food D.time

6.—Can I take photos here?

--You'd better not.Look at the sign “______”.

外研版英语八年级上册M11

外研版英语八年级上册M11

7.Tom, your gift is too expensive.I can't ______ it.

A.pay B .buy C.cost D.accept

8.The girl ______ at her brother because he broke her favourite glass. A.shouted B.smiled C.laughed D.looked

9.—Could I speak to Betty, please?

—______.She's coming in a minute.

A.Get a move on B.Come on C.Hang on, please D.Wait and see 10.—Pass me that ball please.

—Here you are. ______!

A.Forget B.Listen C.Catch D.Throw

11.heavy the rain is!

A. How

B. What

C. What a

D. How a

12.Tom is really in basketball. He thinks that playing basket ball is .

A.interested; interesting

B. interesting; interesting

C. interested; interested

D. interesting; interested

13.My teacher asked me to pay attention my handwriting.

A. to

B. for

C. at

D. on

14. 53中hear、see的用法

15.复合不定代词的考法

二、.完形填空

American people have the habit of saying “Thank you” when something kind is done for them or something polite is said to them, no matter how easy the thing is.This habit is learned by people of many 16countries.

外研版英语八年级上册M11

You should say “Thank you” when someone17you the salt on the table, when someone steps aside to let you 18in a corridor (走廊) , when someone 19ahead of you keeps the door open __20__ you, when someone says your work is well __21__ or you have bought a nice thing, or your city is very beautiful. “Thank you” is __22__ not only between strangers or new friends, but also bet ween old friends, parents and children, brothers and sisters, husbands and wives.Parents often tell __23__ children that they should say “Thank you” in answering to a kind word or act when they are only four __24__ five years old.Perhaps that's __25__ almost everyone has got this habit.

16.A.others B.another C.other D.else

17.A.puts B.passes C.carries D.borrows

18.A.pass B.jump C.sing D.dance

外研版英语八年级上册M11

19.A.jumps B.walks C.sits D.walking

20.A.to B.with C.for D.on

21.A.made B.done C.built D.doing

22.A.tell B.said C.to say D.told

23.A.his B.theirs C.their's D.their|k |B| 1 . c| O |m

24.A.but B.and C.or D.so

25.A.why B.because C.when D.reason

三.阅读理解

A

Ladies first

In America, just as in Europe, men usually open doors for women, and women always walk ahead of men into a room or a restaurant, unless the men have to be ahead of the ladies to choose the table, to open the door of a car or do some other things like the above.On the street, men almost always walk or cross the street on the closer side of the ladies to the traffic (交通).But if a man walks with two ladies, he should walk between them.Then if the host (主人) or hostess (女主人) or both of them come in a car to get their guest for dinner, the guest should sit at the front seat and leave the back seat though there are no people sitting on it.

26.In America, men usually ______.

A.walk ahead of women B.eat in a restaurant

C.walk behind women D.drive a car to work

27.In the street, men ______.

A.cross the street

B.walk on the right side of the ladies

C.walk near the ladies

D.walk on the closer side of the ladies to the traffic

28.If a man walks with two ladies, he should ______.

A.walk between them B.run before them

C.follow them D.go away

29.If a man asks you to s peak at a meeting, first you should say, “______”

A.How are you? B.Is everyone here?[来源:学,科, C.Ladies and gentlemen. D.How do you do?

30.If Mrs Green invites you to her house in a car, you should ______.

A.jump into the car B.sit at the front seat

C.sit at the back seat D.drive the car

B

Enjoying Dinner with Friends in America

Americans, like many people elsewhere in the world, like to invite friends to their homes for an evening of food, drink and conversation.Formal dinners, in fine homes and hotels in the United States are much the same as formal dinners anywhere in the world.But as most people in the United States have no servants (佣人) , their dinner parties at home are mostly informal.Guests may sit down at a table, or, as many new small homes have no separate (单独的) dining room or very small

外研版英语八年级上册M11

dining space, guests can also serve themselves and eat in the living room, holding their plates on their knees.

外研版英语八年级上册M11

A more enjoyable form of entertainment is the picnic.Americans are great picnickers, and almost every family has a picnic basket.Summer invitations are often for a picnic at a park or in the open countryside.Unless hamburgers or hot dogs are cooked over a fire, picnic food is usually cold sandwiches, salads, potato chips, etc.Watermelon is a favourite dessert, followed very often by baseball for the young and active, and naps (打盹) for the weary (疲惫的;困乏的).

31.What do most Americans like to do?

A.To entertain friends at home with food and drink.

B.To invite friends to some fine homes.

C.To spend an evening with friends in the country.

32.Why do most Americans prefer informal parties?

A.Because they have no servants to help them.

B.Because their houses are too small to hold formal dinner parties.

C.Because it takes them too much time to prepare formal parties.

33.Where do guests sit and eat at informal dinner?

A.At a table in the dinning room.

B.In the living room.

C.Both A and B.

34.According to the passage, what do people usually NOT have for a picnic?

A.Cooked food. B.Hot food. C.Cold food.

35.Why is the picnic said to be a more enjoyable form of entertainment?

A.Because people can be closer to nature.

B.Because a dessert is served.

C.Because the whole family can have it together.

C

阅读短文,完成下列任务。

Both the British and Americans speak English.However, there are several differences between American English and British English.For example, the words they use in daily life are not the same.The British call the first floor of a building the ground floor.The floor above the ground floor is the first floor, which Americans call the second floor.Once you go to Britain and America, you may notice other differences.The British usually hide the ir feelings.They don't often start a talk with strangers.On the train the British often spend their time reading newspapers or books.But Americans are more active and easier to talk with.

任务1: 根据英文释义及首字母提示,从短文中找出单词。

36.a______=at or to a higher point

37.h______=to stop somebody or something from being seen

外研版英语八年级上册M11

任务2: 同义句转换,每空一词。

38.Both the British and Americans speak English.

______ ______ the British ______ ______ Americans speak English.

39.However, there are several differences between American English and British English.

However, American English is ______ ______ British English in several ways.

任务3: 根据短文内容简答问题。

40.What do the British often spend their time reading on the train?

________________________________________________________________

四.情景交际

从方框中选择适当的选项补全对话。

A.What can I do for you?

B.I'm going to England for my holiday.

C.You are welcome.

D.With pleasure!

E.What should I call people there?

F.It's very kind of you.

G.And you mustn't talk loudly in public

places.

A: Hi, Peter!Where are you going for your winter holiday?x k b 1 . c o m

B: Hi, Bill!41.______ Can you tell me some rul es and customs in England?

A: 42.______ First, you should drive on the left side of the road.

B: OK!What's the next?

A: 43.______

B: I see.Is there anything else?

A: It's not polite to ask personal questions, like “How old are you?” and “What's your salary (薪水) ?”

B: 44.______

A: You can call them Mr, Mrs, Ms or Miss before their family name.

B: Great.Thanks very much.

A: 45.______

五.书面表达

假设你叫李伟,你的英国笔友Jim要来中国参观,请你在他来之前给他发一封电子邮件,向他介绍一下中国人的习俗,主要包括:

1.在中国必须靠右行驶,这跟英国正好相反;

2.当你碰到认识的人打招呼问好即可,不必经常握手;

3.吃饭要用筷子,主人通常会殷勤地给你盛饭,客人不必非得把盘子里的东西吃光;

4.吃完饭后主人通常为客人沏茶,客人走时要有礼貌地道别。

注意:

1.短文必须包含以上内容;

2.80词左右。短文开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。

提示:主人host代替instead of吃光eat up

外研版英语八年级上册M11

Dear Jim,

How are you?I'm glad to hear that you'll come to visit China.Now let me tell you some customs in China.

_________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________

I hope you will have a good time in China.

Yours,

Li Wei