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大学英语4 Unit 1

Supplementary Reading

I. Difficult Sentences

1.and we cut enough wood to just about make it through the heating season.

Tell the meaning of the phrase “make it” and paraphrase this part of the sentence.

(=The phrase “make it” means “succeed.” The meaning of this part is “With the wood we cut, the family can succeed in getting through the cold winter.”)

2.Soon Jim, 16 and Emily, 13, the youngest of our four children, will help me make

some long-overdue improvements on the outdoor toilet that supplements our indoor plumbing when we are working outside.

Analyze the structure of the sentence.

(=The structure of this sentence is complicated.

1) “The youngest of our four children” is in apposition to “Emily, 13.”

2) “t hat supplements our indoor plumbing when we are working outside” is an

attributive clause modifying “the outdoor toilet.”)

Translate the sentence into Chinese.

(=过些时候,16岁的吉米和四个孩子中最小的13岁的埃米莉,会帮着我一起把拖了很久没修的室外厕所修葺一下。我们在室外干活时,这个厕所便成了室内卫生设备的补充。)

3.There is, as the old saying goes, no rest for the wicked on a place like this

— and not much for the virtuous either.

Tell the class the origin of the saying “There is no rest for the wicked.”

(=The saying comes from the Bible, Isiah 57:21, “… no peace, saith my god, to the wicked.” It is used in a jocular manner, meaning “there’s no time for relaxation; someone is kept busy all the time.”)

Translate the sentence into Chinese.

(=正如老话说的那样,在这种情形之下,坏人闲不着——好人也歇不了。)

4.While one storm after another blasted huge drifts up against the house and barn, ...

Translate this part of the sentence into Chinese.

(=暴风雪肆虐,一场接着一场,厚厚的积雪覆盖着屋子和谷仓…)

5.When spring came, it brought two floods.

Read this paragr aph and tell what “two floods” refer to here.

(=The first flood refers to the overflow of the river covering their land while the other refers to agricultural produce.)

6.Then the growing season began, swamping us under wave after wave of produce.

What’s the function of the phrase “swamping us under wave after wave of produce”?

(=This v-ing form is one of the non-finite verbs (非谓语动词). It serves as an adverbial in the sentence and it indicates another action by the subject of the sentence.)

Paraphrase the sentence.

(=Then the growing season came and it brought us a lot of agricultural products.) What attitude of the author can we infer from this sentence towards his country life?

(=We can see that he was very satisfied with it and enjoyed the harvest.)

7.It was amazing.

What can we infer from the sentence?

(=The big harvest was beyond expectation. He was filled with joy because of the big harvest.)

8.The timing was terrible.

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